Spanish How Does One Use The Word \"lo\"?

Phrasebase Archive

Return to the SPANISH Archive
Forward to the Current SPANISH Discussion


seventhreeninety
Monday 30th of April 2007 07:53:35 PM
How does one use the word \"lo\"?: In school, I was taught that the word "lo" meant "it" but they never taught me how to use it and it's other forms. I'd appreciate any help you guys can give me. :)


WickedArg
Tuesday 01st of May 2007 01:36:35 AM
I love Peter; I love him -> Amo a Peter; lo amo (a ťl)
I want it -> Lo quiero
I want her -> La quiero

I want it to be perfect, I really do -> Quiero sea perfecto, de verdad lo quiero.

It's the personal pronoun of the 3rd person in masculine or neutral (for femenine we use 'la').

For neutral or masculine and plural, we use 'los' (You are all my friends, I love you -> Ustedes son mis amigos, los quiero).
For femenine and plural, we use 'las' (Those flowers are beautiful, I want them! -> Esas flores son hermosas, °las quiero!)

But, check this out:
Mum, dad, I want to tell you something -> MamŠ, papŠ, les quiero contar algo.
I told him to get away -> Le dije que se fuera.
I told her to get away -> Le dije que se fuera.


jvz8a
Tuesday 01st of May 2007 01:50:10 AM
Even natives have problems with this :p
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leísmo
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loísmo

Lo is a "neuter" article used infront of an qualifying adjective with a masculine ending to make it an abstract noun. Examples:
Lo bonito, lo f√°cil, lo interesante.
It is also used infront of a clause to make it a noun phrase:
No sé lo que quieres.

But in the use you mention, it is an object pronoun, that is used the same as la:
Mi pap√° quiere una libreta > Mi pap√° la quiere
Mi mam√° necesita un l√°piz. > Mi mam√° lo necesita.

This pronoun is enclitic. This means that it is attached to the verb in soma cases (when imperative and in infinitive forms):
Give [color=blue]it[/color] [color=red]to me[/color] = D√°[color=red]me[/color][color=blue]lo[/color]
[In this case, also the pronoun for the indirect object is enclitic]


WickedArg
Tuesday 01st of May 2007 01:59:18 AM
Originally posted by jvz8a
This pronoun is enclitic. This means that it is attached to the verb in soma cases (when imperative and in infinitive forms):
Give [color=blue]it[/color] [color=red]to me[/color] = DŠ[color=red]me[/color][color=blue]lo[/color]
[In this case, also the pronoun for the indirect object is enclitic]
Right, I totally forgot about that one. I focused on the Direct Object.

Maybe you could put the many ways of using la, las, le, les, lo, los and examples, all in one post?


BCS
Saturday 05th of May 2007 05:11:31 AM
Lo can only be appendaged to a word after an infinitive or an informal command, (Estoy comiendolo, Dalo) It can NOT be appendaged to a conjugated verb. Quierolo


jvz8a
Saturday 05th of May 2007 05:23:51 AM
Originalmente dicho por BCS
Lo can only be appendaged to a word after an infinitive or an informal command, (Estoy comiendolo, Dalo) It can NOT be appendaged to a conjugated verb. QuieroloWhat I said. But I said it in order to keep things simple.
There is a song... mocking of this lo attached to the verb. It says something like "Robola, violola y matola con una pistola".
Besides this, IT IS NOT WRONG to use the enclitic pronoun with other verb forms. Look at the examples:
En esa casa me despedí de él = En esa casa despedíme de él.
Me lo enviaron ayer = Envi√°ronmelo ayer.
I wanted to keep thing simple. These forms ARE CORRECT, but not often used.
By the way, comi[color=red]é[/color]ndolo is neither a command nor infinitive. Good example! :p A shame... it contradicts what you said :p


BCS
Saturday 05th of May 2007 07:59:07 AM
[IMG]http://conversomucho.aceboard.com/smile/angel.gif[/IMG]


Duffie
Friday 18th of May 2007 06:01:06 AM
Remember, as a pronoun, it is an object pronoun. It has something happen to it.

It is not a subject pronoun. You can't have "Lo es azul." No. No. No.

And, no.

You'd use the regular subject pronouns (In this case, él.)



Return to the SPANISH Archive
Forward to the Current SPANISH Discussion

Archive