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senator16Saturday 09th of April 2005 01:31:35 PM
Native Languages of the Philippines - Native Languages
A total of 172 native languages and dialects are spoken, all belonging to the Austronesian linguistic family. There are twelve Philippine languages with at least one million native speakers: Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilokano, Hiligaynon, Bikol, Waray-Waray, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Kinaray-a, Maranao, Maguindanao, and Tausug. These are spoken natively by almost 90\% of the population. As in The Americas, the Spanish missionaries preached the natives in local languages.

Filipino is both the national language and an official language. It is based on Tagalog. Tagalog is the dominant native language in the Philippines with Cebuano, a subgroup of Visayan, in a close second place. Since 1939, in an effort to develop national unity, the government has promoted the use of the official national language, Filipino. Filipino is taught in all schools and is gaining acceptance, particularly as a second language for a linguistically diverse population. Pilipino is a more native word or pronunciation for Filipino, just like Nippongo or Nihongo is to Japanese, or Fran硩s to French. There is no f sound in the original pre-Spanish Tagalog.

Languages including other minor languages:

The languages below are spoken in the Northern part of Luzon Island. The lingua franca or most significant language is Ilocano.

For languages spoken in the central region of the Philippines or Visayan region. See Visayan languages for a complete list. The lingua franca or most significant language is Cebuano. Ilonggo is also widely spoken.

Southern languages:

Chavacano- also known as Chabacano, is a Spanish creole language.

senator16Saturday 09th of April 2005 01:33:00 PM
Major Foreign Languages Spoken in the Philippines - Major Foreign Languages
Arabic is used by some members of the Muslim population. It is used in religious instruction and, more rarely, for official events among Muslim peoples. Historically, Arabic, along with Malay, was used as a lingua-franca between the various peoples of the south.

The islanders have been trading with China and Japan since the early 10th or 11th century. Mandarin Chinese is the medium of instruction in Chinese schools and lingua franca of the mainland and overseas Chinese. Hokkien Chinese is the language of the majority the Chinese in the Philippines, who immigrated from the Fujian (pronounced locally as Fookien or Hokkien) province in China.

Main Article: Philippine English

English is an official language in the Philippines, imposed on by Americans during U.S. colonization after the Philippine-American War. The Americans gradually succeeded in taking control of urban and coastal areas by the end of 1903 and began to aggressively promote English as a universal language. Although the first exposure to English was in 1762, when the British invaded Manila, English from that era never had any lasting influence. English was assimilated when the United States took over the government.

Today, English is the dominant language in business, government, the legal system, medicine, the sciences and education. The native languages are often heard in colloquial settings. Filipinos tend to want their text books for subjects like calculus, physics, chemistry, biology, etc. written in English rather than Filipino. At home with family and friends however, most use their vernaculars. The use of English may be thought to carry an air of formality, given its use in school, government and various ceremonies. A large percentage of the media such as television, newspapers and entertainment are also in English. Since Filipinos are very well oriented with English, a large influx of English words has been assimilated into Tagalog and the other native languages. It is customary to substitute English words even if the word exists in the original vernacular. See Taglish.

Hindi, Urdu, Sindhi and Tamil
Since pre-Spanish times, there have been small Indian communities in the Philippines. Indians tend to be able to speak Tagalog and the other native languages, and are often fluent in English. Among themselves, Hindi, Urdu, Sindhi, Tamil and are used.

There is a small Japanese community and a school for Japanese in Metro Manila due to the number of Japanese companies. Also there is a community of Japanese and Japanese descendants in the Davao region. In 1920, there were about 20,000 Japanese in the Davao region.

Spoken as a lingua-franca among Muslim peoples in the southern Philippines. It is also used in official events in these areas, as well as being found on signs. It is frequently written in the Malayo-Arabic Jawi script.

Spoken Malay also has a very important historical context. Just as Old Malay and Indonesian cultures and civilizations in ancient Sumatra and Java have had a large influence on the history, lifestyles and culture of various Philippine peoples, Malay has also had an immense infleunce on many if not most of the languages spoken in the Philippines. Roughly a third of all commonly used verbs and nouns used in the Philippines are of Malay origin.

When the Spanish had first arrived in the Philippines in the 16th Century, Malay was already the official spoken language of the aristocracy and was also used as a lingua-franca. This was the main reason as to how Magellan's Moluccan slave Enrique could converse with local leaders in Cebu island, confirming to Magellan his arrival in Southeast Asia. An example of Old Malay and Javanese languages spoken in Philippine history can be seen in the language of the Laguna Copperplate Inscription.

Main Article: Spanish in the Philippines

Spanish began to be the first language in archipelago from 1565, when the Basque explorer Miguel L�� de Legaspi founded the first Spanish settlement on Cebu.

In 1593, the first printing press was founded. A great portion of the colonial history of the Philippines is written in Spanish. Many land titles, contracts, newspapers and literature are still written in Spanish. There are approximately 4,000 Spanish words in Tagalog, and around 6,000 Spanish words in Visayan and other dialects. The Spanish counting system, calendar, time, etc is still in use with slight modifications.

After World War II and during the Marcos regime, many of the old Spanish-speaking families in Philippines migrated to Europe or the Americas. There were 6 million Spanish speakers in the Philippines in 1940. The 1950 Census stated that the Spanish-speaking Filipinos made up 6\% of the population. Spanish ceased to be an official language and a required subject in college in 1987 during the Cory Aquino Administration. A Spanish creole has evolved in Zamboangga and various parts of the countries. Many legal and historic documents are still in Spanish.

senator16Saturday 09th of April 2005 01:36:29 PM
The Visayan Languages - The Visayan languages of the Philippines, along with Tagalog and Bikol, are part of the Central Philippine language family. Most Visayan languages are spoken in the Visayas region but they are also spoken in the Bicol Region (particularly in Sorsogon and Masbate), islands south of Luzon such as those that make up Romblon, the northern and western areas of Mindanao, and the province of Sulu located southwest of Mindanao.

There are over at least thirty languages that constitute the Visayan language family. Native speakers not only refer to their language by their local name, but also by Bisaya or Binisaya, meaning Visayan language. This means that two separate Visayan languages may be called Bisaya by their respective speakers despite their languages being mutually unintelligible. This does not apply to the Tausugs, who are mostly Muslims. While their language is technically Visayan, they view the term Bisaya as a religious term referring to Christian Filipinos. One must also recognize the distinction between this Bisaya language and people and that of the Malaysian Bisaya

The most well-known Visayan language is Cebuano, spoken by 18 million people as a native language in central and south Visayas and northern Mindanao. Two other well-known Visayan languages are Hiligaynon, spoken by 7 million in western Visayas and Waray-Waray spoken by 3 million in eastern Visayas.

The Visayan languages are further divided into five subfamilies. The list below is by no means exhaustive. Asi and Cebuano constitute their own subfamilies. For a complete listing and information on all Bisayan languages, refer to

Asi - spoken in towns on Tablas Island as well as the islands of Banton, Simara, and Maestro de Campo in Romblon province..
Cebuano - includes Boholano.
Southern Visayan - Tausug, Butuanon, and Surigaonon (including Jaun-Jaun).
Central Visayan - includes Hiligaynon, Waray-Waray, Romblomanon, Capiznon, Masbatenyo, Porohanon, the Bisakol languages of Sorsogon and Northern_Samar, and others.
Western Visayan - includes Kinaray-a, Aklanon, Onhan, Malaynon, Caluyanon, Cuyonon, Ratagnon, and others
senator16Saturday 09th of April 2005 01:39:19 PM
Ang Kalagayan ng Pilipino sa Panahon Ngayon - Ang Kalagayan ng Filipino sa Panahon Ngayon
Mario I. Miclat, Ph.D.

Hindi ngayon lamang dekadang ito sumulpot ang problema ng pambansang wika, o lingua franca, o wikang panlahat. Hindi noon lamang panahon nina Quezon sa pamahalaang commonwealth kalahating siglo ang nakararaan. Pinag-uusapan na iyan kahit noong mahigit apat na raang taon na.

Alam na natin ngayon na nauna ang mga Portuges kaysa Kastila na makarating sa Mindanao na tinawag nilang Islands of Cloves. Isang grupo ng mga Portuges na pinamumunuan ni Francisco Serrano ang nanirahan doon nang pito hanggang walong taon mula 1512 (Zaide, Documentary Sources of Philippine History, Vol. 1, p.50). Samantala, naikwento naman ng isa pang Portuges, si Tome Pires, ang tungkol sa mga taga-Luzon na naninirahan sa Malacca nong 1515. Aniya,

[The Luzones] are almost one people, and in Malacca, there is no division between them...[T]hey were already building many houses and shops. They are a useful people; they are hardworking... In Minjam, near Malacca, there must be five hundred Luzoes, some of them important men (Ibid, p.52).

Kung ganoon palang nagkakaisa at hindi nag-aaway-away ang mga sinaunang Filipinong nasa ibang bansa bago pa man makarating dito ang mga Kastila, magandang tanong kung ano kayang wika ang ginagamit nila kapag nag-uusap sa isa't isa. Sayang at hindi nabanggit ni Pires. Hihinuhain na lamang natin kung ano ang pinakalaganap na wika noon sa Luson. Mahigit lamang 80 taon matapos ang kwento ng mga Portuges, pinansin naman ng Espanyol na si Padre Pedro Chirino, sa Kabanata 15 ng kanyang Relacion de las Islas Filipinas na inilimbag sa Roma noong 1604, ang mga sumusunod na puna:

There is more than one language in the Philippines, and there is no single language that is spoken throughout the islands. (Tr. by Ramon Echevarria, Makati: Historical Conservation Society of the Philippines, 1969). The languages most used, and most widely spread, are the Tagal and the Bisayan... Of all these languages, it was the Tagal which most pleased me and which I most admired... I found in this language four qualities of the four greatest languages of the world... it has the abstruseness [depth] and obscurity of the Hebrew; the articles and distinctions in proper as well as in common nouns of the Greek; the fullness and elegance of the Latin; and the refinement, polish, and courtesy of the Spanish. (Tr. by Frederic W. Morrison of Harvard University and Emma Helen Blair, B&R,, Vol. 12, pp. 235-242).

Pinatunayan niya ang kanyang obserbasyonsa pagpapakita ng bersiyong Tagalog ng Ave Maria, na mangyari pa'y dumaan na sa ilang pagbabago matapos ang ilang siglo. Sisipiin ko ang bersiyon sa panahon ni Chirino:

Aba Guinoo Maria matao ca na.
Napono ca nan gracia, An Panguinoon Dios na saio.
Bucor can pinagpala sa babain lahat.
Pinagpala naman ang iong anac si Jesus.
Santa Maria ina nang Dios
Ipanalanguin mo cami macasalanan.
Ngayon at cum mamatai cami. Amen, Jesus.

Puna ni Chirino,

There is none or very little of this courtesy in the other two languages of the Bissayas (sic)...[although they] ought not to displease or appear ignorable, for every tongue has its own beauty and elegance for those who are born in it, which the eyes of foreigners cannot discern.

Kasunod ang:

Mahimaya ca Maria napono ca sa gracia
An guinoon Dios anaa canimo.
Guirayeg ca uyamot sa babaihun tanan
Ug guirayeg man an imon anac Jesus.
Santa Mari inhan sa Dios,
Iguiampo mo cami macasasala onia
Ug sa amun camatai. Amen, Jesus.

Ano ang sabi ni Chirino tungkol sa iba't ibang mga wikaing Filipino? Pareho rin ng lagi na nating inuulit-ulit na obserbasyon sa kasulukuyan, 400 taon pagkalipas. Aniya,

But though [the dialects] are numerous and quite distinct from one another they are all so similar that within a few days the people can understand each other and converse, so that to know one [dialect] is almost like knowing them all [Echevarria]. They are to each other like the Tuscan, Lombard, and Sicilian dialects of Italia, or the Castillian, Portuguese, and Galician in Espana [Morrison, et al.].

Noon na pala, mapapansin nang madaling magkaintindihan ang mga Pilipino sa sarili nating wika. At saka, sa kabila ng pagkakaiba-iba ng wikain, tinukoy din ni Chirino na:

All these islanders are much given to reading and writing, and there is hardly a man, and much less a woman, who does not read and write in the letters used in the island of Manila - which are entirely different from those of China, Japon, and India. (p.242)

Huwag magagalit ang ilan sa isa na namang obserbasyon ni Chirino, na sisipiin ko:

The Bissayans (sic) are more rustic, ... as formerly they had no letters until, a very few years ago, they borrowed theirs from the Tagalogs. (p. 241)

Heswita si Padre Chirino. Baka iba naman ang tingin ng mga frayle na kabilang sa ibang orden? Sa Historia General de Philipinas ni Fray Juan de la Concepcion (Manila: Seminario de San Carlos; imprenta de Agustin de la Rosa y Balagtas, 1788) nasasabi din na:

Since the Tagal is the most general (of the tongues spoken in the Philippines), their most careful study was given to it (B&R, Vol. 21, p.272)

Sa panahon ng pananakop, ipinakatanggi-tanggi ng mga frayle na matutunan ng mga Filipino ang Kastila. Sa kanyang survey ng Filipinas noong 1739, ipinahayag ni Valdes Tamon ang pagtataka kung bakit hindi sinusunod ng gobyernong eklesiyastiko ang matagal nang batas na nasasaad sa Nueva Recopilacion de las Indias. Dalawang naunang batas ang tinutukoy rito, ang kay Carlos sa Valladolid noong 7 Hunyo at 17 Hulyo 1550, at ang kay Felipe IV sa Madrid noong 2 Marso 1634 at 4 Nobyembre 1636. (Tingnan, fn 93, 94, B&R, Vol. 45, pp. 184, 185) Ayon sa una, "...although chairs are founded, where the priests, who should have to instruct the Indians, may be taught, it is not a sufficient remedy, as the diversity of the language is great." Makikita na maaga pa'y hinahangad na ng batas secula na malutas ang pagkakaroon ng sari-saring wikang gamit ng mga Filipino. Ang mga Filipino, sa puna ni Tamon ayon sa salin ni Emma Helen Blair, ay dapat "gradually [brought] to the use of the Castilian language and endeavoring to secure instructions therein in all schools." (B&R, Vol. 47, p.157).

Sabagay, kung hindi pa tayo ginising ng mga propagandistang ilustrado noong ika-19 na siglo, sa mga frayle natin ipinaubaya ang mga gawaing pambansa habang abala tayo sa pag-aasikaso lamang ng sari-sariling gawain sa sari-sariling isla. Sa hinaba-haba ng panahon, hindi natin naging pambansang wika ang Kastila, tulad ng naganap sa lahat ng iba pang bansa, ang wika sa kabisera ang naging lingua franca. Maihahalintulad iyan sa pangyayaring hindi Moro, na nanakop sa Espanya nang 500 taon, ang naging pambansang wika ng Espanya, kundi ang Kastila na sinasalita sa Madrid. Puwere sa ilang tulad ni Donya Victorina, may panahon pa nga sa kasaysayan ng ating bansa na maaring ipagmalaki sa mga probinsya ang makapagsalita ng Tagalog, lalo na ng barayting Manilenyo nito. Kung tama ang sabi ng ilang mananalaysay, kahit si Bonifacio nga ay hindi nag-atubiling tawagin ang kanyang pinapangarap na estado na "Kahariang Tagalog."

Sabihin pa, ang pagiging lingua franca ng Tagalog ay hindi dahil sa kolonyalismo ng Maynila, kundi sa kabila ng kolonyalismo ng banyaga.

Sinabi ni Rizal sa kanyang "Filipinas dentro de cien anos," na nalathala sa La Solidaridad mula Setyembre 30, 1890 hanggang Febrero 1, 1890:

History does not record in its annals any lasting domination exercised by one people over another, of different races, of diverse usages and customs, of opposite and divergent ideals.

One of the two had to yield and succumb. Either the foreigner was driven out, as happened in the case of Carthaginians, the Moors and the French in Spain, or else these autochtones [or natives] had to give way and perish, as was the case with the inhabitants of the New World. (Tr. by Charles E. Derbyshire, Gregorio F. Zaide, Documentary Sources of Philippine History, Vol. 8, p.81).

Ano nga ba ang pinagkaiba nating mga Filipino sa mga Amerindian, Hawaiian, o aborigines ng Australia? Iko-quote ko uli si Rizal:

The Philippine race, like all the Malays, do not succumb before the foreigner, like the Australians, the Polynesians and the Indians of the New World... In spite of the numerous wars the Filipinos have had to carry on, in spite of the epidemics that have periodically visited them, their number has trebled... The Filipino embraces civilization and lives and thrives in every clime. (Ibid. p. 70)

So, hindi basta-basta sumusuko ang Filipino, hindi siya napapawi, bagkus dumarami pa nga. Sabi ni Rizal, dahil siguro sa alak. Sabi kasi ng mga naunang historian, nina Pigafetta at Loarca, sober pa rin ang Pinoy kahit magdamag uminom. Kaya nga ba ang wikang Filiino ay hindi matutulad sa Guarani o Quechua ng Paraguay o Bolivia na halos tuluyan nang natabunan ng Espanyol. Ang independientistang paningin ni Rizal ay inulit niya sa kwestiyon ng wika, at ipinamutawi niya sa mga bibig ni Simoun sa El Filibusterismo noong 1891. Aniya:

Spanish will never be the general language of the country, the people will never speak it, because the conceptions of their brains and the feelings of their hearts cannot be expressed in that language - each people has its own tongue, as it has its own way of thinking! What are you going to do Castilian [or a dominant foreign language]? Kill your own originality, subordinate your thoughts to other brains, and instead of freeing yourselves, make yourselves slaves indeed!...[H]ow many have I not seen who pretended not to know a single word of [his own language]! [Tr. by Charles E. Derbyshire, The Reign of Greed, p.61)

Tulad sa marami niyang prediksyong nagkatotoo sa "Filipinas dentro de cien anos" malungkot ang implikasyon ng tanong ni Rizal sa labi ni Simoun kung sakaling patatabon tayo sa wikang dayuhan bilang wikang opisyal:

What will you be in the future? A people without character, a nation without liberty - everything you have will be borrowed, even your own defects. (Ibid, p.60)

Pero buti na lamang, hindi kasing pesimistiko ko ang ating pambansang bayani. Sa loob nang mga isang daang taon, aniya, maaring ang mangyari ay ganito:

If the Philippines secure [her] independence after heroic and stubborn conflicts, [she] can rest assured that neither England nor Germany, nor France, and still less Holland will dare to take up what Spain has been unable to hold... Perhaps the great American Republic, whose interests lie in the Pcific... may someday dream of foreign possession. This is not impossible, for the example is contagious, covetousness and ambition are among the strongest vices, and Harrison manifested something of this sort in the Samoan question.

Sasakupin daw tayo ng Kano. Hindi na nasabi ni Rizal kung ano ang mangyayari sa ating wika. Gayunman, dahil sa kanyang matibay na paniniwala sa lakas at dangal ng sambayanang Filipino, isang kongkretong daigdig na lilikhain, hindi ng madamdaming pangarap lamang sa tinubuang lupa, kundi ng talino, pawis, tiyaga at pagpupunyagi, ang siyang inilarawan ni Rizal sa ating kinabukasan:

Very likely the Philippines will defend with inexpressible valor the liberty secured at the price of so much blood and sacrifice. With the new men that will spring from [her] soil and with the recollection of their past, they will perhaps strive to enter freely upon the wide road of progress, and all will labor together to strengthen their fatherland, both internally and externally, with the same enthusiasm, with which a youth falls again to tilling the land of his ancestors so long wasted and abandoned through the neglect of those who have withheld it from him. Then the mines will be made to give up their gold for relieving distress, iron for weapons, [so will] copper, lead, and coal. Perhaps the country will revive the maritime and mercantile life for which the islanders are fitted by their nature, ability and instincts, and once more free, like the bird that leaves its cage, the flower that unfolds to the air, will recover the pristine virtues that are gradually dying out and will again become addicted to peace - cheerful, happy, joyous, hospitable and daring. (Ibid., p.88)

Sa pagdating ng kapayapaan matapos ang mga paglalaban, ang ginawa nga ba natin ay tulad ng bukas na pinag-alayan ng buhay ng ating mga bayani - ang pagsasama-samang kilos upang mapalakas ang inang-bayan - o ang hindi na makialam sa kabuuan at ituon na lamang muli ang pansin sa sari-sarili nating maliliit na pulo? Kung ganoon, ano ang nangyari sa panahon nating ito ngayon?

Ang malaking balita ay ang pagkakapalusot sa House of Representatives ng House Bill 8460, na kilala rin sa tawag na Gullas Bill. Itinatadhana nito ang eksklusibong gamit ng Inggles sa mga pagsusulit hindi lamang sa eskwela tulad ng National Elementary Aptitude Test at National Secondary Aptitude Test, kundi pati na rin sa Civil Service Examination para sa mga kawani ng gobyerno at sa licensure exam sa iba't ibang propesyon na pinapangasiwaan ng Professional Regulation Commission.

Ano ang nangyari? Ganoon pa rin ba talaga kahina ang gobyerno sibil sa harap ng mapanggahum na kilos ng mga frayle ng kasalukuyan - mga taong ayaw pa ring magkabuklod ang bayan kung ang magiging kahulugan ay ang kabawasan sa kanilang mga pribelehiyo't kapangyarihan? Bakit nagkaganoon? Ay, ambot!

Iyon na lamang ba? Kung ganoon na lamang, e di hanggang dito na lamang tayo.

senator16Saturday 09th of April 2005 01:40:07 PM
Varieties of Filipino - VARIETIES OF FILIPINO
Paz M. Belvez

The way language changes and gives rise to new varieties is not something new. Language variation is an occurrence in all languages of the earth. There are different kinds of varieties such as regional varieties or "dialects", educational and social varieties or "socialects", subject matter or "registers", medium or "mode of discourses", altitude or "style" and interference or "second-language varieties". Filipino, the national language of the Philippines, which is Tagalog-based could not escape the influence of various regional languages of the country and of the foreign languages most especially Spanish, Chinese and English. All of these languages play dominant roles in the development and evolution of Filipino as the national lingua franca. Hence the evolvement of several varieties of Filipino.
There are more than a hundred languages separately spoken all over the different regions. They all belong to the Malayo-Polynesian family of languages and so there is a great deal of uniformity/similarity in the grammar and lexicon, some variations can be observed on their way of pronunciation and accent. An Ilokano, for example, will speak Filipino with the Ilokano accent, while mixing naturally and effortlessly Ilokano lexicon. The same will be true to all regional language users. Hence, the emergence of different regional varieties of Filipino. Besides the accompanying regional accent noticeable also is the infusion or integration of the lexicon of the regional languages especially so with terms and lexicon not found in the Tagalog-based national language but are in the regional languages.

Languages continuously change because it is a living organism. New words and new uses are being coined at a furious rate to describe new inventions and new experiences. As always, new words are being created at the frontiers of science, industry, culture and society. So, aside from the geographical regional varieties we have also other varieties such as the academe/professional variety or speech registers.

The Filipino Visayan variety has the influence of the regional languages in the area such as Cebuano, Ilongo/Hiligaynon, Kiniray-a, Waray, Samarnon, Aklanon, etc., speakers of these languages would prefer the use of prefix mag in place of the Tagalog suffix um. Hence they will use:

magdating (in place of dumating) to arrive
nagkain (in place of kumain) ate
magbasa (in place of bumasa) to read
mag-ulan (in place of umulan) rained
magkain (in place of kakain) will eat

Meanwhile, a positive effect on Filipino, as the national language on lingua franca of the Philippines will be the infusion/eventually integration of some words and terms from the Visayan group of languages (Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilongo, Kiniray-a, Samarnon, Waray, Aklanon, etc.) These words and terms are not in the lexicon of the Tagalog-based Filipino. These, they can be a contribution to the development and enrichment of the national language, some of these words are the following:

abi-abi (welcome)
bana (husband)
gintaipan (horizon)
kahirup (intimacy)
vihud (fish eggs)
kamingaw (nostalgia)
pagbanlaw (resurrection)
pag-uswag (development)
tagbalay (host)

The emergence of the various regional varieties of Filipino from the different ethnolinguistic groups and geographical regions contributed to the development of the national lingua franca and the enrichment of its vocabulary. There is additional contribution of words and terms. Hence are some examples:

payao (rice terraces)
peyew (rice terraces)
bulan (moon)
adlaw (sun)
aldaw (sun)
vihud (fish eggs)
cańao (a ritual)
higala (a friend)
kalinaw (peace)
paglaun (hope)

Still other words from the different varieties of Filipino may end up as synonyms like maganda, magayon, matahum, maanyag.

senator16Saturday 09th of April 2005 01:44:54 PM

The exotic jeepney is a post-war creation inspired by the GI jeeps that the American soldiers brought to the country in the 1940s. Enterprising Filipinos salvaged the surplus engines and came out unique vehicles of art.

Short distance and feeder trips could not be more exciting than via Philippine quick transports – the tricycle, a motorcycle with a sidecar, and the pedicab, a bicycle with a sidecar.

The world’s longest underground river system accessible to man can be found at the St. Paul National Park in the province of Palawan.

The largest Philippine wild animal, the tamaraw, is a species of the buffalo that is similar to the carabao. It is found only in the island of Mindoro.

The highest mountain in the Philippines is Mt. Apo, a dormant volcano found in Mindanao, at 2,954 meters (9,689 feet). Mt. Pulog in Luzon is the second highest at 2,928 meters (9604 feet).

Filipino bowler Rafael "Paeng" Nepomuceno was the first bowler to be elevated to the International Bowling Hall of Fame based in St. Louis, Missouri, USA. The Philippine Congress has named him “Greatest Filipino Athlete of All Time.”

Philippine National Hero and writer Jose Rizal could read and write at age 2. He grew up to speak more than 20 languages, including Latin, Greek, German, French, and Chinese. What were his last words? "Consummatum est!" ("It is done!")

The largest city in the Philippines is Davao City. With an area of 2,211 sq. km., it is about three times the size of the national capital, Metro Manila.

Cebu is the oldest Philippine city.

Negros Occidental has the most cities among Philippine provinces.

Filipinos celebrate the world’s longest religious holiday. The Christmas season begins on September 1st, as chillier winds and Christmas carols start filling the air, and ends on the first week of January, during the Feast of the Three Kings.

Paskuhan Village in the province of Pampanga is Asia’s only Christmas theme park and the third of its kind in the world.

The great Christmans lanterns of San Fernando, Pampanga can reach as big as 40 feet in diameter, using as many as 16,000 glowing bulbs.

The exotic jeepney is the Filipino version of the jitney, the taxi/minibus that travels along a fixed route, found in many countries.

The popular toy, the yoyo, was invented by 16th century hunters in the Philippines.

The word "boondocks," which is now a part of the English language, dictionary, and vocabulary, comes from the Tagalog word "bundok," meaning "mountain."

The Philippines became the first Asian country to win FIVE major international beauty pageant crowns — two for Miss Universe, in 1969 and 1973, and three for Miss International, in 1965, 1970, and 1979.

Diving paradise Anilao, in the province of Batangas, is the theme of a picture book that bagged the International Prize for Underwater Images at the 27th World Festival of Underwater Images in France in November 2000. “Anilao" book creators and Filipino scuba divers Scott Tuason and Eduardo Cu Unjieng defeated big names in underwater photography such as Jacques Mayol, Pascal Kobeh, Monique Walker, and Alessandro Tommasi.

The biggest game preserve and wildlife sanctuary in the Philippines is located on Calauit Island in Palawan, which has the largest land area among the Philippine provinces.

The antibiotic erythromycin — used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections, such as respiratory tract infections, middle ear infections, and skin infections — was created by Filipino scientist Abelardo Aguilar, and has earned American drug giant Eli Lilly billions of dollars. Neither Aguilar nor the Philippine government received royalties.

Fernando Amorsolo was officially the first National Artist of the Philippines. He was given the distinction of National Artist for Painting in 1972.

Philippines Herald war journalist Carlos P. Romulo was the first Asian to win a Pulitzer Prize in Journalism in 1942. He was also aide-de-camp to General Douglas MacArthur in World War II; Philippine resident commissioner in the U.S. Congress from 1944-46; and the first Asian to become UN President in 1949.

The largest fish in the world, the Whale Shark, locally known as Butanding, regularly swims to the Philippine waters.

The world’s shortest and lightest freshwater fish is the dwarf pygmy goby (Pandaka Pygmaea), a colorless and nearly transparent species found in the streams and lakes of Luzon. Males have an average length of 8.7 mm. and weigh 4-5 mg.

On January 18, 1995, Pope John Paul II offered mass to an estimated 4 to 5 million people at Luneta Park, Manila, Philippines, making it to the Guiness Book of World Records for the Biggest Papal Crowd.

The Philippine Madrigal Singers bagged the 1997 European Choral Grand Prix, the choral olympics of the world’s best choirs. The group, being the only Asian choir, bested five regional champions from all over Europe, earning them the title as the "world’s best choir."

There are 12,000 or so species of seashells in the Philippines. The Conus Gloriamaris or "Glory of the Sea" is the rarest and most expensive in the world.

Of the 500 known coral species in the world, 488 are found in the Philippines.

Of the eight species of marine turtles worldwide, five are reported to be found in the Philippines: the Green Turtle, Hawkbill, Leatherback, Olive Ridley, and Loggerhead.

Of the eight known species of giant clams in the world, seven are found in the Philippines.

The Basilica of San Sebastian is the only steel church in Asia and was the second building to be made out of steel, next to the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

The largest bell in Asia hangs at the belfry of the 221-year old Panay Church. It is 7 feet in diameter and 7 feet in height, and weighs 10.4 tons. Its tolling can be heard as far as 8 km. away. It was casted from 70 sacks of coins donated by the townspeople as a manifestation of faith and thanksgiving.

The World Cup, which was instituted in 1965, is contested annually by the national champions of the Federation Internationale des Quilleurs (FIQ). The highest number of wins is 4, by Filipino bowler Rafael “Paeng” Nepomuceno: 1976, 1980, 1992, and 1996.

Filipino Eriberto N. Gonzales Jr. consumed 350 chilis in 3 minutes at the annual Magayon Festival chili-eating contest held at Penaranda Park, Legazpi, Albay on May 27, 1999, making it to the Guiness Book of World Records for the most chilis eaten.

The longest possible eclipse of the Sun is 7 min. 31 sec. The longest eclipse in recent times took place west of the Philippines on June 20, 1995, lasting for 7 min. 8 sec.

Camiguin province holds the distinction of having the most number of volcanoes per square kilometer than any other island on earth. It is also the only place in the Philippines which has more volcanoes (7) than towns (5).

The 900 sq m Relief Map of Mindanao in Dapitan City was personally done by Dr. Jose Rizal. It was used as a device for teaching history and geography to townsfolk.

The Zamboanga Golf Course and Beach Park was founded in 1910 by Gov. John Pershing. It is one of the oldest golf courses in the Philippines.

Isabela City is the youngest city in the region. It was only on March 5, 2001 that the Municipality of Isabela, Province of Basilan was converted into a component city Through RA 9023. On April 25, 2001, Isabeleńos ratified the new status of Isabela.

The Kinabayo is an exotic and colorful pageant re-enacting the Spanish-Moorish Wars, particularly the Battle of Covadonga where the Spanish forces under General Pelagio took their last stand against the Saracens. They were able to reverse the tide of war with the miraculous apparition of St. James, the Apostle. A Kinabayo Festival is celebrated every July in Dapitan City, attracting thousands of tourists to the city.

The altar at the Holy Rosary Cathedral in Dipolog City was designed by Dr. Jose Rizal. The Cathedral was erected by the Spanish friars sometime in 1895, before Dipolog City became a municipality.

The Rizal Shrine in Dapitan City is the original estate of Dr. Jose Rizal which he acquired by purchase during his exile in Dapitan from 1892 to 1896.

RA 8973 signed by then President Joseph E. Estrada in February 2001 created the province of Zamboanga Sibugay. A total of sixteen municipalities compose this newest province in the Zamboanga Peninsula.

Magat Dam is Asia’s biggest dam project at the time of its construction. It serves the primary function of power generation and irrigation.

The Cagayan River or Rio Grande de Cagayan is the Philippines’ mightiest watercourse – the longest and widest river in the country. Small streams originating form Balete Pass, Cordillera, Caraballo and Sierra Madre Mountains meet other streams and rivers and flow to the Cagayan River.

Magapit Suspension Bridge is the first of its kind in Asia. It spans the Cagayan River at Lallo and is 0.76 kilometers long. The hanging bridge links the first and second districts of Cagayan going towards the Ilocos Region via the scenic Patapat Road on the Ilocos Norte-Cagayan Inter-Provincial national highway.

Angono Petroglyphs – This cultural heritage site dates back to circa 3000 B.C. and is the most ancient Filipino, or more aptly, prehistoric Filipino work of art. Besides being the country’s oldest “work of art” it also offers us an evocative glimpse into the life of our ancestors. The site has been included in the World Inventory of Rock Art under the auspices of UNESCO, ICCROM and ICOMOS and nominated as one of the “100 Most Endangered Sites of the World.

PANCIT HABHAB (Lucban)-Made from rice flour, these local noodles acquired its name and developed its unique attraction by the way it is eaten. Otherwise known as Pancit Lucban, these noodles are hawked in the streets and served on a piece of banana leaf, sans fork or any other utensils. Thus, it is eaten straight from the leaf, licking permitted... "habhab"-style.

Tagala - the Philippines first Filipino-Spanish dictionary which was printed in 1613, 25 years older than the first book printed in the United States.

Mayon is the most beautiful mountain I have ever seen, the world-renowned Fujiyama (Mt. Fuji) of Japan sinking into perfect insignificance by comparison. British traveler-writer A. Henry Savage Landor

Ilo-Ilo golf and country club is the oldest golf club in the Philippines. It was built at 1908 by Irish Engineers.

Limasawa Island – where Ferdinand Magellan first landed in the Philippines which give way to the discovery of the Philippines and where the first mass was celebrated.

San Juanico Strait - said to be the narrowest yet the most navigable strait in the world

Calbiga Cave – The Philippines’ biggest karst formations and one of the largest in Asia, the 2,968-hectare cave system is composed of 12 caves with wide underground spaces, unique rock formations and sub-terranean watercourse.

At the Immaculate Conception Cathedral can be found the only existing pipe organ in Mindanao. The 2nd largest pipe organ in the Phiippines. The huge instrument took 2 years to built and was brought over by sea from Germany in 23 crates.

Cagayan de Oro City - “The City of Golden Friendship,” known for its warm people and old-fashioned hospitality

Mt. Apo, the Philippines highest mountain at 10,311 feet above sea level, and considered as the “Grand-father of all Philippine Mountains”

Lake Lanao is the second largest lake in the Philippines, probably the deepest in the country and is considered one of the major tropical lakes in Southeastern Asia. The lake is home of endemic cryprinids, the species found only in the lake and nowhere else in the world.

Halo-Halo! Halo-halo literally means, "mix-mix". And its is just that: a mixture of sweetened fruits and beans, lavished with pinipig (crisp flattened rice flakes), sugar and milk, topped by crushed ice and ice cream. You know its summertime when halo-halo stand start sprouting by the roadside and by the beach, all whipping up their heavenly concoctions of such a refreshingly divine dessert. You can make your own by selecting and mixing your ingredients to make a perfect Halo-Halo. Halo-Halo is uniquely, unforgettably Filipino!

KALESA - The kalesa or karitela is a horse-driven carriage that was introduced during the 18th century. It was used by Spanish officials and the nobles as a means of transportation. The Ilustrados, the rich Filipinos who had their own businesses, used the kalesa not only for traveling but as a means a means of transporting their goods as well.

BAKYA-Made primarily of lightwood (laniti and santol trees), it is sculpted with a slope and shaved to a smooth finish, then painted with floral designs or varnished to a high sheen. The upper portions, which are made of rubber or transparent plastic, are fastened to the sides by thumb nails called "clavitos". The bakya industry prospered during the 1930s when the Filipinos began exporting these to the other countries.

SORBETES-This sweet treat was concocted in the early 1920's, a time where a single centavo could buy you almost anything. The process of this ice cream making and selling it in carts with colorful designs is still the same. Back in the old days, these ice cream dealers bred their own cows and milked them with their own hands to ensure the freshness and sanitation of the milk needed to make the "dirty ice cream".

Waling Waling Orchids - With some 800 to 1,000 species of orchids, the Philippines has one of the richest orchid floras in the world. Philippine orchids come in an amazing array of shapes, sizes and colors. Most grow only in old-growth forest, often on branches of huge trees dozens of meters above the forest floor.

Maria Teresa Calderon – A Filipina World champion speed reader as listed in the Guinness Book of World Records

In the Philippines, Filipinos were introduced to the English language in 1762 by British invaders, not Americans. Philippines is the world's 3rd largest English-speaking nation, next to the USA and the UK.

The Philippine Basketball Association is Asia's premier and the world's second oldest professional league.

Philippine Airlines took to the skies on March 15, 1941, using a Beech Model 18 aircraft amid the specter of a global war. It became Asia's first airline.

The world's largest pearl was discovered by a Filipino diver in a giant Tridacna (mollusk) under the Palawan Sea in 1934. Known as the "Pearl of Lao-Tzu", the gem weighs 14 pounds and measures 9 1/2 inches long and 5 1/2 inches in diameter. As of May 1984, it was valued at US$42 million. It is believed to be 600 years old.

Alto Broadcasting System (ABS) Channel 3, the first television station in the country, went on the air in 1953.

The world's second deepest spot underwater is in the Philippines. This spot, about 34,440 feet (10,497 meters) below the sea level, is known as the Philippine Deep or the Mindanao Trench. The Philippine Deep is in the floor of the Philippine Sea. The German ship Emden first plumbed the trench in 1927.

The symbolic name for the Philippines, Juan dela Cruz, is not a Filipino invention? It was coined by R. McCulloch-Dick, a Scottish-born journalist working for the Manila Times in the early 1900s, after discovering it was the most common name in blotters.

Lipa City in Batangas is dubbed as the “Rome of the Philippines” because of the number of seminaries, convents, monasteries, retreat houses, and a famous cathedral located in it.

Compostela Valley is known to be laden with gold, thus earning the monicker “Golden Valley of Mindanao”

Basilica of St. Martin de Tours in Taal, Batangas built by Augustinian Missionaries in 1572, is reputed to be the biggest catholic church in East Asia. It is so huge that it can house another big church

Kibungan is known as the “Switzerland of Bengued” because of the frost during the cold months

The Delmonte Pineapple Plantation in Bukidnon is considered to be the biggest in the far east

Both Tridacna gigas, one of the world's largest shells, and Pisidum, the world's tiniest shell, can be found under Philippine waters. Tridacna gigas grows as large as one meter in length and weighs 600 pounds while Pisidum is less than 1 millimeter long. A shell called glory of the sea (Connus gloriamaris) is also found in the Philippines and considered as one of the most expensive shells in the world.

Seahorses are small saltwater fish belonging to the Syngnathidae family (order Gasterosteiformes), which also includes pipefish and sea dragons. Most seahorse species, probably the most peculiar creatures in the water, live in the Coral Triangle. There are at least 50 known seahorse species in the world. They inhabit temperate and tropical waters but most of them are concentrated in the warm coastal waters of the Philippines.

Donsol, a fishing town in Sorsogon province, serves as a sanctuary to a group of 40 whale sharks (Rhincodon typus), which are considered as the largest fish in the world. Locally known as "butanding", whale sharks visit the waters of Donsol from November to May. They travel across the oceans but nowhere else have they been sighted in a larger group than in the waters of Sorsogon. They measure between 18 to 35 feet in length and weigh about 20 tons.

The Philippines is home to some of the world's most exotic birds.
One of the most endangered species is the exotic Kalangay or the Philippine cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia), which belongs to Psittacidae or the family of parrots. Some cockatoos can live up to 50 years. They are known for mimicking human voices. Most of them measure 33 centimeters in length and weigh 0.29 kilogram.

Palawan bearcat is neither a bear nor a cat. Known in Southeast Asia as binturong, the bearcat is a species of its own, with population in the forests of Palawan, Borneo, Burma and Vietnam. It belongs to the family of Viverridae (civets). The Palawan bearcat has a long body and a pointed face leading to the nose. Its head and body measure 61 to 96 centimeters in combined length while its tail is almost as long. It weighs 9 to 14 kilograms and lives up to 20 years.

Calamian Deer - Calamian Islands, north of Palawan province, keep a species of deer that cannot be found elsewhere. Scientists referred to the hog deer in the islands as Calamian deer in order to distinguish them from other hog deer in the world. An ordinary Calamian deer measures 105 to 115 centimeters in length and 60 to 65 centimeters high at the shoulder and weighs about 36 to 50 kilograms. It is said to have longer and darker legs, compared with other hog deer.

World's Smallest Hoofed Mammal - South of Palawan, lies the Balabac Island, home of the world's smallest hoofed mammal - the Philippine mouse deer. Locally known as Pilandok (Tragalus nigricans), this ruminant stands only about 40 centimeters at the shoulder level.

Flying Lemur - One of the most distinct creatures on Earth lives in the Philippines. It doesn't have wings but it can glide across 100 meters of space in a single leap. Like the lemurs of Asia, it moves around at night. Its head resembles that of a dog while its body has similarities with the flying squirrel of Canada.
In Mindanao, people call it "kagwang". Around the world, it is known as colugo or the flying lemur.

Did you know that the first four cities of Metropolitan Manila are: Manila, Quezon, Pasay and Caloocan

The flagpole located in Rizal Park, is where the starts of 0 kilometer reading in measuring all distances from Manila.

Quezon City is the second biggest city in the Philippines.

The Bonifacio Monument in Monumento, Caloocan City was designed by a noted Filipino sculptor Guillermo Tolentino

In 1916, in the Philippines, an offensive style of passing the ball in a high trajectory to be struck by another player (the set and spike) were introduced. The Filipinos developed the "bomba" or kill, and called the hitter a "bomberino". (source:

The PHILIPPINE EAGLE is the 2nd largest bird on the planet (next only to the American Condor)....
senator16Saturday 09th of April 2005 02:00:49 PM
THE FILIPINO PEOPLE/ ANG MGA PINOY - The Filipino is basically of Malay stock with a sprinkling of Chinese, American, Spanish, and Arab blood. The Philippines has a population of 76.5 million as of May 2000, and it is hard to distinguish accurately the lines between stocks. From a long history of Western colonial rule, interspersed with the visits of merchants and traders, evolved a people of a unique blend of east and west, both in appearance and culture.

The Filipino character is actually a little bit of all the cultures put together. The bayanihan or spirit of kinship and camaraderie that Filipinos are famous for is said to be taken from Malay forefathers. The close family relations are said to have been inherited from the Chinese. The piousness comes from the Spaniards who introduced Christianity in the 16th century. Hospitality is a common denominator in the Filipino character and this is what distinguishes the Filipino. Filipinos are probably one of the few, if not the only, English-proficient Oriental people today. Pilipino is the official national language, with English considered as the country's unofficial one.

The Filipinos are divided geographically and culturally into regions, and each regional group is recognizable by distinct traits and dialects - the sturdy and frugal llocanos of the north, the industrious Tagalogs of the central plains, the carefree Visayans from the central islands, and the colorful tribesmen and religious Moslems of Mindanao. Tribal communities can be found scattered across the archipelago. The Philippines has more than 111 dialects spoken, owing to the subdivisions of these basic regional and cultural groups.

Some 80% of the population is Catholic, Spain's lasting legacy. About 15% is Moslem and these people can be found basically in Mindanao. The rest of the population is made up mostly of smaller Christian denominations and Buddhist.

The country is marked by a true blend of cultures; truly in the Philippines, East meets West. The background of the people is Indonesian and Malay. There are Chinese and Spanish elements as well. The history of American rule and contact with merchants and traders culminated in a unique blend of East and West, both in the appearance and culture of the Filipinos, or people of the Philippines.

Hospitality, a trait displayed by every Filipino, makes these people legendary in Southeast Asia. Seldom can you find such hospitable people who enjoy the company of their Western visitors. Perhaps due to their long association with Spain, Filipinos are emotional and passionate about life in a way that seems more Latin than Asian.

The Spaniards introduced Christianity (the Roman Catholic faith) and succeeded in converting the overwhelming majority of Filipinos. At least 80% of the total population belongs to the Roman Catholic faith.

The American occupation was responsible for teaching the Filipino people the English language. The Philippines is currently the third-largest English speaking country in the world.

Ethnic Groups:
91.5% Christian Malay, 4% Muslim Malay ,1.5% Chinese, and 3% other.

senator16Saturday 09th of April 2005 02:02:37 PM

FROM the 1896 Revolution to the first Philippine Republic, the Commonwealth period, the EDSA Revolt, and the tiger cub economy, history marches on. Thankfully, however, some things never change. Like the classics, things irresistibly Pinoy mark us for life. They're the indelible stamp of our identity, the undeniable affinity that binds us like twins. They celebrate the good in us, the best of our culture and the infinite possibilities we are all capable of. Some are so self-explanatory you only need mention them for fellow Pinoys to swoon or drool. Here, from all over this Centennial-crazed country and in no particular order, are a hundred of the best things that make us unmistakably Pinoy.

1. Merienda. Where else is it normal to eat five times a day?

2. Sawsawan. Assorted sauces that guarantee freedom of choice, enough room for experimentation and maximum tolerance for diverse tastes. Favorites: toyo't calamansi, suka at sili, patis.

3. Kuwan, ano. At a loss for words? Try these and marvel at how Pinoys understand exactly what you want.

4. Pinoy humor and irreverence. If you're api and you know it, crack a joke. Nothing personal, really.

5. Tingi. Thank goodness for small entrepreneurs. Where else can we buy cigarettes, soap, condiments and life's essentials in small affordable amounts?

6. Spirituality. Even before the Spaniards came, ethnic tribes had their own anitos, bathalas and assorted deities, pointing to a strong relationship with the Creator, who or whatever it may be.

7. Po, opo, mano po. Speech suffixes that define courtesy, deference, filial respect--a balm to the spirit in these aggressive times.

8. Pasalubong. Our way of sharing the vicarious thrills and delights of a trip, and a wonderful excuse to shop without the customary guilt.

9. Beaches! With 7,000 plus islands, we have miles and miles of shoreline piled high with fine white sand, lapped by warm waters, and nibbled by exotic tropical fish. From the stormy seas of Batanes to the emerald isles of Palawan--over here, life is truly a beach.

10. Bagoong. Darkly mysterious, this smelly fish or shrimp paste typifies the underlying theme of most ethnic foods: disgustingly unhygienic, unbearably stinky and simply irresistible.

11. Bayanihan. Yes, the internationally-renowned dance company, but also this habit of pitching in still common in small communities. Just have that cold beer and some pulutan ready for the troops.

12. The Balikbayan box. Another way of sharing life's bounty, no matter if it seems like we're fleeing Pol Pot every time we head home from anywhere in the globe. The most wonderful part is that, more often than not, the contents are carted home to be distributed.

13. Pilipino komiks. Not to mention "Hiwaga," "Aliwan," "Tagalog Classics," "Liwayway" and"Bulaklak" magazines. Pulpy publications that gave us Darna, Facifica Falayfay, Lagalag, Kulafu, Kenkoy, Dyesebel, characters of a time both innocent and worldly.

14. Folk songs. They come unbidden and spring, full blown, like a second language, at the slightest nudge from the too-loud stereo of a passing jeepney or tricycle.

15. Fiesta. Eat, drink and be merry, for tomorrow is just another day, shrugs the poor man who, once a year, honors a patron saint with this sumptuous, no-holds-barred spread. It's a Pinoy celebration at its pious and riotous best.

16. Aswang, manananggal, kapre. The whole underworld of Filipino lower mythology recalls our uniquely bizarre childhood, that is, before political correctness kicked in. Still, their rich adventures pepper our storytelling.

17. Jeepneys. Colorful, fast, reckless, a vehicle of postwar Pinoy ingenuity, this Everyman's communal cadillac makes for a cheap, interesting ride. If the driver's a daredevil (as they usually are), hang on to your seat.

18. Dinuguan. Blood stew, a bloodcurdling idea, until you try it with puto. Best when mined with jalape peppers. Messy but delicious.

19. Santacruzan. More than just a beauty contest, this one has religious overtones, a tableau of St. Helena's and Constantine's search for the Cross that seamlessly blends piety, pageantry and ritual. Plus, it's the perfect excuse to show off the prettiest ladies--and the most beautiful gowns.

20. Balut. Unhatched duck's embryo, another unspeakable ethnic food to outsiders, but oh, to indulge in guilty pleasures! Sprinkle some salt and suck out that soup, with gusto.

21. Pakidala. A personalized door-to-door remittance and delivery system for overseas Filipino workers who don't trust the banking system, and who expect a family update from the courier, as well.

22. Choc-nut. Crumbly peanut chocolate bars that defined childhood ecstasy before M & M's and Hershey's.

23. Kamayan style. To eat with one's hand and eschew spoon, fork and table manners--ah, heaven.

24. Chicharon. Pork, fish or chicken crackling. There is in the crunch a hint of the extravagant, the decadent and the pedestrian. Perfect with vinegar, sublime with beer.

25. Pinoy hospitality. Just about everyone gets a hearty "Kain tayo!" invitation to break bread with whoever has food to share, no matter how skimpy or austere it is.

26. Adobo, kare-kare, sinigang and other lutong bahay stuff. Home-cooked meals that have the stamp of approval from several generations, who swear by closely-guarded cooking secrets and family recipes.

27. Lola Basyang. The voice one heard spinning tales over the radio, before movies and television curtailed imagination and defined grown-up tastes.

28. Pambahay. Home is where one can let it all hang out, where clothes do not make a man or woman but rather define their level of comfort.

29. Tricycle and trisikad, the poor Pinoy's taxicab that delivers you at your doorstep for as little as PHPesos3.00, with a complimentary dusting of polluted air.

30. Dirty ice cream. Very Pinoy flavors that make up for the risk: munggo, langka, ube, mais, keso, macapuno. Plus there's the colorful cart that recalls jeepney art.

31. Yayas. The trusted Filipino nanny who, ironically, has become a major Philippine export as overseas contract workers. A good one is almost like a surrogate parent--if you don't mind the accent and the predilection for afternoon soap and movie stars.

32. Sarsi. Pinoy rootbeer, the enduring taste of childhood. Our grandfathers had them with an egg beaten in.

33. Pinoy fruits. Atis, guyabano, chesa, mabolo, lanzones, durian, langka, makopa, dalanghita, siniguelas, suha, chico, papaya, singkamas--the possibilities!

34. Filipino celebrities. Movie stars, broadcasters, beauty queens, public officials, all-around controversial figures: Aurora Pijuan, Cardinal Sin, Carlos P. Romulo, Charito Solis, Cory Aquino, Emilio Aguinaldo, the Eraserheads, Fidel V. Ramos, Francis Magalona, Gloria Diaz, Manuel L. Quezon, Margie Moran, Melanie Marquez, Ninoy Aquino, Nora Aunor, Pitoy Moreno, Ramon Magsysay, Richard Gomez, San Lorenzo Ruiz, Sharon Cuneta, Gemma Cruz, Erap, Tiya Dely, Mel and Jay, Gary V.

35. World class Pinoys who put us on the global map: Lea Salonga, Paeng Nepomuceno, Eugene Torre, Luisito Espinosa, Lydia de Vega-Mercado, Jocelyn Enriquez, Elma Muros, Onyok Velasco, Efren "Bata" Reyes, Lilia Calderon-Clemente, Loida Nicolas-Lewis, Josie Natori.

36. Pinoy tastes. A dietitian's nightmare: too sweet, too salty, too fatty, as in burong talangka, itlog na maalat, crab fat (aligue), bokayo, kutchinta, sapin-sapin, halo-halo, pastilyas, palitaw, pulburon, longganisa, tuyo, ensaymada, ube haleya, sweetened macapuno and garbanzos. Remember, we're the guys who put sugar (horrors) in our spaghetti sauce. Yum!

37. The sights. Banaue Rice Terraces, Boracay, Bohol's Chocolate Hills, Corregidor Island, Fort Santiago, the Hundred Islands, the Las Pi?s Bamboo Organ, Rizal Park, Mt. Banahaw, Mayon Volcano, Taal Volcano. A land of contrasts and ever-changing landscapes.

38. Gayuma, agimat and anting-anting. Love potions and amulets. How the socially-disadvantaged Pinoy copes.

39. Barangay Ginebra, Jaworski, PBA, MBA and basketball. How the verticaly-challenged Pinoy compensates, via a national sports obsession that reduces fans to tears and fistfights.

40. People Power at EDSA. When everyone became a hero and changed Philippine history overnight.

41. San Miguel Beer and pulutan. "Isa pa nga!" and the Philippines' most popular, world-renowned beer goes well with peanuts, corniks, tapa, chicharon, usa, barbecue, sisig, and all manner of spicy, crunchy and cholesterol-rich chasers.

42. Resiliency. We've survived 400 years of Spanish rule, the US bases, Marcos, the 1990 earthquake, lahar, lambada, Robin Padilla, and Tamagochi. We'll survive Erap.

43. Yoyo. Truly Filipino in origin, this hunting tool, weapon, toy and merchandising vehicle remains the best way to "walk the dog" and "rock the baby," using just a piece of string.

44. Pinoy games: Pabitin, palosebo, basagan ng palayok. A few basic rules make individual cunning and persistence a premium, and guarantee a good time for all.

45. Ninoy Aquino. For saying that "the Filipino is worth dying for,'' and proving it.

46. Balagtasan. The verbal joust that brings out rhyme, reason and passion on a public stage.

47. Tabo. All-powerful, ever-useful, hygienically-triumphant device to scoop water out of a bucket _ and help the true Pinoy answer nature's call. Helps maintain our famously stringent toilet habits.

48. Pandesal. Despite its shrinking size, still a good buy. Goes well with any filling, best when hot.

49. Jollibee. Truly Pinoy in taste and sensibility, and a corporate icon that we can be quite proud of. Do you know that it's invaded the Middle East, as well?

50. The butanding, the dolphins and other creatures in our blessed waters. They're Pinoys, too, and they're here to stay. Now if some folks would just stop turning them into daing.

51. Pakikisama. It's what makes people stay longer at parties, have another drink, join pals in sickness and health. You can get dead drunk and still make it home.

52. Sing-a-long. Filipinos love to sing, and thank God a lot of us do it well!

53. Kayumanggi. Neither pale nor dark, our skin tone is beautifully healthy, the color of a rich earth or a mahogany tree growing towards the sun.

54. Handwoven cloth and native weaves. Colorful, environment-friendly alternatives to polyester that feature skillful workmanship and a rich indigenous culture behind every thread. From the pinukpok of the north to the malong of the south, it's the fiber of who we are.

55. Movies. Still the cheapest form of entertainment, especially if you watch the same movie several times.

56. Bahala na. We cope with uncertainty by embracing it, and are thus enabled to play life by ear.

57. Papaitan. An offal stew flavored with bile, admittedly an acquired taste, but pointing to our national ability to acquire a taste for almost anything.

58. English. Whether carabao or Arr-neoww-accented, it doubles our chances in the global marketplace.

59. The Press. Irresponsible, sensational, often inaccurate, but still the liveliest in Asia. Otherwise, we'd all be glued to TV.

60. Divisoria. Smelly, crowded, a pickpocket's paradise, but you can get anything here, often at rock-bottom prices. The sensory overload is a bonus.

61. Barong Tagalog. Enables men to look formal and dignified without having to strangle themselves with a necktie. Worn well, it makes any ordinary Juan look marvelously makisig.

62. Filipinas. They make the best friends, lovers, wives. Too bad they can't say the same for Filipinos.

63. Filipinos. So maybe they're bolero and macho with an occasional streak of generic infidelity; they do know how to make a woman feel like one.

64. Catholicism. What fun would sin be without guilt? Jesus Christ is firmly planted on Philippine soil.

65. Dolphy. Our favorite, ultra-durable comedian gives the beleaguered Pinoy everyman an odd dignity, even in drag.

66. Style. Something we often prefer over substance. But every Filipino claims it as a birthright.

67. Bad taste. Clear plastic covers on the vinyl-upholstered sofa, posters of poker-playing dogs masquerading as art, overaccessorized jeepneys and altars--the list is endless, and wealth only seems to magnify it.

68. Mangoes. Crisp and tart, or lusciously ripe, they evoke memories of family outings and endless sunshine in a heart-shaped package.Mangoes. Crisp and tart, or lusciously ripe, they evoke memories of family outings and endless sunshine in a heart-shaped package.

69. Unbridled optimism. Why we rank so low on the suicide scale.

70. Street food: Barbecue, lugaw, banana-cue, fishballs, IUD (chicken entrails), adidas (chicken feet), warm taho. Forget hepatitis; here's cheap, tasty food with gritty ambience.

71. The siesta. Snoozing in the middle of the day is smart, not lazy.

72. Honorifics and courteous titles: Kuya, ate, diko, ditse, ineng, totoy, Ingkong, Aling, Mang, etc. No exact English translation, but these words connote respect, deference and the value placed on kinship.

73. Heroes and people who stood up for truth and freedom. Lapu-lapu started it all, and other heroes and revolutionaries followed: Diego Silang, Macario Sakay, Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, Apolinario Mabini, Melchora Aquino, Gregorio del Pilar, Gabriela Silang, Miguel Malvar, Francisco Balagtas, Juan Luna, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Panday Pira, Emilio Jacinto, Raha Suliman, Antonio Luna, Gomburza, Emilio Aguinaldo, the heroes of Bataan and Corregidor, Pepe Diokno, Satur Ocampo, Dean Armando Malay, Evelio Javier, Ninoy Aquino, Lola Rosa and other comfort women who spoke up, honest cabbie Emilio Advincula, Rona Mahilum, the women lawyers who didn't let Jalosjos get away with rape.

74. Flora and fauna. The sea cow (dugong), the tarsier, calamian deer, bearcat, Philippine eagle, sampaguita, ilang-ilang, camia, pandan, the creatures that make our archipelago unique.

75. Pilipino songs, OPM and composers: "Ama Namin," "Lupang Hinirang," "Gaano Ko Ikaw Kamahal," "Ngayon at Kailanman," "Anak," "Handog,""Hindi Kita Malilimutan," "Ang Pasko ay Sumapit"; Ryan Cayabyab, George Canseco, Restie Umali, Levi Celerio, Manuel Francisco, Freddie Aguilar, and Florante--living examples of our musical gift.

76. Metro Aides. They started out as Imelda Marcos' groupies, but have gallantly proven their worth. Against all odds, they continuously prove that cleanliness is next to godliness--especially now that those darned candidates' posters have to be scraped off the face of Manila!

77. Sari-sari store. There's one in every corner, offering everything from bananas and floor wax to Band-Aid and bakya.

78. Philippine National Red Cross. PAWS. Caritas. Fund drives. They help us help each other.

79. Favorite TV shows through the years: "Tawag ng Tanghalan," "John and Marsha," "Champoy," "Ryan, Ryan Musikahan," "Kuwarta o Kahon," "Public discuss/Lives," "Student Canteen," "Eat Bulaga." In the age of inane variety shows, they have redeemed Philippine television.

80. Quirks of language that can drive crazy any tourist listening in: "Bababa ba?" "Bababa!"

81. "Sayang!" "Naman!" "Kadiri!" "Ano ba!?" "pala." Expressions that defy translation but wring out feelings genuinely Pinoy.

82. Cockfighting. Filipino men love it more than their wives (sometimes).

83. Dr. Jose Rizal. A category in himself. Hero, medicine man, genius, athlete, sculptor, fictionist, poet, essayist, husband, lover, samaritan, martyr. Truly someone to emulate and be proud of, anytime, anywhere.

84. Nora Aunor. Short, dark and homely-looking, she redefined our rigid concept of how leading ladies should look.

85. Noranian or Vilmanian. Defines the friendly rivalry between Ate Guy Aunor and Ate Vi Santos and for many years, the only way to be for many Filipino fans.

86. Filipino Christmas. The world's longest holiday season. A perfect excuse to mix our love for feasting, gift-giving and music and wrap it up with a touch of religion.

87. Relatives and kababayan abroad. The best refuge against loneliness, discrimination and confusion in a foreign place. Distant relatives and fellow Pinoys readily roll out the welcome mat even on the basis of a phone introduction or referral.

88. Festivals: Sinulog, Ati-atihan, Moriones. Sounds, colors, pagan frenzy and Christian overtones.

89. Folk dances. Tinikling, pandanggo sa ilaw, kari?sa, kuratsa, itik-itik, alitaptap, rigodon. All the right moves and a distinct rhythm.

90. Native wear and costumes. Baro't saya, tapis, terno, saya, salakot, bakya. Lovely form and ingenious function in the way we dress.

91. Sunday family gatherings. Or, close family ties that never get severed. You don't have to win the lotto or be a president to have 10,000 relatives. Everyone's family tree extends all over the archipelago, and it's at its best in times of crisis; notice how food, hostesses, money, and moral support materialize during a wake?

92. Calesa and karitela. The colorful and leisurely way to negotiate narrow streets when loaded down with a year's provisions.

93. Quality of life. Where else can an ordinary employee afford a stay-in helper, a yaya, unlimited movies, eat-all-you-can buffets, the latest fashion (Baclaran nga lang), even Viagra in the black market?

94. All Saints' Day. In honoring our dead, we also prove that we know how to live.

95. Handicrafts. Shellcraft, rattancraft, abaca novelties, woodcarvings, banig placemats and bags, bamboo windchimes, etc. Portable memories of home. Hindi lang pang-turista, pang-balikbayan pa!

96. Pinoy greens. Sitaw. Okra. Ampalaya. Gabi. Munggo. Dahon ng Sili. Kangkong. Luya. Talong. Sigarillas. Bataw. Patani. Lutong bahay will never be the same without them.

97. OCWs. The lengths (and miles) we'd go for a better life for our family, as proven by these modern-day heroes of the economy.

98. The Filipino artist. From Luna's magnificent "Spoliarium" and Amorsolo's sun-kissed ricefields, to Ang Kiukok's jarring abstractions and Borlongan's haunting ghosts, and everybody else in between. Hang a Filipino painting on your wall, and you're hanging one of Asia's best.

99. Tagalog soap operas. From "Gulong ng Palad" and "Flor de Luna" to today's incarnations like "Mula sa Puso"--they're the story of our lives, and we feel strongly for them, MariMar notwithstanding.

100. Midnight madness, weekends sales, bangketas and baratillos. It's retail therapy at its best, with Filipinos braving traffic, crowds, and human deluge to find a bargain

senator16Saturday 09th of April 2005 02:04:33 PM

1. All pinoiz must be a racer and have poccs shells hangin from da rear view mirror or any kinda rosary or scapulaor.

2. All pinaiz must have highlighted or dyed hair of some sort...

3. All pinoiz n pinaiz must type like this...(cApS uNcApS...)

4. All pinoiz n pinaiz must have a ganked voice mail...

5. All pinaiz talk like babies on the phone...with there high and fake voices.. hehehe...(to train to sound cute for the pinoiz)and talk hella fast on their v-mails...and talk in slang and you can't understand what dere sayin...and always givin mahals..n all that goodies stuff...

6. All pinaiz must be in some kinda of dance krew or have their own krew.

7. All pinoiz must know how to flow..and all pinaiz must know how to sing.

8. All pinaiz must joc eggots...they mostly all think Warren G, Tupac, Ginuywine, Nas, Coby Bryant, Anfernee Hardway, tha guy from 112(???), Ray J, Que from Moesha and all them other eggots be fine.

9. Your close friends become your cousins automatically.

10. All filipinos either wish to or lived in Daly City, Frisco, San Jo, Los Skanless, San Diego, and Hawaii.

11. All pinoiz n pinaiz represent bay area codes...510,415,650,707,408,619,213,916,etc..

12. All pinoiz in Frisco and Daly City must be playaz...

13. All pinoiz and pinaiz always train to talk slang..e.g Wussupperz, buh biyerz, okierz, welperz, etc...(you get the point..) Or spell words differently.

14. All pinoiz n pinaiz either claim red or blue..(FILIPINO COLORS)

15. All pinoiz must get haircuts once a week to keep their fades..Or their shaved heads

16. When you kick it at the mall you always go with a least..there other girl heads and two other guy heads.

17. You call everyone of you g-friends ATE, and your older b-friends Kuyas, and your lil friends adings.

18. You carry at least $10 bones with you whenever you go out.

19. You say the Santo Ninyo and pray tha rosary with your family everday.

20. You wear a scapulaor and poccs shells.

21. You always turn around when someone says "psst", "hoi", or "psst-psst".

22. Pinaiz always put on lotsa make-up and wear their nice fits ever if they're only going to some place..even to just tha groceries.

23. Your parents shop at Costco or Wal-mart

24. Pinaiz always talk shit bout other peeps when theres nothing else to do.

25. You always change your greetin on your v-mail at least three times a day or when you have nothing to do.

26. You wear da name brands...Polo Sport, Timerland, Mecca, Nautica, Dkny, Espirit, Dng, Nike, Ck, Cybertek, Lugz, Guess, and all da other stuff.

27. You have hundreds and hundreds of cousins..even ones you don't know about.

28. You have Santo Ninyoz, or a shrine in your house.

29. When you go to church you just peelin at the opposite sex..and go and joc and get their number when church is over.

30. All pinoiz must be or have been in a gang or krew or some kind.

31. All pinaiz love Sanrio and Sailor Moon.

32. All pinaiz have hella tapes of slow jams and love songs..(to put on their v-mails.)

33. All pinoiz n pinaiz love and could write poetry hella good.

34. All pinaiz take pictures like once a month. And always have more than 4 peeps up in the picture.

35. You have three way and call waitin on your phone.

36. All pinaiz carry one billion pictures with them..even if they don't know tha peeps in the pix.

37. Every other peeps think or asked you if you eat dog.

38. All pinoiz had a bowl haircut when they were little.

39. Pinoiz n pinaiz either were or wanted to be a breaker..(back in the days)

40. You either sport or your mom sells the fake brand name clothing.

41. You own a Jocelyn Enriquez or Lea Salonga Cd.

42. You have used Sun-In at least once in your life.

43. You go to the mall even if you don't have money.

44. 'FILIPINO TIME' to all occasions..parties, church, etc.

45. You brag to other peeps or your friends about how many times you got jocked at the mall.

46. When pinaiz see a foine pinoi at the mall, they start to whisper and giggle a lot.

47. Pinaiz love Winnie the Pooh and The tickle me Elmos.

48. You go places to spit your game, and get your joc on!!

49. Your da BOMB

50. You represent your pinoy/pinay pride to the fullest!!

senator16Saturday 09th of April 2005 02:06:10 PM
HOW TO KNOW IF YOU ARE A SECOND GENERATION FILIPINO??? - You Know You Are A Second Generation Pinoy If:
1. You understand a lot of Tagalog, but can hardly speak it.

2. Make fun of your parents' accents.

3. As a child, you were totally embarrassed to eat spaghetti with sliced hot dogs in it. Now, there is absolutely no way you will eat spaghetti without the hot dogs. In fact, you suggest to your non-Filipino friends that hot dogs make spaghetti taste better.

4. As a child, you hated being Filipino.

5. Now, you wear Pinoy Pride T-shirts.

6. You still wear Tsinelas (slippers).

7. You still take off your shoes when entering a house.

8. (Southern California) You've ever lived in Baldwin Park, Carson, Cerritos, the ghetto part of L.A., West Covina, Walnut or Diamond Bar. (Northern California) You've ever lived in Union City.

9. You don't steal things (e.g., towels, soaps, tissues, cups) from hotel rooms like your parents did. And when you do take things, you deny that the action is not a Filipino trait.

10. You don't care if a T-shirt was made in the Philippines or the USA. As long as it has a designer label on it, you'll wear it.

11. You like shopping in small Filipino markets or the 99 Ranch, but you can't stand the way it smells in there.

12. As a child, you cursed your mom for feeding you Sinigang and Adobo all the time, instead of eating at McDonald's once in awhile. Now, it's a special treat when your mom cooks Sinigang or Adobo.

13. You know how to cook at least one Filipino dish.

14. You know what fried Tuyo smells like.

15. You don't go to church anymore.

16. Diniguan ("black chocolate" dish) still grosses you out.

17. You still exhibit "tightwad" traits like buying a small soda (instead of medium or large which costs 20 cents more) when it's all you can drink.

18. You'd rather wash dishes with your hands than use your dishwasher because it wastes more water.

19. You still like Lumpia and Pansit.

20. You say Paanset (American pronunciation) instead of Pansit.

21. You still like Lechon but the pig's head still freaks you out.

22. You still find Balut disgusting.

23. You think you're all that when you go back to the Philippines because you don't speak with an accent, your skin is fairer than the natives', and you have cool clothes - not hand-me-downs from relatives in the States.

24. You think all Filipino (VHS) movies are funny, even when the movie is a drama.

25. You actually believe that you could become a Filipino movie star back home because you think you're better looking than the Filipinos back home.

26. You can't stand to look at pictures of you as a young child because you looked like a Fob. (Hey, you were a Fob!

27. You're disappointed at American parties where the only food to eat are small finger-type foods with names you can't pronounce. (How about those vegetable sticks? Yuk!) You're even more disappointed when there is meat being served, but no rice!

28. You eat Kentucky Fried Chicken with rice. Screw the biscuits!

29. You still call your grandparents Lolo and Lola.

30. You dare not bring Balikbayan boxes with you when traveling back home! One suitcase will do just fine.

31. Sometimes your Filipino accent comes out accidentally and you get embarrassed about it.

32. Your non-Filipino friends and coworkers ask you if you've ever eaten dog.

33. Your college major was in computers, engineering, nursing or business. Filipinos don't major in philosophy, literature, history, sociology and other liberal arts. There's no money in it!

34. You think that President Marcos is still the Philippine president. Do you know who the current president is?

35. You still eat Pandesal with butter, Vienna sausage, or eggs.

36. Your friends and coworkers don't call you by your Filipino nickname (e.g., Popoy, Bong, Jhun Jhun), although your family members and relatives still do.

37. Your parents' house still have the furniture you grew up with.

38. Although there are now creative ways to eat Spam, you still like it the classic Filipino way - fried with rice and ketchup. Same with corned beef except without the ketchup.