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Chad Facts

Chad Facts | Republic of Chad Information | Chad Statistics | Chad

Chad Facts |  Republic of Chad Information | Chad Statistics Chad Facts |  Republic of Chad Information | Chad Statistics
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 CHADIAN POLITICAL
  Chad Facts |  Republic of Chad Information | Chad Statistics  
Background: Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of civil warfare as well as invasions by Libya before a semblance of peace was finally restored in 1990. The government eventually drafted a democratic constitution, and held flawed presidential elections in 1996 and 2001. In 1998, a rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which sporadically flares up despite several peace agreements between the government and the rebels. In 2005 new rebel groups emerged in western Sudan and have made probing attacks into eastern Chad. Power remains in the hands of an ethnic minority. In June 2005, President Idriss DEBY held a referendum successfully removing constitutional term limits.
 
 
Common Name: Chad Local Official Name: Tchad
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Chad Official Name: Republique du Tchad
Official Script Name: Chad Local Common Name: Chad
Former Name: Chad Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1960 August 11 (from France)
 
Constitution: passed by referendum 1996 March 31 (a 2005 June referendum removed constitutional term limits )
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 11 August
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, ONUB, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOCI, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 14 prefectures (prefectures, singular - prefecture); Batha, Biltine, Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti, Chari-Baguirmi, Guera, Kanem, Lac, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mayo-Kebbi, Moyen-Chari, Ouaddai, Salamat, Tandjile note: instead of 14 prefectures, there may be a new administrative structure of 28 departments (departments, singular - department) and 1 city*; Assongha, Baguirmi, Bahr El Gazal, Bahr Koh, Batha Oriental, Batha Occidental, Biltine, Borkou, Dababa, Ennedi, Guera, Hadjer Lamis, Kabia, Kanem, Lac, Lac Iro, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mandoul, Mayo-Boneye, Mayo-Dallah, Monts de Lam, N'Djamena*, Ouaddai, Salamat, Sila, Tandjile Oriental, Tandjile Occidental, Tibesti
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on French civil law system and Chadian customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY (since 4 December 1990) head of government: Prime Minister Pascal YOADIMNADJI (since 3 February 2005) cabinet: Council of State, members appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister elections: president elected by popular vote to serve five-year term; if no candidate receives at least 50% of the total vote, the two candidates receiving the most votes must stand for a second round of voting; last held 20 May 2001 (next to be held 3 May 2006); prime minister appointed by the president election results: Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY reelected president; percent of vote - Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY 63%, Ngarledjy YORONGAR 16%, Saleh KEBZABO 7% Legislative Branch: bicameral according to constitution, consists of a National Assembly (155 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and a Senate (not yet created and size unspecified, members to serve six-year terms, one-third of membership renewable every two years) elections: National Assembly - last held 21 April 2002 (next to be held in April 2007) election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MPS 110, RDP 12, FAR 9, RNDP 5, URD 5, UNDR 3, other 11 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; Criminal Courts; Magistrate Courts
 
Party Leaders: Federation Action for the Republic or FAR [Ngarledjy YORONGAR]; National Rally for Development and Progress or RNDP [Delwa Kassire COUMAKOYE]; National Union for Democracy and Renewal or UNDR [Saleh KEBZABO]; Party for Liberty and Development or PLD [Ibni Oumar Mahamat SALEH]; Patriotic Salvation Movement or MPS [Mahamat Saleh AHMAT, chairman]; Rally for Democracy and Progress or RDP [Lol Mahamat CHOUA]; Union for Democracy and Republic or UDR [Jean ALINGUE]; Union for Renewal and Democracy or URD [Gen. Wadal Abdelkader KAMOUGUE]
 
International Disputes: since the expulsions of residents from Darfur in 2003 by Janjawid armed militia and Sudanese military, about 200,000 refugees remain in eastern Chad; Chad remains an important mediator in the Sudanese civil conflict, reducing tensions with Sudan arising from cross-border banditry; Chadian Aozou rebels reside in southern Libya; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty, which also includes the Chad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 CHADIAN GEOGRAPHY
  Chad Facts |  Republic of Chad Information | Chad Statistics  
 
Location of Chad: Central Africa, south of Libya
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 1,284,000 sq km 
Region: Central African Land Area Land: 1,259,200 sq km
Capitol City: N'Djamena Land Area Water: 24,800 sq km
      
Latitude: 015 00 N Border Boundary Land: 5,968 km
Longitude: 019 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
  
Arable Land: 2.80 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.02 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 3,415 m Location: Emi Koussi
Lowest Elevation: 160 m Location: Djourab Depression
  
Largest City in Chad: N'Djamena N'Djamena Largest City Population: 998,000
  
Threatened Species: 26
 
Environmental Issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; improper waste disposal in rural areas contributes to soil and water pollution; desertification
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping
 
Irrigated Land: 300
 
Bordering Countries: Cameroon 1,094 km, Central African Republic 1,197 km, Libya 1,055 km, Niger 1,175 km, Nigeria 87 km, Sudan 1,360 km
 
Natural Resources: petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt
 
Geographical Terrain: broad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south
 
Comparative Area of Chad: slightly more than three times the size of California
 
Chad's Geography: landlocked; Lake Chad is the most significant water body in the Sahel
 

 CHADIAN CLIMATE
  Chad Facts |  Republic of Chad Information | Chad Statistics  
 
General Climate: tropical in south, desert in north
 
Natural Hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues
 
 
 CHADIAN ECONOMY
  Chad Facts |  Republic of Chad Information | Chad Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: Chad's primarily agricultural economy will continue to be boosted by major foreign direct investment projects in the oil sector that began in 2000. Over 80% of Chad's population relies on subsistence farming and livestock raising for its livelihood. Chad's economy has long been handicapped by its landlocked position, high energy costs, and a history of instability. Chad relies on foreign assistance and foreign capital for most public and private sector investment projects. A consortium led by two US companies has been investing $3.7 billion to develop oil reserves - estimated at 1 billion barrels - in southern Chad. The nation's total oil reserves has been estimated to be 2 billion barrels. Oil production came on stream in late 2003. Chad began to export oil in 2004. Cotton, cattle, and gum arabic provide the bulk of Chad's non-oil export earnings.
 
 
GDP: $14,790,000,000 USD Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc
GDP per Capita: $1,500 USD Currency Code: XAF
GDP Growth Rate: 6.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003), 696.99 (2002), 733.04 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 23.70 % GDP of Industry: 38.60 %
GDP of Services: 37.70 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 5.50 % Population in Poverty: 80.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 47,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $765,200,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $653,300,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 120,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 111,600,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $1,500,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $238,300,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca); cattle, sheep, goats, camels
 
Primary Industries: oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 5.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $749,100,000 USD - machinery and transportation equipment, industrial goods, foodstuffs, textiles
 
Import Partners: France 21.9%, Cameroon 16.2%, US 10.8%, Portugal 10.5%, Germany 6.4%, Belgium 4.6%
 
Export Amount in USD: $3,016,000,000 USD - cotton, cattle, gum arabic, oil
 
Export Partners: US 67.7%, China 21.5%, Portugal 4.3%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 0
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture: 80% (subsistence farming, herding, and fishing) industry and services: 20%
 
  
 CHADIAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Chad Facts |  Republic of Chad Information | Chad Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 11 Number of People with Radios: 1,670,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 10,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 13,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 123,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 7 Internet Users: 60,000
 
Internet Country Code: .td Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: CD Weights and Measures: metric
Phone Country Code: 235 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: primitive system domestic: fair system of radiotelephone communication stations international: country code - 235; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 CHADIAN TRANSPORTATION
  Chad Facts |  Republic of Chad Information | Chad Statistics  

   

Highways: 267 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 205 km Waterways: 2,000 km
Airports: 7 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 3 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 110,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: NA
 
  
 CHADIAN PEOPLE
  Chad Facts |  Republic of Chad Information | Chad Statistics  
 
Population: 9,944,201 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 45.73 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 6.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 16.38 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.93% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 6.25 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 2,396,393 Population Female 0-14: 2,369,261
Population Male 15-64: 2,355,940 Population Female 15-64: 2,550,535
Population Male 65+: 107,665 Population Female 65+: 164,407
 
Population 0-14: 47.90% Literacy Rate: 47.50%
Population 15-64: 49.30% Literacy rate of Males: 56.00%
Population 65+: 2.70% Literacy rate of Females: 39.30%
 
Population that is Male: 52.00 % Population that is Female: 48.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 47.52 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 91.45 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 45.88 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 49.21 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 4.80% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 200,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 18,000
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.11
 
Nationality: CHADIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: 200 distinct groups; in the north and center: Arabs, Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba, most of whom are Muslim; in the south: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moundang, M 
 
  
Primary Language: French
 
Other Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects
 
 
Primary Religion: Muslim
 
Other Religions: Muslim 51%, Christian 35%, animist 7%, other 7%
 
  
 CHADIAN MILITARY
  Chad Facts |  Republic of Chad Information | Chad Statistics  
  
Branches: Chadian National Army (Armee Nationale Tchadienne, ANT), Air Force, Gendarmerie
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 20 years of age years
 
Manpower Available: 3,157,090 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,644,488 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 188,057 People per year
 
Expenditures: $68,950,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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