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Cuba Facts

Cuba Facts | Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics | Cuba

Cuba Facts |  Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics Cuba Facts |  Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics
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Cuba Facts |  Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics Cuba Facts |  Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics
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  Cuba Facts |  Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics  
Background: The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 and following its development as a Spanish colony during the next several centuries. Large numbers of African slaves were imported to work the coffee and sugar plantations, and Havana became the launching point for the annual treasure fleets bound for Spain from Mexico and Peru. Spanish rule, marked initially by neglect, became increasingly repressive, provoking an independence movement and occasional rebellions that were harshly suppressed. It was US intervention during the Spanish-American War in 1898 that finally overthrew Spanish rule. The subsequent Treaty of Paris established Cuban independence, which was granted in 1902 after a three-year transition period. Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to victory in 1959; his iron rule has held the regime together since then. Cuba's Communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. The country is now slowly recovering from a severe economic recession in 1990, following the withdrawal of former Soviet subsidies, worth $4 billion to $6 billion annually. Cuba portrays its difficulties as the result of the US embargo in place since 1961. Illicit migration to the US - using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, air flights, or via the southwest border - is a continuing problem. The US Coast Guard intercepted 2,712 individuals attempting to cross the Straits of Florida in fiscal year 2005.
Common Name: Cuba Local Official Name: Cuba
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Cuba Official Name: Republica de Cuba
Official Script Name: Cuba Local Common Name: Cuba
Former Name: Cuba Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Fidel CASTRO Ruz
Government Type: Communist state
Independence: 1902 May 20 (from Spain 10 December 1898; administered by the US from 1898 to 1902)
Constitution: 1976 February 24, amended July 1992 and June 2002
National Holiday: Independence Day, 10 December
International Organization Participation: ACP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, NAM, OAS (excluded from formal participation since 1962), OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Administrative Divisions: 14 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 special municipality* (municipio especial); Camaguey, Ciego de Avila, Cienfuegos, Ciudad de La Habana, Granma, Guantanamo, Holguin, Isla de la Juventud*, La Habana, Las Tunas, Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Sancti Spiritus, Santiago de Cuba, Villa Clara
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on Spanish and American law, with large elements of Communist legal theory; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: 16 years of age years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers Fidel CASTRO Ruz (prime minister from February 1959 until 24 February 1976 when office was abolished; president since 2 December 1976); First Vice President of the Council of State and First Vice President of the Council of Ministers Gen. Raul CASTRO Ruz (since 2 December 1976); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers Fidel CASTRO Ruz (prime minister from February 1959 until 24 February 1976 when office was abolished; president since 2 December 1976); First Vice President of the Council of State and First Vice President of the Council of Ministers Gen. Raul CASTRO Ruz (since 2 December 1976) cabinet: Council of Ministers proposed by the president of the Council of State and appointed by the National Assembly or the 31-member Council of State, elected by the Assembly to act on its behalf when it is not in session elections: president and vice presidents elected by the National Assembly for a term of five years; election last held 6 March 2003 (next to be held in 2008) election results: Fidel CASTRO Ruz reelected president; percent of legislative vote - 100%; Raul CASTRO Ruz elected vice president; percent of legislative vote - 100% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly of People's Power or Asemblea Nacional del Poder Popular (609 seats, elected directly from slates approved by special candidacy commissions; members serve five-year terms) elections: last held 19 January 2003 (next to be held in 2008) election results: percent of vote - PCC 97.6%; seats - PCC 609 Judicial Branch: People's Supreme Court or Tribunal Supremo Popular (president, vice president, and other judges are elected by the National Assembly)
Party Leaders: only party - Cuban Communist Party or PCC [Fidel CASTRO Ruz, first secretary]
International Disputes: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is leased to US and only mutual agreement or US abandonment of the area can terminate the lease
Illicit Drugs: territorial waters and air space serve as transshipment zone for US and European-bound drugs; established the death penalty for certain drug-related crimes in 1999  
  Cuba Facts |  Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics  
Location of Cuba: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida
Continent: North America Land Area Total: 110,860 sq km 
Region: Caribbean Land Area Land: 110,860 sq km
Capitol City: Havana Land Area Water: 0 sq km
Latitude: 021 30 N Border Boundary Land: 29 km
Longitude: 080 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 3,735 km 
Arable Land: 27.63 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 6.54 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 2,005 m Location: Pico Turquino
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Caribbean Sea
Largest City in Cuba: Havana Havana Largest City Population: 2,242,000
Threatened Species: 225
Environmental Issues: air and water pollution; biodiversity loss; deforestation
Environmental Agreements: party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Irrigated Land: 8,700
Bordering Countries: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 29 km note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and thus remains part of Cuba
Natural Resources: cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land
Geographical Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast
Comparative Area of Cuba: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
Cuba's Geography: largest country in Caribbean and westernmost island of the Greater Antilles

  Cuba Facts |  Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics  
General Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)
Natural Hazards: the east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to October (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common
  Cuba Facts |  Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics  
Economic Overview: The government continues to balance the need for economic loosening against a desire for firm political control. It has rolled back limited reforms undertaken in the 1990s to increase enterprise efficiency and alleviate serious shortages of food, consumer goods, and services. The average Cuban's standard of living remains at a lower level than before the downturn of the 1990s, which was caused by the loss of Soviet aid and domestic inefficiencies. The government in 2005 strengthened its controls over dollars coming into the economy from tourism, remittances, and trade. External financing has helped growth in the mining, oil, construction, and tourism sectors.
GDP: $40,060,000,000 USD Currency: Cuban peso
GDP per Capita: $3,500 USD Currency Code: CUP
GDP Growth Rate: 8.00 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: Convertible pesos per US dollar - 0.93 note: Cuba has three currencies in circulation: the Cuban peso (CUP), the convertible peso (CUC), and the US dollar (USD), although the dollar is being withdrawn from circulation; in April 2005 the official exchang
GDP of Agriculture: 5.50 % GDP of Industry: 26.10 %
GDP of Services: 68.40 %  
Inflation Rate: 7.00 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 1.90 % Tourism: 1,561,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $2,110,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $23,650,000,000 USD
Electricity Production: 15,650,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 13,270,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 94.63% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.40% Other Electricity Production: 4.97%
Oil Production: 72,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 704,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 205,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 704,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 532,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 70,790,000,000 cu m
External Debt: $12,560,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $68,200,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans; livestock
Primary Industries: sugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals
Industrial Growth Rate: 5.10 %
Import Amount in USD: $6,916,000,000 USD - petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals
Import Partners: China 14.9%, Spain 13.9%, Canada 8.6%, US 8.5%, Germany 7.4%, Italy 5.7%, Mexico 5.2%, Japan 4.1%
Export Amount in USD: $2,388,000,000 USD - sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish, medical products, citrus, coffee
Export Partners: Netherlands 25.4%, Canada 20.7%, China 9.8%, Spain 6.8%
GINI Index: 0.00%
Labor Force Number of People: 4,600,000
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture: 21.2%, industry: 14.4%, services: 64.4%
  Cuba Facts |  Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 225 Number of People with Radios: 3,900,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 58 Number of People with Televisions: 2,640,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 849,900 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 134,500
Internet Service Providers: 2,234 Internet Users: 190,000
Internet Country Code: .cu Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: CU Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 53 Electricity Voltage: 110/220 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: greater investment beginning in 1994 and the establishment of a new Ministry of Information Technology and Communications in 2000 has resulted in improvements in the system; wireless service is expensive and remains restricted to foreigners and regime elites, many Cubans procure wireless service illegally with the help of foreigners domestic: national fiber-optic system under development; 85% of switches digitized by end of 2004; telephone line density remains low, at 10 per 100 inhabitants; domestic cellular service expanding international: country code - 53; fiber-optic cable laid to but not linked to US network; satellite earth station - 1 Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region)
  Cuba Facts |  Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics  


Highways: 29,820 km Railways: 4,226 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 279 km Waterways: 240 km
Airports: 78 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 25,113,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 2.30 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: total: 11 ships (1000 GRT or over) 33,932 GRT/48,791 DWT by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 2, chemical tanker 1, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 3, refrigerated cargo 2 foreign-owned: 1 (Spain 1) registered in other countries: 17 (Bahamas 1, Cyprus 2, Netherlands Antilles 1, Panama 11, Spain 1, unknown 1)
Ports and Harbors: Cienfuegos, Havana, Matanzas
  Cuba Facts |  Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics  
Population: 11,382,820 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 11.89 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 102.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 7.22 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.31% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.66 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 1,117,677 Population Female 0-14: 1,058,512
Population Male 15-64: 4,001,161 Population Female 15-64: 3,999,303
Population Male 65+: 554,148 Population Female 65+: 652,019
Population 0-14: 19.10% Literacy Rate: 97.00%
Population 15-64: 70.30% Literacy rate of Males: 97.20%
Population 65+: 10.60% Literacy rate of Females: 96.90%
Population that is Male: 49.50 % Population that is Female: 50.40%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 77.41 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 6.22 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 75.11 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 79.85 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 3,300
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -1.57
Nationality: CUBAN
Ethnic Groups: mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1% 
Primary Language: Spanish
Other Languages: Spanish
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
Other Religions: nominally 85% Roman Catholic prior to CASTRO assuming power; Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, and Santeria are also represented
  Cuba Facts |  Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics  
Branches: Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR): Revolutionary Army (ER), Revolutionary Navy (Marina de Guerra Revolucionaria, MGR), Revolutionary Air and Air Defense Force (DAAFAR), Youth Labor Army (EJT)
Manpower Fit to Serve: 17 years
Manpower Available: 5,881,424 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 4,838,668 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 179,401 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.80
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
  Cuba Facts |  Republic of Cuba Information | Cuba Statistics  
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