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Congo Republic Facts

Congo Republic Facts | Republic of the Congo Information | Congo Republic Statistics | Middle Congo, Congo/Brazzaville, Congo

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CONGOLESE OR CONGO Flag
 
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO POLITICAL
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Background: Upon independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. A quarter century of experimentation with Marxism was abandoned in 1990 and a democratically elected government took office in 1992. A brief civil war in 1997 restored former Marxist President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO, and ushered in a period of ethnic and political unrest. Southern-based rebel groups agreed to a final peace accord in March 2003, but the calm is tenuous and refugees continue to present a humanitarian crisis. The Republic of Congo was once one of Africa's largest petroleum producers, but with declining production it will need to hope for new offshore oil finds to sustain its oil earnings over the long term.
 
 
Common Name: Congo Republic Local Official Name: Congo Republic
Abbreviated Name: Republic of the Congo Official Name: Republique du Congo
Official Script Name: Congo Republic Local Common Name: Congo Republic
Former Name: Middle Congo, Congo/Brazzaville, Congo Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1960 August 15 (from France)
 
Constitution: 2002 January 20
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 15 August
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW (signatory), UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOCI, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 10 regions (regions, singular - region) and 1 commune*; Bouenza, Brazzaville*, Cuvette, Cuvette-Ouest, Kouilou, Lekoumou, Likouala, Niari, Plateaux, Pool, Sangha
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on French civil law system and customary law
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO (since 25 October 1997, following the civil war in which he toppled elected president Pascal LISSOUBA); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO (since 25 October 1997, following the civil war in which he toppled elected president Pascal LISSOUBA); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 10 March 2002 (next to be held in 2009) election results: Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO reelected president; percent of vote - Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO 89.4%, Joseph Kignoumbi Kia MBOUNGOU 2.7% Legislative Branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (66 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the National Assembly (137 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: Senate - last held 11 July 2002 (next to be held July 2007); National Assembly - last held 27 May and 26 June 2002 (next to be held by May 2007) election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FDP 56, other 10; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FDP 83, UDR 6, UPADS 3, other 45 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
 
Party Leaders: the most important of the many parties are the Democratic and Patriotic Forces or FDP (an alliance of Convention for Alternative Democracy, Congolese Labor Party or PCT, Liberal Republican Party, National Union for Democracy and Progress, Patriotic Union for the National Reconstruction, and Union for the National Renewal) [Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO, president]; Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development or MCDDI [Michel MAMPOUYA]; Pan-African Union for Social Development or UPADS [Martin MBERI]; Rally for Democracy and Social Progress or RDPS [Jean-Pierre Thystere TCHICAYA, president]; Rally for Democracy and the Republic or RDR [Raymond Damasge NGOLLO]; Union for Democracy and Republic or UDR; Union of Democratic Forces or UFD [Sebastian EBAO]
 
International Disputes: about 7,000 Congolese refugees fleeing internal civil conflicts since the mid-1990s still reside in the Democratic Republic of the Congo; the location of the boundary in the broad Congo River with the Democratic Republic of the Congo is indefinite except in the Pool Malebo/Stanley Pool area
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Congo Republic: Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 342,000 sq km 
Region: Western African Land Area Land: 341,500 sq km
Capitol City: Brazzaville Land Area Water: 500 sq km
      
Latitude: 001 00 S Border Boundary Land: 5,504 km
Longitude: 015 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 169 km 
  
Arable Land: 1.45 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.15 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 903 m Location: Mount Berongou
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Congo Republic: Brazzaville Brazzaville Largest City Population: 1,187,000
  
Threatened Species: 52
 
Environmental Issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from the dumping of raw sewage; tap water is not potable; deforestation
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 
Irrigated Land: 20
 
Bordering Countries: Angola 201 km, Cameroon 523 km, Central African Republic 467 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,410 km, Gabon 1,903 km
 
Natural Resources: petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, natural gas, hydropower
 
Geographical Terrain: coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin
 
Comparative Area of Congo Republic: slightly smaller than Montana
 
Congo Republic's Geography: about 70% of the population lives in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, or along the railroad between them
 

 CONGOLESE OR CONGO CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); constantly high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator
 
Natural Hazards: seasonal flooding
 
 
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The economy is a mixture of village agriculture and handicrafts, an industrial sector based largely on oil, support services, and a government characterized by budget problems and overstaffing. Oil has supplanted forestry as the mainstay of the economy, providing a major share of government revenues and exports. In the early 1980s, rapidly rising oil revenues enabled the government to finance large-scale development projects with GDP growth averaging 5% annually, one of the highest rates in Africa. The government has mortgaged a substantial portion of its oil earnings through oil-backed loans that have contributed to a growing debt burden and chronic revenue shortfalls. Economic reform efforts have been undertaken with the support of international organizations, notably the World Bank and the IMF. However, the reform program came to a halt in June 1997 when civil war erupted. Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO, who returned to power when the war ended in October 1997, publicly expressed interest in moving forward on economic reforms and privatization and in renewing cooperation with international financial institutions. Economic progress was badly hurt by slumping oil prices and the resumption of armed conflict in December 1998, which worsened the republic's budget deficit. The current administration presides over an uneasy internal peace and faces difficult economic challenges of stimulating recovery and reducing poverty. Recovery of oil prices has boosted the economy's GDP and near-term prospects. The Republic of Congo may be eligible for an IMF-World Bank heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) initiative in early 2006, provided it meets the strict fiscal and monetary targets set out for it under a new three-year Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) with the IMF.
 
 
GDP: $4,361,000,000 USD Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc
GDP per Capita: $1,300 USD Currency Code: XAF
GDP Growth Rate: 8.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003), 696.99 (2002), 733.04 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 6.70 % GDP of Industry: 62.40 %
GDP of Services: 30.90 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 2.00 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 5,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $1,328,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $1,065,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 343,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 619,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 300,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 0.66% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 99.34% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $5,000,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $159,100,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: cassava (tapioca), sugar, rice, corn, peanuts, vegetables, coffee, cocoa; forest products
 
Primary Industries: petroleum extraction, cement, lumber, brewing, sugar, palm oil, soap, flour, cigarettes
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $806,500,000 USD - capital equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs
 
Import Partners: France 32.7%, US 10.1%, Germany 6.2%, Italy 6%, China 5.2%, Netherlands 4.5%
 
Export Amount in USD: $2,209,000,000 USD - petroleum 90%, lumber, plywood, sugar, cocoa, coffee, diamonds
 
Export Partners: China 26.8%, Taiwan 19.2%, North Korea 8.4%, US 7.3%, France 5.5%, South Korea 4.8%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 0
 
Labor Force by Occupations: NA
 
  
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 8 Number of People with Radios: 341,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 33,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 13,800 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 383,700
 
Internet Service Providers: 46 Internet Users: 36,000
 
Internet Country Code: .cg Newspapers: 8
Two Letter Country Code: CF Weights and Measures: metric
Phone Country Code: 242 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: services barely adequate for government use; key exchanges are in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, and Loubomo; intercity lines frequently out of order domestic: primary network consists of microwave radio relay and coaxial cable international: country code - 242; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 1,242 km Railways: 894 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 699 km Waterways: 4,385 km
Airports: 4 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 16 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 264,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: by type: cargo 1 foreign-owned: 1 (France 1) registered in other countries: 1
 
Ports and Harbors: Brazzaville, Djeno, Impfondo, Ouesso, Oyo, Pointe-Noire
 
  
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO PEOPLE
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Population: 3,702,314 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 42.57 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 8.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 12.93 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.60% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 6.07 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 864,407 Population Female 0-14: 853,728
Population Male 15-64: 930,390 Population Female 15-64: 945,545
Population Male 65+: 44,430 Population Female 65+: 63,814
 
Population 0-14: 46.40% Literacy Rate: 83.80%
Population 15-64: 50.70% Literacy rate of Males: 89.60%
Population 65+: 2.90% Literacy rate of Females: 78.40%
 
Population that is Male: 51.50 % Population that is Female: 48.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 52.80 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 85.29 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 51.65 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 53.98 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 4.90% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 90,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 9,700
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -3.62
 
Nationality: CONGOLESE OR CONGO
 
Ethnic Groups: Kongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3% 
 
  
Primary Language: French
 
Other Languages: French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo has the most users)
 
 
Primary Religion: Christian
 
Other Religions: Christian 50%, animist 48%, Muslim 2%
 
  
 CONGOLESE OR CONGO MILITARY
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Branches: Congolese Armed Forces (FAC): Army, Air Force (Armee de l'Air Congolaise), Navy, Gendarmerie, Republican Guard
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years of age years
 
Manpower Available: 1,374,016 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 800,761 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 76,546 People per year
 
Expenditures: $85,220,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.40
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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