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Ghana Facts

Ghana Facts | Republic of Ghana Information | Ghana Statistics | Gold Coast

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 GHANAIAN POLITICAL
  Ghana Facts |  Republic of Ghana Information | Ghana Statistics  
Background: Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. A long series of coups resulted in the suspension of the constitution in 1981 and the banning of political parties. A new constitution, restoring multiparty politics, was approved in 1992. Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS, head of state since 1981, won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996, but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. He was succeeded by John KUFUOR.
 
 
Common Name: Ghana Local Official Name: Ghana
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Ghana Official Name: Ghana
Official Script Name: Ghana Local Common Name: Ghana
Former Name: Gold Coast Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President John Agyekum KUFUOR
 
Government Type: constitutional democracy
 
Independence: 1957 March 6 (from UK)
 
Constitution: new constitution approved 1992 April 28
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 6 March
 
International Organization Participation: ABEDA, ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAS (observer), OAU, OPCW, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNMOT, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 10 regions; Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta, Western
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on English common law and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President John Agyekum KUFUOR (since 7 January 2001); Vice President Alhaji Aliu MAHAMA (since 7 January 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President John Agyekum KUFUOR (since 7 January 2001); Vice President Alhaji Aliu MAHAMA (since 7 January 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: Council of Ministers; president nominates members subject to approval by Parliament elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 7 and 28 December 2000 (next to be held NA December 2004) election results: John Agyekum KUFUOR elected president in runoff election; percent of vote - John KUFUOR 56.4%, John Atta MILLS 43.6% Legislative Branch: unicameral Parliament (200 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 7 December 2000 (next to be held NA December 2004) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NPP 100, NDC 92, PNC 3, CPP 1, independents 4 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court
 
Party Leaders: Convention People's Party or CPP [Nii Noi DOWUONA, general secretary]; Every Ghanaian Living Everywhere or EGLE [Owuraku AMOFA, chairman]; Great Consolidated Popular Party or GCPP [Dan LARTY]; National Convention Party or NCP [Sarpong KUMA-KUMA]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [Dr. Huudu YAHAYA, general secretary]; New Patriotic Party or NPP [Samuel Arthur ODOI-SYKES]; People's Convention Party or PCP [P. K. DONKOH-AYIFI, acting chairman]; People's Heritage Party or PHP [Emmanuel Alexander ERSKINE]; People's National Convention or PNC [Edward MAHAMA]; Reform Party [Kyeretwie OPUKU, general secretary]
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the international drug trade; major transit hub for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and, to a lesser extent, South American cocaine destined for Europe and the US 
 
 
 GHANAIAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Ghana: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 239,460 sq km 
Region: Eastern African Land Area Land: 230,940 sq km
Capitol City: Accra Land Area Water: 8,520 sq km
      
Latitude: 008 00 N Border Boundary Land: 2,094 km
Longitude: 002 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 539 km 
  
Arable Land: 16.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 7.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 880 m Location: Mount Afadjato
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Ghana: Accra Accra Largest City Population: 1,904,000
  
Threatened Species: 138
 
Environmental Issues: recurrent drought in north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
 
Irrigated Land: 110
 
Bordering Countries: Burkina Faso 549 km, Cote d'Ivoire 668 km, Togo 877 km
 
Natural Resources: gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area
 
Comparative Area of Ghana: slightly smaller than Oregon
 
Ghana's Geography: Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake
 

 GHANAIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
 
Natural Hazards: dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds occur from January to March; droughts
 
 
 GHANAIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Well endowed with natural resources, Ghana has roughly twice the per capita output of the poorer countries in West Africa. Even so, Ghana remains heavily dependent on international financial and technical assistance. Gold, timber, and cocoa production are major sources of foreign exchange. The domestic economy continues to revolve around subsistence agriculture, which accounts for 36% of GDP and employs 60% of the work force, mainly small landholders. Excessively expansionary monetary and fiscal policy prior to the 2000 elections led to accelerating inflation in early 2001. A depressed cocoa market and continued weak growth in non-traditional exports led to disappointing growth in 2001. Ghana opted for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) program in 2002.
 
 
GDP: $39,400,000,000 USD Currency: cedi
GDP per Capita: $1,980 USD Currency Code: GHC
GDP Growth Rate: 3.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: cedis per US dollar - 7,195 (January 2002), 7,170.76 (2001), 5,455.06 (2000), 2,669.30 (1999), 2,314.15 (1998), 2,050.17 (1997)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 36.00 % GDP of Industry: 25.00 %
GDP of Services: 39.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 25.00 % Population in Poverty: 31.40 %
Unemployment Rate: 20.00 % Tourism: 373,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 2.40 % Budget Revenue in USD: $1,603,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 29.50 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $1,975,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 5,920,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 422,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 5,484,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 400,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 30.41% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 69.59% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $5,960,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $6,900,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: cocoa, rice, coffee, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber
 
Primary Industries: mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 3.80 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $2,830,000,000 USD - capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs
 
Import Partners: UK, Nigeria, US, Germany, Italy, Spain
 
Export Amount in USD: $1,940,000,000 USD - gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds
 
Export Partners: Togo, UK, Italy, Netherlands, Germany, US, France
 
    
GINI Index: 39.60%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 9,000,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 60%, industry 15%, services 25%
 
  
 GHANAIAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 52 Number of People with Radios: 12,500,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 10 Number of People with Televisions: 1,900,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 240,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 150,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 12 Internet Users: 200,000
 
Internet Country Code: .gh Newspapers: 14
Two Letter Country Code: GH Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +233 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: poor to fair system; Internet accessible; many rural communities not yet connected; expansion of services is underway domestic: primarily microwave radio relay; wireless local loop has been installed international: satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); microwave radio relay link to Panaftel system connects Ghana to its neighbors
 
  
 GHANAIAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 9,346 km Railways: 953 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 1,293 km
Airports: 7 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 4 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 4,052,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 7 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 16,450 GRT/22,097 DWT ships by type: petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 5 note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Brazil 1, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1, Spain 1
 
Ports and Harbors: Takoradi, Tema
 
  
 GHANAIAN PEOPLE
  Ghana Facts |  Republic of Ghana Information | Ghana Statistics  
 
Population: 20,244,154 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 28.08 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 82.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 10.31 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.70% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 3.69 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 4,116,600 Population Female 0-14: 4,063,654
Population Male 15-64: 5,625,397 Population Female 15-64: 5,723,786
Population Male 65+: 338,352 Population Female 65+: 376,365
 
Population 0-14: 40.40% Literacy Rate: 64.50%
Population 15-64: 56.10% Literacy rate of Males: 75.90%
Population 65+: 3.50% Literacy rate of Females: 53.50%
 
Population that is Male: 49.50 % Population that is Female: 50.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 57.06 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 55.64 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 55.66 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 58.51 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 3.60% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 340,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 33,000
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.74
 
Nationality: GHANAIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: black African 98.5% (major tribes - Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%, Gurma 3%, Yoruba 1%), European and other 1.5% 
 
  
Primary Language: African
 
Other Languages: English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)
 
 
Primary Religion: Christian
 
Other Religions: indigenous beliefs 21%, Muslim 16%, Christian 63%
 
  
 GHANAIAN MILITARY
  Ghana Facts |  Republic of Ghana Information | Ghana Statistics  
  
Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, National Police Force
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years of age years
 
Manpower Available: 5,045,355 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 2,799,292 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 213,237 People per year
 
Expenditures: $35,200,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.70
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 GHANAIAN RESOURCES
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