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magandaFriday 22nd of April 2005 02:17:06 PM
Pagkaing Pilipino - Filipino Food

Filipino cuisine is influenced by many cultures, mainly Malay, Spanish and Chinese cultures. More recently, influences from the United States, Germany and Japan have made their way into Filipino cooking.

Spain's culture is one of the most influential on food in the Philippines, with around 80 percent of the food cooked having its roots in Spain. American influences, not as notable as Spain's, came about with the end of World War II. Canned food was distributed at this time and fruit cocktail became popular, particularly when Filipinos added their own ingredients, namely the jackfruit (langka), coconut (buko), and palm nuts (kaong). These ingredients game it a Filipino "flair."

The type and flavor of food eaten varies from area to area in the Philippines. The staple food in some areas is rice whereas in others it may be cassava. Although at every Filipino meal, rice is available. The Bicol people of the southernmost portion of Luzon and western Mindanao Muslims are the only groups that extensively use hot peppers in their cooking, although hot peppers are available all over the Philippines.

The most popular meat in the Philippines is pork, with beef and poultry following behind. In the areas where Islam has a strong following, beef and are consumed instead of pork, with is a taboo meat. As a delicacy, the Tagalogs and the Pampanquenos eat frogs, although most Filipinos don't consume them.

As with every other aspect of Filipino food, depending on the region, either saltwater of freshwater fish are preferred and are in abundance. Artificially created ponds and rice paddies are where various types of fish are grown on fish farms.

Before outside influences, Filipinos used their hands to eat, but with western influences and the introduction of eating utensils such as knives, forks and spoons, they have adapted their ways. The fork and spoon are the two main utensils of choice, with the spoon used as a knife to tear food into smaller bits.

Alamin/Know: adobo, afritada, arroz caldo, kaldereta, kare-kare, kilawin, daing, dinengdeng, dinuguan, embutido, escabeche, estofado, ginataan, inihaw, laing, longaniza, lumpia, mechado, menudo, paksiw, pansit, pinakbet, pochero, relyenong bangus, sinaing, sinangag, tapa, tinola, tokwa, torta, ukoy

Adobo: pork or chicken marinated in garlic, soy sauce and vinegar
Afritada: pork stew with green peppers, onions, tomatoes, and potatoes
Arroz Caldo: rice porridge with chicken
Bagoong: fermented paste made from small fish, sometimes from shrimp
Kaldereta: goat stew
Kare-kare: ox tail stew with banana blossoms cooked in a peanut sauce
Kilawin: raw fish
Daing: dried fish
Dinengdeng: boiled vegetables with bagoong
Dinuguan: blood pudding with internal organs
Embutido: porkloaf sausage
Escabeche: sweet and sour fish dish
Estofado: beef stew with beans, carrots and tomatoes
Ginataan: cooked with gata (coconut milk)
Inihaw: barbecued
Laing: taro leaves cooked in gata
Longaniza: sweet and sour pork sausage
Lumpia: spring roll
Mechado: beef and onions cooked with tomato sauce
Menudo: ox tail stew with chickpeas
Paksiw: stew of fish marinated in vinegar
Pansit: noodles
Pinakbet: vegetable dish cooked with bagoong
Pochero: chicken and pork stew with bananas and vegetables
Relyenong bangus: stuffed milkfish
Sinaing: boiled rice
Sinangag: fried rice
Sinigang: sour stew
Tapa: seasoned dried meat
Tinola: chicken stew with papaya
Tokwa: tofu
Torta: omelet
Ukoy: fried shrimp cakes

magandaFriday 22nd of April 2005 02:20:04 PM
Halo-Halo (Filipino Dessert) - Halo-Halo is a Philippine dessert specialty perfect for tropical climes. Literally meaning "Mix-Mix" and dubbed the "Queen of Desserts," it is a blend of fruits, sweet preserves, evaporated milk and shaved ice.

To make halo-halo, combine kaong (sweet palm fruit), macapuno (shredded coconut), langka (jackfruit) and red munggo (mung beans) in a parfait glass. Other possible ingredients are slices of saba (plantains), chunks of ube (purple yam), mais (corn), nata de coco (coconut gelatin) and pinipig (pounded dried rice). Top with shaved ice, evaporated milk and a scoop of ice cream.

Make sure to halo (mix) thoroughly before digging in. Yes, mixing all those goodies at the bottom without spilling the ice and ice cream off the glass is a skill that needs to be honed by regular indulgence!

magandaFriday 22nd of April 2005 02:25:27 PM
Mga Prutas (Fruits) - Isaulo/Memorize: mansanas, saging, ubas, mangga, kasuy, mani, peras, pinya, suha, chico, guyabano, kaimito, balimbing, sampalok, pakwan

mansanas :: apple
saging :: banana
ubas :: grapes
mangga :: mango

kasuy :: cashew
mani :: peanut

peras :: pear
pinya :: pineapple
pakwan :: watermelon

suha :: pomelo
chico :: sapodilla
guyabano :: soursop

kaimito :: star apple
balimbing :: starfruit
sampalok :: tamarind

Mga Halimbawa/Examples:

Ano ang paborito mong prutas?
What fruit do you like most?

Mansanas ang paborito ko.
Apples are my favorite.

Ang laki ng pakwan!
The watermelon is huge!

Ang tamis ng kaimito!
The star apple is sweet.

Ang asim ng pinya!
The pineapple is sour!

Magkano ang mangga?
How much is the mango?

jzee19Friday 22nd of April 2005 06:50:16 PM
yum yum - i like lumpiang shanghai a lot!!!

and halo-halo!
magandaSunday 24th of April 2005 10:06:48 PM
Mga Gulay (Vegetables) - Isaulo/Memorize: repolyo, pipino, talong, upo, kabuti, sibuyas, sili, kalabasa, kamote, gabi, kamatis

petsay :: bokchoy
repolyo :: cabbage
pipino :: cucumber
talong :: eggplant

upo :: gourd
kalabasa :: squash
ampalaya :: bitter melon
labanos :: radish

kabuti :: mushroom
sibuyas :: onion
kamatis :: tomato

sili :: pepper
bawang :: garlic
luya :: ginger

kamote :: sweet potato
gabi :: taro
patatas :: potato

alugbati :: Malabar spinach
kangkong :: river spinach
sitaw :: string bean

Mga Halimbawa/Examples:

Ano ang paborito mong gulay?
What's your favorite vegetable?

Hindi ako kumakain ng gulay.
I don't eat vegetables.

Kumakain ka ba ng sibuyas?
Do you eat onions?

Ayaw ko ng sibuyas.
I don't like onions.

Bumili ka ba ng kamatis?
Did you buy tomatoes?

May kangkong ba sa labas ng Pilipinas?
Is there river spinach outside the Philippines?

magandaMonday 25th of April 2005 12:56:05 PM
Karne, Manok at Itlog ( Meat, Poultry & Eggs ) - Isaulo/Memorize: karne, manok, baka, baboy, pata, kambing, hamon, lechon, balat, tadyang, bistek, pato, pugo, itlog, balut, pabo

karne :: meat
manok :: chicken
karne ng baka :: beef
karne ng baboy :: pork
kambing :: goat

hamon :: ham
lechon :: roasted pig
bistek :: steak

balat :: skin
tadyang :: ribs
pata :: feet

pato :: duck
pugo :: quail
itlog :: egg
balut :: duck's egg
pabo :: turkey

Mga Halimbawa/Examples:

Ang tigas ng karne!
The meat is tough!

Hindi ako kumakain ng karne.
I don't eat meat.

Ilang itlog ang kinain mo?
How many eggs did you eat?

Ang sarap ng lechon!
The roasted pig is delicious!

Saan ako makakabili ng balut?
Where can I buy duck eggs?

magandaTuesday 26th of April 2005 12:05:52 PM
Pagkaing-Dagat (Seafood) - Isaulo/Memorize: isda, dilis, hito, halaan, alimango, tuyo, lapu-lapu, tanggigi, tahong, pugita, talaba, sugpo, bagoong, sardinas, pating, hipon, pusit, tilapya, tulingan

isda :: fish

dilis :: anchovy
hito :: catfish
lapu-lapu :: grouper
tanggigi :: mackerel
tilapya :: tilapia
tulingan :: tuna
sardinas :: sardines
pating :: shark

tahong :: mussel
halaan :: clam
talaba :: oyster

sugpo :: prawn
hipon :: shrimp
alimango :: mud crab
alimasag :: blue crab
bagoong :: seafood paste
tuyo :: dried fish

pusit :: squid
pugita :: octopus

Mga Halimbawa/Examples:

Ang sarap ng alimasag!
The crab is delicious!

Ang lalaki ng sugpo!
The prawns are big!

Ang baho ng bagoong!
The seafood paste smells awful!

Ang alat ng tuyo!
The dried fish is so salty!

Magkano ang lapu-lapu?
How much is the grouper?

Nakakatakot ang pating.
The shark is scary.

Saan kaya ako makakabili ng talaba?
I wonder where I can buy oysters...