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El Salvador Facts

El Salvador Facts | Republic of El Salvador Information | El Salvador Statistics | El Salvador

El Salvador Facts |  Republic of El Salvador Information | El Salvador Statistics El Salvador Facts |  Republic of El Salvador Information | El Salvador Statistics
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El Salvador Facts |  Republic of El Salvador Information | El Salvador Statistics El Salvador Facts |  Republic of El Salvador Information | El Salvador Statistics
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SALVADORAN Flag
 
 SALVADORAN POLITICAL
  El Salvador Facts |  Republic of El Salvador Information | El Salvador Statistics  
Background: El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.
 
 
Common Name: El Salvador Local Official Name: El Salvador
Abbreviated Name: Republic of El Salvador Official Name: Republica de El Salvador
Official Script Name: El Salvador Local Common Name: El Salvador
Former Name: El Salvador Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1821 September 15 (from Spain)
 
Constitution: 1983 December 23
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 15 September
 
International Organization Participation: BCIE, CACM, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAES, MIGA, MINURSO, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 14 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango, Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La Union, Morazan, San Miguel, San Salvador, Santa Ana, San Vicente, Sonsonate, Usulutan
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on civil and Roman law with traces of common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez (since 1 June 2004); Vice President Ana Vilma DE ESCOBAR (since 1 June 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez (since 1 June 2004); Vice President Ana Vilma DE ESCOBAR (since 1 June 2004) cabinet: Council of Ministers selected by the president elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for a single five-year term; election last held 21 March 2004 (next to be held March 2009) election results: Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez elected president; percent of vote - Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez (ARENA) 57.7%, Schafik HANDAL (FMLN) 35.6%, Hector SILVA (CDU-PDC) 3.9%, other 2.8% Legislative Branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve three-year terms) elections: last held 12 March 2006 (next to be held in March 2009) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - ARENA 34, FMLN 32, PCN 10, PDC 6, CD 2 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (judges are selected by the Legislative Assembly)
 
Party Leaders: Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Rodolfo PARKER, secretary general]; Democratic Convergence or CD (formerly United Democratic Center or CDU) [Ruben ZAMORA, secretary general]; Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front or FMLN [Medardo GONZALEZ, coordinator general]; National Conciliation Party or PCN [Ciro CRUZ ZEPEDA, president]; National Republican Alliance or ARENA [Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez]; Popular Social Christian Party or PPSC [Rene AGUILUZ]; Revolutionary Democratic Front or FDR [Julio Cesar HERNANDEZ Carcamo, coordinator general]
 
International Disputes: in 1992, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the El Salvador-Honduras boundary, but despite Organization of American States (OAS) intervention and a further ICJ ruling in 2003, full demarcation of the border remains stalled; the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca advocating Honduran access to the Pacific; El Salvador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not identified in the ICJ decision, off Honduras in the Gulf of Fonseca
 
Illicit Drugs: transshipment point for cocaine; small amounts of marijuana produced for local consumption; domestic cocaine abuse on the rise 
 
 
 SALVADORAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of El Salvador: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras
 
Continent: South America Land Area Total: 21,040 sq km 
Region: Central America Land Area Land: 20,720 sq km
Capitol City: San Salvador Land Area Water: 320 sq km
      
Latitude: 013 50 N Border Boundary Land: 545 km
Longitude: 088 55 W Border Boundary Coastline: 307 km 
  
Arable Land: 31.37 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 11.88 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 2,730 m Location: Cerro El Pital
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in El Salvador: San Salvador San Salvador Largest City Population: 1,368,000
  
Threatened Species: 37
 
Environmental Issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 
Irrigated Land: 450
 
Bordering Countries: Guatemala 203 km, Honduras 342 km
 
Natural Resources: hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau
 
Comparative Area of El Salvador: slightly smaller than Massachusetts
 
El Salvador's Geography: smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea
 

 SALVADORAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands
 
Natural Hazards: known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes very destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity; extremely susceptible to hurricanes
 
 
 SALVADORAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The smallest country in Central America, El Salvador has the third largest economy, but growth has been minimal in recent years. Hoping to stimulate the sluggish economy, the government is striving to open new export markets, encourage foreign investment, and modernize the tax and healthcare systems. Implementation in 2006 of the Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement, which El Salvador was the first to ratify, is viewed as a key policy to help achieve these objectives. The trade deficit has been offset by annual remittances from Salvadorans living abroad - 16.6% of GDP in 2005 - and external aid. With the adoption of the US dollar as its currency in 2001, El Salvador has lost control over monetary policy and must concentrate on maintaining a disciplined fiscal policy.
 
 
GDP: $31,300,000,000 USD Currency: US dollar
GDP per Capita: $4,700 USD Currency Code: USD
GDP Growth Rate: 2.80 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: the US dollar became El Salvador's currency in 2001
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 9.90 % GDP of Industry: 30.20 %
GDP of Services: 59.90 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 4.70 % Population in Poverty: 36.10 %
Unemployment Rate: 6.50 % Tourism: 658,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 1.40 % Budget Revenue in USD: $2,840,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 39.30 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $3,167,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 4,158,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 91,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 4,450,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 473,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 42.30% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 35.50% Other Electricity Production: 22.20%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 40,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $8,087,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $125,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton, sorghum; shrimp; beef, dairy products
 
Primary Industries: food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 1.50 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $6,678,000,000 USD - raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, foodstuffs, petroleum, electricity
 
Import Partners: US 43.4%, Guatemala 8.2%, Mexico 7.8%
 
Export Amount in USD: $3,586,000,000 USD - offshore assembly exports, coffee, sugar, shrimp, textiles, chemicals, electricity
 
Export Partners: US 61%, Guatemala 12.1%, Honduras 7.4%, Nicaragua 4.2%
 
    
GINI Index: 52.50%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 2,810,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture: 17.1%. industry: 17.1%, services: 65.8%
 
  
 SALVADORAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 91 Number of People with Radios: 2,750,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 5 Number of People with Televisions: 600,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 971,500 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 2,412,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 4,682 Internet Users: 637,100
 
Internet Country Code: .sv Newspapers: 28
Two Letter Country Code: ES Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 503 Electricity Voltage: 115 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: nationwide microwave radio relay system international: country code - 503; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); connected to Central American Microwave System
 
  
 SALVADORAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 1,986 km Railways: 283 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 4 Heliports: 1
 
Motor Vehicles: 63 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 5,456,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.90 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Acajutla, Puerto Cutuco
 
  
 SALVADORAN PEOPLE
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Population: 6,822,378 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 26.61 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 310.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 5.78 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.72% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 3.12 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 1,265,080 Population Female 0-14: 1,212,216
Population Male 15-64: 1,900,372 Population Female 15-64: 2,092,251
Population Male 65+: 156,292 Population Female 65+: 196,167
 
Population 0-14: 36.30% Literacy Rate: 80.20%
Population 15-64: 58.50% Literacy rate of Males: 82.80%
Population 65+: 5.20% Literacy rate of Females: 77.70%
 
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 71.49 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 24.39 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 67.88 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 75.28 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.70% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 29,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 2,200
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -3.61
 
Nationality: SALVADORAN
 
Ethnic Groups: mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1% 
 
  
Primary Language: Spanish
 
Other Languages: Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 83%, other 17% note: there is extensive activity by Protestant groups throughout the country; by the end of 1992, there were an estimated 1 million Protestant evangelicals in El Salvador
 
  
 SALVADORAN MILITARY
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Branches: Salvadoran Army (ES), Salvadoran Navy (FNES), Salvadoran Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Salvadorena, FAS)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years of age for compulsory military service, with 12-month service obligation; 16 years of age f years
 
Manpower Available: 3,473,601 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 2,270,781 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 139,812 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 SALVADORAN RESOURCES
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El Salvador Spa and Resort Directory
 
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El Salvador Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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