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Gambia Facts

Gambia Facts | Republic of The Gambia Information | Gambia Statistics | Gambia

Gambia Facts |  Republic of The Gambia Information | Gambia Statistics Gambia Facts |  Republic of The Gambia Information | Gambia Statistics
Africa Continent
 
Western African Map
 
Gambia Facts |  Republic of The Gambia Information | Gambia Statistics Gambia Facts |  Republic of The Gambia Information | Gambia Statistics
Gambia Map
 
377357 Flag
 
 377357 POLITICAL
  Gambia Facts |  Republic of The Gambia Information | Gambia Statistics  
Background: The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965; it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia with Senegal between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty. A military coup in 1994 overthrew the president and banned political activity, but a new 1996 constitution and presidential elections, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. The country undertook another round of presidential and legislative elections in late 2001 and early 2002.
 
 
Common Name: Gambia Local Official Name: Gambia
Abbreviated Name: Republic of The Gambia Official Name: Gambia
Official Script Name: Gambia Local Common Name: Gambia
Former Name: Gambia Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH
 
Government Type: republic under multiparty democratic rule
 
Independence: 1965 February 18 (from UK)
 
Constitution: 1970 April 24 ( suspended 1994 July; rewritten and appr
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 18 February
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIK, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 5 divisions and 1 city*; Banjul*, Central River, Lower River, North Bank, Upper River, Western
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on a composite of English common law, Koranic law, and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH (since 18 October 1996; note - from 1994 to 1996 was Chairman of the Junta); Vice President Isatou Njie SAIDY (since 20 March 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH (since 18 October 1996; note - from 1994 to 1996 was Chairman of the Junta); Vice President Isatou Njie SAIDY (since 20 March 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; the number of terms is not restricted; election last held 18 October 2001 (next to be held NA October 2006) election results: Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH reelected president; percent of vote - Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH 52.9%, Ousainou DARBOE 32.7% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly (53 seats; 48 elected by popular vote, five appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms) elections: last held 17 January 2002 (next to be held NA January 2007) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - APRC 45, PDOIS 2, NRP 1, Judicial Branch: Supreme Court
 
Party Leaders: Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction or APRC [Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH]; Gambian People's Party-Progressive People's Party-United Democratic Party or GPP-PPP-UDP Coalition [Ousainou DARBOE]; National Convention Party or NCP [Sheriff DIBBA]; National Reconciliation Party or NRP [Hamat N. K. BAH]; People's Democratic Organization for Independence and Socialism or PDOIS [Sidia JATTA] note: in August 2001, an independent electoral commission allowed the reregistration of the GPP, NCP, and PPP, three parties banned since 1996
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 377357 GEOGRAPHY
  Gambia Facts |  Republic of The Gambia Information | Gambia Statistics  
 
Location of Gambia: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 11,300 sq km 
Region: Western African Land Area Land: 10,000 sq km
Capitol City: Banjul Land Area Water: 1,300 sq km
      
Latitude: 013 28 N Border Boundary Land: 740 km
Longitude: 016 34 W Border Boundary Coastline: 80 km 
  
Arable Land: 19.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 1.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 53 m Location: unnamed location
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Gambia: Banjul Banjul Largest City Population: 229,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 20
 
Bordering Countries: Senegal 740 km
 
Natural Resources: fish
 
Geographical Terrain: flood plain of the Gambia river flanked by some low hills
 
Comparative Area of Gambia: slightly less than twice the size of Delaware
 
Gambia's Geography: almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa
 

 377357 CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)
 
Natural Hazards: drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years)
 
 
 377357 ECONOMY
  Gambia Facts |  Republic of The Gambia Information | Gambia Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: The Gambia has no important mineral or other natural resources and has a limited agricultural base. About 75% of the population depends on crops and livestock for its livelihood. Small-scale manufacturing activity features the processing of peanuts, fish, and hides. Reexport trade normally constitutes a major segment of economic activity, but a 1999 government-imposed preshipment inspection plan, and instability of the Gambian dalasi (currency) have drawn some of the reexport trade away from Banjul. The government's 1998 seizure of the private peanut firm Alimenta eliminated the largest purchaser of Gambian groundnuts; the following two marketing seasons have seen substantially lower prices and sales. A decline in tourism in 2000 has also held back growth. Unemployment and underemployment rates are extremely high. Shortrun economic progress remains highly dependent on sustained bilateral and multilateral aid, on responsible government economic management as forwarded by IMF technical help and advice, and on expected growth in the construction sector. Record crops undergirded sturdy growth in 2001.
 
 
GDP: $2,500,000,000 USD Currency: dalasi
GDP per Capita: $1,770 USD Currency Code: GMD
GDP Growth Rate: 5.70 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: dalasi per US dollar - 15.000 (January 2001), 12.788 (2000), 11.395 (1999), 10.643 (1998), 10.200 (1997)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 21.00 % GDP of Industry: 12.00 %
GDP of Services: 67.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 4.00 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 91,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $90,500,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $80,900,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 75,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 69,750,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 0.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 139,200,000.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 100 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 45,400,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 440,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 200,300,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $0 USD Received in economic aid: $400,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: 0
 
Primary Industries: 5
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $1 USD - 31900
 
Import Partners: 196000
 
Export Amount in USD: $5,000 USD - 5624
 
Export Partners: 2
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 5,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: .gm
 
  
 377357 COMMUNICATIONS
  Gambia Facts |  Republic of The Gambia Information | Gambia Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 220 Number of People with Radios: 0
Television Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Televisions: 0
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 0 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 956
 
Internet Service Providers: 0 Internet Users: 1
 
Internet Country Code: 0 Newspapers: 9
Two Letter Country Code: 400 Weights and Measures: 0
Phone Country Code: 0 Electricity Voltage: 0 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: Banjul
 
  
 377357 TRANSPORTATION
  Gambia Facts |  Republic of The Gambia Information | Gambia Statistics  

   

Highways: 0 km Railways: 112 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 3 km
Airports: 1,455,842 Heliports: 41
 
Motor Vehicles: 12 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 5 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 45.10 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: 52.3
 
Ports and Harbors: 329530
 
  
 377357 PEOPLE
  Gambia Facts |  Republic of The Gambia Information | Gambia Statistics  
 
Population: 2 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 383,548.00 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 20,237.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 18,543.00 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 326,627.00% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 50.00 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 53 Population Female 0-14: 13,000
Population Male 15-64: 56 Population Female 15-64: 1,400
Population Male 65+: 1 Population Female 65+: 2
 
Population 0-14: 50.00% Literacy Rate: 0.00%
Population 15-64: 52.02% Literacy rate of Males: 1,200,000.00%
Population 65+: 76.39% Literacy rate of Females: 0.30%
 
Population that is Male: 47.50 % Population that is Female: 58.40%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 37.10 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 0.00 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 0.00 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 0.00 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk: NA
 
Diseases: 327677
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 165,249.00
 
Nationality: 377357
 
Ethnic Groups:  
 
  
Primary Language:
 
Other Languages:
 
 
Primary Religion:
 
Other Religions:
 
  
 377357 MILITARY
  Gambia Facts |  Republic of The Gambia Information | Gambia Statistics  
  
Branches:
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: years
 
Manpower Available: 0 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 0 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 377357 RESOURCES
  Gambia Facts |  Republic of The Gambia Information | Gambia Statistics  
  
Gambia Spa and Resort Directory
 
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