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Liberia Facts

Liberia Facts | Republic of Liberia Information | Liberia Statistics | Liberia

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 LIBERIAN POLITICAL
  Liberia Facts |  Republic of Liberia Information | Liberia Statistics  
Background: Seven years of civil strife were brought to a close in 1996 when free and open presidential and legislative elections were held. President TAYLOR now holds strong executive power with no real political opposition. The years of fighting coupled with the flight of most businesses have disrupted formal economic activity. A still unsettled domestic security situation has slowed the process of rebuilding the social and economic structure of this war-torn country. In 2001, the UN imposed sanctions on Liberian diamonds along with an army embargo and a travel ban on government officials for Liberia's support of the rebel insurgency in Sierra Leone.
 
 
Common Name: Liberia Local Official Name: Liberia
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Liberia Official Name: Liberia
Official Script Name: Liberia Local Common Name: Liberia
Former Name: Liberia Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Charles Ghankay TAYLOR
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1847 July 26
 
Constitution: 1986 January 6
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 26 July
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO
 
Administrative Divisions: 15 counties; Bomi, Bong, Gparbolu, Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand Gedeh, Grand Kru, Lofa, Margibi, Maryland, Montserrado, Nimba, River Cess, River Gee, Sinoe
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: dual system of statutory law based on Anglo-American common law for the modern sector and customary law based on unwritten tribal practices for indigenous sector
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Charles Ghankay TAYLOR (since 2 August 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Charles Ghankay TAYLOR (since 2 August 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term (renewable); election last held 19 July 1997 (next to be held NA July 2003) election results: Charles Ghankay TAYLOR elected president; percent of vote - Charles Ghankay TAYLOR (NPP) 75.3%, Ellen Johnson SIRLEAF (UP) 9.6%, Alhaji KROMAH (ALCOP) 4%, other 11.1% Legislative Branch: bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (26 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve nine-year terms) and the House of Representatives (64 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) elections: Senate - last held 19 July 1997 (next to be held NA 2006); House of Representatives - last held 19 July 1997 (next to be held NA 2003) election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NPP 21, UP 3, ALCOP 2; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NPP 49, UP 7, ALCOP 3, Alliance of Political Parties 2, UPP 2, LPP 1; note - the Alliance of Political Parties was a coalition of the LAP and the Liberia Unification Party or LUP Judicial Branch: Supreme Court
 
Party Leaders: All Liberia Coalition Party or ALCOP [David KORTIE]; Free Democratic Party or FDP [George BORWAH]; Liberian Action Party or LAP [C. Gyude BRYANT]; Liberian National Union or LINU [Victor MOMOH]; Liberian People's Party or LPP [Koffa NAGBE]; National Democratic Party of Liberia or NDPL [Isaac D. DIKENAH]; National Patriotic Party or NPP [Cyril ALLEN] - governing party; People's Progressive Party or PPP [Weah A. WEAH]; Reformation Alliance Party or RAP [James THOMAS]; True Whig Party or TWP [Rudolph SHERMAN]; United People's Party or UPP [Wesley JOHNSON]; Unity Party or UP [Charles Clarke]
 
International Disputes: rebels and refugees contribute to border instabilities with Sierra Leone
 
Illicit Drugs: transshipment point for Southeast and Southwest Asian heroin and South American cocaine for the European and US markets 
 
 
 LIBERIAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Liberia: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 111,370 sq km 
Region: Western African Land Area Land: 96,320 sq km
Capitol City: Monrovia Land Area Water: 15,050 sq km
      
Latitude: 006 30 N Border Boundary Land: 1,585 km
Longitude: 009 30 W Border Boundary Coastline: 579 km 
  
Arable Land: 2.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 2.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,380 m Location: Mount Wuteve
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Liberia: Monrovia Monrovia Largest City Population: 479,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: tropical rain forest deforestation; soil erosion; loss of biodiversity; pollution of coastal waters from oil residue and raw sewage
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94 signed, but not ratified: Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
 
Irrigated Land: 30
 
Bordering Countries: Guinea 563 km, Cote d'Ivoire 716 km, Sierra Leone 306 km
 
Natural Resources: iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast
 
Comparative Area of Liberia: slightly larger than Tennessee
 
Liberia's Geography: facing the Atlantic Ocean, the coastline is characterized by lagoons, mangrove swamps, and river-deposited sandbars; the inland grassy plateau supports limited agriculture
 

 LIBERIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; hot, humid; dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers
 
Natural Hazards: dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to March)
 
 
 LIBERIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: A civil war in 1989-96 destroyed much of Liberia's economy, especially the infrastructure in and around Monrovia. Many businessmen fled the country, taking capital and expertise with them. Some returned; many will not return. Richly endowed with water, mineral resources, forests, and a climate favorable to agriculture, Liberia had been a producer and exporter of basic products, while local manufacturing, mainly foreign owned, had been small in scope. The democratically elected government, installed in August 1997, inherited massive international debts and currently relies on revenues from its maritime registry and timber industry to provide the bulk of its foreign exchange earnings. The restoration of the infrastructure and the raising of incomes in this ravaged economy depend on the implementation of sound macro- and micro-economic policies of the new government, including the encouragement of foreign investment. Recent growth has been from a low base, and continued growth will require major policy successes and containment of armed rebellion.
 
 
GDP: $3,600,000,000 USD Currency: Liberian dollar
GDP per Capita: $1,100 USD Currency Code: LRD
GDP Growth Rate: 5.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Liberian dollars per US dollar - 46.0400 (December 2001), 48.5833 (2001), 40.9525 (2000), 41.9025 (1999), 41.5075 (1998), 1.0000 (officially fixed rate 1940-97); market exchange rate: Liberian dollars per US dollar - 40 (December 1998), 50 (October 1995)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 60.00 % GDP of Industry: 10.00 %
GDP of Services: 30.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 8.00 % Population in Poverty: 80.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 70.00 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $85,400,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $90,500,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 450,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 418,500,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $2,100,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $94,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: rubber, coffee, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, sugarcane, bananas; sheep, goats; timber
 
Primary Industries: rubber processing, palm oil processing, timber, diamonds
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $170,000,000 USD - fuels, chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods; rice and other foodstuffs
 
Import Partners: France 29.1%, South Korea 20.6%, Japan 15.8%, Singapore 8.4%
 
Export Amount in USD: $55,000,000 USD - rubber, timber, iron, diamonds, cocoa, coffee
 
Export Partners: Belgium 38.5%, Germany 17.6%, Italy 6.0%, US 5.8%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 0
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 70%, industry 8%, services 22%
 
  
 LIBERIAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 9 Number of People with Radios: 790,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 70,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 6,700 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 0
 
Internet Service Providers: 2 Internet Users: 500
 
Internet Country Code: .lr Newspapers: 16
Two Letter Country Code: LR Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +231 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: telephone and telegraph service via microwave radio relay network; main center is Monrovia domestic: NA international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 LIBERIAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 657 km Railways: 490 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 2 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 11 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 1,513 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 51,912,244 GRT/79,297,046 DWT note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Argentina 9, Australia 2, Austria 15, Belgium 9, Brazil 5, Canada 4, Cayman Islands 1, Chile 7, China 39, Croatia 11, Denmark 4, Ecuador 1, Estonia 1, Germany 437, Greece 154, Hong Kong 69, India 5, Indonesia 1, Israel 1, Italy 5, Japan 90, Latvia 20, Man, Isle of 5, Monaco 56, Netherlands 12, New Zealand 1, Nigeria 1, Norway 103, Pakistan 1, Portugal 5, Russia 66, Saudi Arabia 21, Singapore 20, Slovenia 1, South Africa 1, South Korea 10, Spain 2, Sweden 9, Switzerland 17, Taiwan 29, Turkey 3, Ukraine 4, United Arab Emirates 12, United Kingdom 39, United States 113, Uruguay 3, Vietnam 1 (2002 est.) ships by type: barge carrier 3, bulk 313, cargo 89, chemical tanker 167, combination bulk 16, combination ore/oil 32, container 318, liquefied gas 99, multi-functional large-load carrier 4, passenger 23, petroleum tanker 302, refrigerated cargo 69, roll on/roll off 20, short-sea passenger 3, specialized tanker 13, vehicle carrier 42
 
Ports and Harbors: Buchanan, Greenville, Harper, Monrovia
 
  
 LIBERIAN PEOPLE
  Liberia Facts |  Republic of Liberia Information | Liberia Statistics  
 
Population: 3,288,198 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 45.95 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 26.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 16.05 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.91% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 6.29 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 714,563 Population Female 0-14: 709,582
Population Male 15-64: 854,324 Population Female 15-64: 894,753
Population Male 65+: 57,925 Population Female 65+: 57,051
 
Population 0-14: 43.30% Literacy Rate: 38.30%
Population 15-64: 53.20% Literacy rate of Males: 53.90%
Population 65+: 3.50% Literacy rate of Females: 22.40%
 
Population that is Male: 49.00 % Population that is Female: 51.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 51.80 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 130.21 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 50.33 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 53.33 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 9.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 125,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 13,000
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -10.80
 
Nationality: LIBERIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: indigenous African tribes 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, and Bella), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigra 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used in correspondence
 
 
Primary Religion: Christian
 
Other Religions: indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
 
  
 LIBERIAN MILITARY
  Liberia Facts |  Republic of Liberia Information | Liberia Statistics  
  
Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 729,469 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 393,028 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $7,800,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.30
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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