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Jordan Facts

Jordan Facts | Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Information | Jordan Statistics | Transjordan

Jordan Facts |  Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Information | Jordan Statistics Jordan Facts |  Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Information | Jordan Statistics
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 JORDANIAN POLITICAL
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Background: Following World War I and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the UK received a mandate to govern much of the Middle East. Britain separated out a semi-autonomous region of Transjordan from Palestine in the early 1920s, and the area gained its independence in 1946; it adopted the name of Jordan in 1950. The country's long-time ruler was King HUSSEIN (1953-99). A pragmatic leader, he successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US, USSR, and UK), various Arab states, Israel, and a large internal Palestinian population, despite several wars and coup attempts. In 1989 he reinstituted parliamentary elections and gradual political liberalization; in 1994 he signed a peace treaty with Israel. King ABDALLAH II, the son of King HUSSEIN, assumed the throne following his father's death in February 1999. Since then, he has consolidated his power and undertaken an aggressive economic reform program. Jordan acceded to the World Trade Organization in 2000, and began to participate in the European Free Trade Association in 2001. After a two-year delay, parliamentary and municipal elections took place in the summer of 2003. The prime minister appointed in December 2005 stated the government would focus on political reforms, improving conditions for the poor, and fighting corruption.
 
 
Common Name: Jordan Local Official Name: Al Urdun
Abbreviated Name: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Official Name: Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah
Official Script Name: Jordan Local Common Name: Jordan
Former Name: Transjordan Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: King ABDALLAH II
 
Government Type: constitutional monarchy
 
Independence: 1946 May 25 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
 
Constitution: 1952 January 8; amended 1954, 1955, 1958, 1960, 1965, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1984
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 25 May
 
International Organization Participation: ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, CAEU, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, MINUSTAH, MONUC, NAM, OIC, ONUB, OPCW, OSCE (partner), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 12 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Ajlun, Al 'Aqabah, Al Balqa', Al Karak, Al Mafraq, 'Amman, At Tafilah, Az Zarqa', Irbid, Jarash, Ma'an, Madaba
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on Islamic law and French codes; judicial review of legislative acts in a specially provided High Tribunal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: King ABDALLAH II (since 7 February 1999); Prince HUSSEIN (born 1994), eldest son of King ABDALLAH, is first in line to inherit the throne head of government: Prime Minister Marouf al-BAKHIT (since 24 November 2005); Deputy Prime Minister Ziad FARIZ (since 24 November 2005) cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the monarch elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch Legislative Branch: bicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-'Umma consists of the Senate, also called the House of Notables (Majlis al-Ayan) (55 seats; members appointed by the monarch from designated categories of public figures; members serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives, also called the House of Deputies (Majlis al-Nuwaab) (110 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms); note - six seats are reserved for women and are allocated by a special electoral panel if no women are elected elections: House of Representatives - last held 17 June 2003 (next to be held in 2007) election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - independents and other 89.6%, IAF 10.4%; seats by party - independents and other 92, IAF 18; note - one of the six quota seats was given to a female IAF candidate note: the House of Representatives has been convened and dissolved by the monarch several times since 1974; in November 1989, the first parliamentary elections in 22 years were held; political parties were not legalized until 1992; King ABDALLAH delayed the 2001 elections until 2003 Judicial Branch: Court of Cassation; Supreme Court (court of final appeal)
 
Party Leaders: al-Ahd Party; Arab Islamic Democratic Movement [Yusuf ABU BAKR, president]; Arab Land Party [Dr. Ayishah Salih HIJAZAYN, secretary general]; Arab Socialist Ba'th Party [Taysir al-HIMSI, secretary general]; Ba'th Arab Progressive Party [Fu'ad DABBUR, secretary general]; Freedom Party; Future Party; Islamic Action Front or IAF [Zaki Sa'ed BANI IRSHEID, secretary general]; Islamic Center Party [Marwan al-FAURI, secretary general]; Jordanian Arab Ansar Party; Jordanian Arab New Dawn Party; Jordanian Arab Party; Jordanian Citizens' Rights Movement; Jordanian Communist Party [Munir HAMARINAH, secretary general]; Jordanian Communist Workers Party; Jordanian Democratic Left Party [Musa MA'AYTEH, secretary general]; Jordanian Democratic Popular Unity Party [Sa'id Dhiyab Ali MUSTAFA, secretary general]; Jordanian Generations Party [Muhammad KHALAYLEH, secretary general]; Jordanian Green Party [Muhammad BATAYNEH, secretary general]; Jordanian Labor Party [Dr. Mazin Sulayman Jiryis HANNA, secretary general]; Jordanian Peace Party; Jordanian People's Committees Movement; Jordanian People's Democratic Party (Hashd) [Ahmad YUSUF, secretary general]; Jordanian Rafah Party; Jordanian Renaissance Party; Mission Party; Nation Party [Ahmad al-HANANDEH, secretary general]; National Action Party (Haqq) [Tariq al-KAYYALI, secretary general]; National Constitutional Party [Abdul Hadi MAJALI, secretary general]; National Popular Democratic Movement [Mahmud al-NUWAYHI, secretary general]; Progressive Party [Fawwaz al-ZUBI, secretary general]
 
International Disputes: 2004 Agreement settles border dispute with Syria pending demarcation
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 JORDANIAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Jordan: Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia
 
Continent: Middle East Land Area Total: 92,300 sq km 
Region: Middle Eastern Land Area Land: 91,971 sq km
Capitol City: Amman Land Area Water: 329 sq km
      
Latitude: 031 00 N Border Boundary Land: 1,635 km
Longitude: 036 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 26 km 
  
Arable Land: 3.32 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 1.18 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,734 m Location: Jabal Ram
Lowest Elevation: -408 m Location: Dead Sea
  
Largest City in Jordan: Amman Amman Largest City Population: 1,378,000
  
Threatened Species: 26
 
Environmental Issues: limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 750
 
Bordering Countries: Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 744 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km
 
Natural Resources: phosphates, potash, shale oil
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River
 
Comparative Area of Jordan: slightly smaller than Indiana
 
Jordan's Geography: strategic location at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba and as the Arab country that shares the longest border with Israel and the occupied West Bank
 

 JORDANIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)
 
Natural Hazards: droughts; periodic earthquakes
 
 
 JORDANIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Jordan is a small Arab country with inadequate supplies of water and other natural resources such as oil. Debt, poverty, and unemployment are fundamental problems, but King ABDALLAH, since assuming the throne in 1999, has undertaken some broad economic reforms in a long-term effort to improve living standards. 'Amman in the past three years has worked closely with the IMF, practiced careful monetary policy, and made substantial headway with privatization. The government also has liberalized the trade regime sufficiently to secure Jordan's membership in the WTO (2000), a free trade accord with the US (2001), and an association agreement with the EU (2001). These measures have helped improve productivity and have put Jordan on the foreign investment map. Jordan imported most of its oil from Iraq, but the US-led war in Iraq in 2003 made Jordan more dependent on oil from other Gulf nations, forcing the Jordanian Government to raise retail petroleum product prices and the sales tax base. Jordan's export market, which is heavily dependent on exports to Iraq, was also affected by the war but recovered quickly while contributing to the Iraq recovery effort. The main challenges facing Jordan are reducing dependence on foreign grants, reducing the budget deficit, and creating investment incentives to promote job creation.
 
 
GDP: $26,850,000,000 USD Currency: Jordanian dinar
GDP per Capita: $4,700 USD Currency Code: JOD
GDP Growth Rate: 5.80 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Jordanian dinars per US dollar - 0.709 (2005), 0.709 (2004), 0.709 (2003), 0.709 (2002), 0.709 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 5.00 % GDP of Industry: 28.70 %
GDP of Services: 68.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 4.50 % Population in Poverty: 30.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 12.50 % Tourism: 1,358,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 3.30 % Budget Revenue in USD: $2,800,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 29.80 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $4,688,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 7,517,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 4,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 7,959,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 972,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 99.44% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.56% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 40 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 390,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 103,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 390,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 100,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 445,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 6,230,000,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $8,528,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $500,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: wheat, barley, citrus, tomatoes, melons, olives; sheep, goats, poultry
 
Primary Industries: textiles, phosphate mining, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, potash, inorganic chemicals, light manufacturing, tourism
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 7.50 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $8,681,000,000 USD - crude oil, textile fabrics, machinery, transport equipment, manufactured goods
 
Import Partners: Saudi Arabia 20.9%, China 8%, Germany 7.1%, US 6.2%, South Korea 4.1%
 
Export Amount in USD: $4,226,000,000 USD - clothing, phosphates, fertilizers, potash, vegetables, manufactures, pharmaceuticals
 
Export Partners: US 29.4%, Iraq 15.6%, India 8.8%, Saudi Arabia 5.9%
 
    
GINI Index: 36.40%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 1,460,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: services 82.5%, industry 12.5%, agriculture 5%
 
  
 JORDANIAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Jordan Facts |  Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Information | Jordan Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 12 Number of People with Radios: 1,660,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 20 Number of People with Televisions: 500,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 617,300 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 1,594,500
 
Internet Service Providers: 2,793 Internet Users: 629,500
 
Internet Country Code: .jo Newspapers: 75
Two Letter Country Code: JO Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 962 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: service has improved recently with increased use of digital switching equipment, but better access to the telephone system is needed in the rural areas and easier access to pay telephones is needed by the urban public domestic: microwave radio relay transmission and coaxial and fiber-optic cable are employed on trunk lines; considerable use of mobile cellular systems; Internet service is available international: country code - 962; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat, 1 Arabsat, and 29 land and maritime Inmarsat terminals; fiber-optic cable to Saudi Arabia and microwave radio relay link with Egypt and Syria; connection to international submarine cable FLAG (Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe); participant in MEDARABTEL; international links total about 4,000
 
  
 JORDANIAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 7,364 km Railways: 505 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 753 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 15 Heliports: 1
 
Motor Vehicles: 50 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 14,037,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 2.30 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 25 ships (1000 GRT or over) 346,698 GRT/501,060 DWT by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 9, container 2, passenger/cargo 6, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 4 foreign-owned: 11 (UAE 11) registered in other countries: 15 (Bahamas 2, Panama 13)
 
Ports and Harbors: Al 'Aqabah
 
  
 JORDANIAN PEOPLE
  Jordan Facts |  Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Information | Jordan Statistics  
 
Population: 5,906,760 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 21.25 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 61.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 2.65 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.49% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.63 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 1,018,070 Population Female 0-14: 976,442
Population Male 15-64: 1,966,794 Population Female 15-64: 1,716,255
Population Male 65+: 111,636 Population Female 65+: 117,563
 
Population 0-14: 33.80% Literacy Rate: 91.30%
Population 15-64: 62.40% Literacy rate of Males: 95.90%
Population 65+: 3.90% Literacy rate of Females: 86.30%
 
Population that is Male: 54.00 % Population that is Female: 46.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 78.40 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 16.76 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 75.90 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 13.28 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 600
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 6.26
 
Nationality: JORDANIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1% 
 
  
Primary Language: Arabic
 
Other Languages: Arabic (official), English widely understood among upper and middle classes
 
 
Primary Religion: Sunni Muslim
 
Other Religions: Sunni Muslim 92%, Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shi'a Muslim and Druze populations)
 
  
 JORDANIAN MILITARY
  Jordan Facts |  Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Information | Jordan Statistics  
  
Branches: Jordanian Armed Forces (JAF): Royal Jordanian Land Force, Royal Jordanian Navy, Royal Jordanian Air Force, Special Operations Command (SOCOM); note - Public Security Directorate normally falls under Ministry of Interior but comes under JAF in wartime or crisis situations
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 17 years
 
Manpower Available: 2,920,637 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 2,506,087 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 118,843 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 11.40
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 JORDANIAN RESOURCES
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Jordan Spa and Resort Directory
 
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