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Denmark Facts

Denmark Facts | Kingdom of Denmark Information | Denmark Statistics | Denmark

Denmark Facts |  Kingdom of Denmark Information | Denmark Statistics Denmark Facts |  Kingdom of Denmark Information | Denmark Statistics
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 DANISH POLITICAL
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Background: Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe. It joined NATO in 1949 and the EEC (now the EU) in 1973. However, the country has opted out of certain elements of the European Union's Maastricht Treaty, including the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), European defense cooperation, and issues concerning certain justice and home affairs.
 
 
Common Name: Denmark Local Official Name: Danmark
Abbreviated Name: Kingdom of Denmark Official Name: Kongeriget Danmark
Official Script Name: Denmark Local Common Name: Denmark
Former Name: Denmark Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: Queen MARGRETHE II
 
Government Type: constitutional monarchy
 
Independence: first organized as a unified state in 10th century; in 1849 became a constitutional monarchy
 
Constitution: 1849 was the original constitution; there was a major overhaul 1953 June 5, allowing for a unicameral legislature and a female chief of state
 
National Holiday: none designated; Constitution Day, 5 June is generally viewed as the National Day
 
International Organization Participation: AfDB, Arctic Council, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 9, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUC, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMOGIP, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WEU (observer), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
 
Administrative Divisions: metropolitan Denmark - 14 counties (amter, singular - amt) and 2 boroughs* (amtskommuner, singular - amtskommune); Arhus, Bornholm, Frederiksberg*, Frederiksborg, Fyn, Kobenhavn, Kobenhavn (Copenhagen)*, Nordjylland, Ribe, Ringkobing, Roskilde, Sonderjylland, Storstrom, Vejle, Vestsjalland, Viborg note: as a result of an extensive 2005 local government reform, with 2006 being a transition year, 275 municipalities will be merged to 99 by 1 January 2007, and the 14 counties will be reorganized into five regions
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 January 1972); Heir Apparent Crown Prince FREDERIK, elder son of the monarch (born 26 May 1968) head of government: Prime Minister Anders Fogh RASMUSSEN (since 27 November 2001) cabinet: Council of State appointed by the monarch elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch Legislative Branch: unicameral People's Assembly or Folketinget (179 seats, including 2 from Greenland and 2 from the Faroe Islands; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 8 February 2005 (next to be held February 2009) election results: percent of vote by party - Liberal Party 29%, Social Democrats 25.9%, Danish People's Party 13.2%, Conservative Party 10.3%, Social Liberal Party 9.2%, Socialist People's Party 6%, Unity List 3.4%; seats by party - Liberal Party 52, Social Democrats 47, Danish People's Party 24, Conservative Party 18, Social Liberal Party 17, Socialist People's Party 11, Unity List 6; note - does not include the 2 seats from Greenland and the 2 seats from the Faroe Islands Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the monarch for life)
 
Party Leaders: Christian Democrats (was Christian People's Party) [Bodil KORNBEK]; Conservative Party (sometimes known as Conservative People's Party) [Bendt BENDTSEN]; Danish People's Party [Pia KJAERSGAARD]; Liberal Party [Anders Fogh RASMUSSEN]; Red-Green Unity List (bloc includes Left Socialist Party, Communist Party of Denmark, Socialist Workers' Party) [collective leadership]; Social Democratic Party [Helle THORNING-SCHMIDT]; Social Liberal Party (sometimes called the Radical Left) [Marianne JELVED, leader; Soren BALD, chairman]; Socialist People's Party [Villy SOEVNDAL]
 
International Disputes: Iceland disputes the Faroe Islands' fisheries median line; Iceland, the UK, and Ireland dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm; Faroese continue to study proposals for full independence; uncontested sovereignty dispute with Canada over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Ellesmere Island and Greenland
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 DANISH GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Denmark: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes two major islands (Sjaelland and Fyn)
 
Continent: Europe Land Area Total: 43,094 sq km 
Region: Scandanavian Land Area Land: 42,394 sq km
Capitol City: Copenhagen Land Area Water: 700 sq km
      
Latitude: 056 00 N Border Boundary Land: 68 km
Longitude: 010 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 7,314 km 
  
Arable Land: 52.59 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.19 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 173 m Location: Yding Skovhoej
Lowest Elevation: -7 m Location: Lammefjord
  
Largest City in Denmark: Copenhagen Copenhagen Largest City Population: 501,158
  
Threatened Species: 27
 
Environmental Issues: air pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 4,490
 
Bordering Countries: Germany 68 km
 
Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, stone, gravel and sand
 
Geographical Terrain: low and flat to gently rolling plains
 
Comparative Area of Denmark: slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts
 
Denmark's Geography: controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population lives in greater Copenhagen
 

 DANISH CLIMATE
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General Climate: temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers
 
Natural Hazards: flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes
 
 
 DANISH ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: This thoroughly modern market economy features high-tech agriculture, up-to-date small-scale and corporate industry, extensive government welfare measures, comfortable living standards, a stable currency, and high dependence on foreign trade. Denmark is a net exporter of food and energy and enjoys a comfortable balance of payments surplus. Government objectives include streamlining the bureaucracy and further privatization of state assets. The government has been successful in meeting, and even exceeding, the economic convergence criteria for participating in the third phase (a common European currency) of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), but Denmark has decided not to join 12 other EU members in the euro. Nonetheless, the Danish krone remains pegged to the euro. Economic growth gained momentum in 2004 and the upturn accelerated through 2005. Because of high GDP per capita, welfare benefits, a low Gini index, and political stability, the Danish people enjoy living standards topped by no other nation. A major long-term issue will be the sharp decline in the ratio of workers to retirees.
 
 
GDP: $189,300,000,000 USD Currency: Danish krone
GDP per Capita: $34,800 USD Currency Code: DKK
GDP Growth Rate: 3.20 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Danish kroner per US dollar - 5.9969 (2005), 5.9911 (2004), 6.5877 (2003), 7.8947 (2002), 8.3228 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 1.80 % GDP of Industry: 24.60 %
GDP of Services: 73.50 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 1.80 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 5.70 % Tourism: 2,023.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 2.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $144,000,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 24.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $135,000,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 43,320,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 15,600,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 31,680,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 7,000,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 83.86% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.08% Other Electricity Production: 16.06%
   
Oil Production: 376,900 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 7,965,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 188,300 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 5,173,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 332,100 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 3,100,000,000 cu m
Oil Imports: 195,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 1,230,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 73,510,000,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $352,900,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $2,000,000,000 USD
   
Agricultural Products: barley, wheat, potatoes, sugar beets; pork, dairy products; fish
 
Primary Industries: iron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding and refurbishment, windmills, pharmaceuticals, medical eq
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 1.60 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $74,690,000,000 USD - machinery and equipment, raw materials and semimanufactures for industry, chemicals, grain and foodstuffs, consumer goods
 
Import Partners: Germany 20.5%, Sweden 13.8%, Norway 6.6%, Netherlands 6.6%, UK 6%, China 4.7%, France 4.2%, Italy 4.1%
 
Export Amount in USD: $84,950,000,000 USD - machinery and instruments, meat and meat products, dairy products, fish, chemicals, furniture, ships, windmills
 
Export Partners: Germany 17.5%, Sweden 13.2%, UK 8.8%, US 6.4%, France 5.5%, Netherlands 5.3%, Norway 5.1%
 
    
GINI Index: 23.20%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 2,900,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: services 76%, industry 21%, agriculture 3%
 
  
 DANISH COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 357 Number of People with Radios: 6,020,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 26 Number of People with Televisions: 3,121,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 3,350,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 5,469,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 2,110,002 Internet Users: 3,762,500
 
Internet Country Code: .dk Newspapers: 283
Two Letter Country Code: DA Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 45 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: excellent telephone and telegraph services domestic: buried and submarine cables and microwave radio relay form trunk network, 4 cellular mobile communications systems international: country code - 45; 18 submarine fiber-optic cables linking Denmark with Canada, Faroe Islands, Germany, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia, Sweden, and UK; satellite earth stations - 6 Intelsat, 10 Eutelsat, 1 Orion, 1 Inmarsat (Blaavand-Atlantic-East); note - the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden) share the Danish earth station and the Eik, Norway, station for worldwide Inmarsat access
 
  
 DANISH TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 72,257 km Railways: 2,673 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 1,388 km Waterways: 400 km
Airports: 28 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 415 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 60,125,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 10.70 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 293 ships (1000 GRT or over) 7,986,735 GRT/9,936,431 DWT by type: bulk carrier 7, cargo 63, chemical tanker 48, container 86, liquefied gas 4, livestock carrier 2, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 40, petroleum tanker 23, refrigerated cargo 7, roll on/roll off 8, specialized tanker 4 foreign-owned: 25 (Canada 1, Germany 13, Greece 5, Greenland 1, Norway 3, Sweden 1, UK 1) registered in other countries: 409 (Antigua and Barbuda 14, Bahamas 59, Belgium 4, Cayman Islands 5, Cyprus 1, Egypt 1, Estonia 2, France 1, French Southern and Antarctic Lands 2, Gibraltar 1, Hong Kong 6, Isle of Man 53, North Korea 1, Liberia 8, Lithuania 10, Malta 6, Marshall Islands 1, Mexico 2, Netherlands 9, Netherlands Antilles 1, Norway 32, Panama 34, Portugal 4, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 14, Singapore 52, South Africa 1, Spain 1, Sweden 4, UK 46, US 24, Vanuatu 6, Venezuela 3, Vietnam 1)
 
Ports and Harbors: Aalborg, Aarhus, Asnaesvaerkets, Copenhagen, Elsinore, Ensted, Esbjerg, Fredericia, Frederikshavn, Graasten, Kalundborg, Odense, Roenne
 
  
 DANISH PEOPLE
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Population: 5,450,661 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 11.13 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 125.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 10.36 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.33% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.74 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 523 Population Female 0-14: 496
Population Male 15-64: 1 Population Female 15-64: 1
Population Male 65+: 355 Population Female 65+: 472
 
Population 0-14: 18.70% Literacy Rate: 99.00%
Population 15-64: 66.10% Literacy rate of Males: 99.00%
Population 65+: 15.20% Literacy rate of Females: 99.00%
 
Population that is Male: 49.00 % Population that is Female: 51.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 77.79 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 4.51 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 75.49 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 80.22 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.20% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 5,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 2.52
 
Nationality: DANISH
 
Ethnic Groups: Scandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali 
 
  
Primary Language: Danish
 
Other Languages: Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority) note: English is the predominant second language
 
 
Primary Religion: Evangelical Lutheran
 
Other Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 95%, other Protestant and Roman Catholic 3%, Muslim 2%
 
  
 DANISH MILITARY
  Denmark Facts |  Kingdom of Denmark Information | Denmark Statistics  
  
Branches: Defense Command: Army Operational Command, Admiral Danish Fleet, Tactical Air Command
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 2,325,735 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,890,811 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 60,875 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.50
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 DANISH RESOURCES
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Denmark Spa and Resort Directory
 
Denmark Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Denmark Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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