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Anguilla Facts

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Background: Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency, along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.
Common Name: Anguilla Local Official Name: Anguilla
Abbreviated Name: Anguilla Official Name: Anguilla
Official Script Name: Anguilla Local Common Name: Anguilla
Former Name: Anguilla Territory of: UK
Head of State: Queen ELIZABETH II
Government Type: overseas territory of the UK
Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Constitution: Anguilla Constitutional Order 1982 April 1; amended 1990
National Holiday: Anguilla Day, 30 May
International Organization Participation: Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS (associate), UPU
Administrative Divisions: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on English common law
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Andrew N. GEORGE (since 10 July 2006) head of government: Chief Minister Osbourne FLEMING (since 3 March 2000) cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor Legislative Branch: unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats total, 7 elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members, and 2 appointed; members serve five-year terms) elections: last held 21 February 2005 (next to be held 2010) election results: percent of vote by party - AUF 38.9%, ANSA 19.2%, AUM 19.4%, APP 9.5%, independents 13%; seats by party - AUF 4, ANSA 2, AUM 1 Judicial Branch: High Court (judge provided by Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court)
Party Leaders: Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]; The Anguilla United Front or AUF [Osbourne FLEMING, Victor BANKS], a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA; Anguilla Progressive Party or APP [Roy ROGERS]; Anguilla Strategic Alternative or ANSA [Edison BAIRD]
International Disputes: NA
Illicit Drugs: transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe 
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Location of Anguilla: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
Continent: North America Land Area Total: 102 sq km 
Region: Caribbean Land Area Land: 102 sq km
Capitol City: The Valley Land Area Water: 0 sq km
Latitude: 018 15 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 063 10 W Border Boundary Coastline: 61 km 
Arable Land: 0.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 65 m Location: Crocus Hill
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Caribbean Sea
Largest City in Anguilla: Largest City Population: 0
Threatened Species: 0
Environmental Issues: supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system
Environmental Agreements: NA
Irrigated Land: 0
Bordering Countries: NA
Natural Resources: salt, fish, lobster
Geographical Terrain: flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
Comparative Area of Anguilla: about half the size of Washington, DC
Anguilla's Geography: the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles

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General Climate: tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
Natural Hazards: frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)
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Economic Overview: Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry, which has spurred the growth of the construction sector, has contributed to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small, but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.
GDP: $108,900,000 USD Currency: East Caribbean dollar
GDP per Capita: $8,800 USD Currency Code: XCD
GDP Growth Rate: 10.20 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003), 2.7 (2002), 2.7 (2001) note: fixed rate since 1976
GDP of Agriculture: 4.00 % GDP of Industry: 18.00 %
GDP of Services: 78.00 %  
Inflation Rate: 5.30 % Population in Poverty: 23.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 8.00 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $22,800,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $22,500,000 USD
Electricity Production: 42,600,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 42,600,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 0.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $8,800,000 USD Received in economic aid: $9,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising
Primary Industries: tourism, boat building, offshore financial services
Industrial Growth Rate: 3.10 %
Import Amount in USD: $129,900,000 USD - fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals, trucks, textiles
Import Partners: US, Puerto Rico, UK
Export Amount in USD: $14,560,000 USD - lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks, rum
Export Partners: UK, US, Puerto Rico, Saint-Martin
GINI Index: 0.00%
Labor Force Number of People: 6,049
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining 4%, manufacturing 3%, construction 18%, transportation and utilities 10%, commerce 36%, services 29%
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 9 Number of People with Radios: 3,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 1,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 6,200 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 1,800
Internet Service Providers: 403 Internet Users: 3,000
Internet Country Code: .ai Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: AV Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 1-264 Electricity Voltage: 110 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: modern internal telephone system international: country code - 1-264; microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles)
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Highways: 65 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 1 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: NA
Ports and Harbors: Blowing Point, Road Bay
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Population: 13 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 14.17 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 0.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 5.30 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.57% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.73 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 1,557 Population Female 0-14: 1,510
Population Male 15-64: 4,878 Population Female 15-64: 4,608
Population Male 65+: 412 Population Female 65+: 512
Population 0-14: 22.80% Literacy Rate: 95.00%
Population 15-64: 70.40% Literacy rate of Males: 95.00%
Population 65+: 6.90% Literacy rate of Females: 95.00%
Population that is Male: 51.50 % Population that is Female: 48.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 77.28 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 20.32 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 74.35 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 80.30 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 6.90
Nationality: ANGUILLAN
Ethnic Groups: black (predominant) 90.1%, mixed, mulatto 4.6%, white 3.7%, other 1.5% (2001 Census) 
Primary Language: English
Other Languages: English (official)
Primary Religion: Anglican
Other Religions: Anglican 29%, Methodist 23.9%, other Protestant 30.2%, Roman Catholic 5.7%, other Christian 1.7%, other 5.2%, none or unspecified 4.3%
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Branches: defense is the responsibility of the UK
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
Manpower Available: 3,614 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 2,986 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 120 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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