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Grenada Facts

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Background: Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.
Common Name: Grenada Local Official Name: Grenada
Abbreviated Name: Grenada Official Name: Grenada
Official Script Name: Grenada Local Common Name: Grenada
Former Name: Grenada Territory of: NA
Head of State: Queen ELIZABETH II
Government Type: parliamentary democracy
Independence: 1974 February 7 (from UK)
Constitution: 1973 December 19
National Holiday: Independence Day, 7 February
International Organization Participation: ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
Administrative Divisions: 6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petit Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on English common law
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Daniel WILLIAMS (since 9 August 1996) head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 22 June 1995) cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general Legislative Branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (a 13-member body, 10 appointed by the government and 3 by the leader of the opposition) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held on 27 November 2003 (next to be held by November 2008) election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NNP 46.65%, NDC 44.12%; seats by party - NNP 8, NDC 7 Judicial Branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, consisting of a court of Appeal and a High Court of Justice (a High Court judge is assigned to and resides in Grenada)
Party Leaders: Good Old Democracy or GOD [Justin MCBURNIE]; Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Gloria Payne BANFIELD]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [Tillman THOMAS]; New National Party or NNP [Keith MITCHELL]; People Labor Movement or PLM [Dr. Francis ALEXIS]
International Disputes: NA
Illicit Drugs: small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US 
  Grenada Facts |  Grenada Information | Grenada Statistics  
Location of Grenada: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Continent: North America Land Area Total: 344 sq km 
Region: Caribbean Land Area Land: 344 sq km
Capitol City: Saint George's Land Area Water: 0 sq km
Latitude: 012 07 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 061 40 W Border Boundary Coastline: 121 km 
Arable Land: 5.88 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 29.41 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 840 m Location: Mount Saint Catherine
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Caribbean Sea
Largest City in Grenada: Saint George's Saint George's Largest City Population: 35,000
Threatened Species: 0
Environmental Issues: NA
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Irrigated Land: 0
Bordering Countries: NA
Natural Resources: timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
Geographical Terrain: volcanic in origin with central mountains
Comparative Area of Grenada: twice the size of Washington, DC
Grenada's Geography: the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada

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General Climate: tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
Natural Hazards: lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
  Grenada Facts |  Grenada Information | Grenada Statistics  
Economic Overview: Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange, especially since the construction of an international airport in 1985. Strong performances in construction and manufacturing, together with the development of an offshore financial industry, have also contributed to growth in national output.
GDP: $440,000,000 USD Currency: East Caribbean dollar
GDP per Capita: $3,900 USD Currency Code: XCD
GDP Growth Rate: 0.90 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003), 2.7 (2002), 2.7 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 5.40 % GDP of Industry: 14.00 %
GDP of Services: 76.60 %  
Inflation Rate: 3.00 % Population in Poverty: 32.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 12.50 % Tourism: 125,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $85,800,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $102,100,000 USD
Electricity Production: 159,800,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 148,600,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 1,800 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $347,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $15,400,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetables
Primary Industries: food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.70 %
Import Amount in USD: $276,000,000 USD - food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel
Import Partners: Trinidad and Tobago 27.8%, US 27%, UK 6%
Export Amount in USD: $40,000,000 USD - bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace
Export Partners: Saint Lucia 12.1%, US 11.3%, Antigua and Barbuda 8.2%, Germany 7.9%, Netherlands 7.8%, Saint Kitts & Nevis 7.4%, Dominica 7.4%, UK 6.8%, France 4.2%
GINI Index: 0.00%
Labor Force Number of People: 42,300
Labor Force by Occupations: services 62%, agriculture 24%, industry 14%
  Grenada Facts |  Grenada Information | Grenada Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 15 Number of People with Radios: 57,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Televisions: 33,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 32,700 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 43,300
Internet Service Providers: 17 Internet Users: 19,000
Internet Country Code: .gd Newspapers: 45
Two Letter Country Code: GJ Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 1-473 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: automatic, islandwide telephone system domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links international: country code - 1-473; new SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad
  Grenada Facts |  Grenada Information | Grenada Statistics  


Highways: 687 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 3 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 190 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 183,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 2.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: NA
Ports and Harbors: Saint George's
  Grenada Facts |  Grenada Information | Grenada Statistics  
Population: 89,703 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 22.08 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 233.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 6.88 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.26% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.34 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 15,097 Population Female 0-14: 14,820
Population Male 15-64: 30,106 Population Female 15-64: 26,764
Population Male 65+: 1,394 Population Female 65+: 1,522
Population 0-14: 33.40% Literacy Rate: 96.00%
Population 15-64: 63.40% Literacy rate of Males: 0.00%
Population 65+: 3.30% Literacy rate of Females: 0.00%
Population that is Male: 54.00 % Population that is Female: 46.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 64.87 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 14.27 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 63.06 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 66.68 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -12.59
Nationality: GRENADIAN
Ethnic Groups: black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5% , and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian 
Primary Language: English
Other Languages: English (official), French patois
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%
  Grenada Facts |  Grenada Information | Grenada Statistics  
Branches: no regular military forces; Royal Grenada Police Force
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
Manpower Available: 24,031 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 17,483 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 1,274 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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