English  Your Native Language is set as English Select your native speaking language 

French Guiana Facts

French Guiana Facts | Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics | French Guiana

French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics
South America Continent
 
Southern American Map
 
French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics
French Guiana Map
 
FRENCH GUIANESE Flag
 
 FRENCH GUIANESE POLITICAL
  French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics  
Background: First settled by the French in 1604, French Guiana was the site of notorious penal settlements until 1951. The European Space Agency launches its communication satellites from Kourou.
 
 
Common Name: French Guiana Local Official Name: French Guiana
Abbreviated Name: Department of Guiana Official Name: French Guiana
Official Script Name: French Guiana Local Common Name: French Guiana
Former Name: French Guiana Territory of: France
 
Head of State: President Jacques CHIRAC of France
 
Government Type: overseas department of France
 
Independence: none (overseas department of France)
 
Constitution: 1958 September 28 (French Constitution)
 
National Holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July
 
International Organization Participation: UPU, WCL, WFTU
 
Administrative Divisions: none (overseas department of France)
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: French legal system
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Jean-Pierre LAFLAQUIERE (since 19 July 2006) head of government: President of the General Council Pierre DESERT (since 26 March 2004); President of the Regional Council Antoine KARAM (since 22 March 1992) cabinet: NA elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; presidents of the General and Regional Councils are appointed by the members of those councils Legislative Branch: unicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and a unicameral Regional Council or Conseil Regional (31 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) elections: General Council - last held in March 2000 (next to be held March 2006); Regional Council - last held 21 and 28 March 2004 (next to be held in 2010) election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PSG 5, various left-wing parties 5, independents 7, other 2; Regional Council - (second election results) percent of vote by party - PS 37.24%, UMP 31.58%, FDG/Walwari 31.18%; seats by party - PS 17, UMP 7, FDG/Walwari 7 note: one seat was elected to the French Senate on 27 September 1998 (next to be held September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; 2 seats were elected to the French National Assembly on 9 June-16 June 2002 (next to be held in 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - UMP/RPR 1, Walwari Committee 1 Judicial Branch: Court of Appeals or Cour d'Appel (highest local court based in Martinique with jurisdiction over Martinique, Guadeloupe, and French Guiana)
 
Party Leaders: Guyana Democratic Forces or FDG [Georges OTHILY]; Guyanese Democratic Action or ADG [Andre LECANTE]; Guyanese Socialist Party or PSG [Marie-Claude VERDAN]; Popular National Guyanese Party or PNPG [Jose DORCY]; Socialist Party or PS [Alix LABBE]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Georges HABRAN-MERY]; Union for a Popular Movement or UMP (includes RPR) [Remi Louis DUBOC]; Walwari Committee (aligned with the PRG in France) [Christine TAUBIRA-DELANON]
 
International Disputes: Suriname claims area between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa) in French Guiana
 
Illicit Drugs: small amount of marijuana grown for local consumption; minor transshipment point to Europe 
 
 
 FRENCH GUIANESE GEOGRAPHY
  French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics  
 
Location of French Guiana: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname
 
Continent: South America Land Area Total: 91,000 sq km 
Region: Southern American Land Area Land: 89,150 sq km
Capitol City: Cayenne Land Area Water: 1,850 sq km
      
Latitude: 004 00 N Border Boundary Land: 1,183 km
Longitude: 053 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 378 km 
  
Arable Land: 0.13 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.04 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 851 m Location: Bellevue de l'Inini
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in French Guiana: Largest City Population: 0
  
Threatened Species: 46
 
Environmental Issues: NA
 
Environmental Agreements: NA
 
Irrigated Land: 20
 
Bordering Countries: Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km
 
Natural Resources: bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish
 
Geographical Terrain: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains
 
Comparative Area of French Guiana: slightly smaller than Indiana
 
French Guiana's Geography: mostly an unsettled wilderness; the only non-independent portion of the South American continent
 

 FRENCH GUIANESE CLIMATE
  French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics  
 
General Climate: tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation
 
Natural Hazards: high frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding
 
 
 FRENCH GUIANESE ECONOMY
  French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: The economy is tied closely to the much larger French economy through subsidies and imports. Besides the French space center at Kourou (which accounts for 25% of GDP), fishing and forestry are the most important economic activities. Forest and woodland cover 90% of the country. The large reserves of tropical hardwoods, not fully exploited, support an expanding sawmill industry that provides sawn logs for export. Cultivation of crops is limited to the coastal area, where the population is largely concentrated; rice and manioc are the major crops. French Guiana is heavily dependent on imports of food and energy. Unemployment is a serious problem, particularly among younger workers.
 
 
GDP: $1,551,000,000 USD Currency: euro
GDP per Capita: $8,300 USD Currency Code: EUR
GDP Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 6.60 % GDP of Industry: 15.60 %
GDP of Services: 77.80 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 1.00 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 19.20 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $135,500,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $135,500,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 465,200,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 432,600,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 6,600 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $800,300,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: corn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sugar, cocoa, vegetables, bananas; cattle, pigs, poultry
 
Primary Industries: construction, shrimp processing, forestry products, rum, gold mining
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $625,000,000 USD - food (grains, processed meat), machinery and transport equipment, fuels and chemicals
 
Import Partners: France 63%, US, Trinidad and Tobago, Italy
 
Export Amount in USD: $137,500,000 USD - shrimp, timber, gold, rum, rosewood essence, clothing
 
Export Partners: France 62%, Switzerland 7%, US 2%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 62,630
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture: 18.2%, industry: 21.2%, services: 60.6%
 
  
 FRENCH GUIANESE COMMUNICATIONS
  French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 32 Number of People with Radios: 104,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 3 Number of People with Televisions: 30,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 51,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 98,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 106 Internet Users: 38,000
 
Internet Country Code: .gf Newspapers: 10
Two Letter Country Code: FG Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 594 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: fair open-wire and microwave radio relay system international: country code - 594; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 FRENCH GUIANESE TRANSPORTATION
  French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics  

   

Highways: 817 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 3,760 km
Airports: 4 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Degrad des Cannes
 
  
 FRENCH GUIANESE PEOPLE
  French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics  
 
Population: 199,509 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 20.46 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 2.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 4.88 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.96% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.98 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 29,540 Population Female 0-14: 28,210
Population Male 15-64: 69,302 Population Female 15-64: 59,980
Population Male 65+: 6,350 Population Female 65+: 6,127
 
Population 0-14: 28.90% Literacy Rate: 83.00%
Population 15-64: 64.80% Literacy rate of Males: 84.00%
Population 65+: 6.30% Literacy rate of Females: 82.00%
 
Population that is Male: 56.00 % Population that is Female: 44.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 77.27 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 11.76 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 73.95 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 80.75 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 4.01
 
Nationality: FRENCH GUIANESE
 
Ethnic Groups: black or mulatto 66%, white 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10% 
 
  
Primary Language: French
 
Other Languages: French
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic
 
  
 FRENCH GUIANESE MILITARY
  French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics  
  
Branches: no regular military forces; Gendarmerie Note: defense is the responsibility of France
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 47,809 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 38,676 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 FRENCH GUIANESE RESOURCES
  French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics  
  
French Guiana Spa and Resort Directory
 
French Guiana Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
French Guiana Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics  
French Guiana Travel Books
 
French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics  
French Phrasebooks 
 
French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics  
French Guiana Travel DVD's
French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana Statistics  
French Guiana Videos
 

French Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana StatisticsFrench Guiana Facts |  Department of Guiana Information | French Guiana StatisticsSearch Phrasebase