Romanian Romanian Grammar Introduction Romanian And The Alphabet

Phrasebase Archive

Return to the ROMANIAN Archive
Forward to the Current ROMANIAN Discussion


Dominick_Korshanyenko
Monday 28th of January 2008 04:09:01 AM
Romanian Grammar Introduction:
Introducere- Introduction

Romanian is an [color=orange]inflected[/color] language. This means that certain catergories of words such as nouns, articles, adjectives, pronouns, verbs, and numerals are varied (inflected) in form in order to express grammatical relations. Inflections do not produce new words but a different form of the same word. To begin my grammar lessons I will explain the elements of Romanian Language then explain them all.

Declension

Nouns, articles, adjectives, pronouns, and nemerals are all declined into [color=orange]cases[/color]. Cases show the relationships of words in a sentence, (subject, direct object, indirect object, and the object of a preposition). In English there are only two cases the nominitive and the genitive. For example:

Andrew is a boy. - Nominitive (subject)
This is Andrew's dog. Genitive (possession)

There are five cases in Romanian: nominitive, accusative, genitive, dative, and vocative. The nominitive expresses the subject, the accusative expresses the direct object, the genitive expresses possession, the dative expresses the indirect object, and finally the vocative which is the case of direct address and getting attention it is the least used case out of the five.

Nominitive -> B?iatul este aici. The boy is here.
Accusative -> V?d b?iatul. I see the boy.
Genitive -> Cartea b?iatului este aici. The boy's book is here.
Dative -> Îi dau cartea b?iatului. I give the book to the boy.
Vocative -> B?iete, vino încoace! Boy, come here!

Conjugation

Conjugation involves many forms of a verb. Conjugation changes a verb from the infinitive to make it agree with what is being said. Conjugation shows who is doing an action, when they are doing it, if they have the potential to do it, how many people are doing the action, and if what is being done is being done indirectly. I will explain all of this in Romanian Grammar: Verbe. Every verb expresses most if not all of the following:

- MOOD
- TENSE
- PERSON
- NUMBER
- GENDER
- VOICE

Exercises & Review

1. Romanian is an ___________ language meaning it has varied form of its words.
2. Nouns go through ___________ into cases.
3. Verbs go through ___________ into tenses, moods, etc.
4. The _________ case shows possesion.
5. The _________ case is used to get attention and is the least used.


Avaldi
Monday 28th of January 2008 04:13:16 AM

One day, I went to the library of my neighbourhood (a big one) and I found a conversation guide from Spanish to Romanian. It had a nice grammar before, maybe tomorrow I'll take this book again and post the grammar here. :)


Dominick_Korshanyenko
Monday 28th of January 2008 04:45:31 AM
Alfebetul- The Alphabet

The Romanian Alphabet is very simple and has easy pronunciation too. Here it is with pronounciation too.

Letter-pronounciation- Romanian Word

Aa-ah- cas?
??-uh- mas?
Ââ-y- român?
Bb-b- bun
Cc-k,ch- cap, introducere
Dd-d- domnul
Ee-ay,eh- perete
Ff-f- foarte
Gg-g,zh- gol, gen
Hh-h- hran?
Ii-ee- ministru
Îî-y- a înota
Jj-zh- curajos
Kk-k- kilometru
Ll-l- leu
Mm-m- mas?
Nn-n- nou?
Oo-oh- ochi
Pp-p- ap?
Rr-rr- ?ar?
Ss-s- sor?
??-sh- ma?in?
Tt-t- tat?
??-ts- b?ie?i
Uu-oo- u??
Vv-v- a avea
Xx-z,x- xerox, examen
Zz-z- zoologic?

? sounds like the u in but.
Â,Î sounds like a mix between u and i back in the throat.
? sounds like the sh in shout.
? sounds like the ts in cats.

Diphthongs and Triphthongs

ai [ai] mai adv more
?i [ai] r?i adj (mpl) bad
âi [ai] câine m dog
ei [A] vrei v (you) want
ii [ee] fii mpl sons
[ee] ?tiin?? f science
oi [oi] apoi adv after
ui [ui] spui v (you) say
ia [ya] piatr? f stone
ie [ye] femeie f woman
io [yo] iob?gie m yoke
iu [yu] iute adj pricky
[iw] fiu m son
au [aw] stau v (they) stand
?u [aw] fl?c?u m young man
âu [aw] râu m river
eu [ew] leu m lion
ou [ou] birou m bureau, desk
uu [oo] continuu adj continuous
ua [wa] steaua f the star
u? [wa] nou? adj (f) new
ea [ea] sear? f evening.
eo [eo] vreodat? adv never
oa [oa] poart? f door, frumoas? adj (f) beautiful

[ea] + [ee] ceai m thea
[ea] + [oo] vreau v (I) want
[ya] + [ee] ?tiai v (you) knew
[ya] + [oo] iau v (I) take
[ye] + [ee] miei mpl lambs
[oa] + [ee] englezoaic? f English woman
[ee] + [oa] vioar? f violin


Exercises & Review

1. Read the following words out loud and try to pronounce them correctly.

b?iat, mânca, înota, ma?ina, b?ie?i, tat?, român?, pove?ti, privi?i, în, mas?, Timi?oara, mai, vreau, fiu, femeie, om, scaun, iubi, Îi, Îmi, avea, citi, cap.


Coming soon: Vowel and Consonant Mutations
Lessons: Nouns Gender, Number, and Case


Lina
Wednesday 30th of January 2008 05:53:05 PM

Kenny, this lesson is really good! You managed to find an
easy way to explain one of the most difficult issues
of Romanian grammar: cases.

Who goes first with the exercises?:)


mike111
Wednesday 30th of January 2008 06:44:39 PM
Great job kenny!

1. Romanian is an _inflective__ language meaning it has varied form of its words.
2. Nouns go through _declension_ into cases.
3. Verbs go through _conjugation_ into tenses, moods, etc.
4. The _genitive_ case shows possesion.
5. The _vocative_ case is used to get attention and is the least used.

Does anyone think the letters  and Πsound like the Russian bl letter? If so, a close equivelent for the english pronunciation of these letters would be the 'e' in the word 'label'.




Lina
Monday 04th of February 2008 04:25:49 PM
Mike, until we'll have the alphabet's pronounce:)I'm giving you an answer regarding the pronunciation of vowels â or î( the letters mark the same sound).

You can imagine a triangle of Romanian vowels :

[center]

i [â / î] u


e ? o


a

[/center]


i â/î u - close

e ? o - semi open

a - open


a - [a] - as a in hard

? - [?] - as u in hurt, as e in label

â/î - [?] - no equivalent


? is more closed than a; â/î is obtained if we continue the process of closing the mouth while pronouncing ?.

It's easy, isn't it?;)





mike111
Thursday 14th of February 2008 08:54:52 PM
Wow! I forgot I asked this question...

Mul?umesc Lina, your explanation is very helpful in understanding. When I {a-hem} speak Romanian from now on, I will look to see that the things you said are the same things that I am doing. Hopefully I will have the chance to use these letters and the rest of the beautiful language in full practice some day in Romania! :D


Albina
Tuesday 30th of December 2008 11:37:02 PM
Originally posted by mike111 Does anyone think the letters  and Πsound like the Russian bl letter?

Yes, I think that the pronunciation is the same, although I'm not sure, but at least it sounds like same... And both are really hard to pronounce (and romanian also have ?, hard to pronounce also)


mike111
Wednesday 31st of December 2008 02:32:12 AM
Bun? Albin?,

Welcome to the Romanian forum here on phrasebase. Hope you enjoy the site. If you have any questions post them anywhere. Check out the Sticky's above for many good references.



Return to the ROMANIAN Archive
Forward to the Current ROMANIAN Discussion

Archive