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Azerbaijan Facts

Azerbaijan Facts | Republic of Azerbaijan Information | Azerbaijan Statistics | Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic

Azerbaijan Facts |  Republic of Azerbaijan Information | Azerbaijan Statistics Azerbaijan Facts |  Republic of Azerbaijan Information | Azerbaijan Statistics
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AZERBAIJANI, AZERI Flag
 
 AZERBAIJANI, AZERI POLITICAL
  Azerbaijan Facts |  Republic of Azerbaijan Information | Azerbaijan Statistics  
Background: Azerbaijan - a nation with a Turkic and majority-Muslim population - was briefly independent from 1918 to 1920; it regained its independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Despite a 1994 cease-fire, Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over the Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh enclave (largely Armenian populated). Azerbaijan has lost 16% of its territory and must support some 528,000 internally displaced persons as a result of the conflict. Corruption is ubiquitous, and the promise of widespread wealth from Azerbaijan's undeveloped petroleum resources remains largely unfulfilled.
 
 
Common Name: Azerbaijan Local Official Name: Azarbaycan
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Azerbaijan Official Name: Azarbaycan Respublikasi
Official Script Name: Azerbaijan Local Common Name: Azerbaijan
Former Name: Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Ilham ALIYEV
 
Government Type: Republic
 
Independence: 1991 August 30 (from Soviet Union)
 
Constitution: 1995 November 12 (adopted)
 
National Holiday: Founding of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaidzhan, 28 May
 
International Organization Participation: AsDB, BSEC, CE, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, FAO, GUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM (observer), OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO (observer)
 
Administrative Divisions: 59 rayons (rayonlar; rayon - singular), 11 cities (saharlar; sahar - singular), 1 autonomous republic (muxtar respublika) Rayons: Abseron Rayonu, Agcabadi Rayonu, Agdam Rayonu, Agdas Rayonu, Agstafa Rayonu, Agsu Rayonu, Astara Rayonu, Balakan Rayonu, Barda Rayonu, Beylaqan Rayonu, Bilasuvar Rayonu, Cabrayil Rayonu, Calilabad Rayonu, Daskasan Rayonu, Davaci Rayonu, Fuzuli Rayonu, Gadabay Rayonu, Goranboy Rayonu, Goycay Rayonu, Haciqabul Rayonu, Imisli Rayonu, Ismayilli Rayonu, Kalbacar Rayonu, Kurdamir Rayonu, Lacin Rayonu, Lankaran Rayonu, Lerik Rayonu, Masalli Rayonu, Neftcala Rayonu, Oguz Rayonu, Qabala Rayonu, Qax Rayonu, Qazax Rayonu, Qobustan Rayonu, Quba Rayonu, Qubadli Rayonu, Qusar Rayonu, Saatli Rayonu, Sabirabad Rayonu, Saki Rayonu, Salyan Rayonu, Samaxi Rayonu, Samkir Rayonu, Samux Rayonu, Siyazan Rayonu, Susa Rayonu, Tartar Rayonu, Tovuz Rayonu, Ucar Rayonu, Xacmaz Rayonu, Xanlar Rayonu, Xizi Rayonu, Xocali Rayonu, Xocavand Rayonu, Yardimli Rayonu, Yevlax Rayonu, Zangilan Rayonu, Zaqatala Rayonu, Zardab Rayonu Cities: Ali Bayramli Sahari, Baki Sahari, Ganca Sahari, Lankaran Sahari, Mingacevir Sahari, Naftalan Sahari, Saki Sahari, Sumqayit Sahari, Susa Sahari, Xankandi Sahari, Yevlax Sahari autonomous republic: Naxcivan Muxtar Respublikasi
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on civil law system
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: Chief of state: President Ilham ALIYEV (since 31 October 2003) head of government: Prime Minister Artur RASIZADE (since 4 November 2003); First Deputy Prime Minister Abbas ABBASOV (since 10 November 2003) Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president and confirmed by the National Assembly Elections: president elected by popular vote to a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 15 October 2003 (next to be held October 2008); prime minister and first deputy prime ministers appointed by the president and confirmed by the National Assembly Election results: Ilham ALIYEV elected president; percent of vote - Ilham ALIYEV 76.8%, Isa GAMBAR 14% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly or Milli Mejlis (125 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) Elections: last held 6 November 2005 (next to be held in November 2010) Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Yeni 58, Azadliq coalition 8, CSP 2, YES 2, Motherland 2, other parties with single seats 7, independents 42, undetermined 4 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court
 
Party Leaders: Azerbaijan Popular Front or APF [Ali KARIMLI, leader of "Reform" faction; Mirmahmud MIRALI-OGLU, leader of "Classic" faction]; Civic Solidarity Party or CSP [Sabir RUSTAMKHANLY]; Civic Union Party [Ayaz MUTALIBOV]; Communist Party of Azerbaijan or CPA [Ramiz AHMADOV]; Compatriot Party [Mais SAFARLI]; Democratic Party for Azerbaijan or DPA [Rasul QULIYEV, chairman]; Justice Party [Ilyas ISMAILOV]; Liberal Party of Azerbaijan [Lala Shovkat HACIYEVA]; Motherland Party; Musavat [Isa GAMBAR, chairman]; Yeni Azerbaijan Party; Party for National Independence of Azerbaijan or PNIA [Etibar MAMMADLI, chairman]; Social Democratic Party of Azerbaijan or SDP [Araz ALIZADE and Ayaz MUTALIBOV] Note: opposition parties regularly factionalize and form new parties
 
International Disputes: Armenia supports ethnic Armenian secessionists in Nagorno-Karabakh and since the early 1990s has militarily occupied 16% of Azerbaijan; over 800,000 mostly ethnic Azerbaijanis were driven from the occupied lands and Armenia; about 230,000 ethnic Armenians were driven from their homes in Azerbaijan into Armenia; Azerbaijan seeks transit route through Armenia to connect to Naxcivan exclave; Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) continues to mediate dispute; Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Russia ratify Caspian seabed delimitation treaties based on equidistance, while Iran continues to insist on an even one-fifth allocation and challenges Azerbaijan's hydrocarbon exploration in disputed waters; bilateral talks continue with Turkmenistan on dividing the seabed and contested oilfields in the middle of the Caspian; Azerbaijan and Georgia continue to discuss the alignment of their boundary at certain crossing areas.
 
Illicit Drugs: Limited illicit cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy, mostly for CIS consumption; small government eradication program; transit point for Southwest Asian opiates bound for Russia and to a lesser extent the rest of Europe. 
 
 
 AZERBAIJANI, AZERI GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Azerbaijan: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range
 
Continent: Asia Land Area Total: 86,600 sq km 
Region: Western Asia Land Area Land: 86,100 sq km
Capitol City: Baku Land Area Water: 500 sq km
      
Latitude: 040 30 N Border Boundary Land: 2,013 km
Longitude: 047 30 E Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
  
Arable Land: 20.62 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 2.61 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 4,485 m Location: Bazarduzu Dagi
Lowest Elevation: -28 m Location: Caspian Sea
  
Largest City in Azerbaijan: Baku Baku Largest City Population: 1,918,000
  
Threatened Species: 37
 
Environmental Issues: Local scientists consider the Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) (including Baku and Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world because of severe air, water, and soil pollution; soil pollution results from the use of DDT as a pesticide and also from toxic defoliants used in the production of cotton.
 
Environmental Agreements: Party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands Signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 14,550
 
Bordering Countries: Armenia (with Azerbaijan-proper) 566 km, Armenia (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 221 km, Georgia 322 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-proper) 432 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 179 km, Russia 284 km, Turkey 9 km
 
Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, alumina
 
Geographical Terrain: large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea
 
Comparative Area of Azerbaijan: slightly smaller than Maine
 
Azerbaijan's Geography: both the main area of the country and the Naxcivan exclave are landlocked
 

 AZERBAIJANI, AZERI CLIMATE
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General Climate: dry, semiarid steppe
 
Natural Hazards: droughts
 
 
 AZERBAIJANI, AZERI ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Azerbaijan's number one export is oil. Azerbaijan's oil production declined through 1997, but has registered an increase every year since. Negotiation of production-sharing arrangements (PSAs) with foreign firms, which have thus far committed $60 billion to long-term oilfield development, should generate the funds needed to spur future industrial development. Oil production under the first of these PSAs, with the Azerbaijan International Operating Company, began in November 1997. A consortium of Western oil companies is scheduled to begin pumping 1 million barrels a day from a large offshore field in early 2006, through a $4 billion pipeline it built from Baku to Turkey's Mediterranean port of Ceyhan. Economists estimate that by 2010 revenues from this project will double the country's current GDP. Azerbaijan shares all the formidable problems of the former Soviet republics in making the transition from a command to a market economy, but its considerable energy resources brighten its long-term prospects. Baku has only recently begun making progress on economic reform, and old economic ties and structures are slowly being replaced. Several other obstacles impede Azerbaijan's economic progress: the need for stepped up foreign investment in the non-energy sector, the continuing conflict with Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, and the pervasive corruption. Trade with Russia and the other former Soviet republics is declining in importance while trade is building with Turkey and the nations of Europe. Long-term prospects will depend on world oil prices, the location of new pipelines in the region, and Azerbaijan's ability to manage its oil wealth.
 
 
GDP: $37,920,000,000 USD Currency: Azerbaijani manat
GDP per Capita: $4,800 USD Currency Code: AZM
GDP Growth Rate: 26.40 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Azerbaijani manats per US dollar - 4,727.1 (2005), 4,913.48 (2004), 4,910.73 (2003), 4,860.82 (2002), 4,656.58 (2001) Note: on 1 January 2006 Azerbaijan revalued its currency, with 5,000 old manats equal to 1 new manat
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 14.10 % GDP of Industry: 45.70 %
GDP of Services: 40.20 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 9.60 % Population in Poverty: 49.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 1.10 % Tourism: 602,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 2.80 % Budget Revenue in USD: $3,180,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 27.80 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $2,986,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 20,000,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 700,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 20,250,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 2,350,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 91.37% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 8.63% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 477,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 5,130,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 123,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 9,200,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 1,000,000,000 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 589,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 849,500,000,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $1,873,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $140,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: cotton, grain, rice, grapes, fruit, vegetables, tea, tobacco; cattle, pigs, sheep, goats
 
Primary Industries: petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore, cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 40.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $4,656,000,000 USD - machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, metals, chemicals
 
Import Partners: Russia 18.9%, Germany 12.1%, UK 8.5%, Turkey 7.4%, Ukraine 6.4%, Netherlands 5.3%, China 5.2%, France 4.1%
 
Export Amount in USD: $6,117,000,000 USD - oil and gas 90%, machinery, cotton, foodstuffs
 
Export Partners: Italy 29.1%, Czech Republic 14.3%, France 12%, Germany 9.5%, Russia 5%, Romania 4.5%,
 
    
GINI Index: 36.50%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 5,450,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture and forestry 41%, industry 7%, services 52%
 
  
 AZERBAIJANI, AZERI COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 28 Number of People with Radios: 175,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Televisions: 170,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 1,091,400 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 1,456,500
 
Internet Service Providers: 460 Internet Users: 408,000
 
Internet Country Code: .az Newspapers: 27
Two Letter Country Code: AJ Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +994 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: General assessment: inadequate; requires considerable expansion and modernization; teledensity of 10 main lines per 100 persons is low Domestic: the majority of telephones are in Baku and other industrial centers - about 700 villages still without public telephone service; satellite service connects Baku to a modern switch in its exclave of Naxcivan International: country code - 994; the old Soviet system of cable and microwave is still serviceable; satellite earth stations - 2
 
  
 AZERBAIJANI, AZERI TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 12,698 km Railways: 2,957 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 5,969 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 27 Heliports: 1
 
Motor Vehicles: 56 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 31,852,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 84 ships (1000 GRT or over) 405,395 GRT/436,666 DWT by type: cargo 26, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 8, petroleum tanker 43, roll on/roll off 2, specialized tanker 3 registered in other countries: 4 (Georgia 2, Malta 2)
 
Ports and Harbors: Baku (Baki)
 
  
 AZERBAIJANI, AZERI PEOPLE
  Azerbaijan Facts |  Republic of Azerbaijan Information | Azerbaijan Statistics  
 
Population: 7,961,619 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 20.74 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 97.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 9.75 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.66% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.46 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 1,046,501 Population Female 0-14: 1,011,492
Population Male 15-64: 2,573,134 Population Female 15-64: 2,706,275
Population Male 65+: 246,556 Population Female 65+: 377,661
 
Population 0-14: 25.80% Literacy Rate: 98.80%
Population 15-64: 66.30% Literacy rate of Males: 99.50%
Population 65+: 7.80% Literacy rate of Females: 98.20%
 
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 63.85 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 79.00 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 59.78 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 68.13 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 1,400
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -4.38
 
Nationality: AZERBAIJANI, AZERI
 
Ethnic Groups: Azeri 90.6%, Dagestani 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.9% 
 
  
Primary Language: Azerbaijani
 
Other Languages: Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, other 6%
 
 
Primary Religion: Muslim
 
Other Religions: Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% Note: Religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower.
 
  
 AZERBAIJANI, AZERI MILITARY
  Azerbaijan Facts |  Republic of Azerbaijan Information | Azerbaijan Statistics  
  
Branches: Army, Navy, Air and Air Defense Forces
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 3,995,159 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 2,991,363 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 160,425 People per year
 
Expenditures: $121,000,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 2.60
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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