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Kiribati Facts

Kiribati Facts | Republic of Kiribati Information | Kiribati Statistics | Gilbert Islands

Kiribati Facts |  Republic of Kiribati Information | Kiribati Statistics Kiribati Facts |  Republic of Kiribati Information | Kiribati Statistics
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Kiribati Facts |  Republic of Kiribati Information | Kiribati Statistics Kiribati Facts |  Republic of Kiribati Information | Kiribati Statistics
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 I-KIRIBATI POLITICAL
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Background: The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati. The US relinquished all claims to the sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line Island groups in a 1979 treaty of friendship with Kiribati.
 
 
Common Name: Kiribati Local Official Name: Kiribati
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Kiribati Official Name: Kiribati
Official Script Name: Kiribati Local Common Name: Kiribati
Former Name: Gilbert Islands Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Anote TONG
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1979 July 12 (from UK)
 
Constitution: 1979 July 12
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 12 July
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AsDB, C, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMO
 
Administrative Divisions: 3 units; Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands; note - in addition, there are 6 districts (Banaba, Central Gilberts, Line Islands, Northern Gilberts, Southern Gilberts, Tarawa) and 21 island councils - one for each of the inhabited islands (Abaiang, Abemama, Aranuka, Arorae, Banaba, Beru, Butaritari, Kanton, Kiritimati, Kuria, Maiana, Makin, Marakei, Nikunau, Nonouti, Onotoa, Tabiteuea, Tabuaeran, Tamana, Tarawa, Teraina)
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: NA
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Anote TONG (since 10 July 2003); Vice President Teima ONORIO; note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Anote TONG (since 10 July 2003); Vice President Teima ONORIO cabinet: 12-member cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the House of Parliament elections: the House of Parliament chooses the presidential candidates from among its members and then those candidates compete in a general election; president is elected by popular vote for a four-year term (eligible for two more terms); election last held 4 July 2003 (next to be held not later than July 2007); vice president appointed by the president election results: Anote TONG 47.4%, Harry TONG 43.5%, Banuera BERINA 9.1% Legislative Branch: unicameral House of Parliament or Maneaba Ni Maungatabu (42 seats; 39 elected by popular vote, 1 ex officio member - the attorney general, 1 appointed to represent Banaba, and 1 other; members serve four-year terms) elections: legislative elections were held in two rounds - the first round on 9 May 2003 and the second round on 14 May 2003 (next to be held by November 2006) election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - BTK 17, MTM 16, independents 7, other 2 (includes attorney general) Judicial Branch: Court of Appeal; High Court; 26 Magistrates' courts; judges at all levels are appointed by the president
 
Party Leaders: Boutokaan Te Koaua Party or BTK [Taberannang TIMEON]; Maneaban Te Mauri Party or MTM [Teburoro TITO]; Maurin Kiribati Pati or MKP; National Progressive Party or NPP [Dr. Harry TONG] note: there is no tradition of formally organized political parties in Kiribati; they more closely resemble factions or interest groups because they have no party headquarters, formal platforms, or party structures
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 I-KIRIBATI GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Kiribati: Oceania, group of 33 coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the Equator; the capital Tarawa is about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia; note - on 1 January 1995, Kiribati proclaimed that all of its territory lies in the same time zone as
 
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 811 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 811 sq km
Capitol City: Tarawa Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 001 25 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 173 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 1,143 km 
  
Arable Land: 2.74 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 47.95 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 81 m Location: unnamed location on Banaba
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in Kiribati: Tarawa Tarawa Largest City Population: 32,000
  
Threatened Species: 10
 
Environmental Issues: heavy pollution in lagoon of south Tarawa atoll due to heavy migration mixed with traditional practices such as lagoon latrines and open-pit dumping; ground water at risk
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: phosphate (production discontinued in 1979)
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs
 
Comparative Area of Kiribati: four times the size of Washington, DC
 
Kiribati's Geography: 21 of the 33 islands are inhabited; Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Makatea in French Polynesia, and Nauru
 

 I-KIRIBATI CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds
 
Natural Hazards: typhoons can occur any time, but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes; low level of some of the islands make them very sensitive to changes in sea level
 
 
 I-KIRIBATI ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: A remote country of 33 scattered coral atolls, Kiribati has few natural resources. Commercially viable phosphate deposits were exhausted at the time of independence from the UK in 1979. Copra and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports. The economy has fluctuated widely in recent years. Economic development is constrained by a shortage of skilled workers, weak infrastructure, and remoteness from international markets. Tourism provides more than one-fifth of GDP. The financial sector is at an early stage of development as is the expansion of private sector initiatives. Foreign financial aid from UK, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and China equals about 20% of GDP. Remittances from seamen on merchant ships abroad account for more than $5 million each year. Kiribati receives around $15 million annually for the government budget from an Australian trust fund.
 
 
GDP: $142,900,000 USD Currency: Australian dollar
GDP per Capita: $1,900 USD Currency Code: AUD
GDP Growth Rate: 0.30 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.3095 (2005), 1.3598 (2004), 1.5419 (2003), 1.8406 (2002), 1.9334 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 8.90 % GDP of Industry: 24.20 %
GDP of Services: 66.80 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 0.50 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 2.00 % Tourism: 1,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $55,520,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $59,710,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 12,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 11,160,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 200 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $10,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $16,700,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: copra, taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes, vegetables; fish
 
Primary Industries: fishing, handicrafts
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.70 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $62,000,000 USD - foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, miscellaneous manufactured goods, fuel
 
Import Partners: Australia 33%, Fiji 27.1%, Japan 18.1%, NZ 6.9%
 
Export Amount in USD: $17,000,000 USD - copra 62%, coconuts, seaweed, fish
 
Export Partners: US 22.8%, Belgium 21.5%, Japan 14.3%, Samoa 7.8%, Australia 7.5%, Malaysia 6.7%, Taiwan 5.6%, Denmark 4.6%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 7,870
 
Labor Force by Occupations: NA
 
  
 I-KIRIBATI COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 4 Number of People with Radios: 17,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 1,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 45,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 600
 
Internet Service Providers: 42 Internet Users: 2,000
 
Internet Country Code: .ki Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: KR Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 686 Electricity Voltage: 240 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: generally good quality national and international service domestic: wire line service available on Tarawa and Kiritimati (Christmas Island); connections to outer islands by HF/VHF radiotelephone; wireless service available in Tarawa since 1999 international: country code - 686; Kiribati is being linked to the Pacific Ocean Cooperative Telecommunications Network, which should improve telephone service; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
 
  
 I-KIRIBATI TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 0 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 5 km
Airports: 3 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 22,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.30 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 2 ships (1000 GRT or over) 2,749 GRT/3,911 DWT by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 1 foreign-owned: 1 (UAE 1)
 
Ports and Harbors: Betio
 
  
 I-KIRIBATI PEOPLE
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Population: 105,432 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 30.65 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 121.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 8.26 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.24% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 4.16 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 20,608 Population Female 0-14: 20,060
Population Male 15-64: 30,216 Population Female 15-64: 31,004
Population Male 65+: 1,517 Population Female 65+: 2,027
 
Population 0-14: 38.60% Literacy Rate: 0.00%
Population 15-64: 58.10% Literacy rate of Males: 0.00%
Population 65+: 3.40% Literacy rate of Females: 0.00%
 
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 62.08 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 47.27 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 59.06 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 65.24 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: I-KIRIBATI
 
Ethnic Groups: Micronesian 98.8%, other 1.2% 
 
  
Primary Language: I-Kiribati
 
Other Languages: I-Kiribati, English (official)
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 52%, Protestant (Congregational) 40%, some Seventh-Day Adventist, Muslim, Baha'i, Latter-day Saints, Church of God
 
  
 I-KIRIBATI MILITARY
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Branches: no regular military forces; Police Force (carries out law enforcement functions and paramilitary duties; small police posts are on all islands) Note: Kiribati does not have military forces; defense assistance is provided by Australia and NZ
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 21,938 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 14,231 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 1,128 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 I-KIRIBATI RESOURCES
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