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Central African Republic Facts

Central African Republic Facts | Central African Republic Information | Central African Republic Statistics | Ubangi-Shari, Central African Empire

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CENTRAL AFRICAN Flag
 
 CENTRAL AFRICAN POLITICAL
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Background: The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. President Ange-Felix PATASSE's civilian government was plagued by unrest, and in March 2003 he was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. Though the government has the tacit support of civil society groups and the main parties, a wide field of candidates contested the municipal, legislative, and presidential elections held in March and May of 2005 in which General BOZIZE was affirmed as president. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist.
 
 
Common Name: Central African Republic Local Official Name: Central African Republic
Abbreviated Name: Central African Republic Official Name: Republique Centrafricaine
Official Script Name: Central African Republic Local Common Name: CAR
Former Name: Ubangi-Shari, Central African Empire Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Ange-Felix PATASSE
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1960 August 13 (from France)
 
Constitution: 2004 December 5 (ratified by popular referendum)
 
National Holiday: Republic Day, 1 December
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC (observer), OIF, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 14 prefectures (prefectures, singular - prefecture), 2 economic prefectures* (prefectures economiques, singular - prefecture economique), and 1 commune**; Bamingui-Bangoran, Bangui**, Basse-Kotto, Haute-Kotto, Haut-Mbomou, Kemo, Lobaye, Mambere-Kadei, Mbomou, Nana-Grebizi*, Nana-Mambere, Ombella-Mpoko, Ouaka, Ouham, Ouham-Pende, Sangha-Mbaere*, Vakaga
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on French law
 
Suffrage: 21 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Francois BOZIZE (since 15 March 2003 coup) head of government: Prime Minister Elie DOTE (since 13 June 2005) note - Celestin GAOMBALET resigned 11 June 2005 cabinet: Council of Ministers elections: president elected to five year term (eligible for a second term); elections last held 13 March and 8 May 2005 (next to be held in 2010); prime minister appointed by the political party with a parliamentary majority election results: Francois BOZIZE elected president; percent of second round balloting - Francois BOZIZE (KNK) 64.6%, Martin ZIGUELE (MLPC) 35.4% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (109 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 13 March 2005 and 8 May 2005 (next to be held NA 2010) election results: percent of vote by party - MLPC 43%, RDC 18%, MDD 9%, FPP 6%, PSD 5%, ADP 4%, PUN 3%, FODEM 2%, PLD 2%, UPR 1%, FC 1%, independents 6%; seats by party - MLPC 47, RDC 20, MDD 8, FPP 7, PSD 6, ADP 5, PUN 3, FODEM 2, PLD 2, UPR 1, FC 1, independents 7 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; Constitutional Court (3 judges appointed by the president, 3 by the president of the National Assembly, and 3 by fellow judges); Court of Appeal; Criminal Courts; Inferior Courts
 
Party Leaders: Alliance for Democracy and Progress or ADP [Jacques MBOLIEDAS]; Central African Democratic Assembly or RDC [Andre KOLINGBA]; Civic Forum or FC [Gen. Timothee MALENDOMA]; Democratic Forum for Modernity or FODEM [Charles MASSI]; Liberal Democratic Party or PLD [Nestor KOMBO-NAGUEMON]; Movement for Democracy and Development or MDD [David DACKO]; Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People or MLPC [the party of deposed president, Ange-Felix PATASSE]; National Convergence or KNK; Patriotic Front for Progress or FPP [Abel GOUMBA]; People's Union for the Republic or UPR [Pierre Sammy MAKFOY]; National Unity Party or PUN [Jean-Paul NGOUPANDE]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Enoch LAKOUE]
 
International Disputes: about 30,000 refugees fleeing the 2002 civil conflict in the CAR still reside in southern Chad; periodic skirmishes over water and grazing rights among related pastoral populations along the border with southern Sudan persist
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 CENTRAL AFRICAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Central African Republic: Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 622,984 sq km 
Region: Central African Land Area Land: 622,984 sq km
Capitol City: Bangui Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 007 00 N Border Boundary Land: 5,203 km
Longitude: 021 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
  
Arable Land: 3.10 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.15 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,420 m Location: Mont Ngaoui
Lowest Elevation: 335 m Location: Oubangui River
  
Largest City in Central African Republic: Bangui Bangui Largest City Population: 622,000
  
Threatened Species: 26
 
Environmental Issues: tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished its reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94 signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 
Irrigated Land: 20
 
Bordering Countries: Cameroon 797 km, Chad 1,197 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,577 km, Republic of the Congo 467 km, Sudan 1,165 km
 
Natural Resources: diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower
 
Geographical Terrain: vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest
 
Comparative Area of Central African Republic: slightly smaller than Texas
 
Central African Republic's Geography: landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa
 

 CENTRAL AFRICAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers
 
Natural Hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common
 
 
 CENTRAL AFRICAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Subsistence agriculture, together with forestry, remains the backbone of the economy of the Central African Republic (CAR), with more than 70% of the population living in outlying areas. The agricultural sector generates half of GDP. Timber has accounted for about 16% of export earnings and the diamond industry, for 40%. Important constraints to economic development include the CAR's landlocked position, a poor transportation system, a largely unskilled work force, and a legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. Factional fighting between the government and its opponents remains a drag on economic revitalization, with GDP growth at only 0.5% in 2004 and 2.5% in 2005. Distribution of income is extraordinarily unequal. Grants from France and the international community can only partially meet humanitarian needs.
 
 
GDP: $4,784,000,000 USD Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc
GDP per Capita: $1,100 USD Currency Code: XAF
GDP Growth Rate: 2.20 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003), 696.99 (2002), 733.04 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 55.00 % GDP of Industry: 20.00 %
GDP of Services: 25.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 3.60 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 8.00 % Tourism: 10,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.70 % Budget Revenue in USD: $0 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 47.70 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $0 USD
   
Electricity Production: 106,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 98,580,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 20.19% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 79.81% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $1,060,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $59,800,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: cotton, coffee, tobacco, manioc (tapioca), yams, millet, corn, bananas; timber
 
Primary Industries: diamond mining, sawmills, breweries, textiles, footwear, assembly of bicycles and motorcycles
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 3.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $203,000,000 USD - food, textiles, petroleum products, machinery, electrical equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals
 
Import Partners: France 17.7%, US 16.4%, Cameroon 9.4%, Belgium 5.1%
 
Export Amount in USD: $131,000,000 USD - diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee, tobacco
 
Export Partners: Belgium 39.5%, Italy 8.7%, Spain 8.2%, US 6.2%, France 6.1%, Indonesia 5.9%, China 4.9%
 
    
GINI Index: 61.30%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 0
 
Labor Force by Occupations: NA
 
  
 CENTRAL AFRICAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 7 Number of People with Radios: 283,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 18,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 10,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 60,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 13 Internet Users: 9,000
 
Internet Country Code: .cf Newspapers: 2
Two Letter Country Code: CT Weights and Measures: metric
Phone Country Code: 236 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: fair system domestic: network consists principally of microwave radio relay and low-capacity, low-powered radiotelephone communication international: country code - 236; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 CENTRAL AFRICAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 429 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 3 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 4 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 242,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Bangui, Nola, Salo, Nzinga
 
  
 CENTRAL AFRICAN PEOPLE
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Population: 4,303,356 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 33.91 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 6.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 18.65 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.53% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 4.41 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 907,629 Population Female 0-14: 897,153
Population Male 15-64: 1,146,346 Population Female 15-64: 1,173,268
Population Male 65+: 71,312 Population Female 65+: 107,648
 
Population 0-14: 41.90% Literacy Rate: 51.00%
Population 15-64: 53.90% Literacy rate of Males: 63.30%
Population 65+: 4.20% Literacy rate of Females: 39.90%
 
Population that is Male: 51.50 % Population that is Female: 48.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 43.54 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 85.63 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 43.46 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 43.62 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 13.50% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 260,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 23,000
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: CENTRAL AFRICAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2% 
 
  
Primary Language: Sangho
 
Other Languages: French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
 
 
Primary Religion: indigenous beliefs
 
Other Religions: indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15% note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority
 
  
 CENTRAL AFRICAN MILITARY
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Branches: Central African Armed Forces (FACA): Ground Forces, Air Force; General Directorate of Gendarmerie Inspection (DGIG), Republican Guard
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 1,689,186 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 799,147 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $16,370,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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