Return to the JAPANESE ArchiveForward to the Current JAPANESE discuss

LindsaySunday 10th of April 2005 08:34:39 AM
Japanese Particles - Hey Everyone:) I am studying Japanese, and I'm trying to organize my notes. Can anyone help me? I would like to put together a list of Particles with as much info. on each on as possible.

Here's what I know so far... It might not be correct, because my notes are a little old and the rest of them are particles I found on a webpage. Any help would be VERY appreciated!!! Thank you sooo mcuh!

は-wa- subject marker
の- no- shows possesion
か-ka- "?"
を-(w)o- direct object marker
に-ni- to an activity-for giving to someone- location of exsistance-
で-de- by means of
へ-he- going to a place
ね-ne- isn't it?
よ- yo- "!"
と-to-and - with - if
や-ya- and (et cetera...)
も-mo- also
が-ga- emphasis subject marker
から, まで- kara made- from ___until ___
より
ほど
だけ
しか
ぐらい
ばかり
でも
さえ
とも


If There are any that should not be here,or if there are any I should add, Can someone let me know? ありがとう!

surfin_bartWednesday 13th of April 2005 09:33:03 AM
- は-wa- subject marker 'or topic marker'
の- no- shows possesion
か-ka- "?" 'or'
を-(w)o- direct object marker
に-ni- to an activity-for giving to someone- location of exsistance-
で-de- by means of
へ-he- going to a place
ね-ne- isn't it?
よ- yo- "!" 'adds emphasis to a sentence.
と-to-and - with - if
や-ya- and (et cetera...)
も-mo- also
が-ga- emphasis subject marker
から, まで- kara made- from ___until ___
より - from (a point in time); from a person
ほど - degree, extent, bounds, limit
だけ - only
しか - only that (used with negative form of verb)
ぐらい - around
ばかり - only
でも - but
さえ - ?
とも - certainly
makotoThursday 14th of April 2005 04:17:30 AM
- Hi minasan!
there's no univocal relation between particles and uses. Just an example: direct object marker could be :

ringo wo tabemasu.--(I) eat apples
ringo wa tabemasen.--(I) don't eat apples.
ringo ga taberaremasu.--(I) can eat apples.
ringo mo tabemasu.--(I) eat apples too.

so, I recommend you to study step by step the grammar.

Makoto
LindsayThursday 14th of April 2005 07:30:30 AM
- Thanks... I have been studying Japanese at school for quite a while and can speak and write it. I just wanted a refresher on particles. Some of them still seem new to me. Can anyone help me out with some examples of how they're used? Thanks :)
masa2Thursday 14th of April 2005 09:28:13 AM
-
より - than
ほど - about / as much or little as
だけ - only
しか - only / little or few
ぐらい - about / around / as much or little as
ばかり - only
でも - but / even
さえ - even
とも - also

より - than
アメリカはにほん*より*おおきいです。 USA is bigger than Japan.
より - from (a point in time); from a person
1時*より*かいぎをはじめます。 The meeting starts from 1:00.

ほど - about / as much or little as
こうえんには100にん*ほど*いました。 There were about 100 people in the park.

だけ - only
あなた*だけ*がかぎをもっています。 Only you have the key.

しか - only / little or few
あなた*しか*かぎをもっていません。 Only you have the key. (Nobody has the key except you.)

ぐらい - about / around / as much or little as
100にん*ぐらい*のひとがこうえんにいました。 There were about 100 people in the park.

the rest is other day...