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Burkina Faso Facts

Burkina Faso Facts | Burkina Faso Information | Burkina Faso Statistics | Upper Volta, Republic of Upper Volta

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Burkina Faso Facts |  Burkina Faso Information | Burkina Faso Statistics Burkina Faso Facts |  Burkina Faso Information | Burkina Faso Statistics
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Background: Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) achieved independence from France in 1960. Repeated military coups during the 1970s and 1980s were followed by multiparty elections in the early 1990s. Burkina Faso's high population density and limited natural resources result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens. Recent unrest in Cote d'Ivoire and northern Ghana has hindered the ability of several hundred thousand seasonal Burkinabe farm workers to find employment in neighboring countries.
Common Name: Burkina Faso Local Official Name: Burkina Faso
Abbreviated Name: Burkina Faso Official Name: Burkina Faso
Official Script Name: Burkina Faso Local Common Name: Burkina Faso
Former Name: Upper Volta, Republic of Upper Volta Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Blaise COMPAORE
Government Type: parliamentary republic
Independence: 1960 August 5 (from France)
Constitution: 1991 June 2 (approved by referendum (1991 June 11 formally adopted; amended 2000 April)
National Holiday: Republic Day, 11 December
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, CEMAC, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OIF, ONUB, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOCI, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Administrative Divisions: 45 provinces; Bale, Bam, Banwa, Bazega, Bougouriba, Boulgou, Boulkiemde, Comoe, Ganzourgou, Gnagna, Gourma, Houet, Ioba, Kadiogo, Kenedougou, Komondjari, Kompienga, Kossi, Koulpelogo, Kouritenga, Kourweogo, Leraba, Loroum, Mouhoun, Nahouri, Namentenga, Nayala, Noumbiel, Oubritenga, Oudalan, Passore, Poni, Sanguie, Sanmatenga, Seno, Sissili, Soum, Sourou, Tapoa, Tuy, Yagha, Yatenga, Ziro, Zondoma, Zoundweogo
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on French civil law system and customary law
Suffrage: universal years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Blaise COMPAORE (since 15 October 1987) head of government: Prime Minister Ernest Paramanga YONLI (since 6 November 2000) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 13 November 2005 (next to be held in 2010); in April 2000, the constitution was amended reducing the presidential term from seven to five years, enforceable as of 2005, and allowing the president to be reelected only once; prime minister appointed by the president with the consent of the legislature election results: Blaise COMPAORE reelected president; percent of popular vote - Blaise COMPAORE 80.3%, Benewende Stanislas SANKARA 4.9% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (111 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: National Assembly election last held 5 May 2002 (next to be held May 2007) election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CDP 57, RDA-ADF 17, PDP/PS 10, CFD 5, PAI 5, other 17 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court; Appeals Court
Party Leaders: African Democratic Rally-Alliance for Democracy and Federation or RDA-ADF [Herman YAMEOGO]; Confederation for Federation and Democracy or CFD [Amadou Diemdioda DICKO]; Congress for Democracy and Progress or CDP [Roch Marc-Christian KABORE]; Movement for Tolerance and Progress or MTP [Noyabtigungu Congo KABORE]; Party for African Independence or PAI [Philippe OUEDRAOGO]; Party for Democracy and Progress or PDP [Joseph KI-ZERBO]; Union of Greens for the Development of Burkina Faso or UVDB [Ram OVEDRAGO]
International Disputes: two villages are in dispute along the border with Benin; Benin accuses Burkina Faso of moving boundary pillars; Burkina Faso border regions remain a staging area for Liberia and Cote d'Ivoire rebels and an asylum for refugees caught in local fighting; the Ivoirian Government accuses Burkina Faso of sheltering Ivoirian rebels
Illicit Drugs: NA 
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Location of Burkina Faso: Western Africa, north of Ghana
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 274,200 sq km 
Region: Western African Land Area Land: 273,800 sq km
Capitol City: Ouagadougou Land Area Water: 400 sq km
Latitude: 013 00 N Border Boundary Land: 3,193 km
Longitude: 002 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
Arable Land: 17.66 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.22 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 749 m Location: Tena Kourou
Lowest Elevation: 200 m Location: Mouhoun (Black Volta) River
Largest City in Burkina Faso: Ouagadougou Ouagadougou Largest City Population: 1,062,000
Threatened Species: 12
Environmental Issues: recent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities, population distribution, and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Irrigated Land: 250
Bordering Countries: Benin 306 km, Cote d'Ivoire 584 km, Ghana 549 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km
Natural Resources: manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt
Geographical Terrain: mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast
Comparative Area of Burkina Faso: slightly larger than Colorado
Burkina Faso's Geography: landlocked savanna cut by the three principal rivers of the Black, Red, and White Voltas

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General Climate: tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers
Natural Hazards: recurring droughts
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Economic Overview: One of the poorest countries in the world, landlocked Burkina Faso has few natural resources and a weak industrial base. About 90% of the population is engaged in subsistence agriculture, which is vulnerable to harsh climatic conditions. Cotton is the key crop and the government has joined with other cotton producing countries in the region to lobby for improved access to Western markets. GDP growth has largely been driven by increases in world cotton prices. Industry remains dominated by unprofitable government-controlled corporations. Following the CFA franc currency devaluation in January 1994, the government updated its development program in conjunction with international agencies; exports and economic growth have increased. The government devolved macroeconomic policy and inflation targeting to the West African regional central bank (BCEAO), but maintains control over fiscal and microeconomic policies, including implementing reforms to encourage private investment. The bitter internal crisis in neighboring Cote d'Ivoire continues to hurt trade and industrial prospects and deepens the need for international assistance.
GDP: $16,950,000,000 USD Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc
GDP per Capita: $1,300 USD Currency Code: XOF
GDP Growth Rate: 4.50 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003), 696.99 (2002), 733.04 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 39.50 % GDP of Industry: 19.30 %
GDP of Services: 41.30 %  
Inflation Rate: 3.00 % Population in Poverty: 45.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 218,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 2.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $1,033,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 46.80 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $1,382,000,000 USD
Electricity Production: 375,600,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 349,300,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 70.92% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 29.08% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $1,850,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $468,400,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock
Primary Industries: cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold
Industrial Growth Rate: 14.00 %
Import Amount in USD: $992,000,000 USD - capital goods, foodstuffs, petroleum
Import Partners: France 27.9%, Cote d'Ivoire 19.7%, Togo 9.4%
Export Amount in USD: $395,000,000 USD - cotton, livestock, gold
Export Partners: China 32%, Singapore 11.5%, Ghana 4.7%, Bangladesh 4.3%
GINI Index: 48.20%
Labor Force Number of People: 5,000,000
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture: 90% industry and services: 10%
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 23 Number of People with Radios: 394,020
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 131,340
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 81,400 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 398,000
Internet Service Providers: 373 Internet Users: 53,200
Internet Country Code: .bf Newspapers: 1
Two Letter Country Code: UV Weights and Measures: metric
Phone Country Code: 226 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: all services only fair domestic: microwave radio relay, open-wire, and radiotelephone communication stations international: country code - 226; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
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Highways: 2,001 km Railways: 622 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 2 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 5 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 971,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.31 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: NA
Ports and Harbors: NA
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Population: 13,902,972 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 45.62 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 42.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 15.60 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 3.00% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 6.47 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 3,267,202 Population Female 0-14: 3,235,190
Population Male 15-64: 3,513,559 Population Female 15-64: 3,538,623
Population Male 65+: 140,083 Population Female 65+: 208,315
Population 0-14: 46.80% Literacy Rate: 26.60%
Population 15-64: 50.70% Literacy rate of Males: 36.90%
Population 65+: 2.50% Literacy rate of Females: 16.60%
Population that is Male: 49.50 % Population that is Female: 50.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 48.85 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 91.35 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 47.33 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 50.42 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 4.20% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 300,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 29,000
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
Nationality: BURKINABE
Ethnic Groups: Mossi over 40%, Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani 
Primary Language: native African
Other Languages: French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
Primary Religion: Muslim
Other Religions: Muslim 50%, indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) 10%
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Branches: Army, Air Force, National Gendarmerie
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
Manpower Available: 2,651,687 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,530,324 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
Expenditures: $74,830,000 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.30
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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