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KristinkaSaturday 02nd of October 2004 08:07:01 PM
Hebrew Basics - Sentences - Hey everyone! Today, we will get you started on sentences. You can start off by learning the following lists.


Pronouns

I - Ani
You (male,singular) - Ata
You (female,singular) - At
He - Hoo
She - Hee
We - Anachnoo
You (male,plural) - Atem
You (female,plural) - Aten
They (male) - Hem
They (female) - Hen


For, To…

Me - Lee
You (male,singular) - Licha
You (female, singular) - Lach
Him - Lo
Her - La
Us - Lanoo
You (male,plural) - Lachem
You (female, plural) - Lachen
Them (male) - Lahem
Them (female) - Lahen

(The prefix used for the words 'for' or 'to' is "li". That is why the words above all start with a lamed, which makes an 'l' sound.)


Possessive Pronouns

My, Mine - Sheli
Your, Yours (male,singular) - Shelcha
Your, Yours (female,singular) - Shelach
His - Shelo
Her, Hers - Shela
Our, Ours - Shelanoo
Your, Yours (male,plural) - Shelachem
Your, Yours (female,plural) - Shelachen
Their, Theirs (male) - Shelahem
Their, Theirs (female) - Shelahen

(The Hebrew word 'shel' means 'of'. It shows possession. For example: Sefer shel Daniel = book of Daniel = Daniel's book. This is why the above words all start with 'shel'. These words would be used after mentioning the noun. For example: Sefer shelo = his book)


Prefixes

The = Ha-
And = Vi-
In, With, When = Bi-
From = Mee-
That = She-
To, For = Li-
Like, As = Ki-

What if we want to say 'In The Book'? We just put the prefixes together and it comes out to be 'BiHaSefer'. Now, instead of saying 'BiHa', we can make it shorter and say 'Ba'. So, 'In The Book' is 'Basefer'. There are other prefix combinations that can be made shorter as just shown. They are:

In the, With the = BiHa- -----> Ba-
To the, For the = LiHa- -----> La-
Like the, As the = KiHa- -----> Ka-



Let's move on. What do sentences need in order to be called sentences? A subject, verb, and maybe an object.

Since we have not learned any verbs yet, we will need to do so now.
Verbs can be used in past, present, and future tenses. However, since that may be a little too much to learn all at once, we will save it for another lesson and just stick with the present tense for now. The following is a list of 20 verbs. All verbs have a shoresh (root) which is USUALLY three letters.
For example: the word 'say' has the shoresh of ALEF MEM RESH. However, since we don't see any Hebrew letters here, we will just say the verb as it would be said as a shoresh. So 'say' would be 'amar'.

1)say - amar
2)speak - deebair
3)walk - halach
4)wash - raclassroomxxs
5)eat - achal
6)see - ra'a
7)dance - rakad
8)sit - yashav
9)buy - kana
10)sell - machar
11)write - katav
12)get dressed - lavash
13)take - lakach
14)give - natan
15)need - tzarich
16)choose - bachar
17)jump - kafatz
18)want - ra'tze
19)run - ratz
20)guard, keep - shamar

Now, since we want to use these words in the present tense, we should make a chart of how it will sound. Obviously, the verb will have to be conjugated to fit the noun or pronoun that is being used.

So let's take the word 'say' = 'amar' again.

1)Ani, Ata, Hoo = omer (this is for singular, male)

2)Ani, At, Hee = omeret (this is for singular, female)

3)Anachnoo, Atem, Hem = omrim (this is for plural, male)

4)Anachnoo, Aten, Hen = omrot (this is for plural, female)

What if there are a group of males and females in the room? Which one would you use? The answer is: the plural, male tense.

So now, we will make a chart of the verbs and how they are conjugated to fit their GROUPS OF PRONOUNS. The groups of pronouns were labeled with a number so follow this guide:
*1*Ani, Ata, Hoo
*2*Ani, At, Hee
*3*Anachnoo, Atem, Hem
*4*Anachnoo, Aten, Hen
REMEMBER: THIS IS ONLY PRESENT TENSE!!!!!!!!


*1*-------------*2*-----------*3*--------- *4*
1) omer---------omeret---------omrim---------omrot
2) midabair-----midaberet-----midabrim-----midabrot
3) holech-------holechet-------holchim--------holchot
4) rochets------rochetset------rochtsim-------rochtsot
5) ochel--------ochelet---------ochlim---------ochlot
6) ro'e----------ro'a-------------ro'im------------ro'ot
7) roked--------rokedet--------rokdim----------rokdot
8) yoshev------yoshevet-------yoshvim-------yoshvot
9) ko'ne---------kona------------konim----------konot
10)mochair-----mocheret-------mochrim-------mochrot
11)kotev--------kotevet---------kotvim---------kotvot
12)lovesh-------loveshet--------lovshim--------lovshot
13)loke'ach-----lokechet--------lokchim---------lochot
14)noten--------notenet---------notnim---------notnot
15)tzarich-------tzricha-----------tzrichim--------tzrichot
16)bochair------bocheret--------bochrim--------bochrot
17)kofets-------kofetset---------koftsim----------koftsot
18)ro'tze--------ro'tza------------rotzim-----------rotzot
19)ratz-----------ratza------------ratzim-----------ratzot
20)shomer------shomeret-------shomrim--------shomrot

If you notice in MOST of the words, the *singular female* adds a 'tav' in the end of the word, which makes an 'et' sound. The *plural male* adds a 'yud mem sofit' in the end of the word, which makes an 'im' sound. The *plural female* adds a 'vav tav' in the end of the word, which makes an 'ot' sound.

In English, the adjective comes before the noun. EX: good book
In Hebrew, the adjective comes after the noun. EX: sefer tov (book good)

Moving on.....I'll give you one sentence example and then assign you other sentences to translate into Hebrew.

EXAMPLE:
I (f) am eating soup.
Ani ochelet marak.

Now it's your turn!!!! I will leave an underlined space where a word or prefix needs to be placed. Some words might be from another lesson, so go back and start looking up words if they are needed and you don't know them. Good luck!

1) The boy is walking to shul.
___yeled _______ __beit kneset.

2) She is jumping outside.
_____ _______ _______.

3) They (m) are sitting in the park.
____ ________ ___park.

4) I am cold. (*hint: it is cold for me)
______ _____.

5) You (f,s) are taking their horse.
___ ________ et hasoos _______.

6) His father writes songs.
______ ______ _______ zmirot.

7) We are selling the house
_______ ________ et __bayit.

8) I (m) keep Shabbat.
_____ _______ _____.

9) She washes her hands in the morning.
_____ ______ et _________ _____ ___boker.

10) This is my chair.
Ze kisai _____.

RomaFriday 12th of November 2004 08:35:12 PM
Thanks for Hebrew - Thanks!!! this is my 1st day and i allready got someting to get started on!!!

can you please please do the Alphabet and try to explain it i mean i know like 1st letter is (Alef) but what dose that means???? i mean

for exemple

in english is (A) = (Accout)
in Hebrew its (Alef) = (??????)

could you please try to explain how do they write i mean i know its not same as english thats for shure but could you compare to someting please or in your best ways try to explain it in (Russian Or English) please
RomaFriday 12th of November 2004 08:36:43 PM
- ACCOUNT!!! OH MAN AM SO SORRY lol my 1st post ever and i mest up lol