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Fiji Islands Facts

Fiji Islands Facts | Republic of the Fiji Islands Information | Fiji Islands Statistics | Fiji Islands

Fiji Islands Facts |  Republic of the Fiji Islands Information | Fiji Islands Statistics Fiji Islands Facts |  Republic of the Fiji Islands Information | Fiji Islands Statistics
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Fiji Islands Facts |  Republic of the Fiji Islands Information | Fiji Islands Statistics Fiji Islands Facts |  Republic of the Fiji Islands Information | Fiji Islands Statistics
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FIJIAN Flag
 
 FIJIAN POLITICAL
  Fiji Islands Facts |  Republic of the Fiji Islands Information | Fiji Islands Statistics  
Background: Fiji became independent in 1970, after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987, caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century). The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fiji, led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. A new constitution enacted in 1997 was more equitable. Free and peaceful elections in 1999 resulted in a government led by an Indo-Fijian, but a civilian-led coup in May 2000 ushered in a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held in August 2001 provided Fiji with a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE.
 
 
Common Name: Fiji Islands Local Official Name: Fiji Islands
Abbreviated Name: Republic of the Fiji Islands Official Name: Fiji Islands
Official Script Name: Fiji Islands Local Common Name: Fiji Islands
Former Name: Fiji Islands Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1970 October 10 (from UK)
 
Constitution: enacted on 25 July 1997 to encourage multiculturalism and make multiparty government mandatory; effective 28 July 1998
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, second Monday of October
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AsDB, C, CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PCA, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIS, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 4 divisions and 1 dependency*; Central, Eastern, Northern, Rotuma*, Western
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on British system
 
Suffrage: 21 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda (since 18 July 2000) head of government: Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE (since 10 September 2000) cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament and is responsible to Parliament elections: president elected by the Great Council of Chiefs for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); prime minister appointed by the president; election last held 8 March 2006 (next to be held in 2011) election results: Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda elected president by the Great Council of Chiefs; percent of vote - NA Legislative Branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (32 seats; 14 appointed by the president on the advice of the Great Council of Chiefs, 9 appointed by the president on the advice of the Prime Minister, 8 on the advice of the Opposition Leader, and 1 appointed on the advice of the council of Rotuma) and the House of Representatives (71 seats; 23 reserved for ethnic Fijians, 19 reserved for ethnic Indians, 3 reserved for other ethnic groups, 1 reserved for the council of Rotuma constituency encompassing the whole of Fiji, and 25 open seats; members serve five-year terms) elections: House of Representatives - last held 25 August through 1 September and 19 September 2001 (next to be held 6-13 May 2006) election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - SDL 27.5%, FLP 26.5%, MV 4.2%, NLUP 1.3%, NFP 1.2%, independents 1.4%, UGP .3%; seats by party - SDL 32, FLP 27, MV 6, NLUP 2, NFP 1, independents 2, UGP 1 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president); Court of Appeal; High Court; Magistrates' Courts
 
Party Leaders: Conservative Alliance Party/Matanitu Vanua or CAMV [Ratu Josefa DIMURI]; Dodonu Ni Taukei Party or DNT [Fereti S. DEWA]; Fiji Democratic Party or FDP [Filipe BOLE] (a merger of the Christian Democrat Alliance or VLV [Poesci Waqalevu BUNE], Fijian Association Party or FAP, Fijian Political Party or SVT (primarily Fijian) [Sitiveni RABUKA], and New Labor Unity Party or NLUP [Ofa SWANN]); Fiji Labor Party or FLP [Mahendra CHAUDHRY]; General Voters Party or GVP (became part of United General Party); Girmit Heritage Party or GHP; Justice and Freedom Party or AIM; Lio 'On Famor Rotuma Party or LFR; National Federation Party or NFP (primarily Indian) [Pramond RAE]; Nationalist Vanua Takolavo Party or NVTLP [Saula TELAWA]; Party of National Unity or PANU [Ponipate LESAVUA]; Party of the Truth or POTT; United Fiji Party/Sogosogo Duavata ni Lewenivanua or SDL [Laisenia QARASE]; United General Party or UGP [Millis Mick BEDDOES]
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 FIJIAN GEOGRAPHY
  Fiji Islands Facts |  Republic of the Fiji Islands Information | Fiji Islands Statistics  
 
Location of Fiji Islands: Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
 
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 18,270 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 18,270 sq km
Capitol City: Suva Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 018 00 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 175 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 1,129 km 
  
Arable Land: 10.95 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 4.65 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,324 m Location: Tomanivi
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in Fiji Islands: Suva Suva Largest City Population: 196,000
  
Threatened Species: 101
 
Environmental Issues: deforestation; soil erosion
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94 signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 30
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin
 
Comparative Area of Fiji Islands: slightly smaller than New Jersey
 
Fiji Islands's Geography: includes 332 islands of which approximately 110 are inhabited
 

 FIJIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
 
Natural Hazards: cyclonic storms can occur from November to January
 
 
 FIJIAN ECONOMY
  Fiji Islands Facts |  Republic of the Fiji Islands Information | Fiji Islands Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: Fiji, endowed with forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies, though still with a large subsistence sector. Sugar exports, remittances from Fijians working abroad, and a growing tourist industry - with 300,000 to 400,000 tourists annually - are the major sources of foreign exchange. Fiji's sugar has special access to European Union markets, but will be harmed by the EU's decision to cut sugar subsidies. Sugar processing makes up one-third of industrial activity but is not efficient. Long-term problems include low investment, uncertain land ownership rights, and the government's ability to manage its budget. Yet, because of a tourist boom, short-run economic prospects are good, provided tensions do not again erupt between indigenous Fijians and Indo-Fijians. Overseas remittances from Fijians working in Kuwait and Iraq have increased significantly.
 
 
GDP: $5,255,000,000 USD Currency: Fijian dollar
GDP per Capita: $5,900 USD Currency Code: FJD
GDP Growth Rate: 1.70 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Fijian dollars per US dollar - 1.691 (2005), 1.7331 (2004), 1.8958 (2003), 2.1869 (2002), 2.2766 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 8.90 % GDP of Industry: 13.50 %
GDP of Services: 77.60 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 3.00 % Population in Poverty: 25.50 %
Unemployment Rate: 7.60 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $720,500,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $728,300,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 775,700,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 721,400,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 18.06% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 81.94% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 10,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $127,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $63,900,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: sugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes, bananas; cattle, pigs, horses, goats; fish
 
Primary Industries: tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $1,462,000,000 USD - manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food, chemicals
 
Import Partners: Singapore 27.4%, Australia 23.6%, NZ 18.9%, Thailand 4.5%
 
Export Amount in USD: $719,600,000 USD - sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish, molasses, coconut oil
 
Export Partners: US 19.7%, Australia 17%, UK 12.3%, Japan 5.4%, Samoa 4.1%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 137,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture, including subsistence agriculture 70%
 
  
 FIJIAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Fiji Islands Facts |  Republic of the Fiji Islands Information | Fiji Islands Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 53 Number of People with Radios: 541,476
Television Broadcast Stations: 0 Number of People with Televisions: 88,110
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 102,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 142,200
 
Internet Service Providers: 8,987 Internet Users: 61,000
 
Internet Country Code: .fj Newspapers: 46
Two Letter Country Code: FJ Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 679 Electricity Voltage: 240 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: modern local, interisland, and international (wire/radio integrated) public and special-purpose telephone, telegraph, and teleprinter facilities; regional radio communications center domestic: NA international: access to important cable links between US and Canada as well as between NZ and Australia; satellite earth station general assessment: modern local, interisland, and international (wire/radio integrated) public and special-purpose telephone, telegraph, and teleprinter facilities; regional radio communications center domestic: NA international: country code - 679; access to important cable links between US and Canada as well as between NZ and Australia; 2 satellite earth stations - 2 INMARSAT (Pacific Ocean)- 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
 
  
 FIJIAN TRANSPORTATION
  Fiji Islands Facts |  Republic of the Fiji Islands Information | Fiji Islands Statistics  

   

Highways: 1,692 km Railways: 597 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 203 km
Airports: 3 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 126 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 755,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 1.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 7 ships (1000 GRT or over) 15,867 GRT/8,432 DWT by type: passenger 3, passenger/cargo 2, roll on/roll off 2 foreign-owned: 1 (Australia 1)
 
Ports and Harbors: Lambasa, Lautoka, Suva
 
  
 FIJIAN PEOPLE
  Fiji Islands Facts |  Republic of the Fiji Islands Information | Fiji Islands Statistics  
 
Population: 905,949 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 22.55 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 46.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 5.65 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.40% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.73 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 143,847 Population Female 0-14: 138,061
Population Male 15-64: 293,072 Population Female 15-64: 292,312
Population Male 65+: 17,583 Population Female 65+: 21,074
 
Population 0-14: 31.10% Literacy Rate: 93.70%
Population 15-64: 64.60% Literacy rate of Males: 95.50%
Population 65+: 4.30% Literacy rate of Females: 91.90%
 
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 69.82 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 12.30 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 67.32 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 72.45 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 600
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -2.94
 
Nationality: FIJIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Fijian 51% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 44%, European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5% 
 
  
Primary Language: Fijian
 
Other Languages: English (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani
 
 
Primary Religion: Christian
 
Other Religions: Christian 52% (Methodist 37%, Roman Catholic 9%), Hindu 38%, Muslim 8%, other 2% note: Fijians are mainly Christian, Indians are Hindu, and there is a Muslim minority
 
  
 FIJIAN MILITARY
  Fiji Islands Facts |  Republic of the Fiji Islands Information | Fiji Islands Statistics  
  
Branches: Republic of Fiji Military Forces (RFMF): Land Forces, Naval Forces
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 427,843 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 342,674 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 18,182 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 2.20
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 FIJIAN RESOURCES
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Fiji Islands Spa and Resort Directory
 
Fiji Islands Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Fiji Islands Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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