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martingaleSunday 01st of May 2005 07:28:51 PM
past tense - question - Past tense for the '-imasu' form is '-imashita'.
How to create past tense for the casual forms, like for example 'iru', 'aru', 'taberu', 'kaku'...
Is there a specific rule??
DerschulenSunday 01st of May 2005 09:05:29 PM
- iru,arimasu,tabemasu,kakimasu.
if a verb ends in 'eru' or 'iru',change it into 'emasu' or 'imasu';if ends in 'aru','oru','uru',change it into 'imasu'.That's simple
tomokaTuesday 03rd of May 2005 06:45:02 PM
- There are some kinds of stem in japanese verbs.

iru >> is/are (for example: she is here = kanojho wa koko ni iru)
i ta ... past tense(normal)
i mashita ... past tense(polite)

aru >> is/are (for example: The library is here = toshokan wa koko ni aru)
a tta ... past tense(normal)
a ri mashita ... past tense(polite)

taberu >> to eat
tabe ta ... past tense(normal)
tabe mashita ... past tense(polite)

kaku >> to write
ka i ta ... past tense(normal)
ka ki mashita ... past tense(polite)

miru >> to see
mi ta
mi mashita

wakaru >> to understand
waka tta
waka ri mashita

Most of them can change to the past tense by adding
"ta" or "mashita" to the stem of the verb.
However, there are some irregular verbs or have to add
some more words like 'i', 'ki', 'ri' or else between words.


martingaleWednesday 04th of May 2005 02:08:38 PM
past tense - And what about 'nomu' (drink)

'nonda'???
tomokaWednesday 04th of May 2005 08:31:16 PM
- YES! That's correct!!

nomu (to drink)
no n da ... past tense(normal)
no mi mashita ... past tense(polite)
neo_phoneixTuesday 10th of May 2005 04:50:19 PM
what I learnt - When I was learning about the past of plain form verbs my sensei said that if the te-form of the verb is a "te" (like mitte) then the past plain will be "ta" but if the te-form is "de" (like nonde) then the past plain will be "da". Does that make sense?