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Kuwait Facts

Kuwait Facts | State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics | Kuwait

Kuwait Facts |  State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics Kuwait Facts |  State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics
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Kuwait Facts |  State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics Kuwait Facts |  State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics
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  Kuwait Facts |  State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics  
Background: Britain oversaw foreign relations and defense for the ruling Kuwaiti AL-SABAH dynasty from 1899 until independence in 1961. Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment, a US-led, UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 February 1991 that liberated Kuwait in four days. Kuwait spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91.
Common Name: Kuwait Local Official Name: Al Kuwayt
Abbreviated Name: State of Kuwait Official Name: Dawlat al Kuwayt
Official Script Name: Kuwait Local Common Name: Kuwait
Former Name: Kuwait Territory of: NA
Head of State: Amir SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah
Government Type: nominal constitutional monarchy
Independence: 1961 June 19 (from UK)
Constitution: approved and promulgated 1962 November 11
National Holiday: National Day, 25 February
Administrative Divisions: 6 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi, Al 'Asimah, Al Farwaniyah, Al Jahra', Hawalli, Mubarak Al Kabir
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: adult males who are not in the military forces, and adult females (as of 16 May 2005); all voters must have been citizen years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Amir SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 29 January 2006); Crown Prince NAWAF al-Ahmad al-Sabah head of government: Prime Minister NASIR al-Muhammad al-Ahmad al-Sabah (since 7 February 2006) First Deputy Prime Minister JABIR Mubarak al-Hamad al-Sabah (since 9 February 2006); Deputy Prime Ministers MUHAMMAD al-Sabah al-Salim al-Sabah (since 9 February 2006) and Ismail al-SHATTI (since 10 July 2006) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the amir elections: none; the amir is hereditary; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the amir Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 29 June 2006 (next to be held in 2010) election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - NA; note - all cabinet ministers are also ex officio members of the National Assembly Judicial Branch: High Court of Appeal
Party Leaders: none; formation of political parties is illegal
International Disputes: Kuwait and Saudi Arabia continue negotiating a joint maritime boundary with Iran; no maritime boundary exists with Iraq in the Persian Gulf
Illicit Drugs: NA 
  Kuwait Facts |  State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics  
Location of Kuwait: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia
Continent: Middle East Land Area Total: 17,820 sq km 
Region: Middle Eastern Land Area Land: 17,820 sq km
Capitol City: Kuwait Land Area Water: 0 sq km
Latitude: 029 30 N Border Boundary Land: 462 km
Longitude: 045 45 E Border Boundary Coastline: 499 km 
Arable Land: 0.84 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.17 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 306 m Location: unnamed location
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Persian Gulf
Largest City in Kuwait: Kuwait City Kuwait City Largest City Population: 1,165,000
Threatened Species: 15
Environmental Issues: limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping
Irrigated Land: 130
Bordering Countries: Iraq 240 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km
Natural Resources: petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Geographical Terrain: flat to slightly undulating desert plain
Comparative Area of Kuwait: slightly smaller than New Jersey
Kuwait's Geography: strategic location at head of Persian Gulf

  Kuwait Facts |  State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics  
General Climate: dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Natural Hazards: sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April and bring heavy rain, which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between March and August
  Kuwait Facts |  State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics  
Economic Overview: Kuwait is a small, rich, relatively open economy with self-reported crude oil reserves of about 96 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP, 95% of export revenues, and 80% of government income. Kuwait's climate limits agricultural development. Consequently, with the exception of fish, it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Kuwait continues its discussions with foreign oil companies to develop fields in the northern part of the country.
GDP: $47,360,000,000 USD Currency: Kuwaiti dinar
GDP per Capita: $20,300 USD Currency Code: KD
GDP Growth Rate: 8.30 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: Kuwaiti dinars per US dollar - 0.292 (2005), 0.2947 (2004), 0.298 (2003), 0.3039 (2002), 0.3067 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 0.40 % GDP of Industry: 47.90 %
GDP of Services: 51.60 %  
Inflation Rate: 4.10 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 2.20 % Tourism: 77,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $47,210,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $20,770,000,000 USD
Electricity Production: 38,190,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 38,190,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 2,418,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 8,300,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 305,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 1,970,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 96,500,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 1,572,000,000,000 cu m
External Debt: $16,120,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: practically no crops; fish
Primary Industries: petroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, desalination, food processing, construction materials
Industrial Growth Rate: 13.10 %
Import Amount in USD: $12,230,000,000 USD - food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
Import Partners: US 14%, Germany 10.7%, Japan 8.4%, Saudi Arabia 6.2%, UK 5.6%, France 4.8%, China 4.5%
Export Amount in USD: $44,430,000,000 USD - oil and refined products, fertilizers
Export Partners: Japan 23%, US 14%, South Korea 13%, Singapore 7%, Netherlands 6%, Pakistan 6%, Indonesia 4%, UK 2%
GINI Index: 0.00%
Labor Force Number of People: 1,670,000
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
  Kuwait Facts |  State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 18 Number of People with Radios: 1,175,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 13 Number of People with Televisions: 875,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 510,300 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 2,380,000
Internet Service Providers: 2,439 Internet Users: 700,000
Internet Country Code: .kw Newspapers: 374
Two Letter Country Code: KU Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 965 Electricity Voltage: 240 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: the quality of service is excellent domestic: new telephone exchanges provide a large capacity for new subscribers; trunk traffic is carried by microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, and open-wire and fiber-optic cable; a cellular telephone system operates throughout Kuwait, and the country is well supplied with pay telephones international: country code - 965; coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia; linked to Bahrain, Qatar, UAE via the Fiber-Optic Gulf (FOG) cable; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean, 2 Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean), and 2 Arabsat
  Kuwait Facts |  State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics  


Highways: 3,587 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 766 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 4 Heliports: 5
Motor Vehicles: 397 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 50,025,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 28.90 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: total: 38 ships (1000 GRT or over) 2,424,983 GRT/3,996,755 DWT by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 1, container 6, liquefied gas 5, livestock carrier 3, petroleum tanker 21 registered in other countries: 28 (Bahrain 3, Comoros 1, Liberia 1, Libya 1, Panama 2, Qatar 7, Saudi Arabia 5, UAE 8)
Ports and Harbors: Ash Shu'aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Az Zawr (Mina' Sa'ud), Mina' 'Abd Allah, Mina' al Ahmadi
  Kuwait Facts |  State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics  
Population: 2,418,393 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 21.94 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 142.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 2.41 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 3.52% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.91 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 331,768 Population Female 0-14: 319,895
Population Male 15-64: 1,085,721 Population Female 15-64: 613,746
Population Male 65+: 42,460 Population Female 65+: 24,803
Population 0-14: 26.90% Literacy Rate: 83.50%
Population 15-64: 70.30% Literacy rate of Males: 85.10%
Population 65+: 2.80% Literacy rate of Females: 81.70%
Population that is Male: 76.00 % Population that is Female: 24.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 77.20 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 9.71 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 76.13 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 78.31 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.12% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 15.66
Nationality: KUWAITI
Ethnic Groups: Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7% 
Primary Language: Arabic
Other Languages: Arabic (official), English widely spoken
Primary Religion: Muslim
Other Religions: Muslim 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi'a 30%), Christian, Hindu, Parsi, and other 15%
  Kuwait Facts |  State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics  
Branches: Land Forces, Navy, Air Force (includes air defense force), National Guard
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
Manpower Available: 1,331,865 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,142,499 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 38,808 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 4.20
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
  Kuwait Facts |  State of Kuwait Information | Kuwait Statistics  
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