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Andorra Facts

Andorra Facts | Principality of Andorra Information | Andorra Statistics | Andorra

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Background: For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Urgel). In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the titular heads of state retained, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. Long isolated and impoverished, mountainous Andorra achieved considerable prosperity since World War II through its tourist industry. Many immigrants (legal and illegal) are attracted to the thriving economy with its lack of income taxes.
Common Name: Andorra Local Official Name: Andorra
Abbreviated Name: Principality of Andorra Official Name: Principat d'Andorra
Official Script Name: Andorra Local Common Name: Andorra
Former Name: Andorra Territory of: NA
Head of State: French Coprince Jacques CHIRAC
Government Type: parliamentary democracy (since March 1993) that retains as its heads of state a coprincipality; the two princes are the president of France and bishop of Seo de Urgel, Spain, who are represented locally by coprinces' representatives
Independence: 1278 (formed under the joint suzerainty of the French count of Foix and the Spanish bishop of Urgel)
Constitution: Andorra's first written constitution was drafted in 1991, approved by referendum 14 March 1993, effective 4 May 1993
National Holiday: Our Lady of Meritxell Day, 8 September
International Organization Participation: CE, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IFRCS, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITU, OIF (associate member), OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WToO, WTO (observer)
Administrative Divisions: 7 parishes (parroquies, singular - parroquia); Andorra la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, La Massana, Escaldes-Engordany, Ordino, Sant Julia de Loria
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on French and Spanish civil codes; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: French Coprince Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 May 1995), represented by Philippe MASSONI (since 26 July 2002); Spanish Coprince Bishop Joan Enric VIVES i SICILIA (since 12 May 2003), represented by Nemesi MARQUES i OSTE (since NA) head of government: Executive Council President Albert PINTAT SANTOLARIA (since 27 May 2005) cabinet: Executive Council or Govern designated by the Executive Council president elections: Executive Council president elected by the General Council and formally appointed by the coprinces for a four-year term; election last held 24 April 2005 (next to be held April-May 2009) election results: Albert PINTAT SANTOLARIA elected executive council president; percent of General Council vote - NA Legislative Branch: unicameral General Council of the Valleys or Consell General de las Valls (28 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote, 14 from a single national constituency and 14 to represent each of the seven parishes; members serve four-year terms) elections: last held 24 April 2005 (next to be held March-April 2009) election results: percent of vote by party - PLA 41.2%, PS 38.1%, CDA-S21 11%, other 9.7%; seats by party - PLA 14, PS 12, CDA-S21 2 Judicial Branch: Tribunal of Judges or Tribunal de Batlles; Tribunal of the Courts or Tribunal de Corts; Supreme Court of Justice of Andorra or Tribunal Superior de Justicia d'Andorra; Supreme Council of Justice or Consell Superior de la Justicia; Fiscal Ministry or Ministeri Fiscal; Constitutional Tribunal or Tribunal Constitucional
Party Leaders: Andorran Democratic Center Party or CDA (formerly Democratic Party or PD); Century 21 or S21 [Enric TARRADO]; Liberal Party of Andorra or PLA (formerly Liberal Union or UL) [Albert PINTAT]; Social Democratic Party or PS (formerly part of National Democratic Group or AND) [Jaume BARTUMEU CASSANY]
International Disputes: NA
Illicit Drugs: NA` 
  Andorra Facts |  Principality of Andorra Information | Andorra Statistics  
Location of Andorra: Southwestern Europe, between France and Spain
Continent: Europe Land Area Total: 468 sq km 
Region: Central Europe Land Area Land: 468 sq km
Capitol City: Andorra la Vella Land Area Water: 0 sq km
Latitude: 042 30 N Border Boundary Land: 120 km
Longitude: 001 30 E Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
Arable Land: 2.13 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 2,946 m Location: Coma Pedrosa
Lowest Elevation: 840 m Location: Riu Runer
Largest City in Andorra: Andorra la Vella Andorra la Vella Largest City Population: 25,000
Threatened Species: 7
Environmental Issues: deforestation; overgrazing of mountain meadows contributes to soil erosion; air pollution; wastewater treatment and solid waste disposal
Environmental Agreements: party to: Hazardous Wastes signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Irrigated Land: 0
Bordering Countries: France 56.6 km, Spain 63.7 km
Natural Resources: hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead
Geographical Terrain: rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys
Comparative Area of Andorra: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Andorra's Geography: landlocked; straddles a number of important crossroads in the Pyrenees

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General Climate: temperate; snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers
Natural Hazards: avalanches
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Economic Overview: Tourism, the mainstay of Andorra's tiny, well-to-do economy, accounts for more than 80% of GDP. An estimated 11.6 million tourists visit annually, attracted by Andorra's duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts. Andorra's comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of neighboring France and Spain have been opened up, providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs. The banking sector, with its partial "tax haven" status, also contributes substantially to the economy. Agricultural production is limited - only 2% of the land is arable - and most food has to be imported. The principal livestock activity is sheep raising. Manufacturing output consists mainly of cigarettes, cigars, and furniture. Andorra is a member of the EU Customs Union and is treated as an EU member for trade in manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member for agricultural products.
GDP: $1,840,000,000 USD Currency: euro
GDP per Capita: $24,000 USD Currency Code: EUR;
GDP Growth Rate: 4.00 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: uros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 0.00 % GDP of Industry: 0.00 %
GDP of Services: 0.00 %  
Inflation Rate: 4.30 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 2,347,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $373,500,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $373,500,000 USD
Electricity Production: 0 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 0 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 0.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.99% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $0 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: small quantities of rye, wheat, barley, oats, vegetables; sheep
Primary Industries: tourism (particularly skiing), cattle raising, timber, banking
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
Import Amount in USD: $1,077,000,000 USD - consumer goods, food, electricity
Import Partners: Spain 51.5%, France 22.3%, US 0.3%
Export Amount in USD: $145,000,000 USD - tobacco products, furniture
Export Partners: Spain 58%, France 34%
GINI Index: 0.00%
Labor Force Number of People: 48,740
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 0.34%, industry 19.63%, services 80.03%
  Andorra Facts |  Principality of Andorra Information | Andorra Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 15 Number of People with Radios: 16,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 0 Number of People with Televisions: 27,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 35,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 51,900
Internet Service Providers: 7,058 Internet Users: 11,000
Internet Country Code: .ad Newspapers: 60
Two Letter Country Code: AN Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 376 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: modern system with microwave radio relay connections between exchanges international: country code - 376; landline circuits to France and Spain
  Andorra Facts |  Principality of Andorra Information | Andorra Statistics  


Highways: 198 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 0 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: NA
Ports and Harbors: NA
  Andorra Facts |  Principality of Andorra Information | Andorra Statistics  
Population: 71,201 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 8.71 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 157.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 6.25 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.89% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.30 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 5,456 Population Female 0-14: 4,994
Population Male 15-64: 26 Population Female 15-64: 24
Population Male 65+: 4,918 Population Female 65+: 5,029
Population 0-14: 14.70% Literacy Rate: 100.00%
Population 15-64: 71.40% Literacy rate of Males: 100.00%
Population 65+: 14.00% Literacy rate of Females: 100.00%
Population that is Male: 54.00 % Population that is Female: 46.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 83.51 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 4.04 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 80.61 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 86.61 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 6.74
Nationality: ANDORRAN
Ethnic Groups: Spanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6% 
Primary Language: Catalan
Other Languages: Catalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
Other Religions: Roman Catholic (predominant)
  Andorra Facts |  Principality of Andorra Information | Andorra Statistics  
Branches: no regular military forces, Police Service of Andorra
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
Manpower Available: 18,418 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 14,721 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 369 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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