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Gibraltar Facts

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Background: Strategically important, Gibraltar was reluctantly ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830. In a referendum held in 1967, Gibraltarians voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency. Although the current 1969 Constitution for Gibraltar states that the British government will never allow the people of Gibraltar to pass under the sovereignty of another state against their freely and democratically expressed wishes, a series of talks were held by the UK and Spain between 1997 and 2002 on establishing temporary joint sovereignty over Gibraltar. In response to these talks, the Gibraltarian Government set up a referendum in late 2002 in which a majority of the citizens voted overwhelmingly against any sharing of sovereignty with Spain. Since the referendum, tripartite talks have been held with Spain, the UK, and Gibraltar, and in September 2006 a three-way agreement was signed. Spain agreed to allow airlines other than British to serve Gibraltar, to speed up customs procedures, and to add more telephone lines into Gibraltar. Britain agreed to pay pensions to Spaniards who had been employed in Gibraltar before the border closed in 1969. Spain will be allowed to open a cultural institute from which the Spanish flag will fly.
Common Name: Gibraltar Local Official Name: Gibralter
Abbreviated Name: Gibraltar Official Name: Gibraltar
Official Script Name: Gibraltar Local Common Name: Gibraltar
Former Name: Gibraltar Territory of: UK
Head of State: Queen ELIZABETH II
Government Type: overseas territory of the UK
Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Constitution: 1969 May 30
National Holiday: National Day, 10 September
International Organization Participation: Interpol (subbureau)
Administrative Divisions: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: English law
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor Sir Robert FULTON (since 27 October 2006) head of government: Chief Minister Peter CARUANA (since 17 May 1996) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed from among the 15 elected members of the House of Assembly by the governor in consultation with the chief minister elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor Legislative Branch: unicameral House of Assembly (18 seats - 15 elected by popular vote, 1 appointed for the Speaker, and 2 ex officio members; members serve four-year terms) elections: last held 27 November 2003 (next to be held not later than February 2008) election results: percent of vote by party - GSD 58%, GSLP 41%; seats by party - GSD 8, GSLP 7 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court; Court of Appeal
Party Leaders: Gibraltar Liberal Party [Joseph GARCIA]; Gibraltar Social Democrats or GSD [Peter CARUANA]; Gibraltar Socialist Labor Party or GSLP [Joseph John BOSSANO]
International Disputes: in 2002, Gibraltar residents voted overwhelmingly by referendum to reject any "shared sovereignty" arrangement; the government of Gibraltar insists on equal participation in talks between the UK and Spain; Spain disapproves of UK plans to grant Gibraltar even greater autonomy
Illicit Drugs: NA 
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Location of Gibraltar: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southern coast of Spain
Continent: Europe Land Area Total: 6 sq km 
Region: Mediterranean Land Area Land: 6 sq km
Capitol City: Gibraltar Land Area Water: 0 sq km
Latitude: 036 08 N Border Boundary Land: 1 km
Longitude: 005 21 W Border Boundary Coastline: 12 km 
Arable Land: 0.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 426 m Location: Rock of Gibraltar
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Mediterranean Sea
Largest City in Gibraltar: Largest City Population: 0
Threatened Species: 0
Environmental Issues: limited natural freshwater resources: large concrete or natural rock water catchments collect rainwater (no longer used for drinking water) and adequate desalination plant
Environmental Agreements: NA
Irrigated Land: 0
Bordering Countries: Spain 1.2 km
Natural Resources: NA
Geographical Terrain: a narrow coastal lowland borders the Rock of Gibraltar
Comparative Area of Gibraltar: about 11 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Gibraltar's Geography: strategic location on Strait of Gibraltar that links the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea

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General Climate: Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers
Natural Hazards: NA
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Economic Overview: Self-sufficient Gibraltar benefits from an extensive shipping trade, offshore banking, and its position as an international conference center. The British military presence has been sharply reduced and now contributes about 7% to the local economy, compared with 60% in 1984. The financial sector, tourism (almost 5 million visitors in 1998), shipping services fees, and duties on consumer goods also generate revenue. The financial sector, the shipping sector, and tourism each contribute 25%-30% of GDP. Telecommunications accounts for another 10%. In recent years, Gibraltar has seen major structural change from a public to a private sector economy, but changes in government spending still have a major impact on the level of employment.
GDP: $769,000,000 USD Currency: Gibraltar pound
GDP per Capita: $27,900 USD Currency Code: GIP
GDP Growth Rate: 0.00 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: Gibraltar pounds per US dollar - 0.55 (2005), 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003), 0.6672 (2002), 0.6947 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 0.00 % GDP of Industry: 0.00 %
GDP of Services: 0.00 %  
Inflation Rate: 1.50 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 2.00 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $307,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $284,000,000 USD
Electricity Production: 106,100,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 98,690,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 23,500 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $0 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: NA
Primary Industries: tourism, banking and finance, ship repairing, tobacco
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
Import Amount in USD: $2,967,000 USD - fuels, manufactured goods, and foodstuffs
Import Partners: Spain 23.4%, Russia 12.3%, Italy 12%, UK 9%, France 8.9%, Netherlands 6.8%, US 4.7%
Export Amount in USD: $271,000,000 USD - (principally reexports) petroleum 51%, manufactured goods 41%, other 8%
Export Partners: UK 30.8%, Spain 22.7%, Germany 13.7%, Turkmenistan 10.4%, Switzerland 8.3%, Italy 6.7%
GINI Index: 0.00%
Labor Force Number of People: 12,690
Labor Force by Occupations: services 60%, industry 40%, agriculture negligible
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 6 Number of People with Radios: 37,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 10,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 24,512 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 9,797
Internet Service Providers: 629 Internet Users: 6,200
Internet Country Code: .gi Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: GI Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 350 Electricity Voltage: 240 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: adequate, automatic domestic system and adequate international facilities domestic: automatic exchange facilities international: country code - 350; radiotelephone; microwave radio relay; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
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Highways: 29 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 1 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: total: 180 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,129,379 GRT/1,437,754 DWT by type: barge carrier 3, bulk carrier 1, cargo 105, chemical tanker 26, container 26, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 11, roll on/roll off 6, specialized tanker 1 foreign-owned: 165 (Belgium 2, Cyprus 1, Denmark 1, Finland 3, France 1, Germany 108, Greece 7, Iceland 1, Ireland 1, Italy 6, Latvia 2, Netherlands 5, Norway 18, Sweden 5, UK 4)
Ports and Harbors: Gibraltar
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Population: 27,928 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 10.75 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 0.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 9.31 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.14% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.65 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 2 Population Female 0-14: 2
Population Male 15-64: 9 Population Female 15-64: 8
Population Male 65+: 2 Population Female 65+: 2
Population 0-14: 17.50% Literacy Rate: 80.00%
Population 15-64: 66.00% Literacy rate of Males: 0.00%
Population 65+: 16.50% Literacy rate of Females: 0.00%
Population that is Male: 50.50 % Population that is Female: 49.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 79.80 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 5.06 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 76.92 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 82.83 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
Nationality: GIBRALTAR
Ethnic Groups: Spanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese, German, North Africans 
Primary Language: English
Other Languages: English (used in schools and for official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 78.1%, Church of England 7%, other Christian 3.2%, Muslim 4%, Jewish 2.1%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 0.9%, none 2.9%
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Branches: Royal Gibraltar Regiment
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
Manpower Available: 5,959 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 4,893 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 187 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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