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Algeria Facts

Algeria Facts | People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Information | Al Jaza'ir Statistics | Algeria

Algeria Facts |  People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Information | Al Jaza'ir Statistics Algeria Facts |  People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Information | Al Jaza'ir Statistics
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Algeria Facts |  People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Information | Al Jaza'ir Statistics Algeria Facts |  People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Information | Al Jaza'ir Statistics
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 Algerian POLITICAL
  Algeria Facts |  People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Information | Al Jaza'ir Statistics  
Background: After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), has dominated politics ever since. Many Algerians in the subsequent generation were not satisfied, however, and moved to counter the FLN's centrality in Algerian politics. The surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting spurred the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crack down on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. The government later allowed elections featuring pro-government and moderate religious-based parties, but did not appease the activists who progressively widened their attacks. The fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense fighting between 1992-98 and which resulted in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. However, small numbers of armed militants persist in confronting government forces and conducting ambushes and occasional attacks on villages. The army placed Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA in the presidency in 1999 in a fraudulent election but claimed neutrality in his 2004 landslide reelection victory. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA in his second term, including the ethnic minority Berbers' ongoing autonomy campaign, large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing - although significantly degraded - activities of extremist militants. Algeria must also diversify its petroleum-based economy, which has yielded a large cash reserve but which has not been used to redress Algeria's many social and infrastructure problems.
 
 
Common Name: Algeria Local Official Name: Al Jaza'ir
Abbreviated Name: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Official Name: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah
Official Script Name: Al Jaza'ir Local Common Name: Algeria
Former Name: Algeria Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA
 
Government Type: Republic
 
Independence: 1962 July 5 (from France)
 
Constitution: 1963 September 8; revised 19 November 1976, effective 22 November 1976; revised 3 November 1988, 23 February 1989, and 28 November 1996
 
National Holiday: 1954 November 1 (Revolution Day)
 
International Organization Participation: ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AMU, AU, BIS, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, MONUC, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, ONUB, OPCW, OPEC, OSCE (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO (observer)
 
Administrative Divisions: 48 provinces (wilayat, singular - wilaya); Adrar, Ain Defla, Ain Temouchent, Alger, Annaba, Batna, Bechar, Bejaia, Biskra, Blida, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Bouira, Boumerdes, Chlef, Constantine, Djelfa, El Bayadh, El Oued, El Tarf, Ghardaia, Guelma, Illizi, Jijel, Khenchela, Laghouat, Mascara, Medea, Mila, Mostaganem, M'Sila, Naama, Oran, Ouargla, Oum el Bouaghi, Relizane, Saida, Setif, Sidi Bel Abbes, Skikda, Souk Ahras, Tamanghasset, Tebessa, Tiaret, Tindouf, Tipaza, Tissemsilt, Tizi Ouzou, Tlemcen.
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: Socialist, based on French and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials, including several Supreme Court justices; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: "EXECUTIVE BRANCH" : Chief of state: President Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA (since 28 April 1999) head of government: Prime Minister Ahmed OUYAHIA (since 9 May 2003) Cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president Elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 8 April 2004 (next to be held in April 2009); prime minister appointed by the president election results: Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA reelected president for second term; percent of Vote - Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA 85%, Ali BENFLIS 6.4%, Abdellah DJABALLAH 5%. "LEGISLATIVE BRANCH" : Bicameral Parliament consisting of the National People's Assembly or Al-Majlis Ech-Chaabi Al-Watani (389 seats - formerly 380 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the Council of Nations (Senate) (144 seats; one-third of the members appointed by the president, two-thirds elected by indirect vote; members serve six-year terms; the constitution requires half the council to be renewed every three years) elections: National People's Assembly - last held 30 May 2002 (next to be held in 2007); Council of Nations (Senate) - last held 30 December 2003 (next to be held in 2006) election results: National People's Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FLN 199, RND 47, Islah 43, MSP 38, PT 21, FNA 8, EnNahda 1, PRA 1, MEN 1, independents 30; Council of Nations - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party NA. "JUDICIAL BRANCH" : Supreme Court or Cour Supreme.
 
Party Leaders: Algerian National Front or FNA [Moussa TOUATI]; Democratic National Rally or RND [Ahmed OUYAHIA, chairman]; Islamic Salvation Front or FIS (outlawed April 1992) [Ali BELHADJ and Dr. Abassi MADANI (imprisoned), Rabeh KEBIR (self-exile in Germany)]; Movement of a Peaceful Society or MSP [Mahfoud NAHNAH, chairman]; National Entente Movement or MEN [Ali BOUKHAZNA]; National Liberation Front or FLN [Boualem BENHAMOUDA, secretary general]; National Reform Movement or MRN [Abdellah DJABALLAH]; National Renewal Party or PRA [leader NA]; Progressive Republican Party [Khadir DRISS]; Rally for Culture and Democracy or RCD [Said SAADI, secretary general]; Renaissance Movement or EnNahda Movement [Lahbib ADAMI]; Social Liberal Party or PSL [Ahmed KHELIL]; Socialist Forces Front or FFS [Hocine Ait AHMED, secretary general (self-exile in Switzerland)]; Union for Democracy and Liberty [Mouley BOUKHALAFA]; Workers Party or PT [Louisa HANOUN]. note: a law banning political parties based on religion was enacted in March 1997.
 
International Disputes: Algeria supports the exiled Sahrawi Polisario Front and rejects Moroccan administration of Western Sahara; most of the approximately 102,000 Western Saharan Sahrawi refugees are sheltered in camps in Tindouf, Algeria; Algeria's border with Morocco remains an irritant to bilateral relations, each nation accusing the other of harboring militants and arms smuggling; in an attempt to improve relations, Morocco, in mid-2004, unilaterally lifted the requirement that Algerians visiting Morocco possess entry visas - a gesture not reciprocated by Algeria; Algeria remains concerned about armed bandits operating throughout the Sahel who sometimes destabilize southern Algerian towns; dormant disputes include Libyan claims of about 32,000 sq km still reflected on its maps of southeastern Algeria and the FLN's assertions of a claim to Chirac Pastures in southeastern Morocco.
 
Illicit Drugs: Cocaine, Crystal Meth 
 
 
 Algerian GEOGRAPHY
  Algeria Facts |  People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Information | Al Jaza'ir Statistics  
 
Location of Algeria: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia.
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 2,381,740 sq km 
Region: Northern African Land Area Land: 2,381,740 sq km
Capitol City: Algiers Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 028 00 N Border Boundary Land: 6,343 km
Longitude: 003 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 998 km 
  
Arable Land: 3.17 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.28 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 3,003 m Location: Tahat
Lowest Elevation: -40 m Location: Chott Melrhir
  
Largest City in Algeria: Algiers Algiers Largest City Population: 31,800,000
  
Threatened Species: 44
 
Environmental Issues: Soil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water.
 
Environmental Agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands. Signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban.
 
Irrigated Land: 5,690
 
Bordering Countries: Libya 982 km, Mali 1,376 km, Mauritania 463 km, Morocco 1,559 km, Niger 956 km, Tunisia 965 km, Western Sahara 42 km.
 
Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc
 
Geographical Terrain: Mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain.
 
Comparative Area of Algeria: Slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas.
 
Algeria's Geography: Second-largest country in Africa (after Sudan).
 

 Algerian CLIMATE
  Algeria Facts |  People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Information | Al Jaza'ir Statistics  
 
General Climate: Arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer.
 
Natural Hazards: Mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides and floods in rainy season.
 
 
 Algerian ECONOMY
  Algeria Facts |  People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Information | Al Jaza'ir Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: The hydrocarbons sector is the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 60% of budget revenues, 30% of GDP, and over 95% of export earnings. Algeria has the seventh-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the second-largest gas exporter; it ranks 14th in oil reserves. Sustained high oil prices in recent years, along with macroeconomic policy reforms supported by the IMF, have helped improve Algeria's financial and macroeconomic indicators. Algeria is running substantial trade surpluses and building up record foreign exchange reserves. Real GDP has risen due to higher oil output and increased government spending. The government's continued efforts to diversify the economy by attracting foreign and domestic investment outside the energy sector, however, has had little success in reducing high unemployment and improving living standards. The population is becoming increasingly restive due to the lack of jobs and housing and frequently stages protests, which have resulted in arrests and injuries, including some deaths as government forces intervened to restore order. Structural reform within the economy, such as development of the banking sector and the construction of infrastructure, moves ahead slowly hampered by corruption and bureaucratic resistance.
 
 
GDP: $233,200,000,000 USD Currency: Algerian dinar
GDP per Capita: $7,200 USD Currency Code: DZD
GDP Growth Rate: 6.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Algerian dinars per US dollar - 73.276 (2005), 72.061 (2004), 77.395 (2003), 79.682 (2002), 77.215 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 10.10 % GDP of Industry: 60.00 %
GDP of Services: 29.80 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 1.90 % Population in Poverty: 25.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 17.10 % Tourism: 749,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 2.80 % Budget Revenue in USD: $42,050,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 26.80 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $30,750,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 26,990,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 400,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 24,900,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 200,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 10.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 20.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 40.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 1,373,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 82,400,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 246,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 21,320,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 1,127,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 57,980,000,000 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 12,460,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 4,531,000,000,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $19,450,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $122,800,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle
 
Primary Industries: petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 8.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $22,530,000,000 USD - capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods
 
Import Partners: France 27.8%, Italy 7.6%, Spain 7%, Germany 6.6%, China 6.5%, US 5.4%, Turkey 4.5%
 
Export Amount in USD: $49,590,000,000 USD - petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97%
 
Export Partners: US 22.9%, Italy 16.6%, Spain 10.4%, France 10%, Canada 7.9%, Brazil 5.7%, Germany 4.4%, Belgium 4.2%
 
    
GINI Index: 35.30%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 10,150,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: Agriculture 14%, Industry 13.4%, Construction and Public works 10%, Trade 14.6%, Government 32%, Other 16%
 
  
 Algerian COMMUNICATIONS
  Algeria Facts |  People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Information | Al Jaza'ir Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 34 Number of People with Radios: 0
Television Broadcast Stations: 46 Number of People with Televisions: 73
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 2,228,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 13,661,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 1,175 Internet Users: 845,000
 
Internet Country Code: .dz Newspapers: 27
Two Letter Country Code: AG Weights and Measures: metric
Phone Country Code: 213 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: "GENERAL ASSESSMENT" : Telephone density in Algeria is very low, not exceeding five telephones per 100 persons; the number of fixed main lines increased in the last few years to a little more than 2 million, but only about two-thirds of these have subscribers; much of the infrastructure is outdated and inefficient. "DOMESTIC" : Good service in north but sparse in south; domestic satellite system with 12 earth stations (20 additional domestic earth stations are planned) "INTERNATIONAL" : Country code - 213; submarine cables - 5; microwave radio relay to Italy, France, Spain, Morocco, and Tunisia; coaxial cable to Morocco and Tunisia; participant in Medarabtel; satellite earth stations - 51 (Intelsat, Intersputnik, and Arabsat).
 
  
 Algerian TRANSPORTATION
  Algeria Facts |  People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Information | Al Jaza'ir Statistics  

   

Highways: 71,656 km Railways: 3,973 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 95,999 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 52 Heliports: 1
 
Motor Vehicles: 87 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 95,167 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: 52
 
Ports and Harbors: Algiers, Annaba, Arzew, Bejaia, Djendjene, Jijel, Mostaganem, Oran, Skikda
 
  
 Algerian PEOPLE
  Algeria Facts |  People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Information | Al Jaza'ir Statistics  
 
Population: 32,930,091 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 17.14 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 13.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 4.61 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.22% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.89 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 4,722,076 Population Female 0-14: 4,539,713
Population Male 15-64: 11,133,802 Population Female 15-64: 10,964,502
Population Male 65+: 735,444 Population Female 65+: 834,554
 
Population 0-14: 28.10% Literacy Rate: 70.00%
Population 15-64: 67.10% Literacy rate of Males: 78.80%
Population 65+: 4.80% Literacy rate of Females: 61.00%
 
Population that is Male: 51.00 % Population that is Female: 49.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 73.26 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 29.87 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 71.68 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 74.92 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 9,100
Number of people who died of AIDS: 500
   
Disease Risk: Intermediate
 
Diseases: Bacterial diarrhea, Hepatitis A, and Typhoid fever , Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a high risk in some locations
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.35
 
Nationality: Algerian
 
Ethnic Groups: Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1% 
 
  
Primary Language: Arabic
 
Other Languages: French, Berber dialects
 
 
Primary Religion: Sunni Muslim
 
Other Religions: Christian and Jewish
 
  
 Algerian MILITARY
  Algeria Facts |  People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Information | Al Jaza'ir Statistics  
  
Branches: National Popular Army (ANP; includes Land Forces), Algerian National Navy (MRA), Air Force (QJJ), Territorial Air Defense Force
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 19 years
 
Manpower Available: 15,959,400 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 13,301,364 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 743,660 People per year
 
Expenditures: $3,000,000,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 3.20
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 Algerian RESOURCES
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