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Dominican Republic Facts

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 DOMINICAN POLITICAL
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Background: Explored and claimed by Christopher COLUMBUS on his first voyage in 1492, the island of Hispaniola became a springboard for Spanish conquest of the Caribbean and the American mainland. In 1697, Spain recognized French dominion over the western third of the island, which in 1804 became Haiti. The remainder of the island, by then known as Santo Domingo, sought to gain its own independence in 1821, but was conquered and ruled by the Haitians for 22 years; it finally attained independence as the Dominican Republic in 1844. In 1861, the Dominicans voluntarily returned to the Spanish Empire, but two years later they launched a war that restored independence in 1865. A legacy of unsettled, mostly non-representative rule followed, capped by the dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas TRUJILLO from 1930-1961. Juan BOSCH was elected president in 1962, but was deposed in a military coup in 1963. In 1965, the United States led an intervention in the midst of a civil war sparked by an uprising to restore BOSCH. In 1966, Joaquin BALAGUER defeated BOSCH in an election to become president. BALAGUER maintained a tight grip on power for most of the next 30 years when international reaction to flawed elections forced him to curtail his term in 1996. Since then, regular competitive elections have been held in which opposition candidates have won the presidency. Former President (1996-2000) Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna won election to a second term in 2004 following a constitutional amendment allowing presidents to serve more than one term.
 
 
Common Name: Dominican Republic Local Official Name: Dominican Republic
Abbreviated Name: Dominican Republic Official Name: Dominican Republic
Official Script Name: Dominican Republic Local Common Name: Dominican Republic
Former Name: Dominican Republic Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna
 
Government Type: representative democracy
 
Independence: 1844 February 27 (from Haiti)
 
Constitution: 1966 November 28
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 27 February
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO (suspended), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAES, LAIA (observer), MIGA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOCI, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 31 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 district* (distrito); Azua, Baoruco, Barahona, Dajabon, Distrito Nacional*, Duarte, El Seibo, Elias Pina, Espaillat, Hato Mayor, Independencia, La Altagracia, La Romana, La Vega, Maria Trinidad Sanchez, Monsenor Nouel, Monte Cristi, Monte Plata, Pedernales, Peravia, Puerto Plata, Salcedo, Samana, San Cristobal, San Jose de Ocoa, San Juan, San Pedro de Macoris, Sanchez Ramirez, Santiago, Santiago Rodriguez, Santo Domingo, Valverde
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on French civil codes; Criminal Procedures Code modified in 2004 to include important elements of an accusatory system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna (since 16 August 2004); Vice President Rafael ALBURQUERQUE de Castro (since 16 August 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna (since 16 August 2004); Vice President Rafael ALBURQUERQUE de Castro (since 16 August 2004) cabinet: Cabinet nominated by the president elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held 16 May 2004 (next to be held in May 2008) election results: Leonel FERNANDEZ elected president; percent of vote - Leonel FERNANDEZ (PLD) 57.1%, Rafael Hipolito MEJIA Dominguez (PRD) 33.7%, Eduardo ESTRELLA (PRSC) 8.7% Legislative Branch: bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate or Senado (32 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Camara de Diputados (150 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: Senate - last held 16 May 2002 (next to be held in May 2006); House of Representatives - last held 16 May 2002 (next to be held in May 2006) election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PRD 29, PLD 2, PRSC 1; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PRD 73, PLD 41, PRSC 36 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (judges are appointed by the National Judicial Council comprised of the president, the leaders of both chambers of congress, the president of the Supreme Court, and an additional non-governing party congressional representative)
 
Party Leaders: Dominican Liberation Party or PLD [Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna]; Dominican Revolutionary Party or PRD [Ramon ALBURQUERQUE]; National Progressive Front [Vincent CASTILLO, Pelegrin CASTILLO]; Social Christian Reformist Party or PRSC [Enrique ATUN]
 
International Disputes: increasing numbers of illegal migrants from the Dominican Republic cross the Mona Passage each year to Puerto Rico to find work
 
Illicit Drugs: transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; has become a transshipment point for ecstasy from the Netherlands and Belgium destined for US and Canada; substantial money-laundering activity; Colombian narcotics traffickers favor the Dominican Republic for illicit financial transactions 
 
 
 DOMINICAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Dominican Republic: Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti
 
Continent: North America Land Area Total: 48,730 sq km 
Region: Caribbean Land Area Land: 48,380 sq km
Capitol City: Santo Domingo Land Area Water: 350 sq km
      
Latitude: 019 00 N Border Boundary Land: 360 km
Longitude: 070 40 W Border Boundary Coastline: 1,288 km 
  
Arable Land: 22.49 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 10.26 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 3,175 m Location: Pico Duarte
Lowest Elevation: -46 m Location: Lago Enriquillo
  
Largest City in Dominican Republic: Santo Domingo Santo Domingo Largest City Population: 3,523,000
  
Threatened Species: 73
 
Environmental Issues: water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 
Irrigated Land: 2,750
 
Bordering Countries: Haiti 360 km
 
Natural Resources: nickel, bauxite, gold, silver
 
Geographical Terrain: rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed
 
Comparative Area of Dominican Republic: slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire
 
Dominican Republic's Geography: shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti
 

 DOMINICAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall
 
Natural Hazards: lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts
 
 
 DOMINICAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The Dominican Republic is a Caribbean representative democracy that enjoyed strong GDP growth until 2003. Although the country has long been viewed primarily as an exporter of sugar, coffee, and tobacco, in recent years the service sector has overtaken agriculture as the economy's largest employer due to growth in tourism and free trade zones. Growth turned negative in 2003 with reduced tourism, a major bank fraud, and limited growth in the US economy (the source of about 80% of export revenues), but recovered in 2004 and 2005. With the help of strict fiscal targets agreed in the 2004 renegotiation of an IMF standby loan, President FERNANDEZ has stabilized the country's financial situation. Although the economy continues to grow at a respectable rate, unemployment remains an important challenge. The country suffers from marked income inequality; the poorest half of the population receives less than one-fifth of GNP, while the richest 10% enjoys nearly 40% of national income. The Dominican Republic's development prospects improved with the ratification of the Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) in September 2005.
 
 
GDP: $67,440,000,000 USD Currency: Dominican peso
GDP per Capita: $7,500 USD Currency Code: DOP
GDP Growth Rate: 9.30 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Dominican pesos per US dollar - 30.409 (2005), 42.12 (2004), 30.831 (2003), 18.61 (2002), 16.952 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 11.20 % GDP of Industry: 30.60 %
GDP of Services: 58.20 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 4.20 % Population in Poverty: 25.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 17.00 % Tourism: 2,649,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 2.10 % Budget Revenue in USD: $5,322,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 37.90 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $5,485,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 12,600,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 11,710,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 87.21% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 12.53% Other Electricity Production: 0.26%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 128,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 300,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 129,900 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $7,687,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $571,600,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: sugarcane, coffee, cotton, cocoa, tobacco, rice, beans, potatoes, corn, bananas; cattle, pigs, dairy products, beef, eggs
 
Primary Industries: tourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 2.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $9,747,000,000 USD - foodstuffs, petroleum, cotton and fabrics, chemicals and pharmaceuticals
 
Import Partners: US 50.2%, Colombia 6.2%, Mexico 5.8%
 
Export Amount in USD: $5,818,000,000 USD - ferronickel, sugar, gold, silver, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, meats, consumer goods
 
Export Partners: US 79%, Netherlands 2.4%, Mexico 1.9%
 
    
GINI Index: 47.40%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 2,300,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: services and government 58.7%, industry 24.3%, agriculture 17%
 
  
 DOMINICAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 180 Number of People with Radios: 1,440,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 25 Number of People with Televisions: 770,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 894,500 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 3,623,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 91,895 Internet Users: 938,300
 
Internet Country Code: .do Newspapers: 27
Two Letter Country Code: DR Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 1-809 Electricity Voltage: 110 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: relatively efficient system based on island-wide microwave radio relay network international: country code - 1-809; 1 coaxial submarine cable; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 DOMINICAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 6,224 km Railways: 517 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 14 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 82 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 13,224,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 1.70 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 1 ship (1000 GRT or over) 1,587 GRT/1,165 DWT by type: cargo 1
 
Ports and Harbors: Boca Chica, Puerto Plata, Rio Haina, Santo Domingo
 
  
 DOMINICAN PEOPLE
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Population: 9,183,984 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 23.22 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 179.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 5.73 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.47% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.83 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 1,531,145 Population Female 0-14: 1,464,076
Population Male 15-64: 2,902,098 Population Female 15-64: 2,782,608
Population Male 65+: 235,016 Population Female 65+: 269,041
 
Population 0-14: 32.60% Literacy Rate: 84.70%
Population 15-64: 61.90% Literacy rate of Males: 84.60%
Population 65+: 5.50% Literacy rate of Females: 84.80%
 
Population that is Male: 51.50 % Population that is Female: 48.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 71.73 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 28.25 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 70.21 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 73.33 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 1.70% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 88,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 7,900
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -2.79
 
Nationality: DOMINICAN
 
Ethnic Groups: white 16%, black 11%, mixed 73% 
 
  
Primary Language: Spanish
 
Other Languages: Spanish
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic
 
  
 DOMINICAN MILITARY
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Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 4,165,982 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 3,207,750 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 179,249 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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