English  Your Native Language is set as English Select your native speaking language 

Djibouti Facts

Djibouti Facts | Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics | French Territory of the Afars and Issas, Fren

Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics
Africa Continent
 
Eastern African Map
 
Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics
Djibouti Map
 
DJIBOUTIAN Flag
 
 DJIBOUTIAN POLITICAL
  Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics  
Background: The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. A peace accord in 1994 ended a three-year uprising by Afars rebels.
 
 
Common Name: Djibouti Local Official Name: Djibouti
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Djibouti Official Name: Djibouti
Official Script Name: Djibouti Local Common Name: Djibouti
Former Name: French Territory of the Afars and Issas, Fren Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Ismail Omar GUELLEH
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1977 June 27 (from France)
 
Constitution: multiparty constitution approved by referendum 1992 Sep
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 27 June
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 5 districts (cercles, singular - cercle); 'Ali Sabih, Dikhil, Djibouti, Obock, Tadjoura
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on French civil law system, traditional practices, and Islamic law
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Ismail Omar GUELLEH (since 8 May 1999) head of government: Prime Minister DILEITA Mohamed Dileita (since 4 March 2001) cabinet: Council of Ministers responsible to the president elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 9 April 1999 (next to be held December 2002); prime minister appointed by the president election results: Ismail Omar GUELLEH elected president; percent of vote - Ismail Omar GUELLEH 74.4%, IDRIS Moussa Ahmed 25.6% Legislative Branch: unicameral Chamber of Deputies or Chambre des Deputes (65 seats; members elected by popular vote for five-year terms) elections: last held 19 December 1997 (next to be held NA December 2002) election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - RPP 64, FRUD 11; note - RPP (the ruling party) dominated the election Judicial Branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
 
Party Leaders: Democratic National Party or PND [ADEN Robleh Awaleh]; Democratic Renewal Party or PRD [Abdillahi HAMARITEH]; Front pour la Restauration de l'Unite Democratique or FRUD [Ali Mohamed DAOUD]; People's Progress Assembly or RPP (governing party) [Ismail Omar GUELLEH]
 
International Disputes: Djibouti maintains economic ties and border accords with "Somaliland" leadership while politically supporting the Somali Transitional National Government in Mogadishu
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 DJIBOUTIAN GEOGRAPHY
  Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics  
 
Location of Djibouti: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 23,000 sq km 
Region: Eastern African Land Area Land: 22,980 sq km
Capitol City: Djibouti Land Area Water: 20 sq km
      
Latitude: 011 30 N Border Boundary Land: 516 km
Longitude: 043 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 314 km 
  
Arable Land: 0.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 2,028 m Location: Moussa Ali
Lowest Elevation: -155 m Location: Lac Assal
  
Largest City in Djibouti: Djibouti Djibouti Largest City Population: 523,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; endangered species
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 10
 
Bordering Countries: Eritrea 109 km, Ethiopia 349 km, Somalia 58 km
 
Natural Resources: geothermal areas
 
Geographical Terrain: coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains
 
Comparative Area of Djibouti: slightly smaller than Massachusetts
 
Djibouti's Geography: strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland; Lac Assal (Lake Assal) is the lowest point in Africa
 

 DJIBOUTIAN CLIMATE
  Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics  
 
General Climate: desert; torrid, dry
 
Natural Hazards: earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods
 
 
 DJIBOUTIAN ECONOMY
  Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: The economy is based on service activities connected with the country's strategic location and status as a free trade zone in northeast Africa. Two-thirds of the inhabitants live in the capital city, the remainder being mostly nomadic herders. Scanty rainfall limits crop production to fruits and vegetables, and most food must be imported. Djibouti provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. It has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is, therefore, heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. An unemployment rate of 50% continues to be a major problem. Inflation is not a concern, however, because of the fixed tie of the franc to the US dollar. Per capita consumption dropped an estimated 35% over the last seven years because of recession, civil war, and a high population growth rate (including immigrants and refugees). Faced with a multitude of economic difficulties, the government has fallen in arrears on long-term external debt and has been struggling to meet the stipulations of foreign aid donors. Another factor limiting growth is the negative impact on port activity now that Ethiopia has more trade route options.
 
 
GDP: $586,000,000 USD Currency: Djiboutian franc
GDP per Capita: $1,400 USD Currency Code: DJF
GDP Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Djiboutian francs per US dollar - 177.721 (fixed rate since 1973)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 3.00 % GDP of Industry: 10.00 %
GDP of Services: 87.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 2.00 % Population in Poverty: 50.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 50.00 % Tourism: 21,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $135,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $182,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 180,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 167,400,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $366,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $36,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: fruits, vegetables; goats, sheep, camels
 
Primary Industries: construction, agricultural processing
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 3.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $440,000,000 USD - foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products
 
Import Partners: France 13%, Ethiopia 12%, Italy 9%, Saudi Arabia 6%, UK 6%
 
Export Amount in USD: $260,000,000 USD - reexports, hides and skins, coffee (in transit)
 
Export Partners: Somalia 53%, Yemen 23%, Ethiopia 5%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 282,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: NA
 
  
 DJIBOUTIAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 3 Number of People with Radios: 52,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 28,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 10,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 0
 
Internet Service Providers: 1 Internet Users: 1,400
 
Internet Country Code: .dj Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: DJ Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +253 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: telephone facilities in the city of Djibouti are adequate as are the microwave radio relay connections to outlying areas of the country domestic: microwave radio relay network international: submarine cable to Jiddah, Suez, Sicily, Marseilles, Colombo, and Singapore; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; Medarabtel regional microwave radio relay telephone network
 
  
 DJIBOUTIAN TRANSPORTATION
  Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics  

   

Highways: 364 km Railways: 100 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 2 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 28 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Djibouti
 
  
 DJIBOUTIAN PEOPLE
  Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics  
 
Population: 472,810 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 40.33 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 27.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 14.43 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.59% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 5.64 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 100,903 Population Female 0-14: 100,420
Population Male 15-64: 135,409 Population Female 15-64: 122,209
Population Male 65+: 7,220 Population Female 65+: 6,649
 
Population 0-14: 42.60% Literacy Rate: 46.20%
Population 15-64: 54.50% Literacy rate of Males: 60.30%
Population 65+: 2.90% Literacy rate of Females: 32.70%
 
Population that is Male: 53.00 % Population that is Female: 47.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 51.60 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 99.70 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 49.73 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 53.52 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 11.75% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 37,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 4,400
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: DJIBOUTIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Somali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian 5% 
 
  
Primary Language: French
 
Other Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
 
 
Primary Religion: Muslim
 
Other Religions: Muslim 94%, Christian 6%
 
  
 DJIBOUTIAN MILITARY
  Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics  
  
Branches: Djibouti National Army (including Navy and Air Force)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 110,221 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 64,940 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $26,500,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 4.40
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 DJIBOUTIAN RESOURCES
  Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics  
  
Djibouti Spa and Resort Directory
 
Djibouti Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Djibouti Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics  
Djibouti Travel Books
 
Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics  
French Phrasebooks 
 
Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics  
Djibouti Travel DVD's
Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti Statistics  
Djibouti Videos
 

Djibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti StatisticsDjibouti Facts |  Republic of Djibouti Information | Djibouti StatisticsSearch Phrasebase