Return to the INDONESIAN ArchiveForward to the Current INDONESIAN discuss

bennylinThursday 13th of January 2005 10:53:25 AM
General Words - build your Indonesian vocabulary
tambahkan perbendaharaan kata-kata Anda

DAFTAR ISI (CONTENTS):
1. UCAPAN SELAMAT (GREETINGS)
2. BALASAN (GENERAL RESPONSES)
3. KATA TANYA (QUESTION WORDS)
4. SOPAN SANTUN (ETIQUETTE)
5. HARI, BULAN, DAN WAKTU (DAYS, MONTHS AND TIME)
6. ACARA KHUSUS (SPECIAL OCCASIONS)
7. CUACA(THE WEATHER)
8. WARNA (COLOURS)
9. BINATANG (ANIMALS)
10. BUAH-BUAHAN (FRUITS)
11. SAYUR-SAYURAN (VEGETABLES)
12. MINUMAN (DRINKS)
bennylinThursday 13th of January 2005 10:55:50 AM
UCAPAN SELAMAT (GREETINGS) -
halo
- hello

selamat pagi
- good morning

selamat siang
- good day

selamat sore
- good evening

selamat malam
- good evening / good night

apa kabar?
- how are you?

sampai jumpa
- see you

selamat datang
- welcome

selamat tinggal
- bye-bye / good bye

terima kasih
- thank you

bennylinThursday 13th of January 2005 10:56:45 AM
BALASAN (GENERAL RESPONSES) -
ya
- yes

tidak
- no

tergantung
- that depends

saya tidak tahu
- i don't know

saya tidak yakin
- i'm not sure

saya tidak setuju
- i don't agree, i don't think so

saya yakin
- i'm sure

saya setuju
- i'm agree, i think so

tidak masalah
- no problem, i don't mind

tentu saja!
- of course!

benar / betul
- true

dengan senang hati
- with pleasure

terima kasih kembali
- you are welcome

bennylinThursday 13th of January 2005 10:57:20 AM
KATA TANYA (QUESTION WORDS) -
siapa
- who

apa
- what

mengapa
- why

dimana
- where

kapan
- when

bagaimana
- how

berapa
- how much / how many

dengan apa
- with what

milik siapa
- whose

dengan siapa
- whom

bennylinThursday 13th of January 2005 10:58:15 AM
SOPAN SANTUN (ETIQUETTE) -
tolong, mohon
- please

tolong!
- help!

maaf
- sorry

permisi
- excuse me

terima kasih banyak
- thank you very much

bolehkah saya ... ?
- may I ... ?

bennylinThursday 13th of January 2005 10:59:07 AM
HARI, BULAN, DAN WAKTU (DAYS, MONTHS AND TIME) -
Senin
- Monday

Selasa
- Tuesday

Rabu
- Wednesday

Kamis
- Thursday

Jumat
- Friday

Sabtu
- Saturday

Minggu
- Sunday

pagi
- morning

siang
- noon / afternoon

sore
- afternoon / evening

malam
- night

kemarin lusa
- the day before yesterday

kemarin
- yesterday

hari ini
- today

besok
- tomorrow

lusa
- the day after tomorrow

day
- hari

minggu
- week

minggu lalu
- last week, previous week

minggu depan
- next week

bulan
- month

bulan lalu
- last month, previous month

bulan depan
- next month

tahun
- year

tahun lalu
- last year, previous year

tahun depan
- next year

musim dingin
- winter

musim semi / musim bunga
- spring

musim panas / musim kemarau*
- summer

pancaroba*
- the interchange days between summer and rainy season

musim hujan*
- rainy season

musim gugur
- fall / autumn

Januari, Februari, Maret, April, Mei, Juni
- January, February, March, April, May, June

Juli, Agustus, September, Oktober, November, Desember
- July, August, September, October, November, December

bennylinThursday 13th of January 2005 11:00:11 AM
ACARA KHUSUS (SPECIAL OCCASIONS) -
selamat!
- congratulations!

selamat ulang tahun
- happy birthday

selamat hari jadi
- happy anniversary

selamat tahun baru
- happy new year

selamat hari Natal
- happy Christmas / merry Christmas

selamat Paskah
- happy Easter

selamat makan
- enjoy the meal

selamat berjuang
- good luck (literally, enjoy the struggle or happy struggling)

selamat berlibur
- have a good vacation

selamat hari raya
- have a good holiday

selamat jalan
- be safe in the road, good luck, good bye

semoga beruntung
- good luck

bennylinThursday 13th of January 2005 11:00:57 AM
CUACA (THE WEATHER) -
cerah [matahari]
- nice, sunny [sun]

berawan [awan]
- cloudy [cloud]

hujan [hujan]
- rainy [rain]

mendung
- black cloudy

dingin
- cold

panas
- hot

bersalju [salju]
- snowy [snow]

berangin [angin]
- windy [wind]

berkabut [kabut]
- foggy [fog]

membeku [beku]
- freezing [freeze]

badai
- storm

kilat (what you see), guntur / geledek (what you hear)
- lightning

buruk
- bad / bad weather

pelangi
- rainbow

ombak
- wave

gerhana
- eclipse

gerhana bulan
- moon eclipse

gerhana matahari
- solar eclipse

bennylinThursday 13th of January 2005 11:18:30 AM
WARNA (COLOURS) -
hitam
- black

putih
- white

abu-abu
- grey

cokelat
- brown

merah
- red

merah muda
- pink

jingga / oranye
- orange

kuning
- yellow

hijau
- green

biru
- blue

nila
- violet

ungu
- purple

bennylinThursday 13th of January 2005 11:27:55 AM
BINATANG (ANIMALS) -
mamalia
- mammals

burung
- birds

ikan
- fishes

reptil
- reptil

serangga
- insects

anjing
- dog

anak anjing
- puppy

kucing
- cat

anak kucing
- kitten

kelinci
- rabbit

tikus
- mouse, rat

kuda
- horse

keledai
- donkey

sapi
- cow

anak sapi
- calf

babi
- pig

ayam
- chicken

ayam betina
- hen

anak ayam
- chick

#pattern 1: animal + 'betina' = female animal
#pattern 2: animal + 'jantan' = male animal (by default, without 'jantan' is considered male)
#pattern 3: 'anak' + animal = animal's offspring
(Indonesian doesn't have special words for female animals or animal's offspring)
bennylinThursday 13th of January 2005 11:36:30 AM
BUAH-BUAHAN (FRUITS) - rambutan
- images.google.c../../images?q=RAMBUTAN&hl=en&lr=&sa=N&tab=wi

durian
- images.google.c../../images?hl=en&lr=&q=durian&btnG=Search

pisang
- banana

pepaya
- papaya

mangga
- mango

jeruk
- orange, citrus, lime, lemon, tangerine

apple
- apel

anggur
- grape

semangka
- watermelon

melon
- melon

labu
- pumpkin

nanas
- pineapple

strawberry
- strawberry

ceri
- cherry

pir
- pear
bennylinThursday 13th of January 2005 11:43:22 AM
SAYUR-SAYURAN (VEGETABLES) -
beras, nasi
- rice

tomat
- tomato

kentang
- potato

wortel
- carrot

jagung
- corn

sweet potato
- ketela pohon

bawang merah / brambang
- red garlic

bawang putih / bawang
- garlic

bawang Bombay / brambang Timor
- onion
bayam
- spinach

jamur
- mushroom

kubis
- cabbage

kacang polong
- beans

brokoli
- broccoli

kedelai
- bean sprout

terung
- eggplant

ketimun / mentimun
- cucumber

kacang panjang
- string bean
bennylinThursday 13th of January 2005 11:47:01 AM
MINUMAN (DRINKS) -
air putih / air
- water

teh
- tea

es teh
- ice tea

es teh manis
- sweet ice tea

cokelat panas
- hot chocolate

kopi
- coffee

milk
- susu

jus jeruk, jus apel, jus tomat
- orange juice, apple juice, tomato juice

limun
- lemonade

anggur putih
- white whine

anggur merah
- red winte

anggur manis
- sweet wine

bir
- beer
Az_MacFriday 04th of February 2005 11:23:04 AM
Thank You - Thank you for posting this. Really good help. I'm trying to teach myself Indonesian. Can i ask a question. What about plurals? what is the rule there in indonesian?
bennylinFriday 04th of February 2005 12:09:59 PM
- plurals rule will be in a separate section... soon :D
RF_ZeroSunday 13th of February 2005 11:04:38 AM
- thanks! I do japanese at school but I'm thinking of swapping to indonesian, so im trying to learn as much as I can, thanks!