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Lithuania Facts

Lithuania Facts | Republic of Lithuania Information | Lithuania Statistics | Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic

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 LITHUANIAN POLITICAL
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Background: Independent between the two World Wars, Lithuania was annexed by the USSR in 1940. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently restructured its economy for integration into Western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.
 
 
Common Name: Lithuania Local Official Name: Lietuva
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Lithuania Official Name: Lietuvos Respublika
Official Script Name: Lithuania Local Common Name: Lithuania
Former Name: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Valdas ADAMKUS
 
Government Type: parliamentary democracy
 
Independence: 11 March 1990 (independence declared from Soviet Union); 6 September 1991 (Soviet Union recognizes Lithuania's independence)
 
Constitution: 1992 October 25 (adopted)
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 16 February
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT (observer), Australia Group, BA, BIS, CBSS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EU (new member), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NATO, NIB, NSG, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 10 counties (apskritys, singular - apskritis); Alytaus, Kauno, Klaipedos, Marijampoles, Panevezio, Siauliu, Taurages, Telsiu, Utenos, Vilniaus
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on civil law system; legislative acts can be appealed to the constitutional court
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Valdas ADAMKUS (since 12 July 2004) head of government: Prime Minister Gediminas KIRKILAS (since 4 July 2006) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the prime minister elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 13 and 27 June 2004 (next to be held June 2009); prime minister appointed by the president on the approval of the Parliament election results: Valdas ADAMKUS elected president; percent of vote - Valdas ADAMKUS 52.2%, Kazimiera PRUNSKIENE 47.8%; Gediminas KIRKILAS approved by Parliament 85-13, with 5 abstentions Legislative Branch: unicameral Parliament or Seimas (141 seats, 71 members are directly elected by popular vote, 70 are elected by proportional representation; members serve four-year terms) elections: last held 10 and 24 October 2004 (next to be held October 2008) election results: percent of vote by party - Labor 28.6%, Working for Lithuania (Social Democrats and Social Liberals) 20.7%, TS 14.6%, For Order and Justice (Liberal Democrats and Lithuanian People's Union) 11.4%, Liberal and Center Union 9.1%, Farmers and New Democracy Union 6.6%, other 9%; seats by faction - Labor 29, Homeland Union 26, Social Democrats 23, Civil Democracy (split from Labor) 11, Liberal Movement (formerly Liberal Political Group) 11, National Farmer's Union (formerly Farmers and New Democracy Union) 11, Social Liberal 10, Liberal Democrats 9, Liberal and Center Political Group 8, independents 3 Judicial Branch: Constitutional Court; Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; judges for all courts appointed by the President
 
Party Leaders: Civil Democracy Party [Viktor MUNTIANAS, chairman]; Electoral Action of Lithuanian Poles [Valdemar TOMASZEVSKI, chairman]; National Farmer's Union [Kazimiera PRUNSKIENE, chairman]; Homeland Union/Conservative Party or TS [Andrius KUBILIUS, chairman]; Labor Party; Liberal and Center Political Group [Arturas ZUOKAS, chairman]; Liberal Democratic Party [Valentinas MAZURONIS, chairman]; Liberal Movement; Lithuanian Christian Democrats or LKD [Valentinas STUNDYS, chairman]; Lithuanian People's Union for a Fair Lithuania; Lithuanian Social Democratic Coalition [Algirdas BRAZAUSKAS, chairman] consists of the Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party or LDDP and the Lithuanian Social Democratic Party or LSDP; Social Liberal/New Union [Arturas PAULAUSKAS, chairman]; Social Union of Christian Conservatives [Gediminas VAGNORIUS, chairman]; Young Lithuania and New Nationalists
 
International Disputes: Lithuania and Russia committed to demarcating their boundary in 2006 in accordance with the land and maritime treaty ratified by Russia in May 2003 and by Lithuania in 1999; Lithuania operates a simplified transit regime for Russian nationals traveling from the Kaliningrad coastal exclave into Russia, while still conforming, as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, to strict Schengen border rules; the Latvian parliament has not ratified its 1998 maritime boundary treaty with Lithuania, primarily due to concerns over potential hydrocarbons
 
Illicit Drugs: transshipment point for opiates and other illicit drugs from Southwest Asia, Latin America, and Western Europe to Western Europe and Scandinavia; limited production of methamphetamine and ecstasy; susceptible to money laundering despite changes to banking legislation 
 
 
 LITHUANIAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Lithuania: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia
 
Continent: Europe Land Area Total: 65,200 sq km 
Region: Eastern Europe Land Area Land: 0 sq km
Capitol City: Vilnius Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 056 00 N Border Boundary Land: 1,613 km
Longitude: 024 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 90 km 
  
Arable Land: 44.81 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 293 m Location: Juozapines Kalnas
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Baltic Sea
  
Largest City in Lithuania: Vilnius Vilnius Largest City Population: 579,000
  
Threatened Species: 18
 
Environmental Issues: contamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
 
Irrigated Land: 70
 
Bordering Countries: Belarus 653.5 km, Latvia 588 km, Poland 103.7 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 267.8 km
 
Natural Resources: peat, arable land, amber
 
Geographical Terrain: lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil
 
Comparative Area of Lithuania: slightly larger than West Virginia
 
Lithuania's Geography: fertile central plains are separated by hilly uplands that are ancient glacial deposits
 

 LITHUANIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers
 
Natural Hazards: NA
 
 
 LITHUANIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Lithuania, the Baltic state that has conducted the most trade with Russia, has slowly rebounded from the 1998 Russian financial crisis. Unemployment dropped from 11% in 2003 to 5.3% in 2005. Growing domestic consumption and increased investment have furthered recovery. Trade has been increasingly oriented toward the West. Lithuania has gained membership in the World Trade Organization and joined the EU in May 2004. Privatization of the large, state-owned utilities, particularly in the energy sector, is nearing completion. Overall, more than 80% of enterprises have been privatized. Foreign government and business support have helped in the transition from the old command economy to a market economy.
 
 
GDP: $49,410,000,000 USD Currency: litas
GDP per Capita: $13,700 USD Currency Code: LTL
GDP Growth Rate: 7.50 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: litai per US dollar - 2.774 (2005), 2.7806 (2004), 3.0609 (2003), 3.677 (2002), 4 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 5.50 % GDP of Industry: 32.50 %
GDP of Services: 62.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 2.70 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 4.80 % Tourism: 1,422,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 3.10 % Budget Revenue in USD: $8,429,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 25.60 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $9,103,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 18,640,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 12,370,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 9,109,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 4,144,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 20.16% Nuclear Electricity Production: 76.78%
Hydro Electricity Production: 3.06% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 12,360 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 89,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 3,030,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 2,760,000,000 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $12,500,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $228,500,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, vegetables; beef, milk, eggs; fish
 
Primary Industries: metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic comp
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 7.30 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $13,330,000,000 USD - mineral products 23%, machinery and equipment 16%, chemicals 9%, textiles and clothing 9%, transport equipment 9%
 
Import Partners: Russia 27.9%, Germany 15.2%, Poland 8.3%
 
Export Amount in USD: $10,950,000,000 USD - mineral products 23%, textiles and clothing 16%, machinery and equipment 11%, chemicals 6%, wood and wood products 5%, foodstuffs 5%
 
Export Partners: Russia 10.4%, Latvia 10.2%, Germany 9.4%, France 7%, Estonia 5.9%, Poland 5.5%, Sweden 5%, US 4.7%, UK 4.7%, Denmark 4.3%
 
    
GINI Index: 31.90%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 1,610,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: industry 30%, agriculture 20%, services 50%
 
  
 LITHUANIAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 172 Number of People with Radios: 1,900,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 27 Number of People with Televisions: 1,700,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 801,100 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 4,353,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 136,346 Internet Users: 1,221,700
 
Internet Country Code: .lt Newspapers: 29
Two Letter Country Code: LH Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 370 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: inadequate, but is being modernized to provide an improved international capability and better residential access domestic: a national, fiber-optic cable, interurban, trunk system is nearing completion; rural exchanges are being improved and expanded; mobile cellular systems are being installed; access to the Internet is available; still many unsatisfied telephone subscriber applications international: country code - 370; landline connections to Latvia and Poland; major international connections to Denmark, Sweden, and Norway by submarine cable for further transmission by satellite
 
  
 LITHUANIAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 70,549 km Railways: 1,771 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 2,136 km Waterways: 425 km
Airports: 34 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 326 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 16,697,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 49 ships (1000 GRT or over) 353,094 GRT/352,883 DWT by type: bulk carrier 6, cargo 20, chemical tanker 1, container 1, passenger/cargo 5, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 14, roll on/roll off 1 foreign-owned: 10 (Denmark 10) registered in other countries: 17 (Antigua and Barbuda 3, Belize 1, North Korea 1, Norway 1, Panama 5, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 3, unknown 3)
 
Ports and Harbors: Klaipeda
 
  
 LITHUANIAN PEOPLE
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Population: 3,585,906 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 8.75 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 53.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 10.98 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: -0.30% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.20 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 284,888 Population Female 0-14: 270,458
Population Male 15-64: 1,210,557 Population Female 15-64: 1,265,542
Population Male 65+: 190,496 Population Female 65+: 363,965
 
Population 0-14: 15.50% Literacy Rate: 99.60%
Population 15-64: 69.10% Literacy rate of Males: 99.70%
Population 65+: 15.50% Literacy rate of Females: 99.60%
 
Population that is Male: 44.50 % Population that is Female: 55.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 74.20 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 6.78 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 69.20 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 79.49 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 1,300
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.71
 
Nationality: LITHUANIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Lithuanian 83.4%, Polish 6.7%, Russian 6.3%, other or unspecified 3.6% 
 
  
Primary Language: Lithuanian
 
Other Languages: Lithuanian (official) 82%, Russian 8%, Polish 5.6%, other and unspecified 4.4%
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 79%, Russian Orthodox 4.1%, Protestant (including Lutheran and Evangelical Christian Baptist) 1.9%, other or unspecified 5.5%, none 9.5%
 
  
 LITHUANIAN MILITARY
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Branches: Ground Forces, Naval Force, Lithuanian Military Air Forces, National Defense Volunteer Forces
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 1,660,892 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,266,708 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 58,232 People per year
 
Expenditures: $230,800,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.90
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 LITHUANIAN RESOURCES
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