Return to the GERMAN ArchiveForward to the Current GERMAN discuss

TruedreamerTuesday 03rd of May 2005 01:53:38 PM
Online Basic German Grammar - Some basic info to know about german grammar

Rule 1. ALWAYS CAP Nouns

ex. das Kind (child) , das Foto ( photograph)



Singular form

Ich (I)

du (you, informal)

er, sie, es (he, her, it)

Plural form

Wir (we)

Ihr (they, plural form of du)

sie (they, plural form of sie, es, er)

Formal

Sie



Basic Conjugation Time

Kommen (to come)

Ich komm/e (komm/en <-- drop en and add "e")

du komm/st (add "st" after dropping "en")

er,sie, es komm/t (add "t" after dropping "en")

wir komm/en (no change)

ihr komm/t (add "t" after dropping "en")

sie komm/en

Sie komm/en



Excercise: attempt to conjugate "to have" haben
(edit, conjugate "fragen" (to ask)


Note: conjugation exceptions will be later dicuss in another entry.

(tanzen and arbeiten)

tanzen <--- tanz/en

Verbs like this have s and z sounds that do not need another 's' to be added.

du tanzt (correct)
-----------------------
Irregular verbs

Haben (to have)

Ich habe
du hast (notice the change here, the "b" is dropped)
er/sie/es hat
wir haben
ihr seid ( different from regular verbs)
sie/Sie sind (different from regular verbs)



I will continue next lesson as people progress.


Pathfinder05Tuesday 03rd of May 2005 05:33:57 PM
- [quote]Excercise: attempt to conjugate "to have" haben[/quote]

Auf Deutsch: Weiss du, dass 'haben' irregular ist? Vielleicht sollst du das Verb 'heissen' benutzen. 'Haben' ist zu schwer.

In English: I think that haben, even though it is a beginner's verb, that you should maybe use a regular verb such as 'heissen'. That way, no one gets confused.



TruedreamerWednesday 04th of May 2005 10:41:59 PM
conjugating basic - Helpful related link:http://www.mckinnonsc.vic.edu.au/la/lote/german/materials/grammar/prestens.htm





How to conjugate basic verbs that end in "d/t" before the "en" like arbeiten(to work)

arbeit/en

ich arbeit/e
du arbeit/e/st
er,sie, es abeit/e/t
Wir arbeit/en
ihr arbeit/e/t
sie arbeit/en


Example: Attempt to conjuate "finden" (to find)



FOr those who want to know the irregular change of Haben:

Haben (to have)

Ich habe
du hast <---- (notice the change here, the "b" is dropped)
er/sie/es hat <--- (drop "b" here also)
wir haben
ihr seid ( different from regular verbs)
sie/Sie sind (different from regular verbs)



----------------------------
WORD LIST OF BEGINNING VERBS

1) brachen ( to need)

2) kaufen (to buy)

3) kosten ( to cost)

4) schrieben (to write)

5) schwimmen ( to swim)

6) suchen ( to look for)

7) trinken ( to drink)


TruedreamerWednesday 04th of May 2005 10:58:32 PM
To Be - Irregular verb sein is used to describe or identify someone or something

Sein

Ich bin (I am)
du bist (you are)
er,sie,es ist (he/she/it is)
Wir sind (We are)
ihr seid (they are)
sie sind (they are)
Sie sind (formal, they are)

-------------------------
German Word List for the Week.

Alt (old) ex. Wie alt bist du?

ernst (serious)

faul (lazy)

fleißig (diligent)

freundlich (friendly)

treu (loyal)

sympathisch (likable)

romantisch (romantic)

nett (nice)

langweilig (boring)


Please attempt to write something about yourself. By the way, "and" in german is "und".
TruedreamerThursday 05th of May 2005 04:41:07 PM
Fragewörter - Interrogative Words

Wann (When)

Warum (why)

Was (what)

wer (who)

wie (how)

wie lange (how long)

wie viel (how much)

wie viele (how many)

wo ( where)

woher (from where)
------------------
Example:

Wie heißt du? (what's your name?)

Woher kommst du? (Where are you from?)

Was ist deine Telefonnummer? (What is your telephone number?)

Wie viel kostet dein Deustchbuch? (How much does the German book cost?)

Was studiest du? (What are you studying)
TruedreamerThursday 05th of May 2005 05:03:35 PM
Possessive Adjectives - Ownership or belonging....

ich --- mein --- my

Mein Name ist Barbara. (My name is Barbara)


du--dein-- your ( Wie heißt deine Schwester
What is your sister's name.)

Notice in this example, the possessive adjective dein take the same ending as the indefinite article of ein from Schwester.


Explaination of indefinite Article: ein

In german, there are masc., fem, and neutral nouns.

You can tell by the article:
das, die, der


das is neutral

die is fem.

der is man


der corresponds to ---> ein
die corresponds to ---->eine (notice that fem. has extra "e" at the end)
das corresponds to --->ein


Mas. ein Computer
Fem. eine Lampe
Neuter ein Poster


A break down of the question:


Wie heißt deine Schwester (What is your sister's name.)

The word for sister is ==> die Schwester
-notice it is fem. article die
-die corresponds with eine

dein (your) is than changed to deine it's eine. That means adding a extra "e".


Why is it conjugated to Heißt in this question?
1)the Nomantive or the main subject in this sentence is the sister.
a)That means conjugating to the sie form or she form of heissen.
- adding "t" and dropping the "en"

Person Pronoun .... Possesive Adjective
ich .... mein (my)

du .... dein (your, informal)

Sie ..... Ihr (your formal)

er ..... sein (his, its)

sie ...... ihr (her; its)

es ...... sein ( its)

wir ...... unser (our)

ihr ...... euer (your informal)

Sie ...... Ihr (your formal)

sie .... ihr (their)






Any question: e-mail: Queencrammer@yahoo.com or reply here.




TruedreamerThursday 05th of May 2005 05:40:57 PM
Verbs with Stem-vowel Change - Verb list that have stem-vowel change:

fahren (to drive), schalfen( to sleep), essen ( to eat), geben (to give), nehmen ( to take), sprechen ( to speak), lesen ( to read), sehen ( to see), laufen ( to run)



A lot of vowel changes wil be in (du) and (er/sie/es) of present tense form.



Some of the vowel changes consist of changes like:

1.Change from "a" to "ä"


example: fahren in du form is "fährst"
in sie/es/er (third person singular)
changes to fährt

-conjugate du and have the vowel change-



2) vowel change from "au" to "äu"

example: laufen
du läufst , er/sie/es läuft

3) e---> ie
lesen: du liest, er/sie/es liest
sehen: du siehts, er/sie/es sieht



4) "e" changing to "i"

words like: essen , du isst , er/sie/es isst

geben, du gibst , er/sie/es gibt

nehmen: du nimmst, er/sie/es nimmt

sprechen: du sprichst, er/sie/es spricht





TruedreamerThursday 05th of May 2005 06:09:05 PM
Numbers and Ordinal numbers - 1 (eins)
2 (zwei)
3 (drei)
4 (vier)
5 (fünf)
6 (sechs)
7 (sieben)
8 (acht)
9 (neun)
10 ( zehn)
11 (elf)
12 (zwölf)
13 (dreizehn)
14 (vierzehn)
15 (fünfzehn)
16 (sechzehn)
17 (siebzehn)
18 (achtzehn)
19 (neunzehn)
20 (zwanzig)

30 (dreißig)
40 (vierzig)
50 (fünfzig)
60 (sechzig)
70 (siebzig)
80 (achtzig)
90 (neunzig)
100 (hundert)
200 (zweihundert)

2000 zweitausend

Ordinal numbers:
ex. first, second, third, fourth, fifth..etc


1) First, third, seventh, and eight are exceptions to the rule of ordinal numbers. 1,3,8 <--

eins -->erste
drei ---> dritte
sieben--> siebte
acht-->achte

Rule is: numbers below 20 end with "te"

ex. zwei changes to zweite <--- (2)
dreizehn changes to dreizehnte (13)


Rule is: number 20 and above end with "ste"

ex. zwanzig (20) zwanzigste



---------------------------
VOCAB WORD LIST

Months:

der Januar

der Februar

der März

der April

der Mai

der Juni

der August

der September

der Oktober

der November

der Dezember


HOLIDAYS

Birthday der Geburtstag

Wedding die Hochziet

New Years day das Neujahr

Valentinstag Valentine's Day

Christmas der Weihnachten

--------------------

Q:Welches Datum ist heute? (What today's date?)

Response: Heute ist der füfte Mai.




TruedreamerThursday 05th of May 2005 06:40:42 PM
Die Uhrzeit - Wie spät ist es? or Wie viel Uhr ist es?

Es is ein Uhr. ( It is one o'clock.)


German Time can be express in two ways.

1. like time express with half and quart past

2. 24 hour official system ex. 13:45 or 23:18


Words to know:
nach (after)
halb (half)
vor (before)
Vietel vor (quarter before)


(I'll continue this later)



TruedreamerThursday 05th of May 2005 06:56:39 PM
When you need help in German class - If you ever have german class, there are goign to be those times when you use the words down below...


1)I don't know (Das weiß nicht)

2)Ich habe eine Frage ( I have a question)

3) Ich verstehe das nicht (I don't understand)

4) Ja (yes)

5. Nein (no)

6. Was bedeutet _____? Was does ___ mean?

7. Wie bitte? Pardon

8. Wige sagt man ______ auf Deutsch? (how do you say that in German)

9. Wie schriebt man _____? How do you write?




TruedreamerThursday 05th of May 2005 07:00:26 PM
Prounication Tips - ß Sounds like a double s


v sounds more like 'F' sound in english

S sound more like z at times

z sounds more like s

W prounced like v in english


I'll put examples later on prounciation.



TruedreamerThursday 05th of May 2005 07:10:06 PM
Nominative.... - Nominative- nominative case marks the subject of the sentence

Accustive -marks the direct object/movement

Dative -indirect object
usally dative objects refers to people


Noun's cases changes due to if it's dative, accustive or nominative in the sentence.

------------------

Helpful tips in telling the case by looking for the

1.Context

2. verb conjugation

3. the article

-------------------

ACCUSATIVE Case

Mas. den

fem. die

neuter das

Plural die



Das, die, der are like the english word "the".
TruedreamerThursday 05th of May 2005 07:35:31 PM
LINKS RECOMMEND - 1. http://www.geocities.com/pcawizman/inffiles/german.txt

2. http://www.mckinnonsc.vic.edu.au/la/lote/german/materials/grammar/derdieds.htm#NOMINATIVE

(case chart of nominative, accusative and dative)

3. Vocabulary build up list
http://www.mckinnonsc.vic.edu.au/la/lote/german/materials/vocxlist.htm

4. Practing questions words: was, wenn, wo etc.
http://www.quia.com/pop/9275.html

5. http://dict.leo.org/

How beginners can use this site.
1. THis is online german/english prounication dictionary

-type in the word you want in the box, than click on suchen.

6. Building vocabulary (online flashcard)
http://www.quia.com/custom/5614main.html

7. Grammar
http://www.mckinnonsc.vic.edu.au/la/lote/germ../../links/feurwer2.htm