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Cape Verde Facts

Cape Verde Facts | Republic of Cape Verde Information | Cape Verde Statistics | Cape Verde

Cape Verde Facts |  Republic of Cape Verde Information | Cape Verde Statistics Cape Verde Facts |  Republic of Cape Verde Information | Cape Verde Statistics
Africa Continent
 
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Cape Verde Facts |  Republic of Cape Verde Information | Cape Verde Statistics Cape Verde Facts |  Republic of Cape Verde Information | Cape Verde Statistics
Cape Verde Map
 
CAPE VERDEAN Flag
 
 CAPE VERDEAN POLITICAL
  Cape Verde Facts |  Republic of Cape Verde Information | Cape Verde Statistics  
Background: The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cape Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990. Cape Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa's most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result, Cape Verde's expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.
 
 
Common Name: Cape Verde Local Official Name: Cabo Verde
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Cape Verde Official Name: Republica de Cabo Verde
Official Script Name: Cape Verde Local Common Name: Cape Verde
Former Name: Cape Verde Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Pedro PIRES
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1975 July 5 (from Portugal)
 
Constitution: new constitution came into force 1992 September 25 (underwent a major revision on 1995 November 23, substantially increasing the powers of the president; a 1999 revision created the position of national ombudsman (Provedor de Justica)
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 5 July
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 17 districts (concelhos, singular - concelho); Boa Vista, Brava, Calheta, Maio, Mosteiros, Paul, Praia, Porto Novo, Ribeira Grande, Sal, Santa Catarina, Santa Cruz, Sao Domingos, Sao Nicolau, Sao Filipe, Sao Vicente, Tarrafal
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: derived from the legal system of Portugal
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Pedro Verona PIRES (since 22 March 2001) head of government: Prime Minister Jose Maria Pereira NEVES (since 1 February 2001) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 12 February 2006 (next to be held February 2011); prime minister nominated by the National Assembly and appointed by the president election results: Pedro PIRES reelected president; percent of vote - Pedro PIRES (PAICV) 51.2%, Carlos VIEGA (MPD) 48.8% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (72 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 22 January 2006 (next to be held in January 2011) election results: percent of vote by party - PAICV 52.3%, MPD 44%, UCID 2.7%; seats by party - PAICV 41, MPD 29, ADM 2 Judicial Branch: Supreme Tribunal of Justice or Supremo Tribunal de Justia
 
Party Leaders: African Party for Independence of Cape Verde or PAICV [Jose Maria Pereira NEVES, chairman]; Democratic Alliance for Change or ADM [Dr. Eurico MONTEIRO] (a coalition of PCD, PTS, and UCID); Democratic Christian Party or PDC [Manuel RODRIGUES, chairman]; Democratic Renovation Party or PRD [Victor FIDALGO, president]; Democratic and Independent Cape Verdean Union or UCID [Antonio MONTEIRO]; Movement for Democracy or MPD [Agostinho LOPES, president]; Party for Democratic Convergence or PCD [Dr. Eurico MONTEIRO, president]; Party of Work and Solidarity or PTS [Isaias RODRIGUES, president]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Joao ALEM, president]
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: used as a transshipment point for illicit drugs moving from Latin America and Asia destined for Western Europe; the lack of a well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a money-laundering center 
 
 
 CAPE VERDEAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Cape Verde: Western Africa, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 4,033 sq km 
Region: Western African Land Area Land: 4,033 sq km
Capitol City: Praia Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 016 00 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 024 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 965 km 
  
Arable Land: 11.41 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.74 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 2,829 m Location: Mt. Fogo
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Cape Verde: Praia Praia Largest City Population: 76,000
  
Threatened Species: 8
 
Environmental Issues: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 30
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum
 
Geographical Terrain: steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic
 
Comparative Area of Cape Verde: slightly larger than Rhode Island
 
Cape Verde's Geography: strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site
 

 CAPE VERDEAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager and very erratic
 
Natural Hazards: soil erosion; deforestation due to demand for wood used as fuel; desertification; environmental damage has threatened several species of birds and reptiles; illegal beach sand extraction; overfishing
 
 
 CAPE VERDEAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: This island economy suffers from a poor natural resource base, including serious water shortages exacerbated by cycles of long-term drought. The economy is service-oriented, with commerce, transport, tourism, and public services accounting for 66% of GDP. Although nearly 70% of the population lives in rural areas, the share of agriculture in GDP in 2004 was only 12%, of which fishing accounted for 1.5%. About 82% of food must be imported. The fishing potential, mostly lobster and tuna, is not fully exploited. Cape Verde annually runs a high trade deficit, financed by foreign aid and remittances from emigrants; remittances supplement GDP by more than 20%. Economic reforms are aimed at developing the private sector and attracting foreign investment to diversify the economy. Future prospects depend heavily on the maintenance of aid flows, the encouragement of tourism, remittances, and the momentum of the government's development program.
 
 
GDP: $2,990,000,000 USD Currency: Cape Verdean escudo
GDP per Capita: $6,200 USD Currency Code: CVE
GDP Growth Rate: 5.50 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Cape Verdean escudos (CVE) per US dollar - 88.67 (2005), 88.808 (2004), 97.703 (2003), 117.168 (2002), 123.228 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 12.10 % GDP of Industry: 21.90 %
GDP of Services: 66.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 1.80 % Population in Poverty: 30.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 21.00 % Tourism: 44,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $328,100,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $393,100,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 44,150,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 41,060,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $325,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $136,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: bananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts; fish
 
Primary Industries: food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $500,000,000 USD - foodstuffs, industrial products, transport equipment, fuels
 
Import Partners: Portugal 42.1%, US 12.4%, Netherlands 8.4%, Spain 5.3%, Italy 4.2%, Brazil 4.1%
 
Export Amount in USD: $73,350,000 USD - fuel, shoes, garments, fish, hides
 
Export Partners: Portugal 59%, US 17.1%, UK 11.3%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 0
 
Labor Force by Occupations: NA
 
  
 CAPE VERDEAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Cape Verde Facts |  Republic of Cape Verde Information | Cape Verde Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 22 Number of People with Radios: 100,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 15,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 73,400 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 65,800
 
Internet Service Providers: 155 Internet Users: 25,000
 
Internet Country Code: .cv Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: CV Weights and Measures: metric
Phone Country Code: 238 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: effective system, extensive modernization from 1996-2000 following partial privatization in 1995 domestic: major service provider is Cabo Verde Telecom (CVT); fiber optic ring, completed in 2001, links all islands providing Internet access and ISDN services; cellular service introduced in 1998 international: country code - 238; 2 coaxial submarine cables; HF radiotelephone to Senegal and Guinea-Bissau; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 CAPE VERDEAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 932 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 6 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 40 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 121,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 6 ships (1000 GRT or over) 10,719 GRT/7,482 DWT by type: cargo 2, chemical tanker 1, passenger/cargo 3 foreign-owned: 2 (Spain 1, UK 1)
 
Ports and Harbors: Mindelo, Praia, Tarrafal
 
  
 CAPE VERDEAN PEOPLE
  Cape Verde Facts |  Republic of Cape Verde Information | Cape Verde Statistics  
 
Population: 420,979 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 24.87 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 104.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 6.55 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.64% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 3.38 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 80,594 Population Female 0-14: 79,126
Population Male 15-64: 113,450 Population Female 15-64: 119,423
Population Male 65+: 10,542 Population Female 65+: 17,844
 
Population 0-14: 37.90% Literacy Rate: 76.60%
Population 15-64: 55.30% Literacy rate of Males: 85.80%
Population 65+: 6.70% Literacy rate of Females: 69.20%
 
Population that is Male: 51.50 % Population that is Female: 48.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 70.73 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 46.52 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 67.41 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 74.15 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.04% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 775
Number of people who died of AIDS: 225
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -11.91
 
Nationality: CAPE VERDEAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1% 
 
  
Primary Language: Portuguese
 
Other Languages: Portuguese, Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs); Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene)
 
  
 CAPE VERDEAN MILITARY
  Cape Verde Facts |  Republic of Cape Verde Information | Cape Verde Statistics  
  
Branches: People's Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARP): Army, Coast Guard (includes maritime air wing)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 171,951 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 138,976 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $7,180,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.70
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 CAPE VERDEAN RESOURCES
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Cape Verde Spa and Resort Directory
 
Cape Verde Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Cape Verde Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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