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Croatia Facts

Croatia Facts | Republic of Croatia Information | Croatia Statistics | People's Republic of Croatia, Socialist Repub

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 CROATIAN POLITICAL
  Croatia Facts |  Republic of Croatia Information | Croatia Statistics  
Background: The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998.
 
 
Common Name: Croatia Local Official Name: Hrvatska
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Croatia Official Name: Republika Hrvatska
Official Script Name: Croatia Local Common Name: Croatia
Former Name: People's Republic of Croatia, Socialist Repub Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Stjepan (Stipe) MESIC
 
Government Type: presidential/parliamentary democracy
 
Independence: 1991 June 25 (from Yugoslavia)
 
Constitution: adopted on 1990 December 20; revised 2000, 2001
 
National Holiday: Statehood Day, 8 October
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT (observer), BIS, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, NAM (observer), OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, SECI, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNMOGIP, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 20 counties (zupanije, zupanija - singular) and 1 city* (grad - singular); Bjelovarsko-Bilogorska Zupanija, Brodsko-Posavska Zupanija, Dubrovacko-Neretvanska Zupanija, Istarska Zupanija, Karlovacka Zupanija, Koprivnicko-Krizevacka Zupanija, Krapinsko-Zagorska Zupanija, Licko-Senjska Zupanija, Medimurska Zupanija, Osjecko-Baranjska Zupanija, Pozesko-Slavonska Zupanija, Primorsko-Goranska Zupanija, Sibensko-Kninska Zupanija, Sisacko-Moslavacka Zupanija, Splitsko-Dalmatinska Zupanija, Varazdinska Zupanija, Viroviticko-Podravska Zupanija, Vukovarsko-Srijemska Zupanija, Zadarska Zupanija, Zagreb*, Zagrebacka Zupanija
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on civil law system
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Stjepan (Stipe) MESIC (since 18 February 2000) head of government: Prime Minister Ivo SANADER (since 9 December 2003); Deputy Prime Ministers Jadranka KOSOR (since 23 December 2003) and Damir POLANCEC (since 15 February 2005) cabinet: Council of Ministers named by the prime minister and approved by the parliamentary Assembly elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 16 January 2005 (next to be held January 2010); the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president and then approved by the Assembly election results: Stjepan MESIC reelected president; percent of vote - Stjepan MESIC 66%, Jadranka KOSOR (HDZ) 34% in the second round Legislative Branch: unicameral Assembly or Sabor (152 seats; note - one seat was added in the November 2003 parliamentary elections; members elected from party lists by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 23 November 2003 (next to be held in 2007) election results: percent of vote by party - NA; number of seats by party - HDZ 66, SDP 34, HSS 10, HNS 10, HSP 8, IDS 4, Libra 3, HSU 3, SDSS 3, other 11 note: minority government coalition - HDZ, DC, HSLS, HSU, SDSS Judicial Branch: Supreme Court; Constitutional Court; judges for both courts appointed for eight-year terms by the Judicial Council of the Republic, which is elected by the Assembly
 
Party Leaders: Croatian Bloc or HB [Ivic PASALIC]; Croatian Christian Democratic Union or HKDU [Anto KOVACEVIC]; Croatian Democratic Union or HDZ [Ivo SANADER]; Croatian Party of Rights or HSP [Anto DJAPIC]; Croatian Peasant Party or HSS [Josip FRISCIC]; Croatian Pensioner Party or HSU [Vladimir JORDAN]; Croatian People's Party or HNS [Vesna PUSIC] (in 2005 party merged with Libra to become Croatian People's Party-Liberal Democrats or NS-LD [Vesna PUSIC]); Croatian Social Liberal Party or HSLS [Djurdja ADLESIC]; Croatian True Revival Party or HIP [Miroslav TUDJMAN]; Democratic Centre or DC [Vesna SKARE-OZBOLT]; Independent Democratic Serb Party or SDSS [Vojislav STANIMIROVIC]; Istrian Democratic Assembly or IDS [Ivan JAKOVCIC]; Social Democratic Party of Croatia or SDP [Ivica RACAN]
 
International Disputes: discussions continue with Bosnia and Herzegovina over several small disputed sections of the boundary related to maritime access that hinders ratification of the 1999 border agreement; the Croatia-Slovenia land and maritime boundary agreement, which would have ceded most of Pirin Bay and maritime access to Slovenia and several villages to Croatia, remains un-ratified and in dispute; as a European Union peripheral state, neighboring Slovenia must conform to the strict Schengen border rules to curb illegal migration and commerce through southeastern Europe while encouraging close cross-border ties with Croatia
 
Illicit Drugs: transit point along the Balkan route for Southwest Asian heroin to Western Europe; has been used as a transit point for maritime shipments of South American cocaine bound for Western Europe 
 
 
 CROATIAN GEOGRAPHY
  Croatia Facts |  Republic of Croatia Information | Croatia Statistics  
 
Location of Croatia: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia
 
Continent: Europe Land Area Total: 56,542 sq km 
Region: Eastern Europe Land Area Land: 56,414 sq km
Capitol City: Zagreb Land Area Water: 128 sq km
      
Latitude: 045 10 N Border Boundary Land: 2,197 km
Longitude: 015 30 E Border Boundary Coastline: 5,835 km 
  
Arable Land: 25.82 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 2.19 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,830 m Location: Dinara
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Adriatic Sea
  
Largest City in Croatia: Zagreb Zagreb Largest City Population: 1,047,000
  
Threatened Species: 52
 
Environmental Issues: air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
 
Irrigated Land: 110
 
Bordering Countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Serbia 241 km, Montenegro 25 km, Slovenia 670 km
 
Natural Resources: oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
 
Geographical Terrain: geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
 
Comparative Area of Croatia: slightly smaller than West Virginia
 
Croatia's Geography: controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits
 

 CROATIAN CLIMATE
  Croatia Facts |  Republic of Croatia Information | Croatia Statistics  
 
General Climate: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
 
Natural Hazards: destructive earthquakes
 
 
 CROATIAN ECONOMY
  Croatia Facts |  Republic of Croatia Information | Croatia Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: Before the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the Republic of Croatia, after Slovenia, was the most prosperous and industrialized area with a per capita output perhaps one-third above the Yugoslav average. The economy emerged from a mild recession in 2000 with tourism, banking, and public investments leading the way. Unemployment remains high, at about 18%, with structural factors slowing its decline. While macroeconomic stabilization has largely been achieved, structural reforms lag because of deep resistance on the part of the public and lack of strong support from politicians. Growth, while impressive at about 3% to 4% for the last several years, has been stimulated, in part, through high fiscal deficits and rapid credit growth. The EU accession process should accelerate fiscal and structural reform.
 
 
GDP: $55,760,000,000 USD Currency: kuna
GDP per Capita: $11,600 USD Currency Code: HRK
GDP Growth Rate: 4.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: kuna per US dollar - 5.9473 (2005), 6.0358 (2004), 6.7035 (2003), 7.8687 (2002), 8.34 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 7.00 % GDP of Industry: 30.80 %
GDP of Services: 62.20 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 3.30 % Population in Poverty: 11.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 18.00 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 3.40 % Budget Revenue in USD: $17,690,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 24.50 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $19,350,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 11,150,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 550,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 15,810,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 5,990,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 44.76% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 55.22% Other Electricity Production: 0.02%
   
Oil Production: 20,500 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 1,850,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 90,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 2,990,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 1,080,000,000 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 93,600,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 24,720,000,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $30,620,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $166,500,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products
 
Primary Industries: chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 5.10 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $18,930,000,000 USD - machinery, transport and electrical equipment; chemicals, fuels and lubricants; foodstuffs
 
Import Partners: Italy 15.9%, Germany 14.9%, Russia 9.1%, Slovenia 6.8%, Austria 5.8%, China 4.7%, France 4.2%
 
Export Amount in USD: $10,300,000,000 USD - transport equipment, textiles, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels
 
Export Partners: Italy 21.8%, Bosnia and Herzegovina 14.7%, Germany 10.7%, Slovenia 8.1%, Austria 7.3%
 
    
GINI Index: 29.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 1,710,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture: 2.7%, industry: 32.8%, services: 64.5%
 
  
 CROATIAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Croatia Facts |  Republic of Croatia Information | Croatia Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 119 Number of People with Radios: 1,510,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 36 Number of People with Televisions: 1,220,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 1,887,600 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 2,553,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 19,369 Internet Users: 1,014,000
 
Internet Country Code: .hr Newspapers: 115
Two Letter Country Code: HR Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 385 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: reconstruction plan calls for replacement of all analog circuits with digital and enlarging the network; a backup will be included in the plan for the main trunk international: country code - 385; digital international service is provided through the main switch in Zagreb; Croatia participates in the Trans-Asia-Europe (TEL) fiber-optic project, which consists of two fiber-optic trunk connections with Slovenia and a fiber-optic trunk line from Rijeka to Split and Dubrovnik; Croatia is also investing in ADRIA 1, a joint fiber-optic project with Germany, Albania, and Greece
 
  
 CROATIAN TRANSPORTATION
  Croatia Facts |  Republic of Croatia Information | Croatia Statistics  

   

Highways: 24,186 km Railways: 2,726 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 1,923 km Waterways: 785 km
Airports: 23 Heliports: 2
 
Motor Vehicles: 265 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 19,016,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.30 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 72 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,079,286 GRT/1,724,698 DWT by type: bulk carrier 22, cargo 11, chemical tanker 3, passenger/cargo 27, petroleum tanker 5, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 3 registered in other countries: 36 (Belize 1, Cyprus 2, Liberia 7, Malta 10, Marshall Islands 2, Panama 5, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 9)
 
Ports and Harbors: Omisalj, Ploce, Rijeka, Sibenik, Vukovar (on Danube)
 
  
 CROATIAN PEOPLE
  Croatia Facts |  Republic of Croatia Information | Croatia Statistics  
 
Population: 4,494,749 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 9.61 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 78.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 11.48 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: -0.03% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.40 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 373,638 Population Female 0-14: 354,261
Population Male 15-64: 1,497,958 Population Female 15-64: 1,515,314
Population Male 65+: 288,480 Population Female 65+: 465,098
 
Population 0-14: 16.20% Literacy Rate: 98.50%
Population 15-64: 67.00% Literacy rate of Males: 99.40%
Population 65+: 16.80% Literacy rate of Females: 97.80%
 
Population that is Male: 46.50 % Population that is Female: 53.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 74.68 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 6.72 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 71.03 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 78.53 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 1.58
 
Nationality: CROATIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma) 
 
  
Primary Language: Croatian
 
Other Languages: Croatian 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated 2.9% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German)
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2%
 
  
 CROATIAN MILITARY
  Croatia Facts |  Republic of Croatia Information | Croatia Statistics  
  
Branches: Ground Forces (Hrvatska Kopnena Vojska, HKoV), Naval Forces (Hrvatska Ratna Mornarica, HRM), Air and Air Defense Forces (Hrvatsko Ratno Zrakoplovstvo i Protuzrakoplovna Obrana, HRZiPZO), Joint Education and Training Command, Logistics Command; Military Police Force supports each of the three Croatian military forces
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 2,013,569 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,549,525 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 56,917 People per year
 
Expenditures: $620,000,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 2.39
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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