Greek Lesson 01- The Greek Alphabet The 24 Letters Of The Greek (hellenic) Alphabet

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Panos
Friday 01st of July 2005 04:28:01 AM
Lesson 01- The Greek Alphabet: Hi everybody. This is a first attempt for starting lessons in the Greek discuss. I will start with the alphabet and then with common phrases. Any ideas and proposals for lessons are welcomed.


Α, α : (Alpha - Ah) : a in Ah
Β, β : (Vita - Voo) : v in vicar
Γ, γ : (Ghamma- Yoo) : y in yoghourt (strong sound)
Δ, δ : ( Dhelta - Thoo) : th in the
Ε, ε : (Epsilon Eh) : e in bet
Ζ, ζ : (Zhita Zoo) : z in zoo
Η, η : (Eetah- Ee) :ee in bee (short sound)
Θ, θ : (Thitah-Thoo) :th in anthem
Ι, ι : (Yiotah Ee) :ee in bee (as above)
Κ, κ : (Kapah Koo) :c in cat
Λ, λ : (Lamthah- Loo) : l in let
Μ, μ: (Meeh Moo) :m in man
Ν, ν : (Neeh Noo) :n in now
Ξ, ξ : (Kseeh- Ksoo) :x in axe
Ο, ο: (Omicron- Oh) :o in on
Π, π: (Peeh Poo) : p in pear
Ρ, ρ : (Rho Roo) :r in red
Σ, σ : (Sigma- Soo) :s in sea
Τ, τ : (Taf Too) :t in tea
Υ, υ : (Ypsilon Ee) :ee in bee (as above)
Φ, φ: (Fee Foo) :f in feel
Χ, χ : (Chi Choo) :ch in Scottish loch (thick sound)
Ψ, ψ: (Psi Psoo) : ps in capsule
Ω, ω: (Omega Oh) :o in on

*note: there is also the ς letter which is same as Σ, σ and it is called sigma teliko (s final )as it is used in the endings of the words.

There are 24 letters in the Greek alphabet, 7 vowels (α, ε, η, ι, ο, υ, ω ) and 17 consonants (β, γ, δ, ζ, θ, κ, λ, μ, ν, ξ, π, ρ, σ, τ, φ, χ, ψ )

Thats all for now. You can also visit the following link which is a site for Greek learning beginners.

http://www.greece.org/gr-lessons/gr-english/





Aberine
Friday 01st of July 2005 03:30:13 PM
Hey Panos!
I think this was nice and it is a good thing to review the alphabet (I already knew it) and I hope you will post other lessons soon.
Greetings,
Aberine



Panos
Friday 01st of July 2005 05:49:04 PM
Hi Aberine
I am going to post other lessons soon, a little grammar first (not much) and then basic, usefull phrases.
For any questions post here, in the Greek discuss
Greetings


Aberine
Saturday 02nd of July 2005 03:46:43 AM
Hey Panos
Can you post some simple texts from some children`s tales or something really simple but not that short ones...just for practice :) thanks
Aberine


Panos
Saturday 02nd of July 2005 05:48:47 PM
Hi Aberine
I will try to find something easy in children's tales. I will post it in a new post


Axystos
Saturday 02nd of July 2005 11:03:13 PM
So basically, the η, ι and υ are all pronounced the same, and they're just written differently?

Btw, I thought the γ was also pronounced as 'g' in the english 'go'.

Marc


Panos
Sunday 03rd of July 2005 05:28:05 AM
Yes, the η, ι , υ sound the same. It is the "ee" sound. There are also letter combinations - called 'diphtongs' that have the same sound, ( ει, οι, υι ), but i will write about them in the next lesson, maybe tommorow
Also, the γ letter never sounds like the g in go. For that sound there is a letter cobination - γκ - .The γ sounds like y in yet ( but stronger ). ( Or like j in Czech 'jak' , if i help you somehow )


phoenix9861
Sunday 03rd of July 2005 07:36:43 AM
thanx: those are helpful. i have a question. is it better to learn to speak or to learn the grammar and then learn to speak? sounds stupid i know. hehehehehe. but everybody say that learning to speak first is better than learning grammar. asking just out of curiosity.


Panos
Sunday 03rd of July 2005 06:41:26 PM
Hi phoenix
I think it is better to learn to speak the language. Grammar is good but it can become boring also. So i think is better to learn simple, useful phrases at first and this is what i intend to do from lesson no 3 or 4. And we will reveal and discuss grammar subjects through phrases (i hope ). Btw, i 've answered to your question about nominative, genitive etc (the better i could )


Axystos
Monday 04th of July 2005 02:58:19 AM
Originally posted by panos74


Yes, the η, ι , υ sound the same. It is the "ee" sound. There are also letter combinations - called 'diphtongs' that have the same sound, ( ει, οι, υι ), but i will write about them in the next lesson, maybe tommorow
Ah thanks. I was already getting worried that I'd have to learn a couple of slightly different versions of the 'ee' sounds for Greek. :)

Also, the γ letter never sounds like the g in go. For that sound there is a letter cobination - γκ - .The γ sounds like y in yet ( but stronger ). ( Or like j in Czech 'jak' , if i help you somehow )
Mmm..then it must be written incorrectly in my learning material. It says here that γ can be pronounced as a 'g' or a 'y', depending on the next letter. It also says that γκ, along with γγ, is pronounced like 'ng' in 'king', for example.


phoenix9861
Monday 04th of July 2005 06:23:39 AM
?: hey panos
thanx for this answer as well as the other. r u teaching a greek course on this site? and if so where? and u r right, now that i think abt how i learned english...i see that i learned faster when i started speaking it. i learned english grammar for yrs but never learned to speak it. so u r right. thanx once again


phoenix9861
Monday 04th of July 2005 06:27:22 AM
another question: y is Greek called hellenic?


Panos
Tuesday 05th of July 2005 02:38:36 AM
The name that is used for Greece is Hellas (Ελλάς - Ελλάδα ). That is the name that we -the Greeks - call our country. I think that the " Greece " term comes from the region of South Italy and Sicilia that had Greek population colonies from about 800 B.C. and they were called like that by the Latins -Romans. (not quite sure ).


phoenix9861
Tuesday 05th of July 2005 08:40:05 PM
y - 'g' or 'y': i found this site and it said that if the letter following y is a hard sound like a delta, it would be pronounced as g in go but if it is followed by a soft sound like a theta, it would be pronounced as the y in yet. also au and eu follows the same rule. av or ev if it is followed by the hard sound and af or ef if followed by the soft sound. is it true?


phoenix9861
Tuesday 05th of July 2005 09:04:19 PM
grammar: does 'milw' and 'milaw' mean the same thing? i mean i know it means speak but is the tense the same. r they both present tense and 'eyw' form?


Panos
Wednesday 06th of July 2005 03:32:14 AM
Yes Phoenix, 'milaw' means I speak and it is right to say 'milw' also. It is a special category of verbs that end in 'aw' and they can lose the 'a'. Like the verb agapaw -agapw (I love ). As for the sound of "γ" (gamma ) i will clarify it this in a new post


Osman
Tuesday 08th of November 2005 06:39:08 PM
Efharisto!: kalimera Panos!

efharisto!

i just wanted to thank you for first lesson.

especially i liked the examples you give. it makes me to learn faster.
and it was quiet interesting to hear milaw-milw. every labguage has rules like that and that makes the language amazing for learners!

soon i want to start for second lesson!

thanks lot again.:)

go on being alive in phrasebase! ;)

hoşakal!


Panos
Wednesday 09th of November 2005 04:27:01 AM
Birşey değil Osman
I am glad that you read my lessons and you find it interesting. I 'll continue posting.
Gle gle


kacasaCR
Tuesday 20th of February 2007 03:13:10 AM
hi: Gia soui am new here and i want to learn greek.-)))


kacasaCR
Tuesday 20th of February 2007 03:13:39 AM
hi: Gia soui am new here and i want to learn greek.-)))


Jairo_Spain
Thursday 01st of March 2007 03:25:54 AM
hi panos its very interesting for beginner people learn the alphabet. I want you to learn some grammar. If you can help me sayd me in a post please.
bye


Nikos_M_
Sunday 05th of August 2007 03:59:21 AM
yasou!

I tried to learn the alphabeta but i only was able to learn it the way it is in the the alphabet like alpha, vita, gamma, delta and all but i cant read it the same way like a regular word word is not pronounced that way... how do u pronounce letters when you read them?


Panos
Tuesday 07th of August 2007 03:09:35 AM
Hi Nikos_M_
and welcome to the Greek discuss. Alpha, vita, gamma etc. are the names of the letters, their pronounciation is a different thing (usually it sounds like the first letter of their name). I have a guide about this if you read the first post of this thread and a link that helps a lot.
If you have any questions or specific words to ask for their pronounciation send me a post. For the time, i can
write an example
thw word pigeon - περιστέρι ; with the transliteration in English : peristeri = p-e-r-i-s-t-e-r-i = π-ε-ρ-ι-σ-τ-έ-ρ-ι (i picked an easy word ). Naturally, to learn the pronounciation you should hear the actuall word from a native speaker. What i wrote above is the next best thing, it can help you with many words (at least the most common and "easy" words ).
Ciao!


Nikos_M_
Thursday 09th of August 2007 02:41:10 AM
efharisto :)
i read the first post you put its really good, i learned to read really quick with it. about listening to native speakers i listen to very much greek music almmost every day, and watch greek movies sometimes, is that 1 any good for it?


Panos
Friday 10th of August 2007 02:55:49 AM
Hi Niko
Yes,it helps a lot, songs, movies, books, etc. The most useful (and challenging) but difficult is to try to speak to a native speaker, or someone that speaks the language to some level. The method here in PB is quite good, with common phrases and words with their audio file (still doesn't work but hopefully it will by the end of the year).
So, stay tuned :)
Ta leme!


Nikos_M_
Saturday 11th of August 2007 02:27:54 AM
:) thanks i will be untill i learn greek, i plan on living in greece when im 18 so thats why im planning ahead of learning the language. taking language courses also works right?

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