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Equatorial Guinea Facts

Equatorial Guinea Facts | Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics | Spanish Guinea

Equatorial Guinea Facts |  Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics Equatorial Guinea Facts |  Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics
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Equatorial Guinea Facts |  Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics Equatorial Guinea Facts |  Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics
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EQUATOROAL GUINEAN OR EQUATOGUINEAN Flag
 
 EQUATOROAL GUINEAN OR EQUATOGUINEAN POLITICAL
  Equatorial Guinea Facts |  Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics  
Background: Composed of a mainland portion and five inhabited islands, Equatorial Guinea, which gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule, has been ruled by President OBIANG NGUEM MBASOGO since he seized power in a coup in 1979. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996 presidential and 1999 legislative elections were widely seen as being flawed.
 
 
Common Name: Equatorial Guinea Local Official Name: Guinea Ecuatorial
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Equatorial Guinea Official Name: Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial
Official Script Name: Equatorial Guinea Local Common Name: Equatorial Guinea
Former Name: Spanish Guinea Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Teodoro
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1968 October 12 (from Spain)
 
Constitution: approved by national referendum 1991 November 17 (amend
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 12 October
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CEEAC, CEMAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAS (observer), OAU, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 7 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Annobon, Bioko Norte, Bioko Sur, Centro Sur, Kie-Ntem, Litoral, Wele-Nzas
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: partly based on Spanish civil law and tribal custom
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO (since 3 August 1979 when he seized power in a military coup) elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 25 February 1996 (next to be held NA February 2003); prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president election results: President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO reelected with 98% of the popular vote in elections marred by widespread fraud cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president head of government: Prime Minister Candido Muatetema RIVAS (since 26 February 2001); First Deputy Prime Minister Miguel OYONO NDONG (since NA January 1998); Deputy Prime Minister Demetrio Elo NDONG NZE FUMU (since NA January 1998) Legislative Branch: unicameral House of People's Representatives or Camara de Representantes del Pueblo (80 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 7 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2004) election results: percent of vote by party - PDGE 80%, UP 6%, CPDS 5%; seats by party - PDGE 75, UP 4 and CPDS 1 note: opposition parties have refused to take up their seats in the House to protest widespread irregularities in the 1999 legislative elections Judicial Branch: Supreme Tribunal
 
Party Leaders: Convergence Party for Social Democracy or CPDS [Placido MIKO Abogo]; Democratic Party for Equatorial Guinea or PDGE (ruling party) [Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO]; Party for Progress of Equatorial Guinea or PPGE [Severo MOTO]; Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea or APGE [Miguel Esono EMAN]; Popular Union or UP [Andres Moises Bda ADA]; Progressive Democratic Alliance or ADP [Victorino Bolekia BONAY]; Union of Independent Democrats of UDI [Daniel OYONO]
 
International Disputes: tripartite maritime boundary and economic zone dispute with Cameroon and Nigeria is currently before the ICJ; maritime boundary dispute with Gabon because of disputed sovereignty over islands in Corisco Bay
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 EQUATOROAL GUINEAN OR EQUATOGUINEAN GEOGRAPHY
  Equatorial Guinea Facts |  Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics  
 
Location of Equatorial Guinea: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 28,051 sq km 
Region: Western African Land Area Land: 28,051 sq km
Capitol City: Malabo Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 002 00 N Border Boundary Land: 539 km
Longitude: 010 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 296 km 
  
Arable Land: 5.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 3.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 3,008 m Location: Pico Basile
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Equatorial Guinea: Bata Bata Largest City Population: 34,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: tap water is not potable; deforestation
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ship Pollution signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: Cameroon 189 km, Gabon 350 km
 
Natural Resources: oil, petroleum, timber, small unexploited deposits of gold, manganese, uranium
 
Geographical Terrain: coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic
 
Comparative Area of Equatorial Guinea: slightly smaller than Maryland
 
Equatorial Guinea's Geography: insular and continental regions rather widely separated
 

 EQUATOROAL GUINEAN OR EQUATOGUINEAN CLIMATE
  Equatorial Guinea Facts |  Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics  
 
General Climate: tropical; always hot, humid
 
Natural Hazards: violent windstorms, flash floods
 
 
 EQUATOROAL GUINEAN OR EQUATOGUINEAN ECONOMY
  Equatorial Guinea Facts |  Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: The discovery and exploitation of large oil reserves have contributed to dramatic economic growth in recent years. Forestry, farming, and fishing are also major components of GDP. Subsistence farming predominates. Although pre-independence Equatorial Guinea counted on cocoa production for hard currency earnings, the neglect of the rural economy under successive regimes has diminished potential for agriculture-led growth (the government has stated its intention to reinvest some oil revenue into agriculture). A number of aid programs sponsored by the World Bank and the IMF have been cut off since 1993 because of corruption and mismanagement. No longer eligible for concessional financing because of large oil revenues, the government has been unsuccessfully trying to agree on a "shadow" fiscal management program with the World Bank and IMF. Businesses, for the most part, are owned by government officials and their family members. Undeveloped natural resources include titanium, iron ore, manganese, uranium, and alluvial gold. Boosts in production and higher world oil
 
 
GDP: $1,040,000,000 USD Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc
GDP per Capita: $2,100 USD Currency Code: XAF
GDP Growth Rate: 6.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 742.79 (January 2002), 733.04 (2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95 (1998), 583.67 (1997); note - from 1 January 1999, the XAF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XAF per euro
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 20.00 % GDP of Industry: 60.00 %
GDP of Services: 20.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 6.00 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 30.00 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $200,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $158,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 22,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 20,460,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 90.91% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 9.09% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $225,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $33,800,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava (tapioca), bananas, palm oil nuts; livestock; timber
 
Primary Industries: petroleum, fishing, sawmilling, natural gas
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 7.40 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $736,000,000 USD - petroleum sector equipment, manufactured goods and equipment
 
Import Partners: US 60%, France 12%, Spain 8%, Italy 6%
 
Export Amount in USD: $2,100,000,000 USD - petroleum, timber, cocoa
 
Export Partners: China 24%, Japan 7%, US 7%, South Korea 5%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 0
 
Labor Force by Occupations: NA
 
  
 EQUATOROAL GUINEAN OR EQUATOGUINEAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Equatorial Guinea Facts |  Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 8 Number of People with Radios: 180,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 4,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 4,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 0
 
Internet Service Providers: 1 Internet Users: 600
 
Internet Country Code: .gq Newspapers: 5
Two Letter Country Code: EK Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +240 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: poor system with adequate government services domestic: NA international: international communications from Bata and Malabo to African and European countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
 
  
 EQUATOROAL GUINEAN OR EQUATOGUINEAN TRANSPORTATION
  Equatorial Guinea Facts |  Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics  

   

Highways: 0 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 2 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 6 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 14,413 GRT/16,251 DWT ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 3, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 1
 
Ports and Harbors: Bata, Luba, Malabo
 
  
 EQUATOROAL GUINEAN OR EQUATOGUINEAN PEOPLE
  Equatorial Guinea Facts |  Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics  
 
Population: 498,144 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 37.33 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 16.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 12.83 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.45% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 4.81 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 106,061 Population Female 0-14: 105,071
Population Male 15-64: 128,489 Population Female 15-64: 139,732
Population Male 65+: 8,385 Population Female 65+: 10,406
 
Population 0-14: 42.40% Literacy Rate: 78.50%
Population 15-64: 53.80% Literacy rate of Males: 89.60%
Population 65+: 3.80% Literacy rate of Females: 68.10%
 
Population that is Male: 47.50 % Population that is Female: 52.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 54.35 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 90.96 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 52.26 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 56.50 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.51% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 1,100
Number of people who died of AIDS: 120
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: EQUATOROAL GUINEAN OR EQUATOGUINEAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Bioko (primarily Bubi, some Fernandinos), Rio Muni (primarily Fang), Europeans less than 1,000, mostly Spanish 
 
  
Primary Language: Spanish
 
Other Languages: Spanish (official), French (official), pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo
 
 
Primary Religion: Christian
 
Other Religions: nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices
 
  
 EQUATOROAL GUINEAN OR EQUATOGUINEAN MILITARY
  Equatorial Guinea Facts |  Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics  
  
Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Rapid Intervention Force, National Police
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 112,664 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 57,194 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $27,500,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 2.50
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 EQUATOROAL GUINEAN OR EQUATOGUINEAN RESOURCES
  Equatorial Guinea Facts |  Republic of Equatorial Guinea Information | Equatorial Guinea Statistics  
  
Equatorial Guinea Spa and Resort Directory
 
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