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Cameroon Facts

Cameroon Facts | Republic of Cameroon Information | Cameroon Statistics | French Cameroon

Cameroon Facts |  Republic of Cameroon Information | Cameroon Statistics Cameroon Facts |  Republic of Cameroon Information | Cameroon Statistics
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 CAMEROONIAN POLITICAL
  Cameroon Facts |  Republic of Cameroon Information | Cameroon Statistics  
Background: The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon merged in 1961 to form the present country. Cameroon has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite a slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of an ethnic oligarchy headed by President Paul BIYA.
 
 
Common Name: Cameroon Local Official Name: Cameroon
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Cameroon Official Name: Cameroon
Official Script Name: Cameroon Local Common Name: Cameroon
Former Name: French Cameroon Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Paul BIYA
 
Government Type: unitary republic; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized in 1990) note: preponderance of power remains with the president
 
Independence: 1960 January 1 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)
 
Constitution: 1972 May 20 approved by referendum (2 June 1972 formally adopted; revised 1996 January)
 
National Holiday: Republic Day (National Day), 20 May
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, C, CEMAC, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITU, MIGA, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 10 provinces; Adamaoua, Centre, Est, Extreme-Nord, Littoral, Nord, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Ouest
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on French civil law system, with common law influence; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 20 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Paul BIYA (since 6 November 1982) head of government: Prime Minister Ephraim INONI (since 8 December 2004) cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from proposals submitted by the prime minister elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 11 October 2004 (next to be held by October 2011); prime minister appointed by the president election results: President Paul BIYA reelected; percent of vote - Paul BIYA 70.9%, John FRU NDI 17.4%, Adamou Ndam NJOYA 4.5%, Garga Haman ADJI 3.7% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (180 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - the president can either lengthen or shorten the term of the legislature elections: last held 23 June 2002 (next to be held in 2007) election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RDCP 133, SDF 21, UDC 5, other 21 note: the constitution calls for an upper chamber for the legislature, to be called a Senate, but it has yet to be established Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president); High Court of Justice (consists of nine judges and 6 substitute judges, elected by the National Assembly)
 
Party Leaders: Cameroonian Democratic Union or UDC [Adamou Ndam NJOYA]; Democratic Rally of the Cameroon People or RDCP [Paul BIYA]; Movement for the Defense of the Republic or MDR [Dakole DAISSALA]; Movement for the Liberation and Development of Cameroon or MLDC [Marcel YONDO]; Movement for the Youth of Cameroon or MYC [Dieudonne TINA]; National Union for Democracy and Progress or UNDP [Maigari BELLO BOUBA]; Social Democratic Front or SDF [John FRU NDI]; Union of Cameroonian Populations or UPC [Augustin Frederic KODOCK]
 
International Disputes: ICJ ruled in 2002 on the entire Cameroon-Nigeria land and maritime boundary but the parties formed a Joint Border Commission, which continues to meet regularly to resolve differences bilaterally and have commenced with demarcation in less-contested sections of the boundary, starting in Lake Chad in the north; implementation of the ICJ ruling on the Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea is impeded by imprecisely defined coordinates, the unresolved Bakassi allocation, and a sovereignty dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River; Nigeria initially rejected cession of the Bakasi Peninsula, then agreed, but has yet to withdraw its forces while much of the indigenous population opposes cession; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes the Chad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 CAMEROONIAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Cameroon: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 475,440 sq km 
Region: Western African Land Area Land: 469,440 sq km
Capitol City: Yaounde Land Area Water: 6,000 sq km
      
Latitude: 006 00 S Border Boundary Land: 4,591 km
Longitude: 012 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 402 km 
  
Arable Land: 12.54 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 2.52 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 4,095 m Location: Fako (on Cameroon Mountain)
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Cameroon: Douala Douala Largest City Population: 1,598,000
  
Threatened Species: 240
 
Environmental Issues: waterborne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; overfishing
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94 signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 260
 
Bordering Countries: Central African Republic 797 km, Chad 1,094 km, Republic of the Congo 523 km, Equatorial Guinea 189 km, Gabon 298 km, Nigeria 1,690 km
 
Natural Resources: petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower
 
Geographical Terrain: diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north
 
Comparative Area of Cameroon: slightly larger than California
 
Cameroon's Geography: sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa; throughout the country there are areas of thermal springs and indications of current or prior volcanic activity; Mount Cameroon, the highest mountain in Sub-Saharan west Africa, is an active volcano
 

 CAMEROONIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north
 
Natural Hazards: volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes
 
 
 CAMEROONIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Because of its oil resources and favorable agricultural conditions, Cameroon has one of the best-endowed primary commodity economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Still, it faces many of the serious problems facing other underdeveloped countries, such as a top-heavy civil service and a generally unfavorable climate for business enterprise. Since 1990, the government has embarked on various IMF and World Bank programs designed to spur business investment, increase efficiency in agriculture, improve trade, and recapitalize the nation's banks. In June 2000, the government completed an IMF-sponsored, three-year structural adjustment program; however, the IMF is pressing for more reforms, including increased budget transparency, privatization, and poverty reduction programs. International oil and cocoa prices have considerable impact on the economy.
 
 
GDP: $40,830,000,000 USD Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc
GDP per Capita: $2,400 USD Currency Code: XAF
GDP Growth Rate: 2.80 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003), 696.99 (2002), 733.04 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 44.80 % GDP of Industry: 17.30 %
GDP of Services: 37.90 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 1.50 % Population in Poverty: 48.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 30.00 % Tourism: 135,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 1.90 % Budget Revenue in USD: $3,263,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 36.60 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $2,705,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 2,988,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 2,779,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 2.57% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 97.43% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $9,223,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $1,300,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, root starches; livestock; timber
 
Primary Industries: petroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 4.20 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $2,514,000,000 USD - machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food
 
Import Partners: France 28%, Nigeria 9.9%, Belgium 7.6%, US 4.8%, China 4.8%, Germany 4.6%, Italy 4%
 
Export Amount in USD: $3,236,000,000 USD - crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton
 
Export Partners: Spain 15.1%, Italy 12.3%, UK 10.2%, France 9.1%, US 8.8%, South Korea 7.1%, Netherlands 4.3%
 
    
GINI Index: 44.60%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 6,860,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture: 70%,industry: 13%,services: 17%
 
  
 CAMEROONIAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 14 Number of People with Radios: 2,270,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 450,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 110,900 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 1,536,600
 
Internet Service Providers: 34 Internet Users: 167,000
 
Internet Country Code: .cm Newspapers: 7
Two Letter Country Code: CM Weights and Measures: metric
Phone Country Code: 237 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: available only to business and government domestic: cable, microwave radio relay, and tropospheric scatter international: country code - 237; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); fiber optic submarine cable (SAT-3/WASC) provides connectivity to Europe and Asia
 
  
 CAMEROONIAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 5,398 km Railways: 1,008 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 1,219 km Waterways: 2,090 km
Airports: 11 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 7 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 2,371,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 1 ships (1000 GRT or over) 38,613 GRT/68,820 DWT by type: petroleum tanker 1 foreign-owned: 1 (France 1)
 
Ports and Harbors: Douala, Limboh Terminal
 
  
 CAMEROONIAN PEOPLE
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Population: 17,340,702 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 33.89 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 31.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 13.47 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.04% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 4.39 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 3,614,430 Population Female 0-14: 3,531,047
Population Male 15-64: 4,835,453 Population Female 15-64: 4,796,276
Population Male 65+: 260,342 Population Female 65+: 303,154
 
Population 0-14: 41.20% Literacy Rate: 79.00%
Population 15-64: 55.50% Literacy rate of Males: 84.70%
Population 65+: 3.20% Literacy rate of Females: 73.40%
 
Population that is Male: 51.50 % Population that is Female: 48.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 51.16 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 63.52 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 50.98 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 51.34 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 6.90% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 560,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 49,000
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: CAMEROONIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1% 
 
  
Primary Language: French
 
Other Languages: 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
 
 
Primary Religion: indigenous beliefs
 
Other Religions: indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
 
  
 CAMEROONIAN MILITARY
  Cameroon Facts |  Republic of Cameroon Information | Cameroon Statistics  
  
Branches: Cameroon Armed Forces: Army, Navy (includes Naval Infantry), Air Force (Armee de l'Air du Cameroun, AAC)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years of age years
 
Manpower Available: 6,986,713 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 3,781,367 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 378,701 People per year
 
Expenditures: $230,200,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.50
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 CAMEROONIAN RESOURCES
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Cameroon Spa and Resort Directory
 
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