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CarameliciousMonday 27th of June 2005 02:52:34 AM
Lesson: COD - COI - Originally Posted By: Mery


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This week we're going to focus on the French COD (direct object) and COI (indirect object).

Note:
COD stands for complément d'objet direct, sometimes called CVD.
COI stands for complément d'objet direct, sometimes called CVI.

1. Complément d'objet direct (COD)

Let me give you an example:

Je vois Marc dans le jardin du voisin.
=> in this sentence 'Marc' is COD
Why?

1. It can be replaced by a pronoun: je le vois dans le jardin du voisin

2. The COD (in this case Mark) can be the answer to a question you ask (a question using either qui or quoi as an interrogative pronoun):

EXAMPLE WITH 'QUI': qui vois-tu? ANSWER: Marc

Another example:

Je regarde les oiseaux par la fenêtre.

1. You can replace the COD by a pronoun: je les regarde par la fenêtre

2. You can have 'les oiseaux' as an answer to a question using either quoi or qui as an interrogative pronoun:

EXAMPLE WITH 'QUOI': Tu regardes quoi? (que regardes-tu?)
ANSWER = les oiseaux

What are the pronouns that can be used to replace a COD?

a)l' before a verb who begins with a vowel
e.g. = j'ai vu un chien ==> je l'ai vu (I saw it)

b)le with masculine words (cf. above)

c)la with feminine words
e.g. = je vois une maison => je la vois

d)les with plural words (cf. above)

2. Complément d'objet indirect (COI)

An example:

Je donne un livre à Marc
=> un livre: COD
=> à Marc: COI

QUESTION 1: je donne quoi? ANSWER: un livre (COD)
QUESTION 2: à qui? ANSWER: à Marc (COI)

When you can ask a question in which à qui or à quoi is the interrogative pronoun, it means that the answer to your question is a COI

Another example:

Elle joue au footbal. QUESTION: elle joue à quoi? ANSWER: au football

What are the pronouns that can be used to replace a COI?

2 different pronouns: lui and leur

Examples:

a) Je donne un livre à Marc => je lui donne un livre
Also with feminine words: je donne un livre à Clara => je lui donne un livre

b)Je donne un livre aux enfants => je leur donne un livre. In this sentence you have to use 'leur' because enfants is a plural noun.

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS YOU CAN ASK

=> COD => quoi? / qui?
=> COI => à quoi? / à qui?

PRONOUNS

=> COD => l' / le / la / les
=> COI => lui / leur
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