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Aruba Facts

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Background: Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.
Common Name: Aruba Local Official Name: Aruba
Abbreviated Name: Aruba Official Name: Aruba
Official Script Name: Aruba Local Common Name: Aruba
Former Name: Aruba Territory of: NA
Head of State: Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands
Government Type: parliamentary democracy
Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Constitution: 1986 January 1
National Holiday: Flag Day, 18 March
International Organization Participation: ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, UNESCO (associate), UPU, WCL, WMO, WToO (associate)
Administrative Divisions: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Dependent Areas: member country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs
Legal System: based on Dutch civil law system, with some English common law influence
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980), represented by Governor General Fredis REFUNJOL (since 11 May 2004) head of government: Prime Minister Nelson O. ODUBER (since 30 October 2001) cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Staten elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed for a six-year term by the monarch; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by the Staten for four-year terms; election last held 2005 (next to be held by 2009) election results: Nelson O. ODUBER elected prime minister; percent of legislative vote - NA Legislative Branch: unicameral Legislature or Staten (21 seats; members elected by direct, popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 23 September 2005 (next to be held by in 2009) election results: percent of vote by party - MEP 43%, AVP 32%, MPA 7%, RED 7%, PDR 6%, OLA 4%, PPA 2%; seats by party - MEP 11, AVP 8, MPA 1, RED 1 Judicial Branch: Joint High Court of Justice (judges are appointed by the monarch)
Party Leaders: Aliansa/Aruban Social Movement or MSA [Robert WEVER]; Aruban Liberal Organization or OLA [Glenbert CROES]; Aruban Patriotic Movement or MPA [Monica ARENDS-KOCK]; Aruban Patriotic Party or PPA [Benny NISBET]; Aruban People's Party or AVP [Mike EMAN]; People's Electoral Movement Party or MEP [Nelson O. ODUBER]; Real Democracy or PDR [Andin BIKKER]; RED [Rudy LAMPE]; Workers Political Platform or PTT [Gregorio WOLFF]
International Disputes: NA
Illicit Drugs: transit point for US- and Europe-bound narcotics with some accompanying money-laundering activity 
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Location of Aruba: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela
Continent: North America Land Area Total: 193 sq km 
Region: Caribbean Land Area Land: 193 sq km
Capitol City: Oranjestad Land Area Water: 0 sq km
Latitude: 012 30 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 069 58 W Border Boundary Coastline: 68 km 
Arable Land: 10.53 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 188 m Location: Mount Jamanota
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Caribbean Sea
Largest City in Aruba: Largest City Population: 0
Threatened Species: 0
Environmental Issues: NA
Environmental Agreements: NA
Irrigated Land: 0
Bordering Countries: NA
Natural Resources: NEGL; white sandy beaches
Geographical Terrain: flat with a few hills; scant vegetation
Comparative Area of Aruba: slightly larger than Washington, DC
Aruba's Geography: a flat, riverless island renowned for its white sand beaches; its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean; the temperature is almost constant at about 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees Fahrenheit)

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General Climate: tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
Natural Hazards: lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt
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Economic Overview: Tourism is the mainstay of the small, open Aruban economy, with offshore banking and oil refining and storage also important. The rapid growth of the tourism sector over the last decade has resulted in a substantial expansion of other activities. Over 1.5 million tourists per year visit Aruba, with 75% of those from the US. Construction continues to boom, with hotel capacity five times the 1985 level. In addition, the reopening of the country's oil refinery in 1993, a major source of employment and foreign exchange earnings, has further spurred growth. Tourist arrivals have rebounded strongly following a dip after the 11 September 2001 attacks. The island experiences only a brief low season, and hotel occupancy in 2004 averaged 80%, compared to 68% throughout the rest of the Caribbean. The newly re-elected government has made cutting the budget and trade deficits a high priority.
GDP: $2,258,000,000 USD Currency: Aruban guilder/florin
GDP per Capita: $21,800 USD Currency Code: AWG
GDP Growth Rate: 2.40 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: Aruban guilders/florins per US dollar - 1.79 (2005), 1.79 (2004), 1.79 (2003), 1.79 (2002), 1.79 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 0.40 % GDP of Industry: 33.30 %
GDP of Services: 66.30 %  
Inflation Rate: 3.40 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 6.90 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $507,900,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $577,900,000 USD
Electricity Production: 770,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 716,100,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 2,363 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 6,500 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $478,600,000 USD Received in economic aid: $-11,300,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: aloes; livestock; fish
Primary Industries: tourism, transshipment facilities, oil refining
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
Import Amount in USD: $875,000,000 USD - machinery and electrical equipment, crude oil for refining and reexport, chemicals; foodstuffs
Import Partners: US 55.9%, Netherlands 12.9%, UK 3.8%
Export Amount in USD: $80,000,000 USD - live animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and electrical equipment, transport equipment
Export Partners: Netherlands 33.5%, Panama 16.7%, Colombia 11.9%, US 11.3%, Venezuela 10.1%, Netherlands Antilles 9%
GINI Index: 0.00%
Labor Force Number of People: 41,500
Labor Force by Occupations: most employment is in wholesale and retail trade and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants; oil refining
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 18 Number of People with Radios: 50,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 20,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 37,100 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 98,400
Internet Service Providers: 11,548 Internet Users: 24,000
Internet Country Code: .aw Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: AA Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 297 Electricity Voltage: 127 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: modern fully automatic telecommunications system domestic: increased competition through privatization; 3 wireless service providers are now licensed international: country code - 297; 1 submarine cable to Sint Maarten (Netherlands Antilles); extensive interisland microwave radio relay links
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Highways: 513 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 1 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines:
Ports and Harbors: Barcadera, Oranjestad, Sint Nicolaas
  Aruba Facts |  Aruba Information | Aruba Statistics  
Population: 71,891 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 11.03 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 0.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 6.68 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.44% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.79 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 7,175 Population Female 0-14: 6,849
Population Male 15-64: 23,894 Population Female 15-64: 25,140
Population Male 65+: 3,616 Population Female 65+: 5,217
Population 0-14: 19.50% Literacy Rate: 97.00%
Population 15-64: 68.20% Literacy rate of Males: 0.00%
Population 65+: 12.30% Literacy rate of Females: 0.00%
Population that is Male: 46.50 % Population that is Female: 53.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 79.28 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 5.79 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 75.95 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 82.78 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
Nationality: ARUBAN; DUTCH
Ethnic Groups: mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80% 
Primary Language: Dutch
Other Languages: Dutch (official), Papiamento (a Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, English dialect), English (widely spoken), Spanish
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 82%, Protestant 8%, Hindu, Muslim, Confucian, Jewish
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Branches: no regular indigenous military forces; Royal Netherlands Navy and Marines, Coast Guard Note : defense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
Manpower Available: 16,278 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 13,219 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 520 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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