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Ecuador Facts

Ecuador Facts | Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics | Ecuador

Ecuador Facts |  Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics Ecuador Facts |  Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics
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Ecuador Facts |  Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics Ecuador Facts |  Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics
Ecuador Map
  Ecuador Facts |  Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics  
Background: What is now Ecuador formed part of the northern Inca Empire until the Spanish conquest in 1533. Quito became a seat of Spanish colonial government in 1563 and part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717. The territories of the Viceroyalty - New Granada (Colombia), Venezuela, and Quito - gained their independence by 1819 and formed a federation known as Gran Colombia. When Quito withdrew in 1830, the traditional name was changed in favor of the "Republic of the Equator." Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbors. A border war with Peru that flared in 1995 was resolved in 1999. Although Ecuador marked 25 years of civilian governance in 2004, the period has been marred by political instability. Seven presidents have governed Ecuador since 1996.
Common Name: Ecuador Local Official Name: Ecuador
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Ecuador Official Name: Republica del Ecuador
Official Script Name: Ecuador Local Common Name: Ecuador
Former Name: Ecuador Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Alfredo PALACIO
Government Type: republic
Independence: 1822 May 24 (from Spain)
Constitution: 1998 August 10
National Holiday: Independence Day (independence of Quito), 10 August
Administrative Divisions: 22 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Azuay, Bolivar, Canar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Los Rios, Manabi, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Pichincha, Sucumbios, Tungurahua, Zamora-Chinchipe
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Alfredo PALACIO (since 20 April 2005); Vice President Nicanor Alejandro SERRANO Aguilar (since 5 May 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; former President Lucio GUTIERREZ was removed from office by congress effective 20 April 2005 head of government: President Alfredo PALACIO (since 20 April 2005); Vice President Nicanor Alejandro SERRANO Aguilar (since 5 May 2005) cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president elections: the president and vice president are elected on the same ticket by popular vote for a four-year term (may not serve consecutive terms); election last held 15 October 2006 with a runoff election scheduled for 26 November 2006 (next to be held October 2010) Legislative Branch: unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (100 seats; members are popularly elected by province to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 20 October 2002 (next to be held October 2006) election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PSC 25, ID 16, PRE 15, PRIAN 10, PSP 9, Pachakutik Movement 6, MPD 5, DP 4, PS-FA 3, independents 7; note - defections by members of National Congress are commonplace, resulting in frequent changes in the numbers of seats held by the various parties Judicial Branch Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (according to the Constitution, new justices are elected by the full Supreme Court; in December 2004, however, Congress successfully replaced the entire court via a simple-majority resolution)
Party Leaders: Concentration of Popular Forces or CFP [Averroes BUCARAM]; Democratic Left or ID [Guillermo LANDAZURI]; National Action Institutional Renewal Party or PRIAN [Alvaro NOBOA]; Pachakutik Movement [Gilberto TALAHUA]; Patriotic Society Party or PSP [Lucio GUTIERREZ Borbua]; Popular Democracy or DP [Dr. Juan Manuel FUERTES]; Popular Democratic Movement or MPD [Gustavo TERAN Acosta]; Radical Alfarista Front or FRA [Fabian ALARCON, director]; Roldosist Party or PRE [Abdala BUCARAM Ortiz, director]; Social Christian Party or PSC [Leon FEBRES CORDERO]; Socialist Party - Broad Front or PS-FA [Victor GRANDA]
International Disputes: organized illegal narcotics operations in Colombia penetrate across Ecuador's shared border and caused over 20,000 refugees to flee into Ecuador in 2004
Illicit Drugs: significant transit country for cocaine originating in Colombia and Peru; importer of precursor chemicals used in production of illicit narcotics; attractive location for cash-placement by drug traffickers laundering money because of dollarization and weak anti-money-laundering regime; increased activity on the northern frontier by trafficking groups and Colombian insurgents 
  Ecuador Facts |  Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics  
Location of Ecuador: Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru
Continent: South America Land Area Total: 283,560 sq km 
Region: Southern American Land Area Land: 276,840 sq km
Capitol City: Quito Land Area Water: 6,720 sq km
Latitude: 002 00 S Border Boundary Land: 2,010 km
Longitude: 077 30 W Border Boundary Coastline: 2,237 km 
Arable Land: 5.71 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 4.81 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 6,267 m Location: Chimborazo
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
Largest City in Ecuador: Guayaquil Guayaquil Largest City Population: 2,205,000
Threatened Species: 1,140
Environmental Issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution; pollution from oil production wastes in ecologically sensitive areas of the Galapagos Islands
Environmental Agreements: party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Irrigated Land: 8,650
Bordering Countries: Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km
Natural Resources: petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower
Geographical Terrain: coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)
Comparative Area of Ecuador: slightly smaller than Nevada
Ecuador's Geography: Cotopaxi in Andes is highest active volcano in world

  Ecuador Facts |  Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics  
General Climate: tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands
Natural Hazards: frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; floods; periodic droughts
  Ecuador Facts |  Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics  
Economic Overview: Ecuador has substantial petroleum resources, which have accounted for 40% of the country's export earnings and one-third of central government budget revenues in recent years. Consequently, fluctuations in world market prices can have a substantial domestic impact. In the late 1990s, Ecuador suffered its worst economic crisis, with natural disasters and sharp declines in world petroleum prices driving Ecuador's economy into free fall in 1999. Real GDP contracted by more than 6%, with poverty worsening significantly. The banking system also collapsed, and Ecuador defaulted on its external debt later that year. The currency depreciated by some 70% in 1999, and, on the brink of hyperinflation, the MAHAUD government announced it would dollarize the economy. A coup, however, ousted MAHAUD from office in January 2000, and after a short-lived junta failed to garner military support, Vice President Gustavo NOBOA took over the presidency. In March 2000, Congress approved a series of structural reforms that also provided the framework for the adoption of the US dollar as legal tender. Dollarization stabilized the economy, and growth returned to its pre-crisis levels in the years that followed. Under the administration of Lucio GUTIERREZ - January 2003 to April 2005 - Ecuador benefited from higher world petroleum prices. However, the government under Alfredo PALACIO has reversed economic reforms that reduced Ecuador's vulnerability to petroleum price swings and financial crises, allowing the central government greater access to oil windfalls and disbursing surplus retirement funds.
GDP: $57,230,000,000 USD Currency: US dollar
GDP per Capita: $4,300 USD Currency Code: USD
GDP Growth Rate: 4.70 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: 25,000 (2005), 25,000 (2004), 25,000 (2003), 25,000 (2002), 25,000 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 7.00 % GDP of Industry: 31.20 %
GDP of Services: 61.80 %  
Inflation Rate: 2.10 % Population in Poverty: 41.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 10.70 % Tourism: 509,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 2.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $8,822,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 32.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $8,153,000,000 USD
Electricity Production: 11,270,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 65,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 10,550,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 140,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 25.01% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 74.99% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 493,200 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 50,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 155,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 50,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 387,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 4,512,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 9,769,000,000 cu m
External Debt: $18,090,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $216,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: bananas, coffee, cocoa, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca), plantains, sugarcane; cattle, sheep, pigs, beef, pork, dairy products; balsa wood; fish, shrimp
Primary Industries: petroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals
Industrial Growth Rate: 2.10 %
Import Amount in USD: $8,436,000,000 USD - vehicles, medicinal products, telecommunications equipment, electricity
Import Partners: US 22.3%, Colombia 14.9%, Venezuela 7.8%, Brazil 6%, China 5.3%
Export Amount in USD: $9,224,000,000 USD - petroleum, bananas, cut flowers, shrimp
Export Partners: US 51.1%, Peru 8%, Germany 4.4%, Colombia 4.3%
GINI Index: 42.00%
Labor Force Number of People: 4,600,000
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 30%, industry 25%, services 45%
  Ecuador Facts |  Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 456 Number of People with Radios: 5,000,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 7 Number of People with Televisions: 2,500,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 1,701,500 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 6,246,000
Internet Service Providers: 19,027 Internet Users: 616,000
Internet Country Code: .ec Newspapers: 96
Two Letter Country Code: EC Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 593 Electricity Voltage: 120-127 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: generally elementary but being expanded domestic: facilities generally inadequate and unreliable international: country code - 593; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
  Ecuador Facts |  Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics  


Highways: 7,287 km Railways: 966 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 3,220 km Waterways: 1,500 km
Airports: 98 Heliports: 1
Motor Vehicles: 48 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 20,332,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 1.70 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: total: 31 ships (1000 GRT or over) 184,819 GRT/300,339 DWT by type: chemical tanker 1, liquefied gas 1, passenger 7, petroleum tanker 21, specialized tanker 1 foreign-owned: 2 (Norway 1, Paraguay 1) registered in other countries: 1 (Georgia 1)
Ports and Harbors: Esmeraldas, Guayaquil, La Libertad, Manta, Puerto Bolivar
  Ecuador Facts |  Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics  
Population: 13,547,510 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 22.29 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 46.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 4.23 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.50% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.68 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 2,281,499 Population Female 0-14: 2,195,551
Population Male 15-64: 4,178,653 Population Female 15-64: 4,210,766
Population Male 65+: 319,719 Population Female 65+: 361,322
Population 0-14: 33.00% Literacy Rate: 92.50%
Population 15-64: 61.90% Literacy rate of Males: 94.00%
Population 65+: 5.00% Literacy rate of Females: 91.00%
Population that is Male: 50.00 % Population that is Female: 50.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 76.42 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 22.87 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 73.55 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 79.43 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.30% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 21,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 1,700
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -3.11
Nationality: ECUADORIAN
Ethnic Groups: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3% 
Primary Language: Spanish (official), Amerindian
Other Languages: Spanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, other 5%
  Ecuador Facts |  Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics  
Branches: Army, Navy (includes naval infantry, naval aviation, coast guard), Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Ecuatoriana, FAE)
Manpower Fit to Serve: 20 years
Manpower Available: 5,642,289 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 4,718,755 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 263,680 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 2.00
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
  Ecuador Facts |  Republic of Ecuador Information | Ecuador Statistics  
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