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Cook Islands Facts

Cook Islands Facts | Cook Islands Information | Cook Islands Statistics | Harvey Islands

Cook Islands Facts |  Cook Islands Information | Cook Islands Statistics Cook Islands Facts |  Cook Islands Information | Cook Islands Statistics
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 COOK ISLANDER POLITICAL
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Background: Named after Captain COOK, who sighted them in 1770, the islands became a British protectorate in 1888. By 1900, administrative control was transferred to New Zealand; in 1965 residents chose self-government in free association with New Zealand. The emigration of skilled workers to New Zealand and government deficits are continuing problems.
 
 
Common Name: Cook Islands Local Official Name: Cook Islands
Abbreviated Name: Cook Islands Official Name: Cook Islands
Official Script Name: Cook Islands Local Common Name: Cook Islands
Former Name: Harvey Islands Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: Queen ELIZABETH II
 
Government Type: self-governing parliamentary democracy
 
Independence: none (became self-governing in free association with New Zealand on 4 August 1965 and has the right at any time to move to full independence by unilateral action)
 
Constitution: 1965 August 4
 
National Holiday: Constitution Day, first Monday in August
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AsDB, FAO, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IOC, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMO
 
Administrative Divisions: NA
 
Dependent Areas: self-governing in free association with New Zealand; Cook Islands is fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs and defense, in consultation with the Cook Islands
 
Legal System: based on New Zealand law and English common law
 
Suffrage: NA years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Frederick GOODWIN (since 9 February 2001); New Zealand High Commissioner John BRYAN (since 6 September 2005), representative of New Zealand head of government: Prime Minister Jim MARURAI (since 14 December 2004); Deputy Prime Minister Terepai MAOATE (since 9 August 2005) cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister; collectively responsible to Parliament elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the UK representative is appointed by the monarch; the New Zealand high commissioner is appointed by the New Zealand Government; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually becomes prime minister Legislative Branch: bicameral Parliament consisting of a lower house or Legislative Assembly with 25 seats (24 seats representing districts of the Cook Islands and one seat representing Cook Islanders living overseas; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and an upper house or House of Ariki made up of traditional leaders elections: last held 26 September 2006 (next to be held by 2011) election results: percent of vote by party - Demo 51.9%, CIP 45.5%, independent 2.7%; seats by party - Demo 15, CIP 7, independent 1; note - one seat tied, resolution pending by-election note: the House of Ariki advises on traditional matters and maintains considerable influence, but has no legislative powers Jidicial Branch: High Court
 
Party Leaders: Cook Islands Party or CIP [Henry PUNA]; Democratic Party or Demo [Dr. Terepai MAOATE]
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 COOK ISLANDER GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Cook Islands: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
 
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 236 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 236 sq km
Capitol City: Avarua Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 021 14 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 159 46 W Border Boundary Coastline: 120 km 
  
Arable Land: 16.67 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 8.33 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 652 m Location: Te Manga
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in Cook Islands: NA NA Largest City Population: 0
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: NA
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: NEGL
 
Geographical Terrain: low coral atolls in north; volcanic, hilly islands in south
 
Comparative Area of Cook Islands: 1.3 times the size of Washington, DC
 
Cook Islands's Geography: the northern Cook Islands are seven low-lying, sparsely populated, coral atolls; the southern Cook Islands, where most of the population lives, consist of eight elevated, fertile, volcanic isles, including the largest, Rarotonga, at 67 sq km
 

 COOK ISLANDER CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds
 
Natural Hazards: typhoons (November to March)
 
 
 COOK ISLANDER ECONOMY
  Cook Islands Facts |  Cook Islands Information | Cook Islands Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: Like many other South Pacific island nations, the Cook Islands' economic development is hindered by the isolation of the country from foreign markets, the limited size of domestic markets, lack of natural resources, periodic devastation from natural disasters, and inadequate infrastructure. Agriculture, employing about 70% of the working population, provides the economic base with major exports made up of copra and citrus fruit. Black pearls are the Cook Island's leading export. Manufacturing activities are limited to fruit processing, clothing, and handicrafts. Trade deficits are offset by remittances from emigrants and by foreign aid, overwhelmingly from New Zealand. In the 1980s and 1990s, the country lived beyond its means, maintaining a bloated public service and accumulating a large foreign debt. Subsequent reforms, including the sale of state assets, the strengthening of economic management, the encouragement of tourism, and a debt restructuring agreement, have rekindled investment and growth.
 
 
GDP: $183,200,000 USD Currency: New Zealand dollar
GDP per Capita: $9,100 USD Currency Code: NZD
GDP Growth Rate: 0.10 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: New Zealand dollars per US dollar - 1.4203 (2005), 1.5087 (2004), 1.7221 (2003), 2.1622 (2002), 2.3788 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 15.10 % GDP of Industry: 9.60 %
GDP of Services: 75.30 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 2.10 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 13.10 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $70,950,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $69,050,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 28,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 34,460,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $141,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $13,100,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: copra, citrus, pineapples, tomatoes, beans, pawpaws, bananas, yams, taro, coffee; pigs, poultry
 
Primary Industries: fruit processing, tourism, fishing, clothing, handicrafts
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 1.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $81,040,000 USD - foodstuffs, textiles, fuels, timber, capital goods
 
Import Partners: New Zealand 61%, Fiji 19%, US 9%, Australia 6%, Japan 2%
 
Export Amount in USD: $5,222,000 USD - copra, papayas, fresh and canned citrus fruit, coffee; fish; pearls and pearl shells; clothing
 
Export Partners: Australia 34%, Japan 27%, New Zealand 25%, US 8%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 6,820
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 29%, industry 15%, services 56%
 
  
 COOK ISLANDER COMMUNICATIONS
  Cook Islands Facts |  Cook Islands Information | Cook Islands Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Radios: 14,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 4,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 6,200 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 1,500
 
Internet Service Providers: 1,456 Internet Users: 3,600
 
Internet Country Code: .ck Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: CW Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 682 Electricity Voltage: 240 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: Telecom Cook Islands offers international direct dialing, Internet, email, fax, and Telex domestic: the individual islands are connected by a combination of satellite earth stations, microwave systems, and VHF and HF radiotelephone; within the islands, service is provided by small exchanges connected to subscribers by open-wire, cable, and fiber-optic cable international: country code - 682; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
 
  
 COOK ISLANDER TRANSPORTATION
  Cook Islands Facts |  Cook Islands Information | Cook Islands Statistics  

   

Highways: 33 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 2 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 6 ships (1000 GRT or over) 48,422 GRT/51,900 DWT by type: cargo 2, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 3 foreign-owned: 5 (Norway 1, NZ 1, Sweden 3)
 
Ports and Harbors: Avatiu
 
  
 COOK ISLANDER PEOPLE
  Cook Islands Facts |  Cook Islands Information | Cook Islands Statistics  
 
Population: 21,388 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 21.00 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 0.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 0.00 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: -1.20% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 0.00 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 2,718 Population Female 0-14: 2,388
Population Male 15-64: 4,531 Population Female 15-64: 4,395
Population Male 65+: 489 Population Female 65+: 469
 
Population 0-14: 34.10% Literacy Rate: 95.00%
Population 15-64: 59.50% Literacy rate of Males: 0.00%
Population 65+: 6.40% Literacy rate of Females: 0.00%
 
Population that is Male: 53.50 % Population that is Female: 46.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 0.00 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 3.10 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 0.00 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 0.00 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: COOK ISLANDER
 
Ethnic Groups: Cook Island Maori (Polynesian) 87.7%, part Cook Island Maori 5.8%, other 6.5% 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: English (official), Maori
 
 
Primary Religion: Christian
 
Other Religions: Cook Islands Christian Church 55.9%, Roman Catholic 16.8%, Seventh-Day Adventists 7.9%, Church of Latter Day Saints 3.8%, other Protestant 5.8%, other 4.2%, unspecified 2.6%, none 3%
 
  
 COOK ISLANDER MILITARY
  Cook Islands Facts |  Cook Islands Information | Cook Islands Statistics  
  
Branches: no regular military forces; Ministry of Police and Disaster Management Note: defense is the responsibility of New Zealand, in consultation with the Cook Islands and at its request
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 0 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 0 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 COOK ISLANDER RESOURCES
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Cook Islands Spa and Resort Directory
 
Cook Islands Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Cook Islands Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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