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Falkland Islands Facts

Falkland Islands Facts | Falkland Islands Information | Falkland Islands Statistics | Falkland Islands

Falkland Islands Facts |  Falkland Islands Information | Falkland Islands Statistics Falkland Islands Facts |  Falkland Islands Information | Falkland Islands Statistics
South America Continent
 
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Falkland Islands Facts |  Falkland Islands Information | Falkland Islands Statistics Falkland Islands Facts |  Falkland Islands Information | Falkland Islands Statistics
Falkland Islands Map
 
FALKLAND ISLAND Flag
 
 FALKLAND ISLAND POLITICAL
  Falkland Islands Facts |  Falkland Islands Information | Falkland Islands Statistics  
Background: Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592, the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690, and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain and Spain, then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982.
 
 
Common Name: Falkland Islands Local Official Name: Falkland Islands
Abbreviated Name: Falkland Islands Official Name: Falkland Islands
Official Script Name: Falkland Islands Local Common Name: Falkland Islands
Former Name: Falkland Islands Territory of: UK
 
Head of State: Queen ELIZABETH II
 
Government Type: overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina
 
Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Arg
 
Constitution: 1985 October 3; amended 1997 and 1998
 
National Holiday: Liberation Day, 14 June
 
International Organization Participation: ICFTU, UPU
 
Administrative Divisions: none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: English common law
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952) head of government: Governor Alan HUCKLE (since 25 August 2006); Chief Executive Chris SIMPKINS (since March 2003); Financial Secretary Derek F. HOWATT (since NA) cabinet: Executive Council; three members elected by the Legislative Council, two ex officio members (chief executive and the financial secretary), and the governor elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch Legislative Branch: unicameral Legislative Council (10 seats - two ex officio, eight elected by popular vote, members serve four-year terms); presided over by the governor elections: last held 17 November 2005 (next to be held November 2009) election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 8 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (chief justice is a nonresident); Magistrates Court (senior magistrate presides over civil and criminal divisions); Court of Summary Jurisdiction
 
Party Leaders: none; all independents
 
International Disputes: Argentina, which claims the islands in its constitution and briefly occupied them by force in 1982, agreed in 1995 to no longer seek settlement by force; UK continues to reject Argentine requests for sovereignty talks
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 FALKLAND ISLAND GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Falkland Islands: Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of southern Argentina
 
Continent: South America Land Area Total: 12,173 sq km 
Region: South Atlantic Land Area Land: 12,173 sq km
Capitol City: Stanley Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 051 45 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 059 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 1,288 km 
  
Arable Land: 0.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 705 m Location: Mount Usborne
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Falkland Islands: Largest City Population: 0
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: overfishing by unlicensed vessels is a problem; reindeer were introduced to the islands in 2001 for commercial reasons; this is the only commercial reindeer herd in the world unaffected by the Chornobyl disaster
 
Environmental Agreements: NA
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: fish, wildlife
 
Geographical Terrain: rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains
 
Comparative Area of Falkland Islands: slightly smaller than Connecticut
 
Falkland Islands's Geography: deeply indented coast provides good natural harbors; short growing season
 

 FALKLAND ISLAND CLIMATE
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General Climate: cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but does not accumulate
 
Natural Hazards: strong winds persist throughout the year
 
 
 FALKLAND ISLAND ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The economy was formerly based on agriculture, mainly sheep farming, but today fishing contributes the bulk of economic activity. In 1987 the government began selling fishing licenses to foreign trawlers operating within the Falkland Islands' exclusive fishing zone. These license fees total more than $40 million per year, which goes to support the island's health, education, and welfare system. Squid accounts for 75% of the fish taken. Dairy farming supports domestic consumption; crops furnish winter fodder. Exports feature shipments of high-grade wool to the UK and the sale of postage stamps and coins. The islands are now self-financing except for defense. The British Geological Survey announced a 200-mile oil exploration zone around the islands in 1993, and early seismic surveys suggest substantial reserves capable of producing 500,000 barrels per day; to date, no exploitable site has been identified. An agreement between Argentina and the UK in 1995 seeks to defuse licensing and sovereignty conflicts that would dampen foreign interest in exploiting potential oil reserves. Tourism, especially eco-tourism, is increasing rapidly, with about 30,000 visitors in 2001. Another large source of income is interest paid on money the government has in the bank. The British military presence also provides a sizeable economic boost.
 
 
GDP: $75,000,000 USD Currency: Falkland pound
GDP per Capita: $25,000 USD Currency Code: FKP
GDP Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Falkland pounds per US dollar - 0.55 (2005), 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003), 0.6672 (2002), 0.6947 (2001) note: the Falkland pound is at par with the British pound
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 95.00 % GDP of Industry: 0.00 %
GDP of Services: 0.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 3.60 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $66,200,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $67,900,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 22,230,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 20,680,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 200 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $0 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: fodder and vegetable crops; sheep, dairy products
 
Primary Industries: fish and wool processing; tourism
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $90,000,000 USD - fuel, food and drink, building materials, clothing
 
Import Partners: UK 72.5%, US 15.1%, Netherlands 8.5%
 
Export Amount in USD: $125,000,000 USD - wool, hides, meat
 
Export Partners: Spain 81.9%, US 6%, UK 4.5%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 1,724
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture: 95% (mostly sheepherding and fishing), industry and services: 5%
 
  
 FALKLAND ISLAND COMMUNICATIONS
  Falkland Islands Facts |  Falkland Islands Information | Falkland Islands Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 8 Number of People with Radios: 1,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Televisions: 1,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 2,400 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 0
 
Internet Service Providers: 103 Internet Users: 1,900
 
Internet Country Code: .fk Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: FK Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 500 Electricity Voltage: 240 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: government-operated radiotelephone and private VHF/CB radiotelephone networks provide effective service to almost all points on both islands international: country code - 500; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) with links through London to other countries
 
  
 FALKLAND ISLAND TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 50 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 2 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Stanley
 
  
 FALKLAND ISLAND PEOPLE
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Population: 2,967 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 0.00 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 0.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 0.00 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.44% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 0.00 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 0 Population Female 0-14: 0
Population Male 15-64: 0 Population Female 15-64: 0
Population Male 65+: 0 Population Female 65+: 0
 
Population 0-14: 0.00% Literacy Rate: 0.00%
Population 15-64: 0.00% Literacy rate of Males: 0.00%
Population 65+: 0.00% Literacy rate of Females: 0.00%
 
Population that is Male: 0.00 % Population that is Female: 0.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 0.00 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 0.00 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 0.00 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 0.00 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: FALKLAND ISLAND
 
Ethnic Groups: British 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: English
 
 
Primary Religion: primarily Anglican
 
Other Religions: primarily Anglican, Roman Catholic, United Free Church, Evangelist Church, Jehovah's Witnesses, Lutheran, Seventh-Day Adventist
 
  
 FALKLAND ISLAND MILITARY
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Branches: no regular military forces (defense is the responsibility of the UK )
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 0 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 0 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 FALKLAND ISLAND RESOURCES
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Falkland Islands Spa and Resort Directory
 
Falkland Islands Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Falkland Islands Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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