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Cyprus Facts

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 CYPRIOT POLITICAL
  Cyprus Facts |  Republic of Cyprus Information | Cyprus Statistics  
Background: A former British colony, Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority came to a head in December 1963, when violence broke out in the capital of Nicosia. Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers in 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island. In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island. In 1983, the Turkish-held area declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus," but it is recognized only by Turkey. The latest two-year round of UN-brokered talks - between the leaders of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities to reach an agreement to reunite the divided island - ended when the Greek Cypriots rejected the UN settlement plan in an April 2004 referendum. The entire island entered the EU on 1 May 2004, although the EU acquis - the body of common rights and obligations - applies only to the areas under direct Republic of Cyprus control, and is suspended in the areas administered by Turkish Cypriots. At present, every Cypriot carrying a Cyprus passport has the status of a European citizen; however, EU laws do not apply to north Cyprus. Nicosia continues to oppose EU efforts to establish direct trade and economic links to north Cyprus as a way of encouraging the Turkish Cypriot community to continue to support reunification.
 
 
Common Name: Cyprus Local Official Name: Kypros/Kibris
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Cyprus Official Name: Kypriaki Dimokratia/Kibris Cumhuriyeti
Official Script Name: Cyprus Local Common Name: Cyprus
Former Name: Cyprus Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Glafcos CLERIDES
 
Government Type: republic note: a separation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began following the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified after the Turkish intervention in July 1974 that followed a Greek junta-suppor
 
Independence: 1960 August 16 (from UK); note - Turkish Cypriot area proclaimed self-rule on 1975 February 13
 
Constitution: 16 August 1960; from December 1963, the Turkish Cypriots no longer participated in the government; negotiations to create the basis for a new or revised constitution to govern the island and for better relations between Greek and Turkish Cypriots have bee
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 1 October
 
International Organization Participation: Australia Group, C, CE, EBRD, EIB, EU (new member), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, NSG, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 6 districts; Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol, Nicosia, Paphos; note - Turkish Cypriot area's administrative divisions include Kyrenia, all but a small part of Famagusta, and small parts of Lefkosa (Nicosia) and Larnaca6 districts; Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol, Nicosia, Paphos; note - Turkish Cypriot area's administrative divisions include Kyrenia, all but a small part of Famagusta, and small parts of Lefkosia (Nicosia) and Larnaca
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on common law, with civil law modifications; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Tassos PAPADOPOULOS (since 1 March 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; post of vice president is currently vacant; under the 1960 constitution, the post is reserved for a Turkish Cypriot head of government: President Tassos PAPADOPOULOS (since 1 March 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; post of vice president is currently vacant; under the 1960 constitution, the post is reserved for a Turkish Cypriot cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed jointly by the president and vice president elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 16 February 2003 (next to be held February 2008) election results: Tassos PAPADOPOULOS elected president; percent of vote - Tassos PAPADOPOULOS 51.5%, Glafkos KLIRIDIS 38.8%, Alekos MARKIDIS 6.6% note: Mehmet Ali TALAT became "president" of north Cyprus, 24 April 2005, after "presidential" elections on 17 April 2005; results - Mehmet Ali TALAT 55.6%, Dervis EROGLU 22.7%; Ferdi Sabit SOYER is "prime minister"; there is a Council of Ministers (cabinet) in north Cyprus, appointed by the "prime minister" Legislative Branch: chief of state: President Tassos PAPADOPOULOS (since 1 March 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; post of vice president is currently vacant; under the 1960 constitution, the post is reserved for a Turkish Cypriot head of government: President Tassos PAPADOPOULOS (since 1 March 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; post of vice president is currently vacant; under the 1960 constitution, the post is reserved for a Turkish Cypriot cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed jointly by the president and vice president elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 16 February 2003 (next to be held February 2008) election results: Tassos PAPADOPOULOS elected president; percent of vote - Tassos PAPADOPOULOS 51.5%, Glafkos KLIRIDIS 38.8%, Alekos MARKIDIS 6.6% note: Mehmet Ali TALAT became "president" of north Cyprus, 24 April 2005, after "presidential" elections on 17 April 2005; results - Mehmet Ali TALAT 55.6%, Dervis EROGLU 22.7%; Ferdi Sabit SOYER is "prime minister"; there is a Council of Ministers (cabinet) in north Cyprus, appointed by the "prime minister" Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed jointly by the president and vice president) note: there is also a Supreme Court in north Cyprus
 
Party Leaders: Republic of Cyprus: Democratic Party or DIKO [Tassos PAPADOPOULOS]; Democratic Rally or DISY [Nikos ANASTASIADHIS]; European Democracy or EURO.DE [Prodromos PRODROMOU] (evolved from For Europe which merged with New Horizons); European Party or EURO.KO [Demetris SYLLOURIS]; Fighting Democratic Movement or ADIK [Dinos MIKHAILIDIS]; Green Party of Cyprus [George PERDIKIS]; Movement for Social Democracy United Democratic Union of Center or KISOS [Yannakis OMIROU]; Progressive Party of the Working People or AKEL (Communist Party) [Dimitrios CHRISTOFIAS]; United Democrats Movement or EDE [Michalis PAPAPETROU]; north Cyprus: Democratic Party or DP [Serder DENKTASH]; National Birth Party or UDP [Enver EMIN]; National Unity Party or UBP [Dervis EROGLU]; Our Party or BP [Okyay SADIKOGLU]; Patriotic Unity Movement or YBH [Alpay DURDURAN]; Peace and Democratic Movement [Mustafa AKINCI]; Republican Turkish Party or CTP [Mehmet ALI TALAT]
 
International Disputes: hostilities in 1974 divided the island into two de facto autonomous entities, the internationally recognized Cypriot Government and a Turkish-Cypriot community (north Cyprus); the 1,000-strong UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) has served in Cyprus since 1964 and maintains the buffer zone between north and south; March 2003 reunification talks failed, but Turkish-Cypriots later opened their borders to temporary visits by Greek Cypriots; on 24 April 2004, the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities voted in simultaneous and parallel referenda on whether to approve the UN-brokered Annan Plan that would have ended the 30-year division of the island by establishing a new "United Cyprus Republic," a majority of Greek Cypriots voted "no"; on 1 May 2004, Cyprus entered the European Union still divided, with the EU's body of legislation and standards (acquis communitaire) suspended in the north
 
Illicit Drugs: minor transit point for heroin and hashish via air routes and container traffic to Europe, especially from Lebanon and Turkey; some cocaine transits as well; despite a strengthening of anti-money-laundering legislation, remains vulnerable to money laundering; reporting of suspicious transactions in offshore sector remains weak 
 
 
 CYPRIOT GEOGRAPHY
  Cyprus Facts |  Republic of Cyprus Information | Cyprus Statistics  
 
Location of Cyprus: Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey
 
Continent: Europe Land Area Total: 9,250 sq km 
Region: Medditeranean Land Area Land: 9,240 sq km
Capitol City: Nicosia Land Area Water: 10 sq km
      
Latitude: 035 00 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 033 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 648 km 
  
Arable Land: 10.81 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 4.32 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,951 m Location: Mount Olympus
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Mediterranean Sea
  
Largest City in Cyprus: Nicosia Nicosia Largest City Population: 193,000
  
Threatened Species: 16
 
Environmental Issues: water resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity in rainfall, sea water intrusion to island's largest aquifer, increased salination in the north); water pollution from sewage and industrial wastes; coastal degradation; loss of wildlife habitats from urbanization
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 400
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment
 
Geographical Terrain: central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast
 
Comparative Area of Cyprus: about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut
 
Cyprus's Geography: the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and Sardinia)
 

 CYPRIOT CLIMATE
  Cyprus Facts |  Republic of Cyprus Information | Cyprus Statistics  
 
General Climate: temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
 
Natural Hazards: moderate earthquake activity; droughts
 
 
 CYPRIOT ECONOMY
  Cyprus Facts |  Republic of Cyprus Information | Cyprus Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: The Republic of Cyprus has a market economy dominated by the service sector, which accounts for 76% of GDP. Tourism and financial services are the most important sectors; erratic growth rates over the past decade reflect the economy's reliance on tourism, which often fluctuates with political instability in the region and economic conditions in Western Europe. Nevertheless, the economy grew a healthy 3.7% per year in 2004 and 2005, well above the EU average. Cyprus joined the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM2) in May 2005. The government has initiated an aggressive austerity program, which has cut the budget deficit to below 3% but continued fiscal discipline is necessary if Cyprus is to meet its goal of adopting the euro on 1 January 2008. As in the area administered by Turkish Cypriots, water shortages are a perennial problem; a few desalination plants are now on line. After 10 years of drought, the country received substantial rainfall from 2001-03 alleviating immediate concerns. The Turkish Cypriot economy has roughly one-third of the per capita GDP of the south, and economic growth tends to be volatile, given north Cyprus's relative isolation, bloated public sector, reliance on the Turkish lira, and small market size. The Turkish Cypriot economy grew 15.4% in 2004, fueled by growth in the construction and education sectors, as well as increased employment of Turkish Cypriots in the Republic of Cyprus. The Turkish Cypriots are heavily dependent on transfers from the Turkish Government. Under the 2003-06 economic protocol, Ankara plans to provide around $550 million to the "TRNC." Agriculture and services, together, employ more than half of the work force.
 
 
GDP: $16,780,000,000 USD Currency: Cypriot pound ; Turkish lira
GDP per Capita: $21,500 USD Currency Code: CYP
GDP Growth Rate: 3.80 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Cypriot pounds per US dollar - 0.4641 (2005), 0.4686 (2004), 0.5174 (2003), 0.6107 (2002), 0.6431 (2001), Turkish lira per US dollar - 1.36 (2005), 1.426 million (2004), 1.501 million (2003), 1.507 million (2002), 1.226 million (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 7.40 % GDP of Industry: 38.20 %
GDP of Services: 54.40 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 2.60 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 4.00 % Tourism: 2,434,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $6,698,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $7,122,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 3,801,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 3,535,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 300 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 520,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $10,530,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: citrus, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives, vegetables; poultry, pork, lamb; dairy, cheese
 
Primary Industries: tourism, food and beverage processing, cement and gypsum production, ship repair and refurbishment, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, wood, paper, stone, and clay products
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.40 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $5,552,000,000 USD - Republic of Cyprus: consumer goods, petroleum and lubricants, intermediate goods, machinery, transport equipment; north Cyprus: vehicles, fuel, cigarettes, food, minerals, chemicals, machinery
 
Import Partners: Greece 17.3%, Italy 10.3%, UK 9%, Germany 8.4%, Israel 7.1%
 
Export Amount in USD: $1,237,000,000 USD - Republic of Cyprus: citrus, potatoes, pharmaceuticals, cement, clothing and cigarettes; north Cyprus: citrus, potatoes, textiles
 
Export Partners: France 17.7%, UK 17%, Greece 12.2%, Germany 5.7%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 370,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 7.4%, industry 38.2%, services 54.4%
 
  
 CYPRIOT COMMUNICATIONS
  Cyprus Facts |  Republic of Cyprus Information | Cyprus Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 81 Number of People with Radios: 366,450
Television Broadcast Stations: 8 Number of People with Televisions: 300,300
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 418,400 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 640,500
 
Internet Service Providers: 46,863 Internet Users: 298,000
 
Internet Country Code: .cy Newspapers: 111
Two Letter Country Code: CY Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 357 Electricity Voltage: 240 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: excellent in both Republic of Cyprus and north Cyprus areas domestic: open-wire, fiber-optic cable, and microwave radio relay international: country code - 357 (area administered by Turkish Cypriots uses the country code of Turkey - 90); tropospheric scatter; 3 coaxial and 5 fiber-optic submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean), 2 Eutelsat, 2 Intersputnik, and 1 Arabsat
 
  
 CYPRIOT TRANSPORTATION
  Cyprus Facts |  Republic of Cyprus Information | Cyprus Statistics  

   

Highways: 13 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 13 Heliports: 10
 
Motor Vehicles: 479 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 5,456,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.19 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 884 ships (1000 GRT or over) 19,477,944 GRT/31,157,473 DWT by type: bulk carrier 354, cargo 210, chemical tanker 44, container 145, liquefied gas 8, passenger 7, passenger/cargo 23, petroleum tanker 64, refrigerated cargo 15, roll on/roll off 9, vehicle carrier 5 foreign-owned: 777 (Belgium 1, Canada 2, China 11, Croatia 2, Cuba 2, Denmark 1, Estonia 6, Germany 214, Greece 337, Greenland 1, Hong Kong 1, India 5, Iran 2, Ireland 3, Israel 3, Italy 2, Japan 17, South Korea 1, Latvia 4, Netherlands 18, Norway 16, Philippines 1, Poland 20, Portugal 2, Russia 53, Singapore 1, Slovakia 1, Slovenia 4, Spain 7, Sweden 3, Switzerland 4, Syria 3, UAE 11, UK 6, Ukraine 4, US 7, unknown 1) registered in other countries: 87 (Bahamas 13, Belize 2, Cambodia 12, Georgia 1, Gibraltar 1, Greece 1, Isle of Man 1, Liberia 3, Malta 15, Marshall Islands 15, Norway 2, Panama 14, Portugal 1, Russia 2, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1, Sierra Leone 1, Turkey 2)
 
Ports and Harbors: Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol, Vasilikos
 
  
 CYPRIOT PEOPLE
  Cyprus Facts |  Republic of Cyprus Information | Cyprus Statistics  
 
Population: 784,301 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 12.56 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 87.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 7.68 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.53% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.82 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 81,776 Population Female 0-14: 78,272
Population Male 15-64: 270,254 Population Female 15-64: 263,354
Population Male 65+: 39,536 Population Female 65+: 51,109
 
Population 0-14: 20.40% Literacy Rate: 97.60%
Population 15-64: 68.00% Literacy rate of Males: 98.90%
Population 65+: 11.60% Literacy rate of Females: 96.30%
 
Population that is Male: 50.00 % Population that is Female: 50.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 77.82 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 7.04 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 75.44 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 80.31 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.42
 
Nationality: CYPRIOT
 
Ethnic Groups: Greek 77%, Turkish 18%, other 5% 
 
  
Primary Language: Greek
 
Other Languages: Greek, Turkish, English
 
 
Primary Religion: Greek Orthodox
 
Other Religions: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, and other 4%
 
  
 CYPRIOT MILITARY
  Cyprus Facts |  Republic of Cyprus Information | Cyprus Statistics  
  
Branches: Republic of Cyprus: Greek Cypriot National Guard (GCNG; includes air and naval elements)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 359,919 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 295,094 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 12,778 People per year
 
Expenditures: $384,000,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 3.80
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 CYPRIOT RESOURCES
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Cyprus Spa and Resort Directory
 
Cyprus Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Cyprus Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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