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Cote D Ivoire Facts

Cote D Ivoire Facts | Republic of Cote d'Ivoire Information | Cote d Ivoire Statistics | Ivory Coast

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 IVORIAN POLITICAL
  Cote D Ivoire Facts |  Republic of Cote d'Ivoire Information | Cote d Ivoire Statistics  
Background: Close ties to France since independence in 1960, the development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment made Cote d'Ivoire one of the most prosperous of the tropical African states. Falling cocoa prices and political turmoil, however, sparked an economic downturn in 1999 and 2000. On 25 December 1999, a military coup - the first ever in Cote d'Ivoire's history - overthrew the government led by President Henri Konan BEDIE. Close ties to France since independence in 1960, the development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment made Cote d'Ivoire one of the most prosperous of the tropical African states, but did not protect it from political turmoil. In December 1999, a military coup - the first ever in Cote d'Ivoire's history - overthrew the government. Junta leader Robert GUEI blatantly rigged elections held in late 2000 and declared himself the winner. Popular protest forced him to step aside and brought runner-up Laurent GBAGBO into power. Ivorian dissidents and disaffected members of the military launched a failed coup attempt in September 2002. Rebel forces claimed the northern half of the country, and in January 2003 were granted ministerial positions in a unity government under the auspices of the Linas-Marcoussis Peace Accord. President GBAGBO and rebel forces resumed implementation of the peace accord in December 2003 after a three-month stalemate, but issues that sparked the civil war, such as land reform and grounds for citizenship, remain unresolved. The central government has yet to exert control over the northern regions and tensions remain high between GBAGBO and opposition leaders. Several thousand French and West African troops remain in Cote d'Ivoire to maintain peace and facilitate the disarmament, demobilization, and rehabilitation process.
 
 
Common Name: Cote D Ivoire Local Official Name: Cote d'Ivoire
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Cote d'Ivoire Official Name: Republique de Cote d'Ivoire
Official Script Name: Cote d Ivoire Local Common Name: Cote d Ivoire
Former Name: Ivory Coast Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Laurent GBAGBO
 
Government Type: republic; multiparty presidential regime established 1960
 
Independence: 1960 August 7 (from France)
 
Constitution: 2000 August 4
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 7 August
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, CEMAC, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 19 regions; Agneby, Bafing, Bas-Sassandra, Denguele, Dix-Huit Montagnes, Fromager, Haut-Sassandra, Lacs, Lagunes, Marahoue, Moyen-Cavally, Moyen-Comoe, N'zi-Comoe, Savanes, Sud-Bandama, Sud-Comoe, Vallee du Bandama, Worodougou, Zanzan
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review in the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Laurent GBAGBO (since 26 October 2000) head of government: Prime Minister Charles Konan BANNY (since 7 December 2005) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 26 October 2000 (next to be held by October 2006); prime minister appointed by the president election results: Laurent GBAGBO elected president; percent of vote - Laurent GBAGBO 59.4%, Robert GUEI 32.7%, Francis WODIE 5.7%, other 2.2% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (225 seats; members are elected in single- and multi-district elections by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: elections last held 10 December 2000 with by-elections on 14 January 2001 (next to be held by 31 October 2006) election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FPI 96, PDCI-RDA 94, RDR 5, PIT 4, other 2, independents 22, vacant 2 note: a Senate is scheduled to be created in the next full election in 2006 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme consists of four chambers: Judicial Chamber for criminal cases, Audit Chamber for financial cases, Constitutional Chamber for judicial review cases, and Administrative Chamber for civil cases; there is no legal limit to the number of members
 
Party Leaders: Citizen's Democratic Union or UDCY [Eg Theodore MEL]; Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire-African Democratic Rally or PDCI-RDA [Henri Konan BEDIE]; Ivorian Popular Front or FPI [Laurent GBAGBO]; Ivorian Worker's Party or PIT [Francis WODIE]; Rally of the Republicans or RDR [Alassane OUATTARA]; Union for Democracy and Peace or UDPCI [Paul Akoto YAO]; over 20 smaller parties
 
International Disputes: rebel and ethnic fighting against the central government in 2002 has spilled into neighboring states, driven out foreign cocoa workers from nearby countries, and, in 2004, resulted in 6,000 peacekeepers deployed as part of UN Operation in Cote d'Ivoire (UNOCI) assisting 4,000 French troops already in-country; the Ivorian Government accuses Burkina Faso and Liberia of supporting Ivorian rebels
 
Illicit Drugs: illicit producer of cannabis, mostly for local consumption; transshipment point for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin to Europe and occasionally to the US, and for Latin American cocaine destined for Europe and South Africa; while rampant corruption and inadequate supervision leave the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, the lack of a developed financial system limits the country's utility as a major money-laundering center 
 
 
 IVORIAN GEOGRAPHY
  Cote D Ivoire Facts |  Republic of Cote d'Ivoire Information | Cote d Ivoire Statistics  
 
Location of Cote D Ivoire: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and Liberia
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 322,460 sq km 
Region: Western African Land Area Land: 318,000 sq km
Capitol City: Yamoussoukro Land Area Water: 4,460 sq km
      
Latitude: 008 00 N Border Boundary Land: 3,110 km
Longitude: 005 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 515 km 
  
Arable Land: 10.23 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 11.16 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,752 m Location: Mont Nimba
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Gulf of Guinea
  
Largest City in Cote D Ivoire: Abidjan Abidjan Largest City Population: 3,199,000
  
Threatened Species: 134
 
Environmental Issues: deforestation (most of the country's forests - once the largest in West Africa - have been heavily logged); water pollution from sewage and industrial and agricultural effluents
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 730
 
Bordering Countries: Burkina Faso 584 km, Ghana 668 km, Guinea 610 km, Liberia 716 km, Mali 532 km
 
Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, hydropower
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest
 
Comparative Area of Cote D Ivoire: slightly larger than New Mexico
 
Cote D Ivoire's Geography: most of the inhabitants live along the sandy coastal region; apart from the capital area, the forested interior is sparsely populated
 

 IVORIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical along coast, semiarid in far north; three seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October)
 
Natural Hazards: coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during the rainy season torrential flooding is possible
 
 
 IVORIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Cote d'Ivoire is among the world's largest producers and exporters of coffee, cocoa beans, and palm oil. Consequently, the economy is highly sensitive to fluctuations in international prices for these products and weather conditions. Despite government attempts to diversify the economy, it is still heavily dependent on agriculture and related activities, engaging roughly 68% of the population. Growth was negative in 2000-03 because of the difficulty of meeting the conditions of international donors, continued low prices of key exports, and severe civil war. In November 2004, the situation deteriorated when President GBAGBO's troops attacked and killed nine French peacekeeping forces, and the UN imposed an arms embargo. Political turmoil damaged the economy in 2005, with fear among Ivorians spreading, foreign investment shriveling, French businesses and expats fleeing, travel within the country falling, and criminal elements that traffic in weapons and diamonds gaining ground. The government will continue to survive financially off of the sale of cocoa, which represents 90% of foreign exchange earnings. Though the 2005 harvest was largely unaffected by past fighting, the government will likely lose between 10% and 20% of its cocoa harvest to northern rebels, who smuggle the cocoa they control to neighboring countries where cocoa prices are higher. The government remains hopeful that ongoing exploration of Cote d'Ivoire's offshore oil reserves will result in significant production that could boost daily crude output from roughly 33,000 barrels per day (b/d) to over 200,000 b/d by the end of the decade.
 
 
GDP: $28,520,000,000 USD Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc
GDP per Capita: $1,600 USD Currency Code: XOF
GDP Growth Rate: 1.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003), 696.99 (2002), 733.04 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 27.70 % GDP of Industry: 16.70 %
GDP of Services: 55.60 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 2.00 % Population in Poverty: 37.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 13.00 % Tourism: 301,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 3.10 % Budget Revenue in USD: $2,434,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 28.80 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $2,830,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 5,127,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 1,350,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 3,418,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 75.37% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 24.63% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $13,260,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $1,000,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coffee, cocoa beans, bananas, palm kernels, corn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sweet potatoes, sugar, cotton, rubber; timber
 
Primary Industries: foodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity, ship construction and repair
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 15.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $4,759,000,000 USD - fuel, capital equipment, foodstuffs
 
Import Partners: France 32.7%, Nigeria 20.3%, Thailand 2.8%
 
Export Amount in USD: $6,490,000,000 USD - cocoa, coffee, timber, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, fish
 
Export Partners: France 23.7%, Netherlands 10.8%, US 10.2%, Nigeria 7.5%, Italy 4.8%
 
    
GINI Index: 45.20%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 6
 
Labor Force by Occupations: 68% agricultural
 
  
 IVORIAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Cote D Ivoire Facts |  Republic of Cote d'Ivoire Information | Cote d Ivoire Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 14 Number of People with Radios: 2,260,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 14 Number of People with Televisions: 1,090,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 238,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 1,531,800
 
Internet Service Providers: 2,015 Internet Users: 300,000
 
Internet Country Code: .ci Newspapers: 17
Two Letter Country Code: IV Weights and Measures: metric
Phone Country Code: 225 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: well developed by African standards but operating well below capacity domestic: open-wire lines and microwave radio relay; 90% digitalized international: country code - 225; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean); 2 submarine cables
 
  
 IVORIAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 4,889 km Railways: 660 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 434 km Waterways: 980 km
Airports: 7 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 8 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 13,073,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Abidjan, Aboisso, Dabou, San-Pedro
 
  
 IVORIAN PEOPLE
  Cote D Ivoire Facts |  Republic of Cote d'Ivoire Information | Cote d Ivoire Statistics  
 
Population: 17,654,843 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 35.11 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 45.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 14.84 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.03% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 4.50 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 3,546,674 Population Female 0-14: 3,653,990
Population Male 15-64: 5,024,575 Population Female 15-64: 4,939,677
Population Male 65+: 238,793 Population Female 65+: 251,134
 
Population 0-14: 40.80% Literacy Rate: 50.90%
Population 15-64: 56.40% Literacy rate of Males: 57.90%
Population 65+: 2.80% Literacy rate of Females: 43.60%
 
Population that is Male: 51.50 % Population that is Female: 48.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 48.82 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 89.11 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 46.24 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 51.48 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 7.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 570,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 47,000
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: IVORIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Akan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 14,000 French) 
 
  
Primary Language: native dialects with Dioula th
 
Other Languages: French (official), 60 native dialects with Dioula the most widely spoken
 
 
Primary Religion: Muslim
 
Other Religions: Muslim 35-40%, indigenous 25-40%, Christian 20-30% (2001) note: the majority of foreigners (migratory workers) are Muslim (70%) and Christian (20%)
 
  
 IVORIAN MILITARY
  Cote D Ivoire Facts |  Republic of Cote d'Ivoire Information | Cote d Ivoire Statistics  
  
Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years of age years
 
Manpower Available: 7,266,073 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 3,885,042 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 381,954 People per year
 
Expenditures: $246,600,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.60
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 IVORIAN RESOURCES
  Cote D Ivoire Facts |  Republic of Cote d'Ivoire Information | Cote d Ivoire Statistics  
  
Cote D Ivoire Spa and Resort Directory
 
Cote D Ivoire Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Cote D Ivoire Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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native dialects with Dioula th Phrasebooks 
 
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