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Botswana Facts

Botswana Facts | Republic of Botswana Information | Botswana Statistics | Bechuanaland

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MOTSWANA (singular), BATSWANA (plura Flag
 
 MOTSWANA (singular), BATSWANA (plura POLITICAL
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Background: Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves. Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.
 
 
Common Name: Botswana Local Official Name: Botswana
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Botswana Official Name: Botswana
Official Script Name: Botswana Local Common Name: Botswana
Former Name: Bechuanaland Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Festus G. MOGAE
 
Government Type: parliamentary republic
 
Independence: 1966 September 30 (from UK)
 
Constitution: 1965 March (effective 30 September 1966)
 
National Holiday: Independence Day (Botswana Day), 30 September
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AfDB, AU, C, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 9 districts and 5 town councils*; Central, Francistown*, Gaborone*, Ghanzi, Jwaneng*, Kgalagadi, Kgatleng, Kweneng, Lobatse*, Northeast, Northwest, Selebi-Pikwe*, Southeast, Southern
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on Roman-Dutch law and local customary law; judicial review limited to matters of interpretation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Festus G. MOGAE (since 1 April 1998) and Vice President Seretse Ian KHAMA (since 13 July 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Festus G. MOGAE (since 1 April 1998) and Vice President Seretse Ian KHAMA (since 13 July 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president elections: president indirectly elected for a five-year term; election last held 20 October 2004 (next to be held in 2009); vice president appointed by the president election results: Festus G. MOGAE elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - 52% Legislative Branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the House of Chiefs (a largely advisory 15-member body with 8 permanent members consisting of the chiefs of the principal tribes, and 7 non-permanent members serving 5-year terms, consisting of 4 elected subchiefs and 3 members selected by the other 12 members) and the National Assembly (63 seats, 57 members are directly elected by popular vote, 4 are appointed by the majority party, and 2, the President and Attorney-General, serve as ex-officio members; members serve five-year terms) elections: National Assembly elections last held 30 October 2004 (next to be held October 2009) election results: percent of vote by party - BDP 51.7%, BNF 26.1%, BCP 16.6%, other 5%; seats by party - BDP 44, BNF 12, BCP 1 Judicial Branch: High Court; Court of Appeal; Magistrates' Courts (one in each district)
 
Party Leaders: Botswana Alliance Movement or BAM [Ephraim Lepetu SETSHWAELO]; Botswana Congress Party or BCP [Otlaadisa KOOSALETSE]; Botswana Democratic Party or BDP [Festus G. MOGAE]; Botswana National Front or BNF [Otswoletse MOUPO]; Botswana Peoples Party or BPP [leader NA]; MELS Movement of Botswana or MELS [leader NA]; New Democratic Front or NDF [leader NA] note: a number of minor parties joined forces in 1999 to form the BAM but did not capture any parliamentary seats - includes the United Action Party [Ephraim Lepetu SETSHWAELO]; the Independence Freedom Party or IFP [Motsamai MPHO]; the Botswana Progressive Union [D. K. KWELE]
 
International Disputes: commission established with Namibia has yet to resolve small residual disputes along the Caprivi Strip, including the Situngu marshlands along the Linyanti River; downstream Botswana residents protest Namibia's planned construction of the Okavango hydroelectric dam at Popavalle (Popa Falls); Botswana has built electric fences to stem the thousands of Zimbabweans who flee to find work and escape political persecution; Namibia has long supported and in 2004 Zimbabwe dropped objections to plans between Botswana and Zambia to build a bridge over the Zambezi River, thereby de facto recognizing their short, but not clearly delimited Botswana-Zambia boundary
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 MOTSWANA (singular), BATSWANA (plura GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Botswana: Southern Africa, north of South Africa
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 600,370 sq km 
Region: Southern African Land Area Land: 585,370 sq km
Capitol City: Gaborone Land Area Water: 15,000 sq km
      
Latitude: 022 00 S Border Boundary Land: 4,013 km
Longitude: 024 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
  
Arable Land: 0.65 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.01 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,489 m Location: Tsodilo Hills
Lowest Elevation: 513 m Location: junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers
  
Largest City in Botswana: Gaborone Gaborone Largest City Population: 254,000
  
Threatened Species: 12
 
Environmental Issues: overgrazing; desertification; limited fresh water resources
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 10
 
Bordering Countries: Namibia 1,360 km, South Africa 1,840 km, Zimbabwe 813 km
 
Natural Resources: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver
 
Geographical Terrain: predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest
 
Comparative Area of Botswana: slightly smaller than Texas
 
Botswana's Geography: landlocked; population concentrated in eastern part of the country
 

 MOTSWANA (singular), BATSWANA (plura CLIMATE
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General Climate: semiarid; warm winters and hot summers
 
Natural Hazards: periodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility
 
 
 MOTSWANA (singular), BATSWANA (plura ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Botswana has maintained one of the world's highest economic growth rates since independence in 1966. Through fiscal discipline and sound management, Botswana has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in the world to a middle-income country with a per capita GDP of $10,000 in 2005. Two major investment services rank Botswana as the best credit risk in Africa. Diamond mining has fueled much of the expansion and currently accounts for more than one-third of GDP and for 70-80% of export earnings. Tourism, financial services, subsistence farming, and cattle raising are other key sectors. On the downside, the government must deal with high rates of unemployment and poverty. Unemployment officially is 23.8%, but unofficial estimates place it closer to 40%. HIV/AIDS infection rates are the second highest in the world and threaten Botswana's impressive economic gains. An expected leveling off in diamond mining production overshadows long-term prospects.
 
 
GDP: $17,240,000,000 USD Currency: pula
GDP per Capita: $10,500 USD Currency Code: BWP
GDP Growth Rate: 4.50 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: pulas per US dollar - 5.1104 (2005), 4.6929 (2004), 4.9499 (2003), 6.3278 (2002), 5.8412 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 2.40 % GDP of Industry: 46.90 %
GDP of Services: 50.70 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 8.30 % Population in Poverty: 30.30 %
Unemployment Rate: 23.80 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $3,766,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $3,767,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 891,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 2,641,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 1,390,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $556,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $73,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: livestock, sorghum, maize, millet, beans, sunflowers, groundnuts
 
Primary Industries: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash; livestock processing; textiles
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 3.40 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $3,370,000,000 USD - foodstuffs, machinery, electrical goods, transport equipment, textiles, fuel and petroleum products, wood and paper products, metal and metal products
 
Import Partners: Southern African Customs Union (SACU) 74%, EFTA 17%, Zimbabwe 4%
 
Export Amount in USD: $3,680,000,000 USD - diamonds 80%, copper, nickel, soda ash, meat, textiles
 
Export Partners: European Free Trade Association (EFTA) 87%, Southern African Customs Union (SACU) 7%, Zimbabwe 4%
 
    
GINI Index: 63.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 288,400
 
Labor Force by Occupations: NA
 
  
 MOTSWANA (singular), BATSWANA (plura COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 25 Number of People with Radios: 252,720
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 31,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 136,500 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 571,400
 
Internet Service Providers: 1,621 Internet Users: 60,000
 
Internet Country Code: .bw Newspapers: 27
Two Letter Country Code: BC Weights and Measures: metric
Phone Country Code: 267 Electricity Voltage: 231 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: the system is expanding with the growth of mobile cellular service and participation in regional development domestic: small system of open-wire lines, microwave radio relay links, and a few radiotelephone communication stations; mobile cellular service is growing fast international: country code - 267; two international exchanges; digital microwave radio relay links to Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
 
  
 MOTSWANA (singular), BATSWANA (plura TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 8,867 km Railways: 888 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 10 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 70 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 3,356,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: NA
 
  
 MOTSWANA (singular), BATSWANA (plura PEOPLE
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Population: 1,639,833 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 23.08 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 3.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 29.50 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: -0.04% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.79 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 319,531 Population Female 0-14: 309,074
Population Male 15-64: 460,692 Population Female 15-64: 488,577
Population Male 65+: 23,374 Population Female 65+: 38,585
 
Population 0-14: 38.30% Literacy Rate: 79.80%
Population 15-64: 57.90% Literacy rate of Males: 76.90%
Population 65+: 3.80% Literacy rate of Females: 82.40%
 
Population that is Male: 48.00 % Population that is Female: 52.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 33.74 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 53.70 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 33.90 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 33.56 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 37.30% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 350,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 33,000
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 6.07
 
Nationality: MOTSWANA (singular), BATSWANA (plura
 
Ethnic Groups: Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7% 
 
  
Primary Language: Setswana
 
Other Languages: Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4%
 
 
Primary Religion: Christian
 
Other Religions: Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6%
 
  
 MOTSWANA (singular), BATSWANA (plura MILITARY
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Branches: Botswana Defense Force (including Army and Air Wing), Botswana National Police
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years of age years
 
Manpower Available: 712,291 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 272,637 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 42,482 People per year
 
Expenditures: $135,000,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 3.40
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 MOTSWANA (singular), BATSWANA (plura RESOURCES
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