Italian Simple Explanation Of Compounded Prepositions Italian Compounded Prepositions.

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leobloom
Thursday 24th of November 2005 01:13:50 AM
Simple explanation of compounded prepositions: I had originally written this for Nightwraith but I realized it might be useful to all Italian learners.
I took most of the examples from the enciclopedia "Garzantina".
ok, now I'll try to explain these prepositions as clearly as I can.

You know that in Italian there are 6 definite articles:

Singular
-il
-lo
-la
-l'

Plural
-i
-gli
-le

Masculine Nouns starting with
singular & plural "s impura", like the one in "smile"

lo (singular), gli (plural)

lo scheletro, gli scarponi

z like lo zucchero, gli zii

x lo xilofono, gli xilografi

pn lo pneumatico, gli pneumatici

ps lo psicologo, gli psichiatri

gna lo gnaulare
gne lo gneis
gni sorry, can't found a word!
gno lo gnomo, gli gnomi
gnu lo gnu, gli gnu

scia lo scialle, gli scialli
scie lo sceicco, gli sceicchi
sci lo scippo, gli scippi
scio lo sciopero, gli scioperi
sciu lo sciupo, gli sciupi.

ia lo iato, gli iati
ie lo iettatore, gli iettatori
io lo iodio
iu lo iugoslavo, gli iugoslavi

before a noun starting with a vowel

l' (singular), gli (plural)

l'albero, l'elettrauto, l'imbuto
l'orto, l'uovo, l'urto,
gli alberi, gli imbuti

il (singular), i (plural)in every other case.


feminine definite articles

la (singular),le (plural)
- ahead of all the consonants
and of diphtongs ia-,ie, io-
iu-

l' (that is,le ahead of feminine nouns
starting with a vowel)


If you have got how these work you will get how they work with prepositions too.

In Italian prepositions are divided into Proprie and Improprie

Definite articles are used with the Proprie, they are called this way because these words are only used as prepositions (except for "su" which can also be an adverb, eg. vieni su, come up):

-di
-a
-da
-in
-con
-su
-per
-tra
-fra

These prepositions, when attached to the definite articles, form the compound prepositions, obviously the article part of these coupounded prepositions still changes referring to:

- the initial letter of the noun (read above),

- its gender (masculine or feminine),

- its number (singular or plural).

eg. Singular

di + il = del (masc noun)
di + lo = dello (masc noun)
di + la = della (fem noun)
di + l' (both masc and fem)= dell'

Plural

di + i = dei (masc plur noun)
di + gli= degli (mascplur noun)
di + le = delle (fem plur noun)

And it's basically it, all the other compounded prepositions work the same, just follow the same changes or addings like the one of the example:

eg.
su + le = sulle
a + le = alle

as you've seen, le always changes to -lle

just remember, the preposition "in" becomes "ne" in the compounded form in + le = nelle

con, fra, tra (same meaning)and per just stay the same and also the articles do.

eg
con + le = con le
fra + le = fra le
tra + le = tra le
per + le = per le

it works the same with all the other 5 definite articles. Undefinite ones are a different story, similar but far easier. Work on these things first, they ARE difficult so don't worry if you make lots of mistakes when trying to get how they work. Next time I'll tell you those made with the undefinite articles, if you want.

Let me now your comments on this =o)

Saluti!




Carla
Thursday 24th of November 2005 06:05:51 AM
Hi everybody, :) :)

here's an explanation I wrote some time ago about compound prepositions:

http://www.phrasebase.com/discuss/read.php?TID=5829#95610

;)

Carla


leobloom
Thursday 24th of November 2005 06:51:08 PM
Ciao!
Scusa, non sapevo che ci fosse giÓ un altro thread aperto, se vuoi questo lo puoi cancellare =o)

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