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Congo Democratic Republic Facts

Congo Democratic Republic Facts | Democratic Republic of the Congo Information | Congo Democratic Republic Statistics | Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo/Leopol

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CONGOLESE OR CONGO Flag
 
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO POLITICAL
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Background: Established as a Belgian colony in 1908, the Republic of the Congo gained its independence in 1960, but its early years were marred by political and social instability. Col. Joseph MOBUTU seized power and declared himself president in a November 1965 coup. He subsequently changed his name - to MOBUTU Sese Seko - as well as that of the country - to Zaire. MOBUTU retained his position for 32 years through several subsequent sham elections, as well as through the use of brutal force. Ethnic strife and civil war, touched off by a massive inflow of refugees in 1994 from fighting in Rwanda and Burundi, led in May 1997 to the toppling of the MOBUTU regime by a rebellion led by Laurent KABILA. He renamed the country the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), but in August 1998 his regime was itself challenged by an insurrection backed by Rwanda and Uganda. Troops from Angola, Chad, Namibia, Sudan, and Zimbabwe intervened to support the Kinshasa regime. A cease-fire was signed in July 1999 by the DRC, Congolese armed rebel groups, Angola, Namibia, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe but sporadic fighting continued. Laurent KABILA was assassinated in January 2001 and his son, Joseph KABILA, was named head of state. In October 2002, the new president was successful in negotiating the withdrawal of Rwandan forces occupying eastern Congo; two months later, the Pretoria Accord was signed by all remaining warring parties to end the fighting and establish a government of national unity. A transitional government was set up in July 2003; Joseph KABILA remains as president and is joined by four vice presidents representing the former government, former rebel groups, and the political opposition. The transitional government held a successful constitutional referendum in December 2005, and plans to hold a series of elections in 2006 to determine the presidency and National Assembly seats.
 
 
Common Name: Congo Democratic Republic Local Official Name: Congo Democratic Republic
Abbreviated Name: Democratic Republic of the Congo Official Name: Republique Democratique du Congo
Official Script Name: Congo Democratic Republic Local Common Name: DROC
Former Name: Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo/Leopol Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Joseph KABILA
 
Government Type: transitional government
 
Independence: 1960 June 30 (from Belgium)
 
Constitution: 2006 February 18
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 30 June
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, CEPGL, COMESA, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 10 provinces (provinces, singular - province) and one city* (ville); Bandundu, Bas-Congo, Equateur, Kasai-Occidental, Kasai-Oriental, Katanga, Kinshasa*, Maniema, Nord-Kivu, Orientale, Sud-Kivu
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: a new constitution was adopted by referendum 18 December 2005; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Joseph KABILA (since 26 January 2001); note - following the assassination of his father, Laurent Desire KABILA, on 16 January 2001, Joseph KABILA succeeded to the presidency; the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Joseph KABILA (since 26 January 2001); note - following the assassination of his father, Laurent Desire KABILA, on 16 January 2001, Joseph KABILA succeeded to the presidency; the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: National Executive Council appointed by the president elections: prior to the overthrow of MOBUTU Sese Seko, the president was elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 29 July 1984 (next to be held 18 June 2006); formerly, there was also a prime minister who was elected by the High Council of the Republic election results: MOBUTU Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu wa Za Banga reelected president in 1984 without opposition note: Joseph KABILA succeeded his father, Laurent Desire KABILA, following the latter's assassination in January 2001; negotiations with rebel leaders led to the establishment of a transitional government in July 2003 with free elections scheduled to be held 18 June 2006 Legislative branch: a 500-member National Assembly and a 120-seat Senate established in June 2003 elections: NA; members of the National Assembly were appointed by leaders in the factions integrated into the new government Judicial Branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
 
Party Leaders: Democratic Social Christian Party or PDSC [Andre BO-BOLIKO]; Forces for Renovation for Union and Solidarity or FONUS [Joseph OLENGHANKOY]; National Congolese Lumumbist Movement or MNC [Francois LUMUMBA]; Popular Movement of the Revolution or MPR (three factions: MPR-Fait Prive [Catherine NZUZI wa Mbombo]; MPR/Vunduawe [Felix VUNDUAWE]; MPR/Mananga [MANANGA Dintoka Mpholo]); Unified Lumumbast Party or PALU [Antoine GIZENGA]; Union for Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS [Etienne TSHISEKEDI wa Mulumba]; Union of Federalists and Independent Republicans or UFERI (two factions: UFERI [Lokambo OMOKOKO]; UFERI/OR [Adolph Kishwe MAYA])
 
International Disputes: heads of the Great Lakes states and UN pledge to end conflict but unchecked tribal, rebel, and militia fighting continues unabated in the northeastern region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, drawing in the neighboring states of Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda; the UN Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) has maintained over 14,000 peacekeepers in the region since 1999; thousands of Ituri refugees from the Congo continue to flee the fighting primarily into Uganda; 90,000 Angolan refugees were repatriated by 2004 with the remainder in the DRC expected to return in 2005; in 2005, DRC and Rwanda established a border verification mechanism to address accusations of Rwandan military supporting Congolese rebels and the DRC providing rebel Rwandan "Interhamwe" forces the means and bases to attack Rwandan forces; the location of the boundary in the broad Congo River with the Republic of the Congo is indefinite except in the Pool Malebo/Stanley Pool area
 
Illicit Drugs: illicit producer of cannabis, mostly for domestic consumption; while rampant corruption and inadequate supervision leaves the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, the lack of a well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a money-laundering center 
 
 
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Congo Democratic Republic: Central Africa, northeast of Angola
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 2,345,410 sq km 
Region: Central African Land Area Land: 2,267,600 sq km
Capitol City: Kinshasa Land Area Water: 77,810 sq km
      
Latitude: 000 00 N Border Boundary Land: 10,730 km
Longitude: 025 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 37 km 
  
Arable Land: 2.86 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.47 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 5,110 m Location: Pic Marguerite on Mont Ngaliema (Mount Stanley)
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Congo Democratic Republic: Kinshasa Kinshasa Largest City Population: 4,885,000
  
Threatened Species: 171
 
Environmental Issues: poaching threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; deforestation; refugees responsible for significant deforestation, soil erosion, and wildlife poaching; mining of minerals (coltan - a mineral used in creating capacitors, diamonds, and gold) causing environmental damage
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
 
Irrigated Land: 110
 
Bordering Countries: Angola 2,511 km (of which 225 km is the boundary of Angola's discontiguous Cabinda Province), Burundi 233 km, Central African Republic 1,577 km, Republic of the Congo 2,410 km, Rwanda 217 km, Sudan 628 km, Tanzania 459 km, Uganda 765 km, Zambia 1,930 km
 
Natural Resources: cobalt, copper, cadmium, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, germanium, uranium, radium, bauxite, iron ore, coal, hydropower, timber
 
Geographical Terrain: vast central basin is a low-lying plateau; mountains in east
 
Comparative Area of Congo Democratic Republic: slightly less than one-fourth the size of the US
 
Congo Democratic Republic's Geography: straddles Equator; has very narrow strip of land that controls the lower Congo River and is only outlet to South Atlantic Ocean; dense tropical rain forest in central river basin and eastern highlands
 

 CONGOLESE OR CONGO CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season April to October, dry season December to February; south of Equator - wet season November to March, dry season April to October
 
Natural Hazards: periodic droughts in south; Congo River floods (seasonal); in the east, in the Great Rift Valley, there are active volcanoes
 
 
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo - a nation endowed with vast potential wealth - has declined drastically since the mid-1980s. The war, which began in August 1998, dramatically reduced national output and government revenue, increased external debt, and resulted in the deaths of perhaps 3.5 million people from violence, famine, and disease. Foreign businesses curtailed operations due to uncertainty about the outcome of the conflict, lack of infrastructure, and the difficult operating environment. Conditions improved in late 2002 with the withdrawal of a large portion of the invading foreign troops. The transitional government has reopened relations with international financial institutions and international donors, and President KABILA has begun implementing reforms. Much economic activity lies outside the GDP data. Economic stability improved in 2003-05, although an uncertain legal framework, corruption, and a lack of openness in government policy continues to hamper growth. In 2005, renewed activity in the mining sector, the source of most exports, boosted Kinshasa's fiscal position and GDP growth. Business and economic prospects are expected to improve once a new government is installed after elections.
 
 
GDP: $40,670,000,000 USD Currency: Congolese franc
GDP per Capita: $700 USD Currency Code: CDF
GDP Growth Rate: 6.50 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Congolese francs per US dollar - 437.86 (2005), 401.04 (2004), 405.34 (2003), 346.49 (2002), 206.62 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 55.00 % GDP of Industry: 11.00 %
GDP of Services: 34.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 9.00 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 53,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $700,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $750,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 6,036,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 1,300,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 4,324,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 10,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 2.05% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 97.95% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $10,600,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $2,200,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, quinine, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, bananas, root crops, corn, fruits; wood products
 
Primary Industries: mining (diamonds, copper, zinc), mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement, commercial ship repair
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $1,319,000,000 USD - foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels
 
Import Partners: South Africa 17.1%, Belgium 14.4%, France 10%, Zambia 8.4%, Kenya 5.9%, US 5.5%, Germany 5.4%
 
Export Amount in USD: $1,108,000,000 USD - diamonds, copper, crude oil, coffee, cobalt
 
Export Partners: Belgium 47.5%, Finland 20.8%, US 10.9%, China 7.5%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 0
 
Labor Force by Occupations: NA
 
  
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 16 Number of People with Radios: 18,030,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 4 Number of People with Televisions: 6,478,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 10,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 1,000,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 188 Internet Users: 50,000
 
Internet Country Code: .cd Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: CG Weights and Measures: metric
Phone Country Code: 243 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: poor domestic: barely adequate wire and microwave radio relay service in and between urban areas; domestic satellite system with 14 earth stations international: country code - 243; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 0 km Railways: 5,138 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 125 km Waterways: 15,000 km
Airports: 25 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 2,334,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Banana, Boma, Bukavu, Bumba, Goma, Kalemie, Kindu, Kinshasa, Kisangani, Matadi, Mbandaka
 
  
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO PEOPLE
  Congo Democratic Republic Facts |  Democratic Republic of the Congo Information | Congo Democratic Republic Statistics  
 
Population: 62,660,551 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 43.69 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 21.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 13.27 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 3.07% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 6.45 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 14,906,488 Population Female 0-14: 14,798,210
Population Male 15-64: 15,597,353 Population Female 15-64: 15,793,350
Population Male 65+: 632,143 Population Female 65+: 933,007
 
Population 0-14: 47.40% Literacy Rate: 65.50%
Population 15-64: 50.10% Literacy rate of Males: 76.20%
Population 65+: 2.50% Literacy rate of Females: 55.10%
 
Population that is Male: 51.50 % Population that is Female: 48.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 51.46 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 88.62 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 50.01 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 52.94 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 4.20% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 1,100,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 100,000
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.23
 
Nationality: CONGOLESE OR CONGO
 
Ethnic Groups: over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population 
 
  
Primary Language: French
 
Other Languages: French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs 10%
 
  
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO MILITARY
  Congo Democratic Republic Facts |  Democratic Republic of the Congo Information | Congo Democratic Republic Statistics  
  
Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 11,365,610 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 6,464,223 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $103,700,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.50
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO RESOURCES
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