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Guyana Facts

Guyana Facts | Co-operative Republic of Guyana Information | Guyana Statistics | British Guiana

Guyana Facts |  Co-operative Republic of Guyana Information | Guyana Statistics Guyana Facts |  Co-operative Republic of Guyana Information | Guyana Statistics
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Guyana Facts |  Co-operative Republic of Guyana Information | Guyana Statistics Guyana Facts |  Co-operative Republic of Guyana Information | Guyana Statistics
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  Guyana Facts |  Co-operative Republic of Guyana Information | Guyana Statistics  
Background: Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. This ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Jane JAGAN, became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was reelected in 2001.
Common Name: Guyana Local Official Name: Guyana
Abbreviated Name: Co-operative Republic of Guyana Official Name: Guyana
Official Script Name: Guyana Local Common Name: Guyana
Former Name: British Guiana Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Bharrat JAGDEO
Government Type: republic
Independence: 1966 May 26 (from UK)
Constitution: 1980 October 6
National Holiday: Republic Day, 23 February
International Organization Participation: ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, CSN, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Administrative Divisions: 10 regions; Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaica, East Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Mahaica-Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on English common law with certain admixtures of Roman-Dutch law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Bharrat JAGDEO (since 11 August 1999); note - assumed presidency after resignation of President Janet JAGAN and reelected in 2001, and again in 2006 head of government: Prime Minister Samuel HINDS (since October 1992, except for a period as chief of state after the death of President Cheddi JAGAN on 6 March 1997) cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president, responsible to the legislature elections: president elected by popular vote as leader of a party list in parliamentary elections, which must be held at least every five years (no term limits); elections last held 28 August 2006 (next to be held by August 2011); prime minister appointed by the president election results: President Bharrat JAGDEO reelected; percent of vote 54.6% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly (65 members elected by popular vote, also not more than four non-elected non-voting ministers and two non-elected non-voting parliamentary secretaries appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms) elections: last held 28 August 2006 (next to be held by August 2011) election results: percent of vote by party - PPP/C 54.6%, PNC/R 34%, AFC 8.1%, other 3.3%; seats by party - PPP/C 36, PNC/R 22, AFC 5, other 2 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court of Judicature, consisting of the High Court and the Judicial Court of Appeal, with right of final appeal to the Caribbean Court of Justice
Party Leaders: Alliance for Change or AFC [Raphael TROTMAN and Khemraj RAMJATTAN]; Guyana Action Party or GAP [Paul HARDY]; Justice for All Party [C.N. SHARMA]; People's National Congress/Reform or PNC/R [Robert Herman Orlando CORBIN]; People's Progressive Party/Civic or PPP/C [Bharrat JAGDEO]; Rise, Organize, and Rebuild or ROAR [Ravi DEV]; The United Force or TUF [Manzoor NADIR]; The Unity Party [Joey JAGAN]; Vision Guyana [Peter RAMSAROOP]; Working People's Alliance or WPA [Rupert ROOPNARAINE]
International Disputes: all of the area west of the Essequibo (river) is claimed by Venezuela preventing any discussion of a maritime boundary; Guyana has expressed its intention to join Barbados in asserting claims before UNCLOS that Trinidad and Tobago's maritime boundary with Venezuela extends into their waters; Suriname claims a triangle of land between the New and Kutari/Koetari rivers in a historic dispute over the headwaters of the Courantyne; Guyana seeks arbitration under provisions of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) to resolve the long-standing dispute with Suriname over the axis of the territorial sea boundary in potentially oil-rich waters
Illicit Drugs: transshipment point for narcotics from South America - primarily Venezuela - to Europe and the US; producer of cannabis; rising money laundering related to drug trafficking and human smuggling 
  Guyana Facts |  Co-operative Republic of Guyana Information | Guyana Statistics  
Location of Guyana: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela
Continent: South America Land Area Total: 214,970 sq km 
Region: Southern American Land Area Land: 196,850 sq km
Capitol City: Georgetown Land Area Water: 18,120 sq km
Latitude: 005 00 N Border Boundary Land: 2,462 km
Longitude: 059 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 459 km 
Arable Land: 2.23 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.14 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 2,835 m Location: Mount Roraima
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
Largest City in Guyana: Georgetown Georgetown Largest City Population: 275,000
Threatened Species: 58
Environmental Issues: water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94 signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Irrigated Land: 1,500
Bordering Countries: Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km
Natural Resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Geographical Terrain: mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south
Comparative Area of Guyana: slightly smaller than Idaho
Guyana's Geography: the third-smallest country in South America after Suriname and Uruguay; substantial portions of its western and eastern territories are claimed by Venezuela and Suriname respectively

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General Climate: tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January)
Natural Hazards: flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons
  Guyana Facts |  Co-operative Republic of Guyana Information | Guyana Statistics  
Economic Overview: The Guyanese economy exhibited moderate economic growth in 2001-02, based on expansion in the agricultural and mining sectors, a more favorable atmosphere for business initiatives, a more realistic exchange rate, fairly low inflation, and the continued support of international organizations. Growth slowed in 2003 and came back gradually in 2004, buoyed largely by increased export earnings; it slowed again in 2005. Chronic problems include a shortage of skilled labor and a deficient infrastructure. The government is juggling a sizable external debt against the urgent need for expanded public investment. The bauxite mining sector should benefit in the near term from restructuring and partial privatization. Export earnings from agriculture and mining have fallen sharply, while the import bill has risen, driven by higher energy prices. Guyana's entrance into the Caricom Single Market and Economy (CSME) in January 2006 might broaden the country's export market, primarily in the raw materials sector.
GDP: $3,439,000,000 USD Currency: Guyanese dollar
GDP per Capita: $4,500 USD Currency Code: GYD
GDP Growth Rate: -3.00 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: Guyanese dollars per US dollar - 200.79 (2005), 198.31 (2004), 193.88 (2003), 190.67 (2002), 187.32 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 37.00 % GDP of Industry: 20.30 %
GDP of Services: 42.70 %  
Inflation Rate: 6.90 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 9.10 % Tourism: 75,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $320,100,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $362,600,000 USD
Electricity Production: 779,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 724,500,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 99.01% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.99% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 11,300 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $1,200,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $337,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: sugarcane, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish, shrimp
Primary Industries: bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
Import Amount in USD: $681,600,000 USD - manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food
Import Partners: US 26.7%, Trinidad and Tobago 23.9%, Cuba 6.6%, UK 5%, China 4.1%
Export Amount in USD: $587,200,000 USD - sugar, gold, bauxite/alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber
Export Partners: Canada 18.9%, US 18.9%, UK 11.7%, Portugal 8.1%, Jamaica 5.3%, Trinidad and Tobago 4.2%
GINI Index: 0.00%
Labor Force Number of People: 418,000
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
  Guyana Facts |  Co-operative Republic of Guyana Information | Guyana Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 7 Number of People with Radios: 420,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 3 Number of People with Televisions: 46,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 110,100 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 281,400
Internet Service Providers: 1,046 Internet Users: 160,000
Internet Country Code: .gy Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: GY Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 592 Electricity Voltage: 240 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: fair system for long-distance service domestic: microwave radio relay network for trunk lines international: country code - 592; tropospheric scatter to Trinidad; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
  Guyana Facts |  Co-operative Republic of Guyana Information | Guyana Statistics  


Highways: 590 km Railways: 187 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 5,900 km
Airports: 9 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 15 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 1,022,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 1.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: total: 7 ships (1000 GRT or over) 12,461 GRT/15,155 DWT by type: cargo 5, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 1 foreign-owned: 1 (Germany 1) registered in other countries: 4 (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 3, unknown 1)
Ports and Harbors: Georgetown
  Guyana Facts |  Co-operative Republic of Guyana Information | Guyana Statistics  
Population: 767,245 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 18.28 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 4.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 8.28 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.25% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.04 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 102,551 Population Female 0-14: 98,772
Population Male 15-64: 265,139 Population Female 15-64: 260,892
Population Male 65+: 17,043 Population Female 65+: 22,794
Population 0-14: 26.20% Literacy Rate: 98.80%
Population 15-64: 68.60% Literacy rate of Males: 99.10%
Population 65+: 5.20% Literacy rate of Females: 98.50%
Population that is Male: 50.50 % Population that is Female: 49.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 65.86 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 32.19 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 63.21 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 68.85 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 2.50% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 11,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 1,100
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -7.49
Nationality: GUYANESE
Ethnic Groups: East Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7% 
Primary Language: English
Other Languages: English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
Primary Religion: Christian
Other Religions: Christian 50%, Hindu 35%, Muslim 10%, other 5%
  Guyana Facts |  Co-operative Republic of Guyana Information | Guyana Statistics  
Branches: Guyana Defense Force: Ground Forces, Coast Guard, Air Corps
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
Manpower Available: 206,098 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 137,964 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.90
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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