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CarameliciousMonday 27th of June 2005 02:50:08 AM
Special Situations with the Passé Composé - Special Situations with Passé Composé (A & B)

This explination comes from a French Book that I am using, I didn’t create this explination.

***Several verbs usually conjugated with Être in the passé composé are conjugated with avoir when they have direct objects.

Monter, Descendre

Le chasseur a monté nos bagages. - The bellhop took up or luggage.

Mais nous avons descendu nos valises tout seuls. – But we brought our suitcases down by ourselves.

Entrer, Rentrer, Sortir

Je n’ai pas encore entré les données. - I havn’t yet entered the data.

Qui a rentré le lait - Who brought in the milk?

Elle a sorti son mouchoir. - She took out her handkerchief

***The verb passer is conjugated with Être in the passé composé when it means to come by, to stop by to see, to visit, to be over.
Le facteur est déjà passé. – The mail carrier has already come by.

***In most other cases, passer is conjugated with avoir

Elle a passé son permis de conduire. – She took her driving test.
Ils ont passé une année en Suisse. – The spent a year in Switzerland.

Agreement of the past participle

***The past participle of a verb is conjugated with avoir agrees in gender and number with a preceding direct object. The preceding direct object may be a noun, an object pronoun, or a relative pronoun.

Quelle pièce avez-vue? – Which play did you see?
Combien de sanwichs a-t-il manges? – How many sandwiches did he eat?
Elle a acheté une nouvelle robe. Elle l’a mise aujourd’hui. – She bought a new dress. She wore it today.

Les fenêtres seont fermées. Personne ne les a ouvertes aujourd’hui. – The windows are closed. No one opened them today.

***The past participle does not agree with a preceding indirect object.

Marthe? Je lui ai telephone. – Marthe? – I called her up.

Et tes parents? Tu leur as écrit? – What about your parents? Did you write to them?

Exercises to Come Soon !